PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Dairy Platform" RSS

02:27 EST 22nd February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Global Dairy Platform PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Global Dairy Platform articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Global Dairy Platform" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,900+

Climate mitigation by dairy intensification depends on intensive use of spared grassland.

Milk and beef production cause 9% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Previous life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have shown that dairy intensification reduces the carbon footprint of milk by increasing animal productivity and feed conversion efficiency. None of these studies simultaneously evaluated indirect GHG effects incurred via teleconnections with expansion of feed crop production and replacement suckler-beef production. We applied consequential LCA to incorporate these effects into GHG mitiga...

Invited review: Effects of heat stress on dairy cattle welfare.

The effects of high ambient temperatures on production animals, once thought to be limited to tropical areas, has extended into northern latitudes in response to the increasing global temperature. The number of days where the temperature-humidity index (THI) exceeds the comfort threshold (>72) is increasing in the northern United States, Canada, and Europe. Compounded by the increasing number of dairy animals and the intensification of production, heat stress has become one of the most important challenges ...

A global dataset of crowdsourced land cover and land use reference data.

Global land cover is an essential climate variable and a key biophysical driver for earth system models. While remote sensing technology, particularly satellites, have played a key role in providing land cover datasets, large discrepancies have been noted among the available products. Global land use is typically more difficult to map and in many cases cannot be remotely sensed. In-situ or ground-based data and high resolution imagery are thus an important requirement for producing accurate land cover and l...

Genome-Wide Interactions with Dairy Intake for Body Mass Index in Adults of European Descent.

Body weight responds variably to the intake of dairy foods. Genetic variation may contribute to inter-individual variability in associations between body weight and dairy consumption.

Dairy-Related Dietary Patterns, Dietary Calcium, Body Weight and Composition: A Study of Obesity in Polish Mothers and Daughters, the MODAF Project.

The role of the family environment in regards to dairy products and dietary calcium in the context of obesity is not fully understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the association among dairy-related dietary patterns (DDPs), dietary calcium, body weight and composition in mothers and daughters. Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey within the MODAF Project. A total sample of 712 pairs of mothers ( 1 standard deviation (SD), WC > 80 cm, body fat

Developing a framework to assess the costeffectiveness of COMPARE - a global platform for the exchange of sequence-based pathogen data.

Analysing the genomic data of pathogens with the help of next-generation sequencing (NGS) is an increasingly important part of disease outbreak investigations and helps guide responses. While this technology has already been successfully employed to elucidate and control disease outbreaks, wider implementation of NGS also depends on its cost-effectiveness. COMPARE - short for 'Collaborative Management Platform for detection and Analyses of (Re-) emerging and foodborne outbreaks' - is a major project, funded...

The effect of dairy and non-dairy beverages consumed with high glycemic cereal on subjective appetite, food intake and post-prandial glycemia in young adults.

To compare the effect of dairy and non-dairy beverages when consumed with carbohydrate at breakfast on subjective appetite, food intake (FI) and post-prandial glycemia (PPG) in healthy young adults.

Proposal of a Risk-Stratification Platform to Address Distinct Clinical Features of Pediatric Kaposi Sarcoma in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Effect of Non-Dairy Food Matrices on the Survival of Probiotic Bacteria during Storage.

The viability of probiotics in non-dairy food products during storage is required to meet content criteria for probiotic products. This study investigated whether non-dairy foods could be matrices for probiotics. Selected probiotic bacteria were coated on non-dairy foods under two storage conditions, and viabilities were assessed. The non-dairy foods were coated with 5-7 log cfu g(-1) of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC4356(T), Lactobacillus plantarum RC30, and Bifidobacterium longum ATCC15707(T). The coated ...

Granulometry, microbial composition and biological activity of dusts collected in French dairy farms.

Dairy working increases the prevalence of lower airway respiratory diseases, especially COPD and asthma. Epidemiological studies have reported that chronic inhalation of organic dusts released during specific daily tasks could represent a major risk factor for development of these pathologies in dairy workers. Knowledge on size, nature and biological activity of such organic dusts remain however limited.

Application of transmission infrared spectroscopy and partial least squares regression to predict immunoglobulin G concentration in dairy and beef cow colostrum.

The objective of this study was to explore the potential of transmission infrared (TIR) spectroscopy in combination with partial least squares regression (PLSR) for quantification of dairy and beef cow colostral IgG concentration and assessment of colostrum quality. A total of 430 colostrum samples were collected from dairy (n = 235) and beef (n = 195) cows and tested by a radial immunodiffusion (RID) assay and TIR spectroscopy. Colostral IgG concentrations obtained by the RID assay were linked to the pre-p...

Use of Gases in Dairy Manufacturing: A Review.

Use of gases (air, carbon dioxide and nitrogen) has been practiced in the manufacture of dairy products (i.e. ice cream, whipped cream and butter) to improve their texture, mouthfeel and shelf-life extension. Many attempts have also been made to incorporate other gases such as hydrogen, nitrous oxide, argon, xenon, and helium into the dairy systems for various product functionalities such as whipping, foaming, texture, aroma enhancement and therapeutic properties. The gases can be dissolved in aqueous and f...

Effects of rumen-protected pantothenate supplementation on lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestion and blood metabolites in dairy cows.

Lactation performance of dairy cow has considerably increased with animal breeding and management improvement in recent years. Ruminal net synthesized pantothenic acid is insufficient to meet the requirement of high producing dairy cows. The objective was to investigate the effects of rumen-protected pantothenate (RPP) on lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestion and blood metabolites in dairy cows.

Persistence of Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Dairy Compost during Storage.

