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06:42 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Henipavirus Infection Central Nervous System" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 26,000+

Henipavirus Infection of the Central Nervous System.

Nipah virus and Hendra virus are highly pathogenic zoonotic viruses of the genus Henipavirus, family Paramyxoviridae. These viruses were first identified as the causative agents of severe respiratory and encephalitic disease in the 1990s across Australia and Southern Asia with mortality rates reaching up to 75%. While outbreaks of Nipah and Hendra virus infections remain rare and sporadic, there is concern that Nipah virus has pandemic potential. Despite increased attention, little is understood about the n...

Unusual relapse of primary central nervous system lymphoma both inside and outside central nervous system in a patient with ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report.

Relapse of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) occurs primarily at the initial site, relapse outside central nervous system is very rare.

Dynamic changes and diagnostic and prognostic significance of serum PCT, hs-CRP and s-100 protein in central nervous system infection.

The aim of the study was to analyze the dynamic changes and diagnostic and prognostic significance of serum procalcitonin (PCT), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and s-100 protein in central nervous system infection. A total of 110 patients diagnosed with central nervous system infection in Department of Neurology in the People's Hospital of Rizhao from January 2014 to January 2016 were selected and retrospectively analyzed; they were divided into the bacterium (n=70) and virus (n=40) groups. An...

Effective Effectors: How T cells Access and Infiltrate the Central nervous System.

Several Phase II and III clinical trials have demonstrated that immunotherapy can induce objective responses in otherwise refractory malignancies in tumors outside the central nervous system. In large part, effector T cells mediate much of the antitumor efficacy in these trials, and potent antitumor T cells can be generated through vaccination, immune checkpoint blockade, adoptive transfer, and genetic manipulation. However, activated T cells must still traffic to, infiltrate, and persist within tumor in or...

Anti-NMDAR encephalitis preceded by non-herpetic central nervous system infection: Systematic literature review and first case of tick-borne encephalitis triggering anti-NMDAR encephalitis.

After the recent description of biphasic disease with herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis followed by anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis (anti-NMDARE), anti-NMDARE preceded by non-HSV central nervous system (CNS) infection has been more rarely reported. We report the first case of TBE followed by anti-NMDARE and carry out a systematic literature review on anti-NMDARE preceded by non-HSV CNS infection.

Brain insulin action in schizophrenia: something borrowed and something new.

Insulin signaling in the central nervous system is at the intersection of brain and body interactions, and represents a fundamental link between metabolic and cognitive disorders. Abnormalities in brain insulin action could underlie the development of comorbid schizophrenia and type 2 diabetes. Among its functions, central nervous system insulin is involved in regulation of striatal dopamine levels, peripheral glucose homeostasis, and feeding regulation. In this review, we discuss the role and importance of...

Role of early and aggressive post-operative radiation therapy in improving outcome for pediatric central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor.

The purpose of the study is to evaluate possible prognostic factors and optimal management for pediatric atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) of the central nervous system (CNS).

Clinical Presentations and Outcomes of Post-Operative Central Nervous System Infection Caused by Multi-Drug-Resistant/Extensively Drug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: A Retrospective Study.

Post-operative central nervous system infection (PCNSI) caused by multi-drug-resistant/extensively drug-resistant (MDR/XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii is a severe complication. This study aimed to analyze the clinical presentation and treatment of this disorder.

Study of Central Nervous System Tuberculosis.

To assess the clinical features, complications and outcome in patients with central nervous system tuberculosis (CNS TB) and to correlate the clinical, laboratory and radiological findings of CNS TB.

Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System in Africa.

Viral infections are a major cause of human central nervous system infection, and may be associated with significant mortality, and long-term sequelae. In Africa, the lack of effective therapies, limited diagnostic and human resource facilities are especially in dire need. Most viruses that affect the central nervous system are opportunistic or accidental pathogens. Some of these viruses were initially considered harmless, however they have now evolved to penetrate the nervous system efficiently and exploit...

A Rare Case of Spontaneous Remission and Relapse of a Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma.

Primary central nervous system lymphoma remission after steroid treatment is a well-known phenomenon, but remission without any type of treatment is extremely rare. We present a rare case of spontaneous remission of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system as well as its subsequent reappearance in another location. The atypical presentation misled the neurosurgeons and neurologists, delaying diagnosis and treatment. The patient underwent brain biopsy after the relapse and started radiot...

