PubMed Journals Articles About "Health Related Register Based Research Denmark" RSS

14:28 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Health related register based research Denmark" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 75,000+

Health-related register-based research in Denmark.

Danish researchers have a unique possibility for producing high-quality observational studies through the Danish registers. The intention of this review is to provide an introduction to data sources, access and linkage of the Danish registers, primarily from Statistics Denmark, the Danish Health Data Authority and the Danish clinical quality databases. Authorisation to data access is given by each institution separately and requires permission by the Danish Data Protection Agency. Data can be linked by the ...

A validated algorithm for register-based identification of patients with recurrence of breast cancer-Based on Danish Breast Cancer Group (DBCG) data.

Cancer recurrence is not routinely and completely registered in Danish national health registers, which challenges register-based research. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a register-based algorithm to identify patients with recurrence of breast cancer (BC).

Job-exposure matrices addressing lifestyle to be applied in register-based occupational health studies.

Information about lifestyle factors in register-based occupational health studies is often not available. The objective of this study was therefore to develop gender, age and calendar-time specific job-exposure matrices (JEMs) addressing five selected lifestyle characteristics across job groups as a tool for lifestyle adjustment in register-based studies.

Participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants and Danish-born women in Denmark.

In this nationwide register-based cohort study, we examined cervical cancer screening participation among immigrants in Denmark by country and region of origin. Furthermore, we assessed whether differences in screening participation between immigrants and Danish-born women were explained by sociodemographic or health-related characteristics, and examined predictors of participation among immigrants. Using high-quality registries, we identified women invited for cervical cancer screening during 2008-2009 and...

Incidence of Moyamoya Disease in Denmark: A Population-Based Register Study.

In this first population-based study of moyamoya disease (MMD) in Europe, the authors identified 56 patients with MMD in Denmark during the period 1994-2015 using nationwide registers. The overall incidence was 0.047 per 100,000 person-years, which is about one-tenth that reported in Japan. Otherwise the epidemiological features were comparable: there was a bimodal age distribution with peaks in the age groups 0-9 years and 30-39 years, with twice as many females as males.

Mortality after the death of a parent in adulthood: a register-based comparison of two ethno-linguistic groups.

Most research on parental bereavement and health have analysed health consequences of parental loss in childhood, while collateral health in adulthood has been less studied.

Association between sunburn and demographic factors and health behaviour among Danish students.

Sunburn is associated with an increased risk for skin cancer. Denmark has one of the highest incidences of melanoma in the world, although it is a relatively northern country. The objective of this study was to determine whether sunburn is associated with demographic factors and health behaviour among young Danes. Cross-sectional data of >55,000 15- to 25-year-old students participating in the Danish National Youth Study were collected in 2014. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to determine a...

Health-related Research Ethics and Social Value: Antibiotic Resistance Intervention Research and Pragmatic Risks.

We consider the implications for the ethical evaluation of research programs of two fundamental changes in the revised research ethical guideline of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences. The first is the extension of scope that follows from exchanging "biomedical" for "health-related" research, and the second is the new evaluative basis of "social value," which implies new ethical requirements of research. We use the example of antibiotic resistance interventions to explore the ne...

Validation of the Swedish Multiple Sclerosis Register: Further Improving a Resource for Pharmacoepidemiologic Evaluations.

The Swedish Multiple Sclerosis Register is a national register monitoring treatment and clinical course for all Swedish multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, with high coverage and close integration with the clinic. Despite its great value for epidemiologic research, it has not previously been validated. In this brief report, we summarize a large validation of >3,000 patients in the register using clinical chart review in the context of the COMBAT-MS study. While further improving the data quality for a central...

Secular trends in the incidence and prevalence of gout in Denmark from 1995 to 2015: a nationwide register-based study.

To investigate temporal trends in the incidence and prevalence of gout in the adult Danish population.

Comprehensive scoping review of health research using social media data.

The rising popularity of social media, since their inception around 20 years ago, has been echoed in the growth of health-related research using data derived from them. This has created a demand for literature reviews to synthesise this emerging evidence base and inform future activities. Existing reviews tend to be narrow in scope, with limited consideration of the different types of data, analytical methods and ethical issues involved. There has also been a tendency for research to be siloed within differ...

Cesarean section on a rise-Does advanced maternal age explain the increase? A population register-based study.

In Denmark, the cesarean section rate has increased by 49% between 1998 and 2015 and accounts for 21% of all births. Cesarean sections may cause short- as well as long-term consequences for both the mother and the child and impose further risks in future pregnancies. Delaying pregnancy until advanced maternal age at childbirth has been suggested as contributing to the increase. The proportion of women giving birth at 35 years or above increased from 15% (1998) to 21% (2015). Advanced maternal age at childbi...

Reducing alcohol-related harm in Australia: a simple data-based tool to assist prioritization of research and health care delivery in primary care.

