PubMed Journals Articles About "Health Decisions" RSS

13:35 EST 18th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Health Decisions PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Health Decisions articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Health Decisions" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Emotional Impact of End-of-Life Decisions on Professional Relationships in the ICU: An Obstacle to Collegiality?

End-of-life decisions are not only common in the ICU but also frequently elicit strong feelings among health professionals. Even though we seek to develop more collegial interprofessional approaches to care and health decision-making, there are many barriers to successfully managing complex decisions. The aim of this study is to better understand how emotions influence the end-of-life decision-making process among professionals working in ICU.

Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions.

Decision aids are interventions that support patients by making their decisions explicit, providing information about options and associated benefits/harms, and helping clarify congruence between decisions and personal values.

Health-Related Decisions for Serious Illness Among Ethnically Diverse Older Adults.

We investigated the influence of sociodemographic factors, acculturation, ethnicity, health status, and spirituality on older adults' health-related decisions when confronted with a choice between competing options. The sample included 451 participants: African Americans (15.74%), Afro-Caribbeans (25.5%), European Americans (36.36%), and Hispanic Americans (22.4%). Compared with others, European Americans and Hispanic Americans favored quality of life over a lengthy life. Sociodemographic factors, accultura...

Global Developments in Priority Setting in Health.

Countries around the world are experiencing an ever-increasing need to make choices in investments in health and healthcare. This makes it incumbent upon them to have formal processes in place to optimize the legitimacy of eventual decisions. There is now growing experience among countries of the implementation of stakeholder participation, and a developing convergence of methods to support decision-makers within health authorities in making tough decisions when faced with the stark reality of limited resou...

The ideas about advanced life support and affecting factors at the end-stage of life in a hospital in Turkey.

The participation of the people in health decisions may be structured in various levels. One of these is participation in decisions for the treatment. "Advanced directives" is one of the examples for the participation in decisions for the treatment.

Going Public: Early Disclosure of Food Risks for the Benefit of Public Health.

Often during an outbreak of foodborne illness, there are health officials who have data indicating that there is a risk prior to notifying the public. During the lag period between the first public health signal and some release of public information, there are decision makers who are weighing evidence with the impacts of going public. Multiple agencies and analysts have lamented that there is not a common playbook or decision tree for how public health agencies determine what information to release and whe...

Health literacy and oral health literacy: are they associated? A cross sectional survey among undergraduate students of tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India

Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information.

Using institutional and behavioural economics to examine animal health systems.

Economics provides a framework for understanding management decisions and their policy implications for the animal health system. While the neoclassical economic model is useful for framing animal health decisions on the farm, some of its assumptions and prescriptive results may be unrealistic. Institutional and behavioural economics address some of these potential shortcomings by considering the role of information, psychology and social factors in decisions. Framing such decisions under contract theory al...

Modeling the Mental Health Service Utilization Decisions of University Undergraduates: A Discrete Choice Conjoint Experiment.

Carers' involvement in decision making about antipsychotic medication: A qualitative study.

Current Australian mental health policy recommends that carers should be involved in the provision of mental health services. Carers often provide intensive support to mental health consumers and gain detailed insight into their lives. As such, carers could make valuable contributions to well-informed decisions about mental health consumers' use of antipsychotic medication.

Factors That Influence the Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Public Health Agencies.

Given challenges to recruiting nurses to public health and the growth in national policies focused on population health, it is crucial that public health agencies develop strategies to sustain this important group of employees. The objective of this study was to examine factors that influence nurses' decisions to work in public health agencies.

Validation of the Integrated Model of Health Literacy in Patients With Breast Cancer.

Health literacy (HL) enables patients with breast cancer to actively participate in health decisions and promote positive health outcomes. The Integrated Model of Health Literacy (IMHL), defined as the personal, situational, and societal/environmental factors that predict the level of HL that can influence health outcomes, incorporates the concepts, determinants, and consequences of HL.

Decision space for health workforce management in decentralized settings: a case study in Uganda.

