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PubMed Journals Articles About "Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements" RSS

07:31 EDT 23rd May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Technical feasibility study for production of tailored multielectrode arrays and patterning of arranged neuronal networks.

In this manuscript, we first reveal a simple ultra violet laser lithographic method to design and produce plain tailored multielectrode arrays. Secondly, we use the same lithographic setup for surface patterning to enable controlled attachment of primary neuronal cells and help neurite guidance. For multielectrode array production, we used flat borosilicate glass directly structured with the laser lithography system. The multi layered electrode system consists of a layer of titanium coated with a layer of d...


ScFv-modified graphene-coated IDE-arrays for 'label-free' screening of cardiovascular disease biomarkers in physiological saline.

Fatty-acid binding proteins (FABP) and myeloperoxidases (MPO) are associated with many chronic conditions in humans and considered to be important biomarkers for diagnosis of cardiac diseases. Here we assemble a new electrical biosensor platform based on graphene-coated interdigitated electrode arrays (IDE-arrays) towards ultrafast, label-free screening of heart type-FABP and MPO. Arrays of nanoscale (nanoIDE) and microscale (microIDE) electrode-arrays were fabricated on wafer-scale by combining nanoimprint...

Phase imaging and nanoscale energy dissipation of supported graphene using amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy.

We investigate the phase imaging of supported graphene using amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy (AFM), the so-called tapping mode. The phase contrast between graphene and the neighboring substrate grows in hard tapping conditions and the contrast is enhanced compared to the topographic one. Therefore, phase measurements could enable the high-contrast imaging of graphene and related two-dimensional materials and heterostructures, which is not achievable with conventional AFM based topographic measu...


Nonlinear light mixing by graphene plasmons.

Graphene is known to possess strong optical nonlinearity which turned out to be suitable for creation of efficient saturable absorbers in mode locked fiber lasers. Nonlinear response of graphene can be further enhanced by the presence of graphene plasmons. Here, we report a novel nonlinear effect observed in nanostructured graphene which comes about due to excitation of graphene plasmons. We experimentally detect and theoretically explain enhanced mixing of near-infrared and mid-infrared light in arrays of ...

A spike sorting toolbox for up to thousands of electrodes validated with ground truth recordingsand.

In recent years, multielectrode arrays and large silicon probes have been developed to record simultaneously between hundreds and thousands of electrodes packed with a high density. However, they require novel methods to extract the spiking activity of large ensembles of neurons. Here we developed a new toolbox to sort spikes from these large-scale extracellular data. To validate our method, we performed simultaneous extracellular and loose patch recordings in rodents to obtain 'ground truth' data, where th...

Solution Adsorption Formation of a π-Conjugated Polymer/Graphene Composite for High-Performance Field-Effect Transistors.

Semiconducting polymers with π-conjugated electronic structures have potential application in the large-scale printable fabrication of high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, owing to their poor environmental stability and high-cost synthesis, polymer semiconductors possess limited device implementation. Here, an approach for constructing a π-conjugated polymer/graphene composite material to circumvent these limitations is provided, and then this material is patterned into 1D arra...

Fabrication of ordered metallic glass nanotube arrays for label-free biosensing with diffractive reflectance.

In this study, a photoresist template with well-defined contact hole array was fabricated, to which radio frequency magnetron sputtering process was then applied to deposit an alloyed Zr55Cu30Al10Ni5 target, and finally resulted in ordered metallic glass nanotube (MGNT) arrays after removal of the photoresist template. The thickness of the MGNT walls increased from 98 to 126nm upon increasing the deposition time from 225 to 675s. The wall thickness of the MGNT arrays also increased while the dimensions of M...

Fractal assembly of micrometre-scale DNA origami arrays with arbitrary patterns.

Self-assembled DNA nanostructures enable nanometre-precise patterning that can be used to create programmable molecular machines and arrays of functional materials. DNA origami is particularly versatile in this context because each DNA strand in the origami nanostructure occupies a unique position and can serve as a uniquely addressable pixel. However, the scale of such structures has been limited to about 0.05 square micrometres, hindering applications that demand a larger layout and integration with more ...

Electrostatic Self-assembly Enabling Integrated Bulk and Interfacial Sodium Storage in 3D Titania-Graphene Hybrid.

Room temperature sodium-ion batteries have attracted increased attention for energy storage due to the natural abundance of sodium. However, it remains a huge challenge to develop versatile electrode materials with favorable properties, which requires smart structure design and good mechanistic understanding. Herein, we reported a general and scalable approach to synthesize 3D titania-graphene hybrid via electrostatic-interaction-induced self-assembly. Synchrotron X-ray probe, transmission electron microsco...

Strong Anisotropic Spin-Orbit Interaction Induced in Graphene by Monolayer WS_{2}.

We demonstrate strong anisotropic spin-orbit interaction (SOI) in graphene induced by monolayer WS_{2}. Direct comparison between graphene-monolayer WS_{2} and graphene-bulk WS_{2} systems in magnetotransport measurements reveals that monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide can induce much stronger SOI than bulk. Detailed theoretical analysis of the weak antilocalization curves gives an estimated spin-orbit energy (E_{so}) higher than 10 meV. The symmetry of the induced SOI is also discussed, and the dom...

Electronically Tunable Perfect Absorption in Graphene.

The demand for dynamically tunable light modulation in flat optics applications has grown in recent years. Graphene nanostructures have been extensively studied as means of creating large effective index tunability, motivated by theoretical predictions of the potential for unity absorption in resonantly-excited graphene nanostructures. However, the poor radiative coupling to graphene plasmonic nanoresonators and low graphene carrier mobilities from imperfections in processed graphene samples have led to low...

Interaction between graphene-coated nanowires revisited with transformation optics.

The interaction between graphene-coated nanostructures provides interesting optical properties not found in isolated graphene plasmonic structures. However, full-analytical solutions, which can provide deep physical insights underlying the hybrid graphene plasmonic systems, are difficult to achieve. In this Letter, we deploy the theory of transformation optics to study the plasmonic interactions between two dielectric-core-graphene-shell nanowires. The scattering and absorption spectra as well as the field ...

Extracellular vesicles: a promising tool for assessment of embryonic competence.

Extracellular vesicles have recently emerged as a promising field of research due to their pivotal roles in intercellular communication and potential to serve as biomarkers. This review focuses on extracellular vesicles secreted by the human preimplantation embryo. The most recent findings on embryo-derived extracellular vesicles are described and discussed, as well as current technical challenges to study them.

Electrical Neural Stimulation and Simultaneous In Vivo Monitoring with Transparent Graphene Electrode Arrays Implanted in GCaMP6f mice.

Electrical stimulation using implantable electrodes is widely used to treat various neuronal disorders such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy, and is a widely-used research tool in neuroscience studies. However, to date, devices that help better understand the mechanisms of electrical stimulation in neural tissues have been limited to opaque neural electrodes. Imaging spatiotemporal neural responses to electrical stimulation with minimal artifact could allow for various studies that are impossible with ex...

Controllable Bipolar Doping of Graphene with 2D Molecular Dopants.

The fine control of graphene doping levels over a wide energy range remains a challenging issue for the electronic applications of graphene. Here, the controllable doping of chemical vapor deposited graphene, which provides a wide range of energy levels (shifts up to ± 0.5 eV), is demonstrated through physical contact with chemically versatile graphene oxide (GO) sheets, a 2D dopant that can be solution-processed. GO sheets are a p-type dopant due to their abundance of electron-withdrawing functional group...

Extracellular Lactate: A Novel Measure of T Cell Proliferation.

Following activation, T cells rapidly divide and acquire effector functions. This energetically demanding process depends upon the ability of T cells to undergo metabolic remodeling from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis, during which glucose is converted into lactate and released extracellularly. In this article, we demonstrate that extracellular lactate can be used to dynamically assess human T cell responses in vitro. Extracellular lactate levels strongly correlated with T cell proliferatio...

Minimum Resistance Anisotropy of Epitaxial Graphene on SiC.

We report on electronic transport measurements in rotational square probe configuration in combination with scanning tunneling potentiometry (STP) of epitaxial graphene monolayers, which were fabricated by polymer-assisted sublimation growth on SiC substrates. The absence of bilayer graphene on the ultra-low step edges of below 0.75 nm scrutinized by AFM and STM result in a not yet observed resistance isotropy of graphene on 4H- and 6H-SiC(0001) substrates as low as 2%. We combine microscopic electronic pro...

Exciting H2 Molecules for Graphene Functionalization.

Hydrogen functionalization of graphene by exposure to vibrationally excited H2 molecules is investigated by combined scanning tunneling microscopy, high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy, x-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements and density functional theory calculations. The measurements reveal that vibrationally excited H2 molecules dissociatively adsorb on graphene on Ir(111) resulting in nano-patterned hydrogen functionalization structures. Calculations demonstrate that the presence of t...

New insights into enhanced anaerobic degradation of coal gasification wastewater (CGW) with the assistance of graphene.

The up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) system with graphene assisted was developed for coal gasification wastewater (CGW) treatment. Short-term results showed that optimal graphene addition (0.5 g/L) resulted in a more significant enhancement of methane production and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal compared with that of the optimal activated carbon addition (10.0 g/L). Long-term results demonstrated that COD removal efficiency and methane production rate with graphene assisted achieved 64.7% ...

Transparent and Flexible Capacitors with an Ultrathin Structure by Using Graphene as Bottom Electrodes.

Ultrathin, transparent and flexible capacitors using graphene as the bottom electrodes were directly fabricated on polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrates. ZrO₂ dielectric films were deposited on the treated surface of graphene by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The deposition process did not introduce any detectible defects in the graphene, as indicated by Raman measurements, guaranteeing the electrical performances of the graphene electrodes. The Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films were prepared as t...

Free-anchored Nb2O5@graphene networks for ultrafast-stable lithium storage.

Orthorhombic Nb$_2$O$_5$ (T-Nb$_2$O$_5$) has structural merit but poor electrical conductivity, limiting their applications in energy storage. Although graphene is frequently adopted to effectively improve its electrochemical properties, the ordinary modified methods cannot meet the growing demands for high-performance. Here, we demonstrate that different graphene modified routes play a vital role in affecting the electrochemical performances of T-Nb$_2$O$_5$. By only manual shaking within one minute, Nb$_2...

Fast computation of far-field pulse-echo PSF of arbitrary arrays for large sparse 2-D ultrasound array design.

Large wideband two-dimensional (2-D) arrays are essential for high-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound imaging. Since the tremendous element number of a full sampled large 2-D array is not affordable in any practical 3-D ultrasound imaging system, it is necessary to reduce the element number through sparse 2-D array design. Sparse array design requires that both the positions and weights of the array elements should be arbitrarily alterable. Hence a proper evaluation tool that can deal with arbitr...

1-D Metal Nanobead Arrays Within Encapsulated Nanowires via a Red-Ox-Induced Dewetting: Mechanism Study by Atom-Probe Tomography.

Metal nanoparticle arrays are excellent candidates for a variety of applications due to the versatility of their morphology and structure at the nanoscale. Bottom-up self-assembly of metal nanoparticles provides an important complementary alternative to the traditional top-down lithography method and makes it possible to assemble structures with higher-order complexity, for example, nanospheres, nanocubes, and core-shell nanostructures. Here we present a mechanism study of the self-assembly process of 1-D n...

Robust Multilayer Graphene-Organic Frameworks for Selective Separation of Monovalent Anions.

The chemical and mechanical stability of graphene nanosheets was used in this work to design a multilayer architecture of graphene, grafted with sulfonated 4,4'- diaminodiphenyl sulfone (SDDS). Quaternized poly (phenylene oxide) (QPPO) was synthesized and mixed with SDDS (rGO-SDDS-rGO@QPPO), yielding a multilayer graphene-organic framework (MGOF) with positive as well as negative functional groups that can be applied as a versatile electro-driven membrane in electrodialysis (ED). Multilayer graphene-organic...

Inserting Porphyrin Quantum Dots in Bottom-Up Synthesized Graphene Nanoribbons.

Diels-Alder copolymerization of tetrapheneylcycopenta-dienone, a precursor for cove graphene nanoribbons (cGNRs), with bifunctional porphyrins yields defined nanostructures comprised of a single cGNR-porphyrin-cGNR heterojunction within each ribbon. 13C-NMR labeling and high-resolution mass spectrometry of solubilized polymer intermediates indicates that every porphyrin is covalently linked to two extended segments of cGNRs. UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence emission spectroscopy reveal a strong electronic...


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