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PubMed Journals Articles About "Gemcitabine Oxaliplatin Imatinib Advanced Pancreatic Cancer" RSS

23:03 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Gemcitabine Oxaliplatin Imatinib Advanced Pancreatic Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Gemcitabine Oxaliplatin Imatinib Advanced Pancreatic Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Gemcitabine Oxaliplatin Imatinib Advanced Pancreatic Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Mechanism Comparison of Gemcitabine and Dasatinib-Resistant Pancreatic Cancer by Integrating mRNA and miRNA Expression Profiles.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers with limited treatment options. Gemcitabine has been the standard drug for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Dasatinib is a competitive inhibitor of Src kinase, which has shown promise in treatment of pancreatic cancer. Several studies have revealed the drug resistant mechanism of gemcitabine or dasatinib in human cancers; however, few reports focused on the different mechanisms of gemcitabine and dasatinib resistance in pancreatic cancer. Here, we...


USP9X inhibition improves gemcitabine sensitivity in pancreatic cancer by inhibiting autophagy.

Gemcitabine is the cornerstone of pancreatic cancer treatment. Although effective in most patients, development of tumor resistance to gemcitabine can critically limit its efficacy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain elusive, but evidence suggests that ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs) may be key regulators in cancer chemo-resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in gemcitabine resistance using in vitro pancreatic cell lines and a mouse xenograft model. We f...

Gemcitabine exhibits a suppressive effect on pancreatic cancer cell growth by regulating processing of PVT1 to miR1207.

Gemcitabine serves as a first-line chemotherapy agent for advanced pancreatic cancer. However, the molecular basis by which gemcitabine exerts its effects is not well-established, and the targeted genetic pathways remain unclear. PVT1 has been reported to be an oncogenic long noncoding RNA in tumorigenesis. Here, we showed that the expression of PVT1 is correlated with gemcitabine efficacy in pancreatic cancer therapy. Inhibition of PVT1 led to decreased cell growth in pancreatic cancer cells treated with g...


TAS-118 (S-1 plus leucovorin) versus S-1 in patients with gemcitabine-refractory advanced pancreatic cancer: a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study (GRAPE trial).

In our previous randomised phase 2 study for patients with gemcitabine-refractory advanced pancreatic cancer, S-1 plus leucovorin improved progression-free survival compared with S-1 alone. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of TAS-118 (S-1 plus leucovorin) versus S-1 in overall survival (OS).

Resveratrol enhances the chemotherapeutic response and reverses the stemness induced by gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells via targeting SREBP1.

Gemcitabine is a standard treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer patients but can cause chemoresistance during treatment. The chemoresistant cells have features of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Resveratrol has been reported to overcome the resistance induced by gemcitabine. However, the mechanism by which resveratrol enhances chemosensitivity remains elusive. Here, we explored the mechanism by which resveratrol enhanced chemosensitivity and the role of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) in g...

Gemcitabine-Incorporated G-Quadruplex Aptamer for Targeted Drug Delivery into Pancreas Cancer.

Gemcitabine has been considered a first-line chemotherapy agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, the initial response rate of gemcitabine is low and chemoresistance occurs frequently. Aptamers can be effectively internalized into cancer cells via binding to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. In the current study, we constructed an aptamer-based gemcitabine delivery system, APTA-12, and assessed its therapeutic effects on pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. APTA-...

Economic Evaluation for USA of Systemic Chemotherapies as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

Treatments for metastatic pancreatic cancer include monotherapy with gemcitabine (GEM); combinations of GEM with oxaliplatin (OX + GEM), cisplatin (CIS + GEM), capecitabine (CAP + GEM), or nab-paclitaxel (NAB-P + GEM); and the non-GEM combination FOLFIRINOX. Combination therapies have yielded better survival outcomes than GEM alone. A sponsor-independent economic evaluation of these regimens has not been conducted for USA.

