PubMed Journals Articles About "HAMS Harm Reduction Network" RSS

21:53 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

HAMS Harm Reduction Network PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest HAMS Harm Reduction Network articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "HAMS Harm Reduction Network" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

The association between motives, perceived problems and current thoughts of self-harm following an episode of self-harm. A network analysis.

A history of self-harm is a major risk factor for suicide. Some patients are more likely than others to repeat suicidal behaviour after an episode of self-harm. Insight in the relation between current thoughts of self-harm, motives for the self-harm episode and perceived problems may improve prevention strategies. Network analysis allows to investigate the co-occurence of these factors and their association with each other.

Harm Reduction for Abortion in the United States.

Access to abortion in the United States has eroded significantly. Accordingly, there is a growing movement to empower women to self-induce abortion. To date, physicians' roles and responsibilities in this changing environment have not been defined. Here, we consider a harm reduction approach to first-trimester abortion as a way for physicians to honor clinical and moral obligations to care for women, negotiate ever-increasing abortion restrictions, and support women who consider abortion self-induction. Har...

Harm-reduction approaches for self-cutting in inpatient mental health settings: Development and preliminary validation of the Attitudes to Self-cutting Management (ASc-Me) Scale.

Harm-reduction approaches for self-harm in mental health settings have been under-researched.

Harm-reduction and zero-tolerance maternal messages about college alcohol use.

Past cross-sectional research suggests that zero-tolerance messaging by parents of college students may be more effective than harm-reduction communication at reducing student alcohol risk. The current study employs longitudinal data to examine whether communication type interacts with student alcohol use to predict subsequent drinking outcomes. U.S. college students reported on their own exposure to zero-tolerance and harm-reduction maternal communication. Approximately seven months later, students complet...

Rapid degradation of brominated and iodinated haloacetamides with sulfite in drinking water: Degradation kinetics and mechanisms.

The effective removal of haloacetamides (HAMs) as a group of emerging disinfection by-products is essential for drinking water safety. This study investigated the degradation of 10 HAMs, including chlorinated, brominated, and iodinated analogues, by sodium sulfite (S(IV)) and the mechanism behind it. The results indicated that all HAMs, excluding chlorinated HAMs, decomposed immediately when exposed to S(IV). The reductive dehalogenation kinetics were well described by a second-order kinetics model, first-o...

Perspectives on Patient and Family Engagement With Reduction in Harm: The Forgotten Voice.

Despite continued efforts to improve safety in hospitals, hospital-acquired harm persists. Strategies have been identified to establish patient-centered care and improve patient engagement with care. However, the relationship of patient and family engagement to reduction of harm is not well understood, with limited findings available in current literature.

HCV seroconversion in a cohort of people who use drugs followed in a mobile harm reduction unit in Madrid: Breaking barriers for HCV elimination.

Harm reduction strategies have been shown to decrease the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in people who inject drugs (PWID), but the results have been inconsistent when it comes to prevention of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We aimed to examine the rate of HCV seroconversion among people who use drugs (PWUD) followed at a mobile harm reduction unit (MHRU) to evaluate if a low-threshold methadone substitution program (LTMSP) is associated with a low HCV seroconversion rate and ...

Different Harm and Mortality in Critically Ill Medical vs Surgical Patients: Retrospective Analysis of Variation in Adverse Events in Different Intensive Care Units.

Institutional harm reduction campaigns are essential in improving safe practice in critical care. Our institution embarked on an aggressive project to measure harm. We hypothesized that critically ill surgical patients were at increased risk of harm compared with medical intensive care patients.

Opioid Use Among Those Who Have Criminal Justice Experience: Harm Reduction Strategies to Lessen HIV Risk.

We reviewed the HIV and opioid literature relevant to harm reduction strategies for those with criminal justice experience.

Formation and speciation of chlorinated, brominated, and iodinated haloacetamides in chloraminated iodide-containing waters.

Haloacetamides (HAMs), an emerging class of disinfection by-products, have received increasing attention due to their elevated cyto- and genotoxicity. However, only limited information is available regarding the iodinated analogues. This study investigated the formation and speciation of iodinated haloacetamides (I-HAMs) and their chlorinated/brominated analogues during the chloramination of bromide and/or iodide-containing waters and a model compound solution over various time periods. The rapid formation ...

Harm reduction strategies regarding the misuse of alcohol and other drugs: a review of the literature.

The present study attempts to systemize the experiences of those that have been treated in the primary health care system for alcohol and drug abuse with a view to obtaining reductions in the damages caused to Brazil and the world at large. A bibliographical study was conducted of publications in Portuguese and in English over the past ten years on the following databases SciELO, Lilacs, Medline and PsycINFO. After the selection of the corpus, meta-synthesis was carried out in order to integrate the materia...

On-line Ham Grading using pattern recognition models based on available data in commercial pig slaughterhouses.

The thickness of the subcutaneous fat in hams is one of the most important factors for the dry-curing process and largely determines its final quality. This parameter is usually measured in slaughterhouses by a manual metrical measure to classify hams. The aim of the present study was to propose an automatic classification method based on data obtained from a carcass automatic classification equipment (AutoFom) and intrinsic data of the pigs (sex, breed, and weight) to simulate the manual classification sys...