Dairy compost with 20, 30, or 40% moisture content (MC) was inoculated with a mixture of six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serovars at a final concentration of 5.1 log CFU/g and then stored at 22 and 4°C for 125 days. Six storage conditions-4°C and 20% MC, 4°C and 30% MC, 4°C and 40% MC, 22°C and 20% MC, 22°C and 30% MC, and 22°C and 40% MC-were investigated for the persistence of non-O157 STEC in the dairy compost. During the entire storage, fluctuations in indigenous mesoph...

Seasonal Variation in Fat Quality and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Content of Dairy Products from the Tropics: Evidence of Potential Impact on Human Health.

Seasonal variation in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content and atherogenicity index (AI) of retail dairy products (whole milk, butter, and prato, a soft yellow cheese) from Brazil was investigated. CLA content of dairy products ranged from 0.55 to 1.53 g CLA/100 g fatty acids and was on average 25% higher during the rainy season compared to the dry season. Dairy products from the rainy season also had lower AI levels, indicating a lower risk of causing cardiovascular disease in consumers. This seasonality...

Platform for Unified Molecular Analysis: PUMA.

We introduce a free platform for chemoinformatic-based diversity analysis and visualization of chemical space of user supplied data sets. Platform for Unified Molecular Analysis (PUMA) integrates metrics used to characterize compound databases including visualization of chemical space, scaffold content, and analysis of chemical diversity. The user's input is a file with SMILES, database names, and compound IDs. PUMA computes molecular properties of pharmaceutical relevance, Murcko scaffolds, and diversity a...

Adipose tissue fatty acids present in dairy fat and risk of stroke: the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort.

The role of dairy fat for the risk of stroke is not yet clear. Adipose tissue reflects long-term fatty acid intake and metabolism. We, therefore, investigated associations for percentages of adipose tissue fatty acids, for which dairy products are a major source (12:0, 14:0, 14:1 cis-9, 15:0, 17:0, 18:1 trans-11 and 18:2 cis-9, trans-11), with incident total stroke and stroke subtypes.

SPE-IMS-MS: An automated platform for sub-sixty second surveillance of endogenous metabolites and xenobiotics in biofluids.

Characterization of endogenous metabolites and xenobiotics is essential to deconvoluting the genetic and environmental causes of disease. However, surveillance of chemical exposure and disease-related changes in large cohorts requires an analytical platform that offers rapid measurement, high sensitivity, efficient separation, broad dynamic range, and application to an expansive chemical space. Here, we present a novel platform for small molecule analyses that addresses these requirements by combining solid...

Impacts of zeolite, alum and polyaluminum chloride amendments mixed with agricultural wastes on soil column leachate, and CO2 and CH4 emissions.

This study aimed to quantify leaching losses of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and carbon (C), as well as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions from stored slurry, and from packed soil columns surface applied with unamended and chemically amended dairy and pig slurries, and dairy soiled water (DSW). The amendments to the slurries, which were applied individually and together, were: polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and zeolite for pig and dairy slurry, and liquid aluminium sulfate (alum) and zeolite for ...

Bacteriophages in the Dairy Environment: From Enemies to Allies.

The history of dairy farming goes back thousands of years, evolving from a traditional small-scale production to the industrialized manufacturing of fermented dairy products. Commercialization of milk and its derived products has been very important not only as a source of nourishment but also as an economic resource. However, the dairy industry has encountered several problems that have to be overcome to ensure the quality and safety of the final products, as well as to avoid economic losses. Within this c...

Environmental and water sustainability of milk production in Northeast Spain.

This study focuses on the assessment of the environmental profile of a milk farm, representative of the dairy sector in Northeast Spain, from a cradle-to-gate perspective. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) principles established by ISO standards together with the carbon footprint guidelines proposed by International Dairy Federation (IDF) were followed. The environmental results showed two critical contributing factors: the production of the livestock feed (e.g., alfalfa) and the on-farm emissions from farmin...

Short communication: Milking order consistency of dairy cows in large Australian herds.

We used on-farm records from dairy infrastructure to examine the consistency of the milking order over 150 d in 5 Australian dairy herds that were milking more than 500 cows as a single group. Within a single day the difference in milking order rank position was less than 20 percentage points for 72% of cows. The correlation coefficient comparing milking rank position in the morning and afternoon was 0.72, with the position of cows at the beginning and end of the milking order being more consistent than cow...

Novel insights into the microbiology of fermented dairy foods.

Fermentation is a traditional approach to food preservation that, in addition to improving food safety, also confers enhanced organoleptic, nutritional, and health-promoting attributes upon those foods. Dairy products can be fermented by a diverse microbiota. The accompanying microbes can be studied using a variety of different, including 'omics'-based, approaches that can reveal their composition and functionality. These methods have increasingly been recently applied to study fermented dairy foods from th...

Carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes in U.S. milk: Insight into production process.

Stable isotope analysis (SIA), a potential method of verifying the geographic origin and production method of dairy products, has not been applied to United States (U.S.) dairy samples on a national scale. To determine the potential of carbon and nitrogen SIA in authenticity assessment of U.S. dairy products, we analyzed a geographically-representative collection of conventional milk samples to determine isotopic variations with (1) Purchase Location and (2) Macronutrient Content.

The developmental transcriptome landscape of receptive endometrium during embryo implantation in dairy goats.

Under natural conditions, some embryos cannot implant successfully because of the dysfunction of receptive endometrium (RE). Thus, it is imperative for us to study the molecular mechanisms involved in the formation of the RE from pre-receptive endometrium (PE). In this study, the endometrium from gestational day 5 (D5, PE) and gestational day 15 (D15, RE) dairy goats were selected to systematically analyze the transcriptome using strand-specific Ribo-Zero RNA-Seq, >120 million high-quality paired-end reads ...

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