PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Dairy Platform" RSS

17:28 EST 23rd November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Global Dairy Platform PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Global Dairy Platform articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Global Dairy Platform" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,800+

Corrigendum to "Health, physiology, and behavior of dairy calves reared on 4 different substrates" (J. Dairy Sci. 100:2148-2156).

Corrigendum to "Different milk feeding intensities during the first 4 weeks of rearing dairy calves: Part 2: Effects on the metabolic and endocrine status during calfhood and around the first lactation" (J. Dairy Sci. 100:3109-3125).

Climate mitigation by dairy intensification depends on intensive use of spared grassland.

Milk and beef production cause 9% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Previous life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have shown that dairy intensification reduces the carbon footprint of milk by increasing animal productivity and feed conversion efficiency. None of these studies simultaneously evaluated indirect GHG effects incurred via teleconnections with expansion of feed crop production and replacement suckler-beef production. We applied consequential LCA to incorporate these effects into GHG mitiga...

A global dataset of crowdsourced land cover and land use reference data.

Global land cover is an essential climate variable and a key biophysical driver for earth system models. While remote sensing technology, particularly satellites, have played a key role in providing land cover datasets, large discrepancies have been noted among the available products. Global land use is typically more difficult to map and in many cases cannot be remotely sensed. In-situ or ground-based data and high resolution imagery are thus an important requirement for producing accurate land cover and l...

Invited review: Effects of heat stress on dairy cattle welfare.

The effects of high ambient temperatures on production animals, once thought to be limited to tropical areas, has extended into northern latitudes in response to the increasing global temperature. The number of days where the temperature-humidity index (THI) exceeds the comfort threshold (>72) is increasing in the northern United States, Canada, and Europe. Compounded by the increasing number of dairy animals and the intensification of production, heat stress has become one of the most important challenges ...

Genome-Wide Interactions with Dairy Intake for Body Mass Index in Adults of European Descent.

Body weight responds variably to the intake of dairy foods. Genetic variation may contribute to inter-individual variability in associations between body weight and dairy consumption.

A portable somatic cell counter based on a multi-functional counting chamber and a miniaturized fluorescence microscope.

A somatic cell count is the concentration or density of somatic cells in milk, and is an important indicator for monitoring mastitis incidence and milk quality in the dairy industry. Managing and controlling mastitis based on somatic cell counts can help ensure high milk quality and yield. A major challenge when translating existing cell counting methods to such application is that they require off-chip sample preparation and complicated sample and reagent delivery steps that cannot be easily performed in r...

Corrigendum to "Hexanal as biomarker for milk oxidative stress induced by copper ions" (J. Dairy Sci. 100:1650-1656).

Teledermatology as a Means to Provide Multispecialty Care: A Case of Global Specialty Collaboration.

Telemedicine can serve as a platform for specialty collaboration and potentially address the lack of specialized and subspecialized care globally. In this article we present a case in which the use of teledermatology facilitated global collaboration between multiple specialists and subspecialists, resulting in high-quality care of a child from a remote area of Botswana. We present the lessons learned and factors that should be considered when engaging in global specialty collaboration, especially between de...

Developing a framework to assess the costeffectiveness of COMPARE - a global platform for the exchange of sequence-based pathogen data.

Analysing the genomic data of pathogens with the help of next-generation sequencing (NGS) is an increasingly important part of disease outbreak investigations and helps guide responses. While this technology has already been successfully employed to elucidate and control disease outbreaks, wider implementation of NGS also depends on its cost-effectiveness. COMPARE - short for 'Collaborative Management Platform for detection and Analyses of (Re-) emerging and foodborne outbreaks' - is a major project, funded...

Corrigendum to "Weather influences feed intake and feed efficiency in a temperate climate" (J. Dairy Sci. 100:2240-2257).

The effect of dairy and non-dairy beverages consumed with high glycemic cereal on subjective appetite, food intake and post-prandial glycemia in young adults.

To compare the effect of dairy and non-dairy beverages when consumed with carbohydrate at breakfast on subjective appetite, food intake (FI) and post-prandial glycemia (PPG) in healthy young adults.

Biochem-Env: a platform of biochemistry for research in environmental and agricultural sciences.

Biochemical indicators are potent tools to assess ecosystem functioning under anthropic and global pressures. Nevertheless, additional work is needed to improve the methods used for the measurement of these indicators, and for a more relevant interpretation of the obtained results. To face these challenges, the platform Biochem-Env aims at providing innovative and standardized measurement protocols, as well as database and information system favoring result interpretation and opening. Its skills and tools a...

Effect of Non-Dairy Food Matrices on the Survival of Probiotic Bacteria during Storage.

The viability of probiotics in non-dairy food products during storage is required to meet content criteria for probiotic products. This study investigated whether non-dairy foods could be matrices for probiotics. Selected probiotic bacteria were coated on non-dairy foods under two storage conditions, and viabilities were assessed. The non-dairy foods were coated with 5-7 log cfu g(-1) of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC4356(T), Lactobacillus plantarum RC30, and Bifidobacterium longum ATCC15707(T). The coated ...

Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed.

Granulometry, microbial composition and biological activity of dusts collected in French dairy farms.

Dairy working increases the prevalence of lower airway respiratory diseases, especially COPD and asthma. Epidemiological studies have reported that chronic inhalation of organic dusts released during specific daily tasks could represent a major risk factor for development of these pathologies in dairy workers. Knowledge on size, nature and biological activity of such organic dusts remain however limited.

Use of Gases in Dairy Manufacturing: A Review.

Use of gases (air, carbon dioxide and nitrogen) has been practiced in the manufacture of dairy products (i.e. ice cream, whipped cream and butter) to improve their texture, mouthfeel and shelf-life extension. Many attempts have also been made to incorporate other gases such as hydrogen, nitrous oxide, argon, xenon, and helium into the dairy systems for various product functionalities such as whipping, foaming, texture, aroma enhancement and therapeutic properties. The gases can be dissolved in aqueous and f...

Effects of rumen-protected pantothenate supplementation on lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestion and blood metabolites in dairy cows.

Lactation performance of dairy cow has considerably increased with animal breeding and management improvement in recent years. Ruminal net synthesized pantothenic acid is insufficient to meet the requirement of high producing dairy cows. The objective was to investigate the effects of rumen-protected pantothenate (RPP) on lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestion and blood metabolites in dairy cows.

Microbiota analysis of environmental slurry and its potential role as a reservoir of bovine digital dermatitis pathogens.

At present, very little information exists regarding what role the environmental slurry may play as an infection reservoir and/or route of transmission for bovine digital dermatitis (DD), a disease which is a global problem in dairy herds. To investigate, if DD-related bacteria belong to the indigenous microbiota of the dairy herd environment, we used deep amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene in 135 slurry samples collected from different sites in 22 dairy farms, with and without DD-infected cows. Both ...

Persistence of Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Dairy Compost during Storage.

Dairy compost with 20, 30, or 40% moisture content (MC) was inoculated with a mixture of six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serovars at a final concentration of 5.1 log CFU/g and then stored at 22 and 4°C for 125 days. Six storage conditions-4°C and 20% MC, 4°C and 30% MC, 4°C and 40% MC, 22°C and 20% MC, 22°C and 30% MC, and 22°C and 40% MC-were investigated for the persistence of non-O157 STEC in the dairy compost. During the entire storage, fluctuations in indigenous mesoph...

Seasonal Variation in Fat Quality and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Content of Dairy Products from the Tropics: Evidence of Potential Impact on Human Health.

Seasonal variation in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content and atherogenicity index (AI) of retail dairy products (whole milk, butter, and prato, a soft yellow cheese) from Brazil was investigated. CLA content of dairy products ranged from 0.55 to 1.53 g CLA/100 g fatty acids and was on average 25% higher during the rainy season compared to the dry season. Dairy products from the rainy season also had lower AI levels, indicating a lower risk of causing cardiovascular disease in consumers. This seasonality...

Platform for Unified Molecular Analysis: PUMA.

We introduce a free platform for chemoinformatic-based diversity analysis and visualization of chemical space of user supplied data sets. Platform for Unified Molecular Analysis (PUMA) integrates metrics used to characterize compound databases including visualization of chemical space, scaffold content, and analysis of chemical diversity. The user's input is a file with SMILES, database names, and compound IDs. PUMA computes molecular properties of pharmaceutical relevance, Murcko scaffolds, and diversity a...

Impacts of zeolite, alum and polyaluminum chloride amendments mixed with agricultural wastes on soil column leachate, and CO2 and CH4 emissions.

This study aimed to quantify leaching losses of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and carbon (C), as well as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions from stored slurry, and from packed soil columns surface applied with unamended and chemically amended dairy and pig slurries, and dairy soiled water (DSW). The amendments to the slurries, which were applied individually and together, were: polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and zeolite for pig and dairy slurry, and liquid aluminium sulfate (alum) and zeolite for ...

Environmental and water sustainability of milk production in Northeast Spain.

This study focuses on the assessment of the environmental profile of a milk farm, representative of the dairy sector in Northeast Spain, from a cradle-to-gate perspective. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) principles established by ISO standards together with the carbon footprint guidelines proposed by International Dairy Federation (IDF) were followed. The environmental results showed two critical contributing factors: the production of the livestock feed (e.g., alfalfa) and the on-farm emissions from farmin...

Bacteriophages in the Dairy Environment: From Enemies to Allies.

The history of dairy farming goes back thousands of years, evolving from a traditional small-scale production to the industrialized manufacturing of fermented dairy products. Commercialization of milk and its derived products has been very important not only as a source of nourishment but also as an economic resource. However, the dairy industry has encountered several problems that have to be overcome to ensure the quality and safety of the final products, as well as to avoid economic losses. Within this c...

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