PubMed Journals Articles About "Generic Levetiracetam Epilepsy" RSS

21:38 EST 17th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Generic levetiracetam Epilepsy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,400+

Levetiracetam in genetic generalized epilepsy: A prospective unblinded active-controlled trial.

To compare the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) versus valproate (VPA) monotherapy in adults with genetic generalized tonic-clonic seizures alone (GTCS) and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).

Efficacy and safety of levetiracetam in Japanese epilepsy patients: A retrospective cohort study.

Levetiracetam is an antiepileptic drug with good tolerability that is used for focal and generalized epilepsy as well as acute treatment of status epilepticus; it is also a first-line antiepileptic drug for patients with concomitant medical conditions. The effect of blood levetiracetam concentration on its efficacy and safety in Japanese patients with epilepsy is unknown.

Risk factors predisposing to psychotic symptoms during levetiracetam therapy: A retrospective study.

While levetiracetam (LEV) usage is a known risk factor for psychosis in epilepsy, the modulating effect of certain patient and treatment characteristics on the risk of psychosis has yet to be fully elucidated.

A randomized, open-label, multicenter comparative trial of levetiracetam and topiramate as adjunctive treatment for patients with focal epilepsy in Korea.

The objective of this trial was to compare the effectiveness of levetiracetam (LEV) and topiramate (TPM) as adjunctive treatment for patients with focal seizures in Korea.

Antiepileptogenic effects of Ethosuximide and Levetiracetam in WAG/Rij rats are only temporary.

WAG/Rij rats represent a validated genetic animal model of epileptogenesis, absence epilepsy and depressive-like comorbidity. Some treatments (e.g. ethosuximide), using specific protocols, prevent the development of spontaneous absence seizures. Accordingly, ethosuximide increases remission occurrence in children with childhood absence epilepsy in comparison to valproic acid. Considering that in this animal model, antiepileptogenic effects are, in some cases, not retained over time, we studied whether the a...

New recommendations for antiepileptic drug therapy: the last piece in the review of epilepsy care.

Antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy is symptomatic. New AED:s have not decreased the proportion of epilepsy patients resistant to pharmacological treatment. Lamotrigine, levetiracetam and carbamazepine are first-line options for focal seizures. Lamotrigine, levetiracetam and valproic acid are first-line options for generalized seizures. However, valproic acid is contraindicated during pregnancy unless there is no other effective treatment available, as well as for fertile girls/women unless the conditions of a...

Treatment with brivaracetam in children - The experience of a pediatric epilepsy center.

The new anticonvulsant brivaracetam is a levetiracetam analog which binds to the synaptic vesicle protein 2A, and inhibits excitatory neurotransmitters' release. Brivaracetam was Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicine Agency (EMA) approved in 2016 as adjunctive treatment for focal onset seizures in patients over 16 years of age, and in 2018 for children over four years of age. Our aim was to describe effectiveness and tolerability in real-life pediatric epilepsy clinic.

Levetiracetam and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and epilepsy: a reasonable combination.

Levetiracetam-induced de novo psychosis: Is there a type of patient with epilepsy who is neurostructural and/or biologically more vulnerable to developing it?

Levetiracetam concentration in hair is associated with the time schedule of administration: study on rats.

Measurement of hair drug content may be a reliable biomarker of the history of drug exposure, allowing to assess patient long-term compliance. Studies on correlations between antiepileptic drugs intake and their hair contents are limited. The aim of the study was to determine the association between the history of levetiracetam administration and its content in rat hair in controlled laboratory conditions. Additionally, the effects of levetiracetam on hair growth rate and body weights were examined. Three g...

Comparison of clonazepam and levetiracetam in children for prevention of busulfan-induced seizure in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Antiseizure prophylaxis is required during busulfan administration for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, antiseizure agents such as benzodiazepines and phenytoin may produce adverse effects through interaction with other drugs. We retrospectively assessed the prophylactic efficacy and safety of levetiracetam and clonazepam against busulfan-induced seizures between 2013 and 2018. Thirty patients (after 2015) received levetiracetam, and 13 patients (before 2015) received clonazepam in this stu...

PedsQL™ Cognitive Functioning Scale in youth with epilepsy: Reliability and validity.

The objective of the study was to report on the internal consistency reliability and discriminant, concurrent and construct validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Cognitive Functioning Scale as a brief generic cognitive functioning measure in youth with epilepsy.

Does the new Korean term for epilepsy reduce the stigma for Korean adults with epilepsy?

The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in stigma, disclosure management of epilepsy, and knowledge about epilepsy between patients with epilepsy who recognized and did not recognize the new Korean term for epilepsy.

Effect of levetiracetam monotherapy on lipid profiles and thyroid hormones in children with epilepsy: A prospective study.

Long-term treatment with some older antiepileptic drugs may lead to dyslipidemia or thyroid disturbances. The effect of levetiracetam (LEV), a newer broad spectrum antiepileptic agent, on cardiovascular risk factors is not yet sufficiently investigated. The purpose of this study was to investigate prospectively the effect of LEV monotherapy on serum lipid profile and thyroid hormones levels in children with epilepsy. The study population consisted of 39 children (21 females, 18 males, mean age 6.8 ± 4,...

Painting epilepsy - The essence of disease by participants of the Latin American Summer School on Epilepsy (LASSE XIII).

The purpose of this study was to present and analyze the way epilepsy researchers and specialists present epilepsy through visual art forms.

An interaction study of Ocimum sanctum L. and levetiracetam in pentylenetetrazole kindling model of epilepsy.

Ocimum sanctum L. commonly known as tulsi (synonym of Ocimum tenuiflorum L.) is widely used in Ayurveda medicine and is having multitude neuromodulatory effect including the anticonvulsant effect in acute seizure models as per previous studies. In India, it is used for the treatment of epilepsy as traditional medicine. However, its role in chronic seizure model and interaction with newer antiepileptic drugs has not been investigated, which will enhance its translational value.

Differential antiseizure medication sensitivity of the Affective Reactivity Index: A randomized controlled trial in new-onset pediatric focal epilepsy.

Irritability is a adverse effect of many antiseizure medications (ASMs), but there are no validated measures currently available to characterize this behavioral risk. We examined both child and parent/guardian versions of the Affective Reactivity Index (ARI), a validated measure developed for application in adolescent psychiatry, to determine its sensitivity to ASM-related irritability. We hypothesized irritability increases associated with levetiracetam (LEV) but not lamotrigine (LTG) or oxcarbazepine (OXC...

Genotoxicity assessment of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in human embryonic stem cells.

Several antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are administrated during pregnancy according to recent therapeutic protocols. Ten percent of pregnant women with epilepsy give birth to offspring with malformations and teratogenic defects. Since the mechanism of action of AEDs is not yet completely understood, therefore, it could be hypothesized that they may cause cyto- or genotoxicity in embryonic fetus cells. To investigate this hypothesis, the genotoxicity and cell survival of AEDs treated human embryonic stem cells (...

Sexual dysfunction in people with epilepsy.

Sexual dysfunction is a common comorbidity in people with epilepsy (PWE) that adversely affects their quality of life. Nearly one-half of men and women with epilepsy have sexual dysfunction, but in the majority, this often goes unnoticed. The wide variation in the reported prevalence of sexual dysfunction in PWE is due to the significant heterogeneity among the studies with regard to patient population, type and severity of epilepsy, number and type of antiseizure drugs (ASDs) used, and the tools used for a...

Mitochondrial epilepsy: a cross-sectional nationwide Italian survey.

Many aspects of epilepsy in mitochondrial disorders (MDs) need to be further clarified. To this aim, we explored retrospectively a cohort of individuals with MDs querying the "Nationwide Italian Collaborative Network of Mitochondrial Diseases" (NICNMD) database (1467 patients included since 2010 to December 2016). We collected information on age at epilepsy onset, seizure type and frequency, genetic findings, and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). At the time of our survey, 147/1467 (10%) patients in the NICNMD da...

Self-management skills and behaviors, self-efficacy, and quality of life in people with epilepsy from underserved populations.

People with epilepsy (PWE) from underserved populations face significant barriers to epilepsy management and therefore may lack knowledge about epilepsy and self-management (SM) of epilepsy. This paper evaluates SM practices, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, quality of life, and personal impact of epilepsy in PWE from underserved populations as compared with all PWE.

Disease-modifying effects of a novel T-type calcium channel antagonist, Z944, in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy.

We evaluated whether pharmacologically targeting T-type Ca channels with Z944, a potent and selective antagonist, has disease-modifying effects in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) that exhibits spontaneous recurrent seizures, and manifests behavioral and cognitive comorbidities commonly experienced by patients with this condition. Wistar rats underwent implantation of EEG electrodes and one week later 4 hours of kainic acid-induced status epilepticus (SE). Animals were randomly assigned to one of 5...

Therapeutic effect of intravenous levetiracetam in status epilepticus: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

We performed this analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous levetiracetam (IV LEV) in patients with status epilepticus.

Epilepsy in children with congenital hemiparesis secondary to perinatal ictus.

The objective was to describe the frequency, mode of presentation and characteristics of epilepsy in children with congenital hemiparesis (CH). It is a etrospective, descriptive and multicenter study, based on the collection of data from the clinical records of patients from 0 to 19 years with CH secondary to perinatal infarction in different centers of the community of Catalonia. A total of 310 children were included (55% males and 45% females), from a total of 13 centers in Catalonia. Average age of onset...

Awareness and attitudes toward persons with epilepsy among teachers: A Moroccan study.

Many studies performed in Morocco showed an important lack of knowledge about epilepsy among persons with epilepsy and their families. The misconceptions about the disease are a source of suffering for both patients and their families and increase the costs of epilepsy care. We conducted this investigation for assessing the origins of misinterpretation of the disease in the Moroccan society.

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