The aim of this paper is to improve understanding about how district health managers perceive and use their decision space for human resource management (HRM) and how this compares with national policies and regulatory frameworks governing HRM. The study builds upon work undertaken by PERFORM Research Consortium in Uganda using action-research to strengthen human resources management in the health sector. To assess the decision space that managers have in six areas of HRM (e.g. policy, planning, remuneratio...

Public Health Preparedness Funding: Key Programs and Trends From 2001 to 2017.

To evaluate trends in funding over the past 16 years for key federal public health preparedness and response programs at the US Department of Health and Human Services, to improve understanding of federal funding history in this area, and to provide context for future resource allocation decisions for public health preparedness.

Decisions at the End of Life: 'The Inimitable Hallmark of the Lawyer'?

THIS case commentary analyses the application of the best interests standard in section 4 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 by the Court in the decision in Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Local Health Board v RY (by his litigation friend the official solicitor) and CP [2017] EWCOP 2. It evaluates the way in which the law impacted on how clinical decisions in respect of RY were made and identifies systemic concerns arising from the case.

Review of Education-Focused Health Impact Assessments Conducted in the United States.

Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a structured process for examining the potential health impacts of proposed policies, plans, programs, and projects. This study systematically reviewed HIAs conducted in the United States on prekindergarten, primary, and secondary education-focused decisions.

A qualitative study exploring high school students' understanding of, and attitudes towards, health information and claims.

Exposure to health claims, particularly in the media and social media, is pervasive, and the information conveyed is often inaccurate, incomplete or misleading. Some young people of high school ages are already making decisions about using readily available health interventions (such as sports drinks and beauty products).Although previous research has assessed adults' understanding of health claims, no research has examined this issue in young adults who are attending high school.

Participatory approach to design social accountability interventions to improve maternal health services: a case study from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Social accountability (SA) comprises a set of mechanisms aiming to, on the one hand, enable users to raise their concerns about the health services provided to them (voice), and to hold health providers (HPs) accountable for actions and decisions related to the health service provision. On the other hand, they aim to facilitate HPs to take into account users' needs and expectations in providing care. This article describes the development of a SA intervention that aims to improve health services responsiven...

Improved treatment decisions in patients with esophageal cancer.

Patients with esophageal cancer seldom achieve long-term survival. This prospective cohort study investigated the selection of patients likely to benefit from curative treatment and whether information on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQL) would assist treatment decisions in the multidisciplinary team.

Impact of model calibration on cost-effectiveness analysis of cervical cancer prevention.

Markov chain models are commonly used to simulate the natural history of human papillomavirus infection and subsequent cervical lesions with the aim of predicting future benefits of health interventions. Developing and calibrating these models entails making a number of critical decisions that will influence the ability of the model to reflect real conditions and predict future situations. Accuracy of selected inputs and calibration procedures are two of the crucial aspects for model performance and underst...

Journal of Allied Health, Production Data 2016-2017.

During the period September 1, 2016 to August 31, 2017, the following breakdown shows what occurred involving the Journal of Allied Health. Each year, the acceptance rate is in the 60-65% range for all manuscript types. The final result for these 130 papers will not be known until decisions are made regarding the 72 manuscripts still pending.

Preparing for future incapacity.

Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, discusses the options available for those preparing for the future when ill health may affect their capacity to make decisions about their care.

Making Tough Decisions to Address Health IT Challenges.

Corrigendum: Information Search in Decisions From Experience: Do Our Patterns of Sampling Foreshadow Our Decisions?

Original article: Hills, T. T., & Hertwig, R. (2010). Information search in decisions from experience: Do our patterns of sampling foreshadow our decisions? Psychological Science, 21, 1787-1792. doi:10.1177/0956797610387443.

Beyond shared decision-making: Collaboration in the age of recovery from serious mental illness.

The role that people with serious mental illness (SMI) play in making decisions about their own treatment and rehabilitation is attracting increasing attention and scrutiny. This attention is embedded in a broader social/consumer movement, the recovery movement, whose agenda includes extensive reform of the mental health system and advancing respect for the dignity and autonomy of people with SMI. Shared decision-making (SDM) is an approach for enhancing consumer participation in health-care decision-making...

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