Assessing the predictability of self-harm in a high-risk adult prisoner population: a prospective cohort study.

Prisoners are at increased risk of self-harm and when either intent is expressed, or an act of self-harm carried out, prisoners in the UK are subject to self-harm/suicide monitoring (referred to as "open ACCT" monitoring). However, there is a paucity of validated instruments to identify risk of self-harm in prisoner populations. In response to the need to support prison staff to determine who is at increased risk of self-harm or repeat self-harm, the aim of this study was to determine whether any pre-existi...

The stability of chlorinated, brominated, and iodinated haloacetamides in drinking water.

Haloacetamides (HAMs), a group of nitrogenous disinfection byproducts (N-DBPs), can decompose to form corresponding intermediate products and other DBPs. The stability of ten different HAMs, including two chlorinated, five brominated, and three iodinated species was investigated with and without the presence of chlorine, chloramines, and reactive solutes such as quenching agents. The HAM basic hydrolysis and chlorination kinetics were well described by a second-order kinetics model, including first-order in...

Association of belief in the "firewater myth" with strategies to avoid alcohol consequences among American Indian and Alaska Native college students who drink.

Belief in an American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) specific biological vulnerability (BV) to alcohol problems (aka the "firewater myth") is associated with worse alcohol outcomes among AI/AN college students who drink, despite also being associated with greater attempts to reduce drinking. The current study examined how belief in a BV may have affected how 157 AI/AN college students who drink (a) attempted to moderate their alcohol use and avoid alcohol-related problems using abstinence-based and harm reduc...

Harm Reduction Protocols for Early Abortion: A Middle Way?

Perceived harms and harm reduction strategies among people who drink non-beverage alcohol: Community-based qualitative research in Vancouver, Canada.

There has been increasing interest in harm reduction initiatives for street-involved people who drink alcohol, including non-beverage alcohol such as mouthwash and hand sanitizer. Limited evidence exists to guide these initiatives, and a particular gap is in research that prioritizes the experiences and perspectives of drinkers themselves. This research was conducted to explore the harms of what participants termed "illicit drinking" as perceived by people who engage in it, to characterize the steps this po...

A Network Reduction-Based Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Community Detection in Large-Scale Complex Networks.

Evolutionary algorithms have been demonstrated to be very competitive in the community detection for complex networks. They, however, show poor scalability to large-scale networks due to the exponential increase of search space. In this paper, we suggest a network reduction-based multiobjective evolutionary algorithm for community detection in large-scale networks, where the size of the networks is recursively reduced as the evolution proceeds. In each reduction of the network, the local communities found b...

What is the relationship between rejection and self-harm or suicidality in adulthood?

Rejection is an adverse experience that may help explain the heightened risk of self-harm and suicide amongst many societal groups. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the relationship between rejection experiences and self-harm and suicidal ideation.

Understanding Adolescents' Experiences of Self-Harm: Secondary Analysis of Family Therapy Sessions from the SHIFT Trial.

To explore, using first-hand accounts, adolescents' understandings of why they self-harmed, what their responses to self-harm were, and how they resisted or ceased self-harm.

Heat-not-burn and electronic cigarettes: Truths and untruths about harm reduction.

Distribution of Harm Reduction Kits in a Specialty HIV Hospital.

Casey House, a small Toronto, Ontario, hospital for people living with HIV, implemented a harm-reduction kit distribution program in October 2014 to decrease harms from reuse of injection and smoking equipment among its clients-inpatients and outpatients. Program statistics (November 2014-January 2017) show an increase in the number of kits-injection and smoking-distributed each year. The program is perceived by staff to communicate openness and increased willingness of clinicians and clients to discuss dru...

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions targeting harm reduction and chronic hepatitis C cascade of care in people who inject drugs; the case of France.

Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) represent an opportunity to improve hepatitis C virus (HCV) care cascade. This, combined with improved harm reduction interventions may lead to HCV elimination especially in people who inject drugs (PWID). We assessed the effectiveness/cost-effectiveness of improvements in harm reduction and chronic hepatitis C (CHC) care cascade in PWID in France. We used a dynamic model of HCV transmission and CHC natural history and evaluated: improved needle/syringe programs-opioid substi...

Effect of hydrocolloids on the quality of restructured hams with duck skin.

We investigated the quality of duck ham restructured with various hydrocolloids (Alginic acid, Konjac, Carrageenan) on proximate composition, cooking loss, emulsion stability, pH, color, texture profile analysis (TPA), protein solubility, sensory characteristics, and apparent viscosity. Restructured duck ham was prepared as follows: control with no hydrocolloids, T1 (Alginate 1%), T2 (Alginate 0.5% + Konjac 0.5%), T3 (Alginate 0.7% + Konjac 0.3%), T4 (Alginate 0.5% + Carrageenan 0.5%), and T5 (Alginate 0.7%...

Aging, multimorbidity, and substance use disorders: The growing case for integrating the principles of geriatric care and harm reduction.

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