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Gemcitabine Oxaliplatin Imatinib Advanced Pancreatic Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Gemcitabine Oxaliplatin Imatinib Advanced Pancreatic Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on advanced pancreatic cancer risk and overall survival (OS) in a candidate-gene approach.
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers with limited treatment options. Gemcitabine has been the standard drug for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Dasatinib is a competitive inhibitor of Src kinase, which has shown promise in treatment of pancreatic cancer. Several studies have revealed the drug resistant mechanism of gemcitabine or dasatinib in human cancers; however, few reports focused on the different mechanisms of gemcitabine and dasatinib resistance in pancreatic cancer. Here, we...
Gemcitabine is the cornerstone of pancreatic cancer treatment. Although effective in most patients, development of tumor resistance to gemcitabine can critically limit its efficacy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain elusive, but evidence suggests that ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs) may be key regulators in cancer chemo-resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in gemcitabine resistance using in vitro pancreatic cell lines and a mouse xenograft model. We f...
Background Post-progression survival (PPS) could be a confounding element in interpreting data from clinical trials of second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (PC) previously treated with gemcitabine (GEM) because a recent meta-analysis of oxaliplatin combination therapy showed statistical heterogeneity for overall survival (OS) but not for progression-free survival (PFS). This study aimed to improve the understanding of the impact of PPS on OS in this setting. Methods Databases...
Gemcitabine has been considered a first-line chemotherapy agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, the initial response rate of gemcitabine is low and chemoresistance occurs frequently. Aptamers can be effectively internalized into cancer cells via binding to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. In the current study, we constructed an aptamer-based gemcitabine delivery system, APTA-12, and assessed its therapeutic effects on pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. APTA-...
Treatments for metastatic pancreatic cancer include monotherapy with gemcitabine (GEM); combinations of GEM with oxaliplatin (OX + GEM), cisplatin (CIS + GEM), capecitabine (CAP + GEM), or nab-paclitaxel (NAB-P + GEM); and the non-GEM combination FOLFIRINOX. Combination therapies have yielded better survival outcomes than GEM alone. A sponsor-independent economic evaluation of these regimens has not been conducted for USA.
The current trial assessed whether the addition of cisplatin and capecitabine to the nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine backbone is feasible and active against borderline and locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC).
Gemcitabine (GEM), oxaliplatin plus GEM (OX + GEM), cisplatin plus GEM (CIS + GEM), capecitabine plus GEM (CAP + GEM), FOLFIRINOX (FFX), and nab-paclitaxel plus GEM (NAB-P + GEM) are the most commonly used regimens as first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) in the UK. Independent economic evaluation of these regimens simultaneously has not been conducted for the UK.
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancer diseases. For years, gemcitabine has been the standard of care and the only therapeutic option in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Within the last years, new combination therapies have been established for first-line treatment, which significantly improve overall survival in comparison to gemcitabine monotherapy. Furthermore, new second-line therapies have been identified, which significantly improve overall survival. The current manuscript summa...
Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy. Developments in recent years have broadened our therapeutic armamentarium. Novel drugs such as nab-paclitaxel, liposomal irinotecan and chemotherapy regimens such as FOLFIRINOX have been successfully tested in clinical trials. Data on patients outside of clinical trials are scarce but necessary to assess and improve the standard of care. We present data on treatment and survival of 1,174 patients with locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic pancreatic duct...
The APICE study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel - Nab-P) + gemcitabine (G) vs G alone in metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) from the Italian National Health Service (INHS) standpoint.
Hypoxia is a hallmark of pancreatic cancer (PC) and is associated with gemcitabine resistance. However, the mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced gemcitabine resistance in PC remain greatly unknown. Our previous work showed that miR-301a, a hypoxia-sensitive miRNA, is involved in PC metastasis under hypoxia via regulation of its target gene P63. Here, we showed that miR-301a was upregulated in a NF-κB independent manner under hypoxia and promoted gemcitabine resistance under hypoxic conditions in vitro. In...
Advanced pancreatic cancer is a highly refractory disease almost always associated with survival of little more than a year. New interventions based on novel targets are needed. We aim to identify new genetic determinants of overall survival (OS) in patients after treatment with gemcitabine using genome-wide screens of germline DNA. We aim also to support these findings with in vitro functional analysis.
The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of preoperative gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel-based chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), which consists of induction chemotherapy and subsequent CRT, and to determine the recommended dose (RD) of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel with concurrent radiation therapy in a phase I trial.
From the standpoint of cancer therapy, it is valuable to enhance the anticancer effects of chemotherapy. Our previous reports revealed that up-regulation of heat-shock protein 27 (HSP27) has been linked to gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer cells. Enzyme-treated asparagus extract (ETAS) is an extract that is produced from asparagus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ETAS on the expression of HSP27 and other HSPs in the gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cell line KLM1-...
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease, lacking relevant prognostic and predictive biomarkers. DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE) has important functions in the maintenance of genetic stability during DNA replication and has previously been associated with favorable prognosis in endometrial and colorectal cancer. However, its relevance in advanced pancreatic cancer (aPDAC) has not been examined to date.
There has been a pressing need to develop optimal regimen for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for pancreatic cancer (PC). The safety and efficacy of gemcitabine, S-1, and LV combination (GSL) therapy as NAC for borderline resectable (BR) and locally advanced (LA) PC was evaluated in this phase II study. Patients with pathologically proven BR or LA PC were enrolled and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m by 30-min infusion on day 1, S-1 40 mg/m orally twice daily, and LV 25 mg orally twice daily on days 1-7 every 2 week...
Pancreatic cancer (PC) patients have poor prognosis and survival rate. Gemcitabine, the drug of choice has a dismal 15% response rate. Earlier, we reported that Garcinol alone and in combination with gemcitabine showed a dose-dependent favorable response on PC cell lines. This study probes the in vivo effects of dietary Garcinol on PC progression in transgenic PC mice (KPC; K-ras and p53 conditional mutant). KPC male mice were divided into: KC- Control diet; KGr-0.05% Garcinol diet; KGm-Gemcitabine injected...
To assess the predictive ability of the maximum chemiluminescence intensity (CI) for severe neutropenia (SN) during neoadjuvant chemo(radio)therapy [NAC(RT)] in patients with advanced pancreatic or biliary tract cancer.
Pancreatic cancer has poor prognosis because of its rapid progression and treatment resistance. Based on the results of the Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Clinical Trial (MPACT), a combination regimen of gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel is currently used as standard therapy for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, because studies in Asian populations are lacking, we investigated the treatment efficacy and safety of this combination therapy in Korean population. Patients with metastat...
Chemotherapy-induced immunosuppression poses an additional challenge to its limited efficacy in pancreatic cancer (PC). Here we investigated the effect of gemcitabine on macrophages, which are the first line of immune-defense mechanisms. We observed an increased presence of macrophages in orthotopic human pancreatic tumor xenografts from mice treated with gemcitabine as compared to those from vehicle only-treated mice. Conditioned media from gemcitabine-treated PC cells (Gem-CM) promoted growth, migration a...
Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) is a lethal disease with a poor 5-year survival. Systemic treatments can be used to control symptoms and prolong life. Cytotoxic chemotherapies are commonly administered, with combination treatments, such as fluorouracil, folinic acid, irinotecan and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX) or nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine showing the largest clinical benefits. Newer genomic classifications of PDAC may provide a rationale for targeted therapies or immunotherapies, althou...
Gemcitabine is a standard chemotherapeutic agent for patients suffering from pancreatic cancer. However, the applied therapy is not effective due to the resistance of tumor cells to cytostatics, caused by inefficiency of the apoptotic mechanisms. Herein, we present the hypothesis that melatonin and its metabolite N-acetyl-N-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK) modify the effect of gemcitabine on PANC-1 cells and that this phenomenon is dependent on the modulation of apoptosis.
Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal forms of cancer with a 10-year survival of
FOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin, irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin) is the standard therapy worldwide for unresectable pancreatic cancer; however, clinical data for Japanese patients are limited. Therefore, the observational study of FOLFIRINOX for patients with pancreatic cancer was conducted.