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Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of chronic kidney disease, and represents the most common and serious complication of diabetes. The exact pathogenesis is complex and not elucidated. Several factors and mechanisms contribute to the development and outcome of diabetic nephropathy. An early diagnosis and intervention may slow down disease progression. A variety of biological markers associated with diabetic nephropathy were found in recent years, which was important for predicting the occurrence and dev...
Studies demonstrates the major involvement of inflammatory and apoptotic pathway in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy. The cross talk between inflammatory and apoptotic pathway suggests Txnip as a molecular connexion in progression of disease state. Txnip modulates inflammatory pathway (via ROS production and NLRP3 inflammasome activity) and apoptotic pathway (via mTOR pathway). The key contribution of Txnip in both the pathways, reflects, its crucial role in diabetic nephropathy. In the present r...
In the past, little attention has been paid to patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) who had minimal proteinuria upon the onset. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinicopathological features and the prognostic factors in patients with IgA nephropathy.
Synthetic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) has been demonstrated to be effective in patients with membranous nephropathy, minimal change disease and some histological subtypes of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Its clinical impact in patients with IgA nephropathy is currently unclear.
Apoptosis of podocytes plays a crucial role in diabetic nephropathy (DN) development, and astragaloside (AS-IV) has a significant impact on podocyte apoptosis. This study aims to explore the effect of AS-IV on diabetic nephropathy progression.
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end stage renal disease. The number of kidney transplantation (KT) due to diabetic nephropathy is increasing and there is debate on glycemic control after KT. In this study, we used a multi-center database to determine the relationship between post-transplant glycemic control and the outcomes of KT in patients with diabetic nephropathy.
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and prognosis of diabetic nephropathy. The subjects were 100 Japanese outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria. Associations between metabolic parameters at baseline, including BNP, and prognosis of diabetic nephropathy (progression of diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular events, and death) were examined for 7 years. In Cox proportional hazard analysis, HbA1c, albumin-creatinine rati...
Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) of glomerular endothelial cells (GEnCs) can induce albuminuria in diabetic nephropathy. Melatonin attenuates diabetic nephropathy, but its role and mechanism in EndMT of GEnCs in diabetic nephropathy remain unknown.
Enteric oxalate nephropathy is caused by hyperoxaluria. Factors which contribute to excessive oxalate absorption are an abundance of free fatty acids in the intestine due to malabsorption, changes in the microbiome, and bowel inflammation. We present two cases that illustrate different pathophysiological aspects of this disease. The first patient was a 70-year-old male who developed oxalate nephropathy through malabsorption caused by chronic pancreatitis. It is plausible that the oxalate nephropathy was set...
Fabry disease may coexist with various glomerular diseases, including IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, etc. In this study, we report a rare case of Fabry disease associated with membranous nephropathy (MN).
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease affecting young age adults especially females. Infection with Epstein Barr virus (EBV) represents a common pathogen associated with SLE activity. This study investigates the occurrence of EBV in SLE patients with renal complications by serological markers and molecular detection of EBV genome in renal biopsies and examine the association of EBV with the pathological grades in renal diseases. The study included nineteen patients with systemic lupus ...
The aims of the current study were to investigate the oxidant and antioxidant status of liver tissue challenged by doxorubicin and to examine the possible protective effects of aerobic exercise on doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress. Seventy-two rats were divided into three age groups (Young, Adult, and Elderly) with three treatment subgroups consisting of eight rats per age group: doxorubicin, aerobic exercise + doxorubicin, and aerobic exercise + saline. The experimental groups performed regular ...
IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerulonephritis in the world. For diagnosis kidney biopsy is necessary.
Oxidative stress and glutathione dysregulation have been implicated in the etiology of schizophrenia. To date, most in vivo studies have investigated alterations in cerebral glutathione levels in patients in which the disorder is already established; however, whether oxidative stress actually predates the onset of psychosis remains unknown. In the current study, we investigated cerebral glutathione levels of antipsychotic-naïve individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis. As exploratory analyses, we al...
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease and accounts for 30∼40% of patients requiring maintenance dialysis, thereby increasing the burden on health insurance programs. Diabetic nephropathy is also the strongest predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine whether angiopoietin-2 (Angpt2), a modulator of endothelial function, affects the clinical outcomes of diabetic patients.
Diabetic nephropathy is the single strongest predictor of mortality in patients with diabetes. The development of overt nephropathy involves important inter-individual variations, even after adjusting for potential confounding influences of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Genome-wide transcriptome studies have reported the activation of inflammatory signaling pathways and there is mounting indication of the role of genetic factors.
This study investigated the effect of Aloe vera in diabetes-induced nephropathy in rats. As diabetes-associated hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, we evaluated the protective effect of whole leaf extract of Aloe vera on the basis of its hypolipidemic and antioxidative property. Aloe vera (300 mg/kg orally) has been noted to possess renoprotective effect in experimental diabetic nephropathy. However, its mechanism is not fully understood. Ra...
It's known that long non-coding RNA CASC2 overexpression inhibit the JNK pathway in some disease models, while JNK pathway activation exacerbates diabetic nephropathy. Therefore we speculate that long non-coding RNA CASC2 can improve diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting JNK pathway. Thus, our study was carried out to investigate the involvement of CASC2 in diabetic nephropathy. We found that serum level of CASC2 was significantly lower in diabetic nephropathy patients than in normal people, and serum level of...
IgA nephropathy is one of the most common causes of renal hypertension. The clinical management of IgA renal patients during pregnancy is challenging, as complex pathophysiological changes may occur that affect both the patient's prognosis and the outcome of the pregnancy.
IgA nephropathy is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis and an important cause of kidney failure. Cordyceps sinensis (CS) is a parasitic fungus that has a long history of use in Chinese medicine for the treatment of nephritis. Interleukin (IL)-22-producing helper T cells (Th22 cells) have been reported to be involved in lgA nephropathy. Th22 cells link the immune response to tissue inflammation. To elucidate the possible efficacy and mechanisms by which CS counteracts nephritis, we established...
Several miRNAs including miR-21 have emerged as important regulators in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the molecular mechanism of miR-21 underlying DN pathogenesis remains to be further discussed.
Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. This review focuses on mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of MN and approaches to treatment of this disease.
The increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the importance of early identification and management of its complications, especially diabetic nephropathy (DN), have spotted the light on genetic factors that increase risk of T2DM and its related nephropathy. The present study aimed at investigating expression of (KCNJ11, ABCC8, JAZF1, WFS1, PPARG, NOTCH2 and EXOSC4) genes in peripheral blood of T2DM patients.
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and inflammation are some of the mechanisms involved in renal damage. Anogeissus acuminata (AA) is used in India as an antidiabetic agent and has potent antioxidant activity. However, it has never been evaluated for its effect on diabetic nephropathy. Hence, in the present study we aimed to evaluate its effect on streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus and its renal complications.
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a common chronic glomerular disease that, in most patients, slowly progresses to end-stage kidney disease. The therapy with corticosteroid in IgAN is still a worldwide problem that is confusing the clinicians.