A randomised phase 2 trial of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine with or without capecitabine and cisplatin in locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

The current trial assessed whether the addition of cisplatin and capecitabine to the nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine backbone is feasible and active against borderline and locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

Economic Evaluation for the UK of Systemic Chemotherapies as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

Gemcitabine (GEM), oxaliplatin plus GEM (OX + GEM), cisplatin plus GEM (CIS + GEM), capecitabine plus GEM (CAP + GEM), FOLFIRINOX (FFX), and nab-paclitaxel plus GEM (NAB-P + GEM) are the most commonly used regimens as first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) in the UK. Independent economic evaluation of these regimens simultaneously has not been conducted for the UK.

New Horizons in the Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: A Review of the Key Biology Features and the Most Recent Advances to Treat Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

Only a limited number of therapeutic strategies are available for patients diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and disease recurrence and mortality are consequently high. For metastatic disease, two combinations are approved in the first line setting: a triplet with 5-fluoruracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin, and the combination of gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel. In patients who have progressed on gemcitabine, a new nanoliposomal formulation of irinotecan has recently been approved. While these treatm...

Inflammatory markers as prognostic indicators in pancreatic cancer patients who underwent gemcitabine-based palliative chemotherapy.

Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) generally have poor clinical outcomes. Early determination of their prognosis is crucial for developing a therapeutic strategy. Recently, various inflammatory markers have been validated as prognostic indicators for many cancers, including PC. However, few studies have evaluated these markers together. Thus, the purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the value of inflammatory markers as prognostic indicators in patients with advanced PC treated with gemcit...

Sequence therapy in metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancer diseases. For years, gemcitabine has been the standard of care and the only therapeutic option in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Within the last years, new combination therapies have been established for first-line treatment, which significantly improve overall survival in comparison to gemcitabine monotherapy. Furthermore, new second-line therapies have been identified, which significantly improve overall survival. The current manuscript summa...

Results from the prospective German TPK clinical cohort study: Treatment algorithms and survival of 1,174 patients with locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy. Developments in recent years have broadened our therapeutic armamentarium. Novel drugs such as nab-paclitaxel, liposomal irinotecan and chemotherapy regimens such as FOLFIRINOX have been successfully tested in clinical trials. Data on patients outside of clinical trials are scarce but necessary to assess and improve the standard of care. We present data on treatment and survival of 1,174 patients with locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic pancreatic duct...

Inactivation of ATF-2 enhances epithelial-mesenchymal transition and gemcitabine sensitivity in human pancreatic cancer cells.

This work aimed to study the activating transcription factor 2 or AMP-dependent transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) inhibition mediated gemcitabine sensitivity in human pancreatic cancer cells.

miR-301a plays a pivotal role in hypoxia-induced gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer.

Hypoxia is a hallmark of pancreatic cancer (PC) and is associated with gemcitabine resistance. However, the mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced gemcitabine resistance in PC remain greatly unknown. Our previous work showed that miR-301a, a hypoxia-sensitive miRNA, is involved in PC metastasis under hypoxia via regulation of its target gene P63. Here, we showed that miR-301a was upregulated in a NF-κB independent manner under hypoxia and promoted gemcitabine resistance under hypoxic conditions in vitro. In...

The vitamin D receptor gene as a determinant of survival in pancreatic cancer patients: Genomic analysis and experimental validation.

Advanced pancreatic cancer is a highly refractory disease almost always associated with survival of little more than a year. New interventions based on novel targets are needed. We aim to identify new genetic determinants of overall survival (OS) in patients after treatment with gemcitabine using genome-wide screens of germline DNA. We aim also to support these findings with in vitro functional analysis.

Enzyme-treated Asparagus Extract Down-regulates Heat Shock Protein 27 of Pancreatic Cancer Cells.

