PubMed Journals Articles About "High Resolution Stereo Electroencephalography Partial Epilepsy" RSS

18:39 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "High Resolution Stereo electroencephalography Partial Epilepsy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

Epilepsy surgery. Epilepsy surgery is indicated for adults or children with partial, drug-resistant and disabling epilepsy. It has developed over the last few decades through better identification of candidates, advances in imaging and surgical techniques. Main indications are temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis, low-grade glial tumors and focal cortical dysplasia. Pre-surgical assessment is based on clinical, neurophysiological and imaging data which most often allow to carry the s...

Anti-epileptic drugs improved serial 7s scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination in elderly with cognitive impairment and epileptiform discharge on electroencephalography.

As the population ages, epilepsy among elderly people is increasing. Epileptic seizures in the elderly are mostly complex partial seizures without convulsions, so more caution is needed in the diagnosis of epilepsy. If epileptic seizures in the context of memory impairment are overlooked, epilepsy may be misdiagnosed as dementia. However, in older patients with epilepsy, there is a possibility that cognitive function may be impaired in the interictal phase. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of ant...

Is the use of Stereotactic Electroencephalography Safe and Effective in Children? A Meta-Analysis of the use of Stereotactic Electroencephalography in Comparison to Subdural Grids for Invasive Epilepsy Monitoring in Pediatric Subjects.

Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is an alternative addition to subdural grids (SDG) in invasive extra-operative monitoring for medically refractory epilepsy. Few studies exist on the clinical efficacy and safety of these techniques in pediatric populations.

The cognitive phenotype of idiopathic generalized epilepsy.

Dysexecutive traits have been described in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), but studies mainly focused on juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). To better understand the neuropsychology of IGE, more research is needed on syndromes other than JME, controlling potential confounding factors as the cognitive effects of valproate and epileptic discharges (ED). We describe the neuropsychological profile of a group of patients with different syndromes of IGE including simultaneous video electroencephalography (E...

A Robust Method with High Time Resolution for Estimating the Cortico-Thalamo-Cortical Loop Strength and the Delay when Using a Scalp Electroencephalography Applied to the Wake-Sleep Transition.

This study aimed to describe a robust method with high time resolution for estimating the cortico-thalamo-cortical (CTC) loop strength and the delay when using a scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and to illustrate its applicability for analyzing the wake-sleep transition.

Analysis of EEG networks and their correlation with cognitive impairment in preschool children with epilepsy.

Cognitive impairment (CI) is common in children with epilepsy and can have devastating effects on their quality of life. Early identification of CI is a priority to improve outcomes, but the current gold standard of detection with psychometric assessment is resource intensive and not always available. This paper proposes exploiting network analysis techniques to characterize routine clinical electroencephalography (EEG) to help identify CI in children with early-onset epilepsy (CWEOE) (0-5 years old).

Mozart's music and multidrug-resistant epilepsy: a potential EEG index of therapeutic effectiveness.

Multidrug-resistant epilepsy is a pathological condition that affects approximately one-third of patients with epilepsy, especially those with associated intellectual disabilities. Several non-pharmacological interventions have been proposed to improve quality of life of these patients. In particular, Mozart's sonata for two pianos in D major, K448, has been shown to decrease interictal electroencephalography (EEG) discharges and recurrence of clinical seizures in these patients. In a previous study we obse...

Integrating the systematic assessment of psychological states in the epilepsy monitoring unit: Concept and compliance.

Admission to the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) for long-term video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring (VEEG) constitutes the gold standard for seizure diagnosis and presurgical evaluation. This study applied the concept of a high-frequency systematic monitoring of psychological states and tested patients' compliance in order to evaluate if its integration in the EMU is feasible and if patients benefit from the graphically underpinned discussion of their EMU stay-related cognitions and emotions.

Time to response and patient visibility during tonic-clonic seizures in the epilepsy monitoring unit.

There is a high cost associated with recording quality video and electroencephalography (EEG) data in National Association of Epilepsy Center (NAEC) level IV epilepsy monitoring units (EMU). This study considers potential quality measures in EMUs for generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures: types of safety signals, response time, and visibility of patient's limbs for semiology. These quality measures have been summarized across 12 EMUs to estimate response times to GTC seizures and the quality of video data...

Investigation of the Video-EEG Findings and Clinical Data in Patients Diagnosed With Epilepsy and Psychosis.

Studies on electrophysiological characteristics of patients with epilepsy and concomitant psychosis are limited. We aimed to investigate the clinical and video-electroencephalography (EEG) findings of patients with epilepsy-related psychosis (EP).