Hospital Onset Varicella Central Nervous System Vasculitis in a Patient with HIV Infection.

Rituximab therapy for primary central nervous system vasculitis: A 6 patient experience and review of the literature.

To assess the efficacy and safety of Rituximab (RTX) in adult primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV).

Atypical presentation of fulminant primary central nervous system angiitis.

Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System (PACNS) is a rare cause of CNS vasculitis that should be included as part complete differential diagnosis, especially in cases with suggestive imaging findings and an absence of secondary causes for CNS vasculitis.

Update on fungal infections of the central nervous system: emerging pathogens and emerging diagnostics.

Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are relatively uncommon but associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We reviewed recent literature highlighting new approaches to management of these complex patients.

Patterns, treatments, and outcomes of pediatric central nervous system tumors in Sudan: a single institution experience.

Studies of epidemiology, treatment modalities, and outcomes of childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors in Sudan are scarce. To address this shortcoming, we evaluated baseline information about the epidemiology, treatment types, and outcomes of childhood CNS tumors at the National Cancer Institute, University of Gezira (NCI-UG) in Wad Madani, Sudan.

Seizures in patents with primary central nervous system lymphoma: Prevalence and associated features.

Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare, aggressive, yet highly chemosensitive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma which is associated with significant morbidity. Very little is known about the long-term risk for and features of seizures associated with this condition.

Effects of Serotonin and Slow-release 5-HTP on Gastrointestinal Motility in a Mouse Model of Depression.

Mood disorders and constipation are often comorbid yet their shared etiologies have rarely been explored. The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) regulates central nervous system and enteric nervous system (ENS) development and long-term functions, including gastrointestinal (GI) motility and mood. Defects in neuron production of 5-HT might therefore result in brain and intestinal dysfunction. Tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) is the rate-limiting enzyme in 5-HT biosynthesis. A variant of TPH2 that encodes the ...

Method for predicting perinatal hypoxic lesions of the central nervous system in newborns.

Perinatal lesions of the Central nervous system (CNS) in newborns occupy a leading place in the structure of perinatal morbidity and subsequent disability of children. To identify the features of the content of sRAGE in pregnant women with threatening preterm labor (UPR) in the period of 22-27 weeks, who subsequently gave birth to children with perinatal CNS lesion. Serum of venous blood of pregnant women with UPR at the term of 22-27 weeks was determined by ELISA once the content of sRAGE. If the value of ...

Characteristics and outcomes of primary central nervous system lymphoma patients in the real word: a retrospective study of 91 cases in a Chinese population.

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare disease affecting the brain, leptomeninges, spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid, or vitreoretinal compartment, without evidence of systemic disease. Prognosis is still poor after intensive methotrexate-based chemotherapy.

Incidence and survival of central nervous system tumors in childhood and adolescence in Girona (Spain) 1990-2013: national and international comparisons.

Pediatric central nervous system tumors are one of the most frequent types of neoplasms in children but epidemiological data on these tumors have been sparsely reported in the medical literature.

Cytokine profiles in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with meningitis at a tertiary general hospital in China.

There has been a great deal of evidence indicating that cytokines participate in meningeal inflammation. Different cytokine profiles may be presented in central nervous system (CNS) infection due to different pathogens. We have attempted to investigate cytokine profiles in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with CNS infection.

Imaging features (CT, MRI, MRS, and PET/CT) of primary central nervous system lymphoma in immunocompetent patients.

Because of the low incidence of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) in non-HIV individuals and because of the lack of specific clinical manifestations and auxiliary examinations, the disease is easily missed or misdiagnosed.

Toxicological pitfalls in ICU practice.

Either analgosedation or central nervous system dysfunction may be a side effect of implemented pharmacological treatment, as well as a consequence of intentional or unintentional poisoning. In traumatic lesions or anoxia of the central nervous system, a question arises after a recommended follow-up period about the effects of xenobiotics on nervous system function. Although therapeutic drug monitoring is the gold standard in such cases, usually a single toxicological estimation of "a neurodepressive compou...

Central nervous system melioidosis: A systematic review of individual participant data of case reports and case series.

Central nervous system (CNS) melioidosis is rare. However, delayed diagnosis and treatment could lead to fatality. To identify knowledge of CNS melioidosis, we systematically review case reports and case series.

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