From the standpoint of cancer therapy, it is valuable to enhance the anticancer effects of chemotherapy. Our previous reports revealed that up-regulation of heat-shock protein 27 (HSP27) has been linked to gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer cells. Enzyme-treated asparagus extract (ETAS) is an extract that is produced from asparagus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ETAS on the expression of HSP27 and other HSPs in the gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cell line KLM1-...

Phase I Trial Evaluating the Safety of Preoperative Gemcitabine/nab-Paclitaxel With Concurrent Radiation Therapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer.

The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of preoperative gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel-based chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), which consists of induction chemotherapy and subsequent CRT, and to determine the recommended dose (RD) of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel with concurrent radiation therapy in a phase I trial.

POLE gene hotspot mutations in advanced pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease, lacking relevant prognostic and predictive biomarkers. DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE) has important functions in the maintenance of genetic stability during DNA replication and has previously been associated with favorable prognosis in endometrial and colorectal cancer. However, its relevance in advanced pancreatic cancer (aPDAC) has not been examined to date.

A phase II trial of gemcitabine, S-1 and LV combination (GSL) neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients with borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

There has been a pressing need to develop optimal regimen for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for pancreatic cancer (PC). The safety and efficacy of gemcitabine, S-1, and LV combination (GSL) therapy as NAC for borderline resectable (BR) and locally advanced (LA) PC was evaluated in this phase II study. Patients with pathologically proven BR or LA PC were enrolled and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m by 30-min infusion on day 1, S-1 40 mg/m orally twice daily, and LV 25 mg orally twice daily on days 1-7 every 2 week...

Ginkgolide B enhances gemcitabine sensitivity in pancreatic cancer cell lines via inhibiting PAFR/NF-кB pathway.

Gemcitabine resistance will occur by time after the initial response in pancreatic cancer. Ginkgolide B (GB), a major terpene lactone component of Ginkgo biloba leaves, is a highly selective and competitive inhibitor for platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of GB on gemcitabine sensitivity in pancreatic cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Cell viability assay, flow cytometry, dual luciferase reporter assay and tumor xenograft model were used to evaluat...

Dietary Garcinol Arrests Pancreatic Cancer in p53 and K-ras Conditional Mutant Mouse Model.

Pancreatic cancer (PC) patients have poor prognosis and survival rate. Gemcitabine, the drug of choice has a dismal 15% response rate. Earlier, we reported that Garcinol alone and in combination with gemcitabine showed a dose-dependent favorable response on PC cell lines. This study probes the in vivo effects of dietary Garcinol on PC progression in transgenic PC mice (KPC; K-ras and p53 conditional mutant). KPC male mice were divided into: KC- Control diet; KGr-0.05% Garcinol diet; KGm-Gemcitabine injected...

The maximum chemiluminescence intensity predicts severe neutropenia in gemcitabine-treated patients with pancreatic or biliary tract cancer.

To assess the predictive ability of the maximum chemiluminescence intensity (CI) for severe neutropenia (SN) during neoadjuvant chemo(radio)therapy [NAC(RT)] in patients with advanced pancreatic or biliary tract cancer.

Efficacy and treatment-related adverse events of gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel for treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer "in a Korean" population: A single-center cohort study.

Pancreatic cancer has poor prognosis because of its rapid progression and treatment resistance. Based on the results of the Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Clinical Trial (MPACT), a combination regimen of gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel is currently used as standard therapy for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, because studies in Asian populations are lacking, we investigated the treatment efficacy and safety of this combination therapy in Korean population. Patients with metastat...

Efficacy and safety of chemotherapy after endoscopic double stenting for malignant duodenal and biliary obstructions in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer: a single-institution retrospective analysis.

Advanced pancreatic cancer is accompanied not only by bile duct obstruction, but also occasionally by duodenal obstruction. With new advances in chemotherapy and improvement in the management of stent dysfunction, the life expectancy of patients with pancreatic cancer has increased. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer, as well as to analyze the prognostic factors, following endoscopic double stenting.


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