PubMed Journals Articles About "Glutamine Vitamin Enteral Supplement Critical Care" RSS

15:36 EST 21st November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Glutamine vitamin enteral supplement Critical Care" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Vitamin C: should we supplement?

Hypovitaminosis C and vitamin C deficiency are very common in critically ill patients due to increased needs and decreased intake. Because vitamin C has pleiotropic functions, deficiency can aggravate the severity of illness and hamper recovery.

Evaluation of IV to Enteral Benzodiazepine Conversion Calculations in a Pediatric Intensive Care Setting.

To evaluate if institutionally established calculations for transitioning continuous IV midazolam to enteral benzodiazepines maintain Withdrawal Assessment Tool-Version 1 scores equal to or less than preconversion values.

Vitamin K deficiency in critical ill patients; a prospective observational study.

Vitamin K is a cofactor for proteins involved in cardiovascular health, bone metabolism and cancer. Measuring uncarboxylated prothrombin, also termed as "protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonism for factor II (PIVKA-II)", has been used to assess vitamin K status. High levels may indicate vitamin K deficiency. The aim of this study was to measure PIVKA-II and prothrombin time (PT-INR) in intensive care (ICU) patients and correlate vitamin K status with mortality.

Perioperative enteral supplementation with glutamine, fiber, and oligosaccharide reduces early postoperative surgical stress following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.

We clarified the effects of perioperative enteral supplementation with glutamine, fiber, and oligosaccharide (GFO) after an esophagectomy on preventing surgical stress.

Effects of Stratified Vitamin D Supplementation in Middle-Aged and Elderly Individuals with Vitamin D Insufficiency.

The incidence of vitamin D deficiency is high globally, and vitamin D supplementation draws particular attention. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of stratified vitamin D supplementation in middle-aged and elderly individuals with vitamin D insufficiency in Beijing. A total of 448 subjects aged over 40 years old were selected from a community in Beijing. Among them, 100 middle-aged and elderly people with vitamin D insufficiency were randomly selected on a voluntary basis. They wer...

Investigations After Death in Children.

To discuss the role of investigations after death in children as part of a supplement on "Death and Dying in the PICU."

Enteral Nutrition Should Not Be Given to Patients on Vasopressor Agents.

Early Enteral Nutrition Reduces Mortality and Improves Other Key Outcomes in Patients With Major Burn Injury: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

To identify, appraise, and synthesize current evidence to determine whether early enteral nutrition alters patient outcomes from major burn injury.

Early enteral nutrition is associated with reduced in-hospital mortality from sepsis in patients with sarcopenia.

To determine whether the association of early enteral nutrition (EEN) with mortality from sepsis differs between patients with and without sarcopenia.

Critical care outcomes in resource-limited settings.

The burden of critical illness in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) is substantial. A better understanding of critical care outcomes is essential for improving critical care delivery in resource-limited settings. In this review, we provide an overview of recent literature reporting on critical care outcomes in LMICs. We discuss several barriers and potential solutions for a better understanding of critical care outcomes in LMICs.

Enteral Nutrition Initiation in Children Admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Units After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and long-term disability among injured children. Early feeding has been shown to improve outcomes in adults, with some similar evidence in children with severe TBI. We aimed to examine the current practice of initiation of enteral nutrition in children with TBI and to evaluate the risk factors associated with delayed initiation of enteral nutrition.

Enteral versus parenteral nutrition and enteral versus a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition for adults in the intensive care unit.

Critically ill people are at increased risk of malnutrition. Acute and chronic illness, trauma and inflammation induce stress-related catabolism, and drug-induced adverse effects may reduce appetite or increase nausea and vomiting. In addition, patient management in the intensive care unit (ICU) may also interrupt feeding routines. Methods to deliver nutritional requirements include provision of enteral nutrition (EN), or parenteral nutrition (PN), or a combination of both (EN and PN). However, each method ...

Vitamin D to Prevent Lung Injury Following Esophagectomy-A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Observational studies suggest an association between vitamin D deficiency and adverse outcomes of critical illness and identify it as a potential risk factor for the development of lung injury. To determine whether preoperative administration of oral high-dose cholecalciferol ameliorates early acute lung injury postoperatively in adults undergoing elective esophagectomy.

Vitamin D and critical illness: what endocrinology can learn from intensive care and vice versa.

The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in intensive care units ranges typically between 40 and 70 %. There are many reasons for being or becoming deficient in the ICU. Hepatic, parathyroid and renal dysfunction aditionally increase the risk for developing vitamin D deficiency. Moreover, therapeutic interventions like fluid resuscitation, dialysis, surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, cardiopulmonary bypass and plasma exchange may significantly reduce vitamin D levels. Many observational studies hav...

Advancing Randomized Controlled Trials in Pediatric Critical Care: The Perspectives of Trialists.

Clinical research is a complex scientific and social enterprise. Our objective was to identify strategies that pediatric critical care trialists consider acceptable, feasible, and effective to improve the design and conduct randomized controlled trials in pediatric critical care.

Trends in Enteral Access Placement Among Patients With Oral Clefts: Evaluation of 46 617 Patient Admissions.

It is well known that patients with oral clefts have challenges with feeding. Enteral feeding access, in the form of gastrostomy, is often utilized to supplement or replace oral intake. Although commonly performed, these procedures have reported complication rates as high as 83%. We intend to discover rates of enteral access in patients with oral clefts and report-related outcomes.

Integrating Palliative Care Into the ICU: From Core Competency to Consultative Expertise.

To propose a model describing levels of integration of palliative care into the care of ICU patients.

Dietary vitamin D, vitamin D receptor, and microbiome.

The current review is to summarize the recent progress of vitamin D/vitamin D receptor (VDR) and microbiome in intestinal homeostasis, airway function, and other organs.

Death and Dying 1987-2017: The Destination Is the Same, the Journey Is Different.

A personal reflection on the changing landscape with regard to case mix, care, and staffing and how mortality and expectations have evolved over the past 30 years in a multidisciplinary Pediatric Critical Care Unit in a Quaternary level academic institution in Canada.

A Needs Assessment of Brain Death Education in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowships.

To assess the current training in brain death examination provided during pediatric critical care medicine fellowship.

Combined Enteral and Parenteral Glutamine Supplementation in Endotoxaemic Swine: Effects on Portal and Systemic Circulation Levels.

To measure plasma GLN levels in systemic and portal circulation after combined enteral and parenteral administration in early endotoxemic swine. We hypothesized that this combination will be more efficient than intravenous alone in restoring plasma levels during the course of endotoxemia.

Understanding Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation and Hepatobiliary Dysfunction Multiple Organ Failure in Hyperferritinemic Critical Illness.

Modes of Death and the Dying Process in Brazilian PICU Over the Last 30 Years: Personal Reflections.

This text is part of the chapter 7 of a special issue supplement called "Death and Dying in PICU" having Christopher S. Parshuram and Karen Dryden-Palmer as the guest editors. I present my personal perception regarding the modes of death and the dying process in Brazilian PICU over the last 30 years. A big change in this regard was observed in our country from the 1980s to nowadays. The PICU mortality rate decreased significantly from over 20% to below 5% as well as the modes of death being observed that th...

Preclinical study of an F-labeled glutamine derivative for cancer imaging.

The emerging evidence that demonstrated the extra-demand of glutamine for cancer surviving strongly called for the development of PET tracer for imaging glutamine uptake in cancer. In this work, [F]Gln-BF as a natural glutamine derivative was synthesized to explore its potential application of imaging glutamine uptake for cancer diagnosis.

Micronutrients in Critical Illness: Essential and Enigmatic.

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