The detection of harmful alcohol use and the delivery of brief advice in primary care are less than optimal. Given limited health care resources, deciding where best to allocate funding to optimize health outcomes is imperative. A simple data-based tool could be useful when access to specialist health economic advice is unavailable. This study aimed to examine the utility of a simple data-based calculator to facilitate priority setting in general practice for reducing alcohol-related harm.

Changing epidemiology of motor neurone disease in Scotland.

Scotland benefits from an integrated national healthcare team for motor neurone disease (MND) and a tradition of rich clinical data capture using the Scottish MND Register (launched in 1989; one of the first national registers). The Scottish register was re-launched in 2015 as Clinical Audit Research and Evaluation of MND (CARE-MND), an electronic platform for prospective, population-based research. We aimed to determine if incidence of MND is changing over time.

Stronger responders-uptake and decline of HPV-vaccination in Denmark.

The purpose of this study was to identify the stronger responders behind the fluctuating coverage with the HPV-vaccine in Denmark in order to facilitate information campaigns targeted at specific subgroups.

Pollution and Global Health - An Agenda for Prevention.

Pollution is a major, overlooked, global health threat that was responsible in 2015 for an estimated 9 million deaths and great economic losses. To end neglect of pollution and advance prevention of pollution-related disease, we formed the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. Despite recent gains in understanding of pollution and its health effects, this Commission noted that large gaps in knowledge remain. To close these gaps and guide prevention, the Commission made research recommendations and prop...

A descriptive system for the Infant health-related Quality of life Instrument (IQI): Measuring health with a mobile app.

The assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for health outcomes research, disease modeling studies and comparisons of different healthcare interventions. Yet, only a few tools are available to assess HRQoL in 0-1-year-old infants. Furthermore, there is a need for an instrument able to assess HRQoL with a single, standardized, overall score in the first year of life. Here we described the development of the Infant health-related Quality of life Instrument (IQI), a generic, preferenc...

Relationship Between Internet Health Information and Patient Compliance Based on Trust: Empirical Study.

The internet has become a major mean for acquiring health information; however, Web-based health information is of mixed quality and may markedly affect patients' health-related behavior and decisions. According to the social information processing theory, patients' trust in their physicians may potentially change due to patients' health-information-seeking behavior. Therefore, it is important to identify the relationship between internet health information and patient compliance from the perspective of tru...

Infertility in a cohort of male Danish firefighters - a register based study.

The aim of this study was to examine infertility among male firefighters in Denmark. We therefore established a cohort of 4,710 past and present male Danish firefighters through personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions. Information on vital status and infertility was linked to cohort members from 1984-2017 from the Danish Civil Registration System, the In Vitro Fertilisation Register and the National Patient Register using their Danish personal identification numbers. Hazard ratios (...

Perceptions of public health and cross-sectoral collaboration in low SES neighbourhoods in Denmark.

Cross-sectoral interventions in low socio-economic status (SES) neighbourhoods are an important contribution to reducing social inequities in health. This article investigates the health perceptions among professionals from public health, social and place-based initiatives, all working in low SES neighbourhoods in Denmark, and what implications these perceptions have on their work with health promotion and on collaboration between the initiatives. Empirically, we draw on 63 semi-structured interviews with f...

Cancers Preceding Parkinson's Disease after Adjustment for Bias in a Danish Population-Based Case-Control Study.

Cancer patients are at lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) compared with the general population. One explanation is the negative association between smoking and PD, but PD risk is also lower for cancers not related to smoking. Another explanation is survival bias where death from cancer may act as a competing risk. We conducted a large population-based case-control study in Denmark and investigated whether cancer diagnosis reduced the risk of developing PD even after adjusting for important ri...

Parental Risk Factors among Children with Reactive Attachment Disorder Referred to Specialized Services: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

This nationwide population-based register study examined the family and parental risk factors associated with offspring reactive attachment disorder (RAD). We identified 614 children diagnosed with RAD from the Finnish Care Register for Health Care and each case was matched with four controls. Univariate and multivariate models examined the associations between risk factors and RAD. In the multivariate model, offspring RAD was associated with only mother, only father and both parents having psychiatric diag...

Community Engagement in the Development of an mHealth-Enabled Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health Intervention (Step It Up): Pilot Focus Group Study.

Community-based participatory research is an effective tool for improving health outcomes in minority communities. Few community-based participatory research studies have evaluated methods of optimizing smartphone apps for health technology-enabled interventions in African Americans.

Dual diagnosis and mechanical restraint - a register based study of 31,793 patients and 6562 episodes of mechanical restraint in the Capital region of Denmark from 2010-2014.

To investigate whether patients with dual diagnosis have a higher risk of being mechanical restraint compared to patients with only psychiatric diagnoses.

A national needs assessment study to determine procedures for simulation-based training in cardiology in Denmark.

New training methods such as simulation have been introduced in cardiology as in other specialties; however, the development of effective simulation-based training programs is challenging. They are often unstructured and based on convenience or coincidence. The objective of this study was to perform a nationwide general needs assessment to identify and prioritize technical procedures that should be included in a simulation-based curriculum for cardiology residency in Denmark.

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