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PubMed Journals Articles About "Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements" RSS

03:22 EST 14th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Graphene Multielectrode Arrays as a Versatile Tool for Extracellular Measurements.

Graphene multielectrode arrays (GMEAs) presented in this work are used for cardio and neuronal extracellular recordings. The advantages of the graphene as a part of the multielectrode arrays are numerous: from a general flexibility and biocompatibility to the unique electronic properties of graphene. The devices used for extensive in vitro studies of a cardiac-like cell line and cortical neuronal networks show excellent ability to extracellularly detect action potentials with signal to noise ratios in the r...


Scalable Fabrication and Integration of Graphene Micro-Supercapacitors through Full Inkjet Printing.

A simple full-inkjet-printing technique is developed for the scalable fabrication of graphene-based micro-supercapacitors (MSCs) on various substrates. High-performance graphene inks are formulated by integrating the electrochemically exfoliated graphene with a solvent exchange technique to reliably print graphene interdigitated electrodes with tunable geometry and thickness. Along with the printed polyelectrolyte, poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid), the fully printed graphene-based MSCs attain the highest areal ...

Symmetry-breaking charge transfer in the excited state of directly linked push-pull porphyrin arrays.

Herein, we revealed a symmetry-breaking charge transfer (SBCT) process in the excited state of a directly linked push-pull porphyrin dyad (AD) and triad (ADA) via spectroscopic measurements including steady-state absorption and fluorescence, time-resolved fluorescence (TRF), femtosecond transient absorption (fs-TA), and time-resolved infrared (TRIR) measurements. Unprecedented broad fluorescence spectra were observed for porphyrin arrays in polar solvents; these were attributed to the existence of a charge ...


Phase imaging and nanoscale energy dissipation of supported graphene using amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy.

We investigate phase imaging of supported graphene using amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy (AFM), so called, tapping mode. The phase contrast between graphene and neighbouring substrate grows at hard tapping conditions and the contrast is enhanced compared to the topographic one. Therefore, the phase measurements could enable a high contrast imaging of graphene and related two dimensional materials and heterostructures, not achievable with conventional AFM based topographic measurements. Obtained...

Phase imaging and nanoscale energy dissipation of supported graphene using amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy.

We investigate the phase imaging of supported graphene using amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy (AFM), the so-called tapping mode. The phase contrast between graphene and the neighboring substrate grows in hard tapping conditions and the contrast is enhanced compared to the topographic one. Therefore, phase measurements could enable the high-contrast imaging of graphene and related two-dimensional materials and heterostructures, which is not achievable with conventional AFM based topographic measu...

Nonlinear light mixing by graphene plasmons.

Graphene is known to possess strong optical nonlinearity which turned out to be suitable for creation of efficient saturable absorbers in mode locked fiber lasers. Nonlinear response of graphene can be further enhanced by the presence of graphene plasmons. Here, we report a novel nonlinear effect observed in nanostructured graphene which comes about due to excitation of graphene plasmons. We experimentally detect and theoretically explain enhanced mixing of near-infrared and mid-infrared light in arrays of ...

From Permeation to Cluster Arrays: Graphene on Ir(111) Exposed to Carbon Vapor.

Our scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy experiments along with first-principles calculations uncover the rich phenomenology and enable a coherent understanding of carbon vapor interaction with graphene on Ir(111). At high temperatures, carbon vapor not only permeates to the metal surface, but also densifies the graphene cover. Thereby, in addition to underlayer graphene growth, upon cool down also severe wrinkling of the densified graphene cover is observed. In contrast, at lo...

Electronic transport properties of graphene doped by gallium.

In this work we present the effect of low dose gallium (Ga) deposition (< 4 ML) performed in UHV (10-7 Pa) on the electronic doping and charge carrier scattering in graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). In-situ graphene transport measurements performed with a graphene field-effect transistor (FET) structure show that at low Ga coverages a graphene layer tends to be strongly n-doped with an efficiency of 0.64 electrons per one Ga atom, while the further deposition and Ga cluster formation res...

Solution Adsorption Formation of a π-Conjugated Polymer/Graphene Composite for High-Performance Field-Effect Transistors.

Semiconducting polymers with π-conjugated electronic structures have potential application in the large-scale printable fabrication of high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, owing to their poor environmental stability and high-cost synthesis, polymer semiconductors possess limited device implementation. Here, an approach for constructing a π-conjugated polymer/graphene composite material to circumvent these limitations is provided, and then this material is patterned into 1D arra...

Fabrication of ordered metallic glass nanotube arrays for label-free biosensing with diffractive reflectance.

In this study, a photoresist template with well-defined contact hole array was fabricated, to which radio frequency magnetron sputtering process was then applied to deposit an alloyed Zr55Cu30Al10Ni5 target, and finally resulted in ordered metallic glass nanotube (MGNT) arrays after removal of the photoresist template. The thickness of the MGNT walls increased from 98 to 126nm upon increasing the deposition time from 225 to 675s. The wall thickness of the MGNT arrays also increased while the dimensions of M...

Assessment and control of the impermeability of graphene for atomically thin membranes and barriers.

Two-dimensional materials such as graphene offer fundamentally transformative opportunities in membrane separations and as impermeable barriers, but the lack of facile methods to assess and control its 'impermeability' critically limits progress. Here we show that a simple etch of the growth catalyst (Cu) through defects in monolayer graphene synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) can be used to effectively assess graphene quality for membrane/barrier applications. Using feedback from the method to ...

Fractal assembly of micrometre-scale DNA origami arrays with arbitrary patterns.

Self-assembled DNA nanostructures enable nanometre-precise patterning that can be used to create programmable molecular machines and arrays of functional materials. DNA origami is particularly versatile in this context because each DNA strand in the origami nanostructure occupies a unique position and can serve as a uniquely addressable pixel. However, the scale of such structures has been limited to about 0.05 square micrometres, hindering applications that demand a larger layout and integration with more ...

MnO2 nanotubes assembled on conductive graphene/polyester composite fabric as a three-dimensional porous textile electrode for flexible electrochemical capacitors.

A three-dimensional (3D) electrode material was successfully synthesized through a facile ZnO-assisted hydrothermal process in which vertical MnO2 nanotube arrays were in situ grown on the conductive graphene/polyester composite fabric. The morphology and structure of MnO2 nanotubes/graphene/polyester textile electrode were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The 3D electrode structur...

Molecular Sieving Across Centimeter-Scale Single-Layer Nanoporous Graphene Membranes.

Molecular sieving across atomically thin nanoporous graphene is predicted to enable superior gas separation performance compared to conventional membranes. Although molecular sieving has been demonstrated across a few pores in microscale graphene membranes, leakage through nonselective defects presents a major challenge toward realizing selective membranes with high densities of pores over macroscopic areas. Guided by multiscale gas transport modeling of nanoporous graphene membranes, we designed the porous...

Interaction between graphene-coated nanowires revisited with transformation optics.

The interaction between graphene-coated nanostructures provides interesting optical properties not found in isolated graphene plasmonic structures. However, full-analytical solutions, which can provide deep physical insights underlying the hybrid graphene plasmonic systems, are difficult to achieve. In this Letter, we deploy the theory of transformation optics to study the plasmonic interactions between two dielectric-core-graphene-shell nanowires. The scattering and absorption spectra as well as the field ...

Flexible Piezoelectric-Induced Pressure Sensors for Static Measurements Based on Nanowires/Graphene Heterostructures.

The piezoelectric effect is widely applied in pressure sensors for the detection of dynamic signals. However, these piezoelectric-induced pressure sensors have challenges in measuring static signals which are based on the transient flow of electrons in external load as driven by the piezopotential arisen from dynamic stress. Here, we present a pressure sensor with nanowires/graphene heterostructures for static measurements based on the synergistic mechanisms between strain-induced polarization charges in pi...

Direct Synthesis of Large-Area 2D Mo2 C on In Situ Grown Graphene.

As a new member of the MXene group, 2D Mo2 C has attracted considerable interest due to its potential application as electrodes for energy storage and catalysis. The large-area synthesis of Mo2 C film is needed for such applications. Here, the one-step direct synthesis of 2D Mo2 C-on-graphene film by molten copper-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is reported. High-quality and uniform Mo2 C film in the centimeter range can be grown on graphene using a Mo-Cu alloy catalyst. Within the vertical hetero...

Thermal Transport Signatures of Broken-Symmetry Phases in Graphene.

In the half filled zero-energy Landau level of bilayer graphene, competing phases with spontaneously broken symmetries and an intriguing quantum critical behavior have been predicted. Here we investigate signatures of these broken-symmetry phases in thermal transport measurements. To this end, we calculate the spectrum of spin and valley waves in the ν=0 quantum Hall state of bilayer graphene. The presence of Goldstone modes enables heat transport even at low temperatures, which can serve as compelling evi...

Hybrid Doping of Few-Layer Graphene via a Combination of Intercalation and Surface Doping.

Surface molecular doping of graphene has been shown to modify its work function and increase its conductivity. However, the associated shifts in work function and increases in carrier concentration are highly coupled and limited by the surface coverage of dopant molecules on graphene. Here we show that few-layer graphene (FLG) can be doped using a hybrid approach, effectively combining surface doping by larger (metal-)organic molecules, while smaller molecules, such as Br2 and FeCl3, intercalate into the bu...

PDMS based multielectrode arrays for superior in-vitro retinal stimulation and recording.

Understanding of the neural response to electrical stimulation requires simultaneous recording from the various neurons of retina. Electrodes form the physical interface with the neural or retinal tissue. Successful retinal stimulation and recording demands conformal integration of these electrodes with the soft tissue to ensure establishment of proper electrical connection with the excitable tissue. Mechanical impedance of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) being compliant with that of retinal tissue, offers exce...

Durable Corrosion Resistance of Copper Due to Multi-Layer Graphene.

Ultra-thin graphene coating has been reported to provide considerable resistance against corrosion during short-term exposures, however, there is great variability in the corrosion resistance due to graphene coating in different studies. It may be possible to overcome the problem of hampered corrosion protection ability of graphene that is caused due to defective single layer graphene by applying multilayer graphene. Systematic electrochemical characterization showed that the multilayer graphene coating dev...

Temperature distribution in graphene doped with nitrogen and graphene with grain boundary.

Graphene doped with nitrogen exhibits unique properties different than perfect graphene. The temperature distribution in nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) and in the graphene with grain boundary is investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The temperature distribution in nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbon, containing two types of grain boundaries, was found to be sensitive to the number of dopants and grain boundary. We also found that there is a remarkable temperature gap in the temperature pro...

Solution-Phase Photochemical Nanopatterning Enabled by High-Refractive-Index Beam Pen Arrays.

A high-throughput, solution-based, scanning-probe photochemical nanopatterning approach, which does not require the use of probes with subwavelength apertures, is reported. Specifically, pyramid arrays made from high-refractive-index polymeric materials were constructed and studied as patterning tools in a conventional liquid-phase beam pen lithography experiment. Two versions of the arrays were explored with either metal-coated or metal-free tips. Importantly, light can be channeled through both types of t...

Fast Batch Production of High-Quality Graphene Films in a Sealed Thermal Molecular Movement System.

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of high-quality graphene has emerged as the most promising technique in terms of its integrated manufacturing. However, there lacks a controllable growth method for producing high-quality and a large-quantity graphene films, simultaneously, at a fast growth rate, regardless of roll-to-roll (R2R) or batch-to-batch (B2B) methods. Here, a stationary-atmospheric-pressure CVD (SAPCVD) system based on thermal molecular movement, which enables fast B2B growth of continuous an...

Transparent and Flexible Capacitors with an Ultrathin Structure by Using Graphene as Bottom Electrodes.

Ultrathin, transparent and flexible capacitors using graphene as the bottom electrodes were directly fabricated on polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrates. ZrO₂ dielectric films were deposited on the treated surface of graphene by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The deposition process did not introduce any detectible defects in the graphene, as indicated by Raman measurements, guaranteeing the electrical performances of the graphene electrodes. The Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films were prepared as t...


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