A Comparison of Vagal Nerve Stimulation and Responsive Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Medically Refractory Complex Partial Epilepsy.

Neuromodulatory applications such as vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) and responsive neurostimulation (RNS) are safe and effective strategies for medically intractable epilepsy secondary to complex partial seizures, but researchers have yet to compare their efficacies.

Tolerability of a comprehensive cardiorespiratory monitoring protocol in an epilepsy monitoring unit.

Recent reports of fatal or near-fatal events in epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs) and an increasing awareness of the effects of seizures on breathing have stimulated interest in cardiorespiratory monitoring for patients undergoing video-electroencephalography (EEG) recording. Patient and provider acceptance of these extra recording devices has not previously been studied and may represent a barrier to widespread adoption.

A randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter trial comparing the efficacy and safety of extended- and immediate-release levetiracetam in people with partial epilepsy.

The aim of this trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of two formulations of levetiracetam in people with partial epilepsy over a 12-week treatment period.

Ictal onset patterns of subdural intracranial electroencephalogram in children: How helpful for predicting epilepsy surgery outcome?

We aimed to classify ictal onset patterns (IOPs) in pediatric patients undergoing intracranial electroencephalography (IEEG) to guide surgery for refractory epilepsy. We aimed to determine if morphology of IOPs can predict surgical outcome.

Partial saturation-aided resolution enhancement for digital holography.

Because of the limited dynamic range of common detectors, high-frequency components weaker than the threshold of the detector used are lost in digital holography (DH) even with the aid of coherent diffraction imaging (CDI)-based iterative computation, and this makes DH less preferable for many interesting applications. To overcome this problem, the partially saturated diffraction pattern was adopted to enhance the resolution of DH iteratively. Since more high-frequency components were retrieved in compariso...

Clinical presentations of onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy (OAE) in Cameroon.

A high prevalence of epilepsy has been observed in several onchocerciasis-endemic countries, including Cameroon. However, little is known on the clinical presentations of the affected persons with epilepsy (PWE). A community-based study was conducted with the aim of describing the spectrum of seizures in selected onchocerciasis-endemic villages in Cameroon and documenting relevant medical history in patients with onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy (OAE).

Anxiety is common and independently associated with clinical features of epilepsy.

The objective of this study was to assess for independent association of anxiety symptoms with epilepsy localization and other epilepsy-related and demographic factors in a large tertiary care adult epilepsy population.

Clinical 7T MRI: are we there yet? A review about magnetic resonance imaging at ultra-high field.

In recent years, ultra-high field magnetic resonance imaging (7 T and above) has received more interest for clinical imaging. Indeed, a number of studies have shown the benefits from the application of this powerful tool not only for research purposes, but also in realms of improved diagnostics and patient management. The increased signal-to-noise ratio, higher spatial resolution compared with conventional and high-field clinical scanners, allows imaging of small anatomical detail and subtle pathological fi...

Yield of EEG monitoring in children with developmental disabilities is high.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the yield of a 2-hour electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring (awake and sleep) in children with developmental disabilities and without any clinically apparent seizures.

Evaluation of knowledge about epilepsy and attitudes towards patients with epilepsy among university students in Upper Egypt.

Epilepsy is a major public health problem worldwide. There are many misconceptions about people's knowledge and attitudes about epilepsy, which influence people's behavior towards patients with epilepsy.

Optimization design of a stereo-photographic system based on achromatic double-prism arrays.

We present an optimization design for a stereo-photographic system where achromatic double-prism arrays are used in front of the camera lens to reduce chromatic aberration and distortion. Due to the optical properties of the prism, the image formed by a single-prism array exhibits large chromatic aberration and distortion. The chromatic aberration and distortion for both single-prism array and double-prism array stereo-photographic systems were analyzed by the CODE V software. The double-prism arrays have l...

New era of PET/CT in breast cancer: high-resolution PET/dfCT.

To determine whether breast cancer staging differs between high-resolution (HR) and standard-resolution (SR) PET/computed tomography acquisition.

Dense array EEG estimated the epileptic focus in a patient with epilepsy secondary to tuberous sclerosis complex.

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a leading cause of epilepsy, with seizures affecting almost 80-90% of children. We used the concordance between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dense array electroencephalography (dEEG) findings to detect epileptic focus in a patient with TSC.

High similarity between EEG from subcutaneous and proximate scalp electrodes in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.

Subcutaneous recording of electroencephalography (EEG) potentially enables ultra-long-term epