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PubMed Journals Articles About "Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements" RSS

03:07 EST 18th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Graphene Multielectrode Arrays Versatile Tool Extracellular Measurements" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Automated in vivo patch clamp evaluation of extracellular multielectrode array spike recording capability.

Much innovation is currently aimed at improving the number, density, and geometry of electrodes on extracellular multielectrode arrays for in vivo recording of neural activity in the mammalian brain. To choose a multielectrode array configuration for a given neuroscience purpose, or to reveal design principles of future multielectrode arrays, it would be useful to have a systematic way of evaluating the spike recording capability of such arrays. We here describe an automated system that performs robotic pat...


Conductivity mapping of graphene on polymeric films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.

Fast inline characterization of the electrical properties of graphene on polymeric substrates is an essential requirement for quality control in industrial graphene production. Here we show that it is possible to measure the sheet conductivity of graphene on polymer films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) when all internally reflected echoes in the substrate are taken into consideration. The conductivity measured by THz-TDS is comparable to values obtained from four point probe measurements. T...

A novel green approach for reduction of freestanding graphene oxide: Electrical and electronic structural investigations.

Ion beam irradiation technique has been proposed, for efficient, fast and eco-friendly reduction of graphene oxide (GO), as an alternative to the conventional methods. 5 MeV, Au+ ion beam has been used to reduce the free standing GO flake. Both electronic and nuclear energy loss mechanisms of the irradiation process play a major role in removal of oxygen moieties and recovery of graphene network. Atomic resolution scanning tunnelling microscopy analysis of the irradiated GO flake shows the characteristic ho...


Ultrasensitive graphene optoelectronic probes for recording electrical activities of individual synapses.

The complex neuronal circuitry connected by sub-micron synapses in our brain calls for technologies that can map neural networks with ultrahigh spatiotemporal resolution to decipher the underlying mechanisms for multiple aspects of neuroscience. Here we show that through combining graphene transistor arrays with scanning photocurrent microscopy, we can detect the electrical activities of individual synapses of primary hippocampal neurons. Through measuring the local conductance change of graphene optoelectr...

Long-Term Plasticity at the Mitral and Tufted Cell to Granule Cell Synapse of the Olfactory Bulb Investigated with a Custom Multielectrode in Acute Brain Slice Preparations.

Single extracellular stimulation electrodes are a widespread means to locally activate synaptic inputs in acute brain slices. Here we describe the fabrication and application of a multielectrode stimulator that was developed for conditions under which independent stimulation of several nearby sites is desirable. For the construction of the multielectrode we have developed a method by which electrode wires can be spaced at minimal distances of 100 μm. This configuration increases the efficiency of stimulat...

Fabrication of comb-drive actuators for straining nanostructured suspended graphene.

We report on the fabrication and characterization of an optimized comb-drive actuator design for strain-dependent transport measurements on suspended graphene. We fabricate devices from highly p-doped silicon using deep reactive ion etching with a chromium mask. Crucially, we implement a gold layer to reduce the device resistance from ≈51.6 kΩ to ≈236 Ω at room temperature in order to allow for strain-dependent transport measurements. The graphene is integrated by mechanically transferring it directly...

Periodic ripples on thermally-annealed graphene on Cu (110) - reconstruction or moiré pattern?

We have used Ultrahigh Vacuum (UHV) Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to investigate the effect of thermal annealing of graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on a Cu(110) foil. We show that the annealing appears to induce a reconstruction of the Cu surface along the [210] direction, with a period of 1.43 nm. Such reconstructions have been ascribed to the tensile strain induced in the Cu surface by its differential thermal expansion relative to the graphene overlayer, but we show that it is in ...

Oxo-Functionalized Graphene - A Versatile Precursor for Alkylated Graphene Sheets by Reductive Functionalization.

Controlled covalent functionalization of graphene remains a challenging task due to the heterogeneous nature of materials. Functionalization approaches of graphene either lack in quantifying the degree of functionalization or they do not discriminate between covalent and non-covalent functionalization. Here, graphite is oxidized and exfoliated in a three-step procedure and subsequently reduced and functionalized by hexylation. While Raman spectroscopy is powerful to determine the degree of in-plane lattice ...

Fast tonotopy mapping of the rat auditory cortex with a custom-made electrode array.

We present a custom-made multielectrode array for the recording of evoked potentials during acute experiments in rats, which offers a quick and reliable estimation of the cortical tonotopy. The array consists of electrodes represented by insulated copper wires of 0.09 mm diameter fixed in epoxy resin in a 3 x 5 arrangement, with final impedances of 410 - 800 k Ohm. The array was placed on the brain surface of anaesthetized rats approximately at the location of the auditory cortex (AC) and the cortical evoke...

Electrical homogeneity mapping of epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide.

Epitaxial graphene is a promising route to wafer scale production of electronic graphene devices. Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on silicon carbide offers epitaxial growth with layer control, but is subject to significant spatial and wafer-to-wafer variability. We use terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and micro four-point probes to analyze the spatial variations of quasi-free-standing bi-layer graphene grown on 4 inch silicon carbide (SiC) wafers, and find significant variations in electrical proper...

Correlation of L-Dex Bioimpedance Spectroscopy with Limb Volume and Lymphatic Function in Lymphedema.

Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is an established tool for the measurement of extracellular fluid in lymphedema. This study assesses the validity of BIS measurements using the l-Dex for evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to treat lymphedema. Measurements are correlated with limb volume, assessment of pitting edema, physiologic measures of lymphatic function, and response to surgical intervention. Three l-Dex BIS metrics are compared.

Chronic recording and electrochemical performance of Utah microelectrode arrays implanted in rat motor cortex.

Multisite implantable electrode arrays serve as a tool to understand cortical network connectivity and plasticity. Furthermore, they enable electrical stimulation to drive plasticity, study motor/sensory mapping, or provide network input for controlling brain-computer interfaces. Neurobehavioral rodent models are prevalent in studies of motor cortex injury and recovery as well as restoration of auditory/visual cues due to their relatively low cost and ease of training. Therefore, it is important to understa...

Extracellular vesicles: a promising tool for assessment of embryonic competence.

Extracellular vesicles have recently emerged as a promising field of research due to their pivotal roles in intercellular communication and potential to serve as biomarkers. This review focuses on extracellular vesicles secreted by the human preimplantation embryo. The most recent findings on embryo-derived extracellular vesicles are described and discussed, as well as current technical challenges to study them.

CRISPRCasFinder, an update of CRISRFinder, includes a portable version, enhanced performance and integrates search for Cas proteins.

CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) arrays and their associated (Cas) proteins confer bacteria and archaea adaptive immunity against exogenous mobile genetic elements, such as phages or plasmids. CRISPRCasFinder allows the identification of both CRISPR arrays and Cas proteins. The program includes: (i) an improved CRISPR array detection tool facilitating expert validation based on a rating system, (ii) prediction of CRISPR orientation and (iii) a Cas protein detection and typi...

Polymeric Graphene Bulk Materials with a 3D Cross-Linked Monolithic Graphene Network.

Although many great potential applications are proposed for graphene, till now none are yet realized as a stellar application. The most challenging issue for such practical applications is to figure out how to prepare graphene bulk materials while maintaining the unique two-dimensional (2D) structure and the many excellent properties of graphene sheets. Herein, such polymeric graphene bulk materials containing three-dimensional (3D) cross-linked networks with graphene sheets as the building unit are reviewe...

Curcumin-assisted ultrasound exfoliation of graphite to graphene in ethanol.

In this paper, we demonstrated a simple and cost-effective method to produce graphene from graphite in ethanol using ultrasound assisted with curcumin. The influence of curcumin concentration, starting graphite amount, sonication power, and sonication time on the graphene concentration was studied schematically. The π-π interaction between curcumin and graphene, being confirmed by FTIR spectrum, facilitate the exfoliation of the graphite into graphene. The concentration of the graphene in the ethanol reac...

New insights into enhanced anaerobic degradation of coal gasification wastewater (CGW) with the assistance of graphene.

The up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) system with graphene assisted was developed for coal gasification wastewater (CGW) treatment. Short-term results showed that optimal graphene addition (0.5 g/L) resulted in a more significant enhancement of methane production and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal compared with that of the optimal activated carbon addition (10.0 g/L). Long-term results demonstrated that COD removal efficiency and methane production rate with graphene assisted achieved 64.7% ...

Effect of humidity and water intercalation on the tribological behavior of graphene and graphene oxide.

In this work, the effect of humidity and water intercalation on the friction and wear behavior of few-layers of graphene and graphene oxide (GO) was studied using friction force microscopy. Thickness measurements demonstrated significant water intercalation within GO affecting its surface topography (roughness and protrusions), whereas negligible water intercalation of graphene was observed. It was found that water intercalation in GO contributed to wearing of layers at a relative humidity as low as ~30%. T...

Copper-Vapor-Assisted Growth and Defect-Healing of Graphene on Copper Surfaces.

Although there is significant progress in the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of graphene on Cu surfaces, the industrial application of graphene is not realized yet. One of the most critical obstacles that limit the commercialization of graphene is that CVD graphene contains too many vacancies or sp -type defects. Therefore, further investigation of the growth mechanism is still required to control the defects of graphene. During the growth of graphene, sublimation of the Cu catalyst to produce Cu vapor occ...

Microfluidic viscometry using magnetically actuated micropost arrays.

Here we describe development of a microfluidic viscometer based on arrays of magnetically actuated micro-posts. Quantitative viscosities over a range of three orders of magnitude were determined for samples of less than 20 μL. This represents the first demonstration of quantitative viscometry using driven flexible micropost arrays. Critical to the success of our system is a comprehensive analytical model that includes the mechanical and magnetic properties of the actuating posts, the optical readout, and f...

A graphene-based fluorescent nanoprobe for simultaneous monitoring of miRNA and mRNA in living cells.

Since microRNA-21 (miR-21) and protein programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) are implicated in tumor progression, simultaneous monitoring of the dynamic variation of miR-21 and PDCD4 mRNA in living cells is of great interest for understanding their relationship in the pathology of the disease. Herein, a versatile nanoprobe based on graphene oxide (GO) and DNA was prepared which can simultaneously monitor and visualize miR-21 and PDCD4 mRNA in living cells. In vitro experiments demonstrate that the nanoprobe exhib...

Robust Multilayer Graphene-Organic Frameworks for Selective Separation of Monovalent Anions.

The chemical and mechanical stability of graphene nanosheets was used in this work to design a multilayer architecture of graphene, grafted with sulfonated 4,4'- diaminodiphenyl sulfone (SDDS). Quaternized poly (phenylene oxide) (QPPO) was synthesized and mixed with SDDS (rGO-SDDS-rGO@QPPO), yielding a multilayer graphene-organic framework (MGOF) with positive as well as negative functional groups that can be applied as a versatile electro-driven membrane in electrodialysis (ED). Multilayer graphene-organic...

Camphor-Enabled Transfer and Mechanical Testing of Centimeter-Scale Ultrathin Films.

Camphor is used to transfer centimeter-scale ultrathin films onto custom-designed substrates for mechanical (tensile) testing. Compared to traditional transfer methods using dissolving/peeling to remove the support-layers, camphor is sublimed away in air at low temperature, thereby avoiding additional stress on the as-transferred films. Large-area ultrathin films can be transferred onto hollow substrates without damage by this method. Tensile measurements are made on centimeter-scale 300 nm-thick graphene o...

Geometrically Enhanced Thermoelectric Effects in Graphene Nanoconstrictions.

The influence of nanostructuring and quantum confinement on the thermoelectric properties of materials has been extensively studied. While this has made possible multiple breakthroughs in the achievable figure of merit, classical confinement and its effect on the local Seebeck coefficient has mostly been neglected, as has the Peltier effect in general due to the complexity of measuring small temperature gradients locally. Here we report that reducing the width of a graphene channel to 100 nanometers changes...

Thionine Self-Assembled Structures on Graphene: Formation, Organization, and Doping.

The association of organic molecules with 2D materials, creating hybrid systems with mutual influences, constitutes an important testbed for both basic science self-assembly studies and perspective applications. Following this concept, in this work, we show a rich phenomenology that is involved in the interaction of thionine with graphene, leading to a hybrid material formed by well-organized self-assembled structures atop graphene. This composite system is investigated by atomic force microscopy, electric ...


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