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PubMed Journals Articles About "Genome Wide Identification Characterization Chitinase Gene Family Brassica" RSS

09:02 EDT 20th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Genome Wide Identification Characterization Chitinase Gene Family Brassica PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Genome Wide Identification Characterization Chitinase Gene Family Brassica articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Genome wide identification characterization Chitinase gene family Brassica" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Genome-wide identification and characterization of Chitinase gene family in Brassica juncea and Camelina sativa in response to Alternaria brassicae.

Chitinases belong to the group of Pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins that provides protection against the fungal pathogens. In this study, genome-wide identification and characterization of chitinase genes was performed in two important oilseed crops B. juncea and C. sativa belonging to family Brassicaceae. We identified 47 and 79 chitinase genes in B. juncea and C. sativa genome, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of chitinases in the both species revealed four distinct sub-groups, representing different ...


Genome-wide identification and characterization of the Dof gene family in cassava (Manihot esculenta).

Dof proteins comprise a plant-specific transcription factor family involved in regulation of many plant processes. Despite their diverse roles, little information is available in cassava (Manihot esculenta, Euphorbiaceae), the sixth major staple crop in the world. This study presents the first genome-wide identification of Dof family genes in cassava, resulting in 45 family members that are unevenly distributed across 17 out of the 18 chromosomes. Phylogenetic analysis assigned these genes into eight groups...

Genome-wide identification and characterization of Hsp70 gene family in Nicotiana tabacum.

Heat shock proteins 70 (Hsp70) constitute a highly conserved protein family of cellular chaperones widely distributed in plants, where they play a fundamental role in response to biotic and abiotic stress. Until now, genome-wide analyses of the Hsp70 gene family have been conducted for some species. However, reports about Hsp70 genes in Nicotiana tabacum are scarce. In this study, we systematically conducted genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the Hsp70 gene family in tobacco, including ge...


Genome-wide characterization and expression profiling of the relation of the HD-Zip gene family to abiotic stress in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).

The homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) gene family plays an important role in plant growth and environmental responses. At present, research on the HD-Zip gene family of barley is incomplete. In this study, 32 HD-Zip genes (HvHD-Zip 1-32) were identified from the barley genome and were subsequently divided into four subfamilies according to conserved structure and motif analysis. Whole genome replication events in barley and Arabidopsis, rice, and wheat HD-Zip gene families were analyzed, yielding 3, 14 an...

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of sucrose synthase genes in allotetraploid Brassica juncea.

Sucrose plays pivotal role in energy metabolism and regulating gene expression of several physiological processes in higher plants. Here, fourteen sucrose synthase (SUS) genes have been identified in the allotetraploid genome of Indian mustard, Brassica juncea. The identified SUS genes in B. juncea (BjSUS) were derived from the two-progenitor species, B. rapa and B. nigra. Intron-exon analysis indicated loss or gain of 1-3 introns in diversification of SUS gene family. Phylogenetic analysis revealed discret...

Genome-wide identification and expression profiling of the Wnt gene family in three bivalve molluscs.

Cellular signaling initiated by various secreted, cysteine-rich Wnt proteins plays essential roles in regulating animal development and cell stemness. By virtue of its functional diversity and importance, the Wnt gene family has received substantial research interests in a variety of animal species, from invertebrates to vertebrates. However, for bivalve molluscs, one of the ancient bilaterian groups with high morphological diversity, systematic identification and analysis of the Wnt gene family remain lack...

Structural Variation, Functional Differentiation, and Activity Correlation of the Cytochrome P450 Gene Superfamily Revealed in Ginseng.

Ginseng ( C.A. Mey.) is one of the most important medicinal herbs for human health and medicine, for which ginsenosides are the major bioactive components. The cytochrome P450 genes, , form a large gene superfamily; however, only three genes have been identified from ginseng and shown to be involved in ginsenoside biosynthesis, indicating the importance of the gene superfamily in the process. Here we report genome-wide identification and systems analysis of the genes in ginseng, defined as genes. We identif...

Genome-scale characterization of the vacuole nitrate transporter Chloride Channel (CLC) genes and their transcriptional responses to diverse nutrient stresses in allotetraploid rapeseed.

The Chloride Channel (CLC) gene family is reported to be involved in vacuolar nitrate (NO3-) transport. Nitrate distribution to the cytoplasm is beneficial for enhancing NO3- assimilation and plays an important role in the regulation of nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE). In this study, genomic information, high-throughput transcriptional profiles, and gene co-expression analysis were integrated to identify the CLCs (BnaCLCs) in Brassica napus. The decreased NO3- concentration in the clca-2 mutant up-regulat...

Genome-wide identification of members of the TCP gene family in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and analysis of their expression.

Teosinte branched 1/Cycloidea/Proliferating cell factor 1 (TCP) proteins belongs to a plant-specific transcription factor family that plays important roles in plant development. TCP gene-regulated plant branching occurs downstream in the strigolactone pathway. In this study, 41 TCP genes were identified in the genome of Panicum virgatum L. (switchgrass). These genes all contained the TCP conserved domain, and they belonged to two subfamilies distributed across 18 chromosomes. Analysis of gene expression usi...

The radish genome database (RadishGD): an integrated information resource for radish genomics.

Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) is an important root vegetable crop in the family Brassicaceae, which provides diverse nutrients for human health and is closely related to the Brassica crop species. Recently, we sequenced and assembled the radish genome into nine chromosome pseudomolecules. In addition, we developed diverse genomic resources, including genetic maps, molecular markers, transcriptome, genome-wide methylation and variome data. In this study, we describe the radish genome database (RadishGD), incl...

Genome-wide identification, phylogeny and function analysis of GRAS gene family in Dendrobium catenatum (Orchidaceae).

In recent years, the molecular mechanism of plant growth and development has been reported in detail. GRAS genes, a plant-specific family of transcription factor, play critical roles in the process. GRAS transcription factors are associated with axillary shoot meristem formation, radial root patterning, phytohormones (gibberellins) signal transduction, light signaling, and abiotic or biotic stress.

The auxin response factor gene family in allopolyploid Brassica napus.

Auxin response factor (ARF) is a member of the plant-specific B3 DNA binding superfamily. Here, we report the results of a comprehensive analysis of ARF genes in allotetraploid Brassica napus (2n = 38, AACC). Sixty-seven ARF genes were identified in B. napus (BnARFs) and divided into four subfamilies (I-IV). Sixty-one BnARFs were distributed on all chromosomes except C02; the remaining were on Ann and Cnn. The full length of the BnARF proteins was highly conserved especially within each subfamily with all m...

Genome-wide analysis of the ovodefensin gene family: Monophyletic origin, independent gene duplication and presence of different selection patterns.

Ovodefensins (OvoDs) represent a group of cysteine-rich host defense peptides that are abundant in the egg white. Recent studies have found that ovodefensins are specific to birds and reptiles. However, the entire repertoire and evolutionary relationships of this gene family have not been thoroughly elucidated to date. Following our cross-species and genome-wide computational study, a total of 94 ovodefensin genes with multiple novel cysteine sequence motifs were identified from 22 phylogenetically divergen...

The deletion of the AcMNPV ac124 gene resulted in a decrease in chitinase transcription.

The Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) ac124 gene has been previously characterized as a viral pathogenicity factor. In this study, an ac124-knockout virus (vAc124KO) was generated to examine the role of the ac124 gene in the context of the AcMNPV genome during infection. Our results showed that the absence of ac124 does not affect the production of budded virus (BV) and occlusion bodies (OBs) in infected Sf9 cells. Western blotting analysis showed that the deletion of ac124 does ...

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of glycine-rich RNA-binding protein family in sweet potato wild relative Ipomoea trifida.

Glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins (GRPs) contain RNA recognition motif (RRM) and glycine-rich domains at the N- or C-terminus, respectively, and they participate in varied physiological and biochemical processes, as well as environmental stresses. Sweet potato from the genus Ipomoea is one of the most important crops. However, the role of the GRP gene family in Ipomoea plant species has not been reported yet. At the same time, the genome of sweet potato remains to be elucidated, but the genome of I. trifida...

Molecular identification of the magnesium transport gene family in Brassica napus.

Magnesium (Mg) is an essential element for plant growth. Its transport and homeostasis in plants is mainly maintained by the MRS2/MGT of Mg transporters. Little is known about the MRS2/MGT gene family in Brassica napus L. (B. napus), one of the most important oil grains. In our present study, we identified 36 putative MRS2/MGT genes (BnMGTs) from B. napus and investigated their phylogeny, expression pattern and function. These BnMGT genes were sorted into five distinguished groups by the phylogenetic analys...

Genome-wide identification, characterization, interaction network and expression profile of GRAS gene family in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis).

GRAS genes are suggested to be grouped into plant-specific transcriptional regulatory families that have been reported to participate in multiple processes, including plant development, phytohormone signaling, the formation of symbiotic relationships, and response to environmental signals. GRAS genes have been characterized in a number of plant species, but little is known about this gene family in Citrus sinensis. In this study, we identified a total of 50 GRAS genes and characterized the gene structures, ...

The late embryogenesis abundant gene family in tea plant (Camellia sinensis): Genome-wide characterization and expression analysis in response to cold and dehydration stress.

Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are a large and highly diverse family of polypeptides that play important roles in plant growth, development and stress responses. At present, LEA gene families have been identified and systematically characterized in many plant species. However, the LEA gene family in tea plant has not been revealed, and the biological functions of the members of this family remain unknown. In this study, 33 CsLEA genes were identified from tea plant via a genome-wide study, and t...

Genome-wide identification and gene expression pattern of ABC transporter gene family in Capsicum spp.

ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter genes act as transporters for different molecules across biological membranes and are involved in a diverse range of biological processes. In this study, we performed a genome-wide identification and expression analysis of genes encoding ABC transporter proteins in three Capsicum species, i.e., Capsicum annuum, Capsicum baccatum and Capsicum chinense. Capsicum is a valuable horticultural crop worldwide as an important constituent of many foods while containing several ...

Population-based genome-wide association study of cognitive decline in older adults free of dementia: identification of a novel locus for the attention domain.

To identify novel loci that affect cognitive decline in older adults free of dementia, we conducted genome-wide and gene-based meta-analyses on longitudinal slopes of 5 cognitive domains (memory, executive function, language, attention/processing speed, and visuospatial ability) derived from 2 population-based cohorts. For decline over time in each cognitive domain, we normalized intraindividual slopes within each cohort, accounting for baseline age, sex, and years of education. Normalized slope for each do...

Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of DIR Genes in Medicago truncatula.

Dirigent proteins (DIRs) are critically involved in the formation of lignans, a diverse and widely distributed class of secondary plant metabolites exhibiting interesting pharmacological activities and implicated in natural plant defense. However, no detailed information is available about DIR gene family in Medicago truncatula. In this study, a total of 45 DIR genes were identified in M. truncatula. DIR proteins have variability in sequence. Most MtDIR genes have no intron. All MtDIR proteins contain singl...

i6mA-Pred: Identifying DNA N6-methyladenine sites in the rice genome.

DNA N6-methyladenine (6mA) is associated with a wide range of biological processes. Since the distribution of 6mA site in the genome is non-random, accurate identification of 6mA sites is crucial for understanding its biological functions. Although experimental methods have been proposed for this regard, they are still cost-ineffective for detecting 6mA site in genome-wide scope. Therefore, it is desirable to develop computational methods to facilitate the identification of 6mA site.

Phenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular marker analysis of Brassica napus introgressants derived from an intergeneric hybridization with Orychophragmus.

Aneuploids of a single species that have lost or gained different chromosomes are useful for genomic analysis. The polyploid nature of many crops including oilseed rape (Brassica napus) allows these plants to tolerate the loss of individual chromosomes from homologous pairs, thus facilitating the development of aneuploid lines. Here, we selected 39 lines from advanced generations of an intergeneric hybridization between Brassica rapa and Orychophragmus violaceus with accidental pollination by B. napus. The ...

Genome-wide analysis of the MATE gene family in potato.

The multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) protein family is a newly discovered family of secondary transporters that extrude metabolic waste and a variety of antibiotics out of the cell using an electrochemical gradient of H or Na across the membrane. The main function of MATE gene family is to participate in the process of plant detoxification and morphogenesis. The genome-wide analysis of the MATE genes in potato genome was conducted. At least 48 genes were initially identified and classified into...

Genome-Wide Copy Number Variation Detection Using NGS: Data Analysis and Interpretation.

Copy number variants (CNVs) and copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) represent important types of genomic abnormalities in cancer. Genomic DNA microarray serves as the current gold standard method for detecting genome-wide CNVs and CN-LOH. However, as next-generation sequencing (NGS) is widely used to detect gene variants in clinical testing, the ability of NGS to detect CNVs and CN-LOH has also been demonstrated. This chapter describes a protocol for detecting genome-wide large somatic CNVs and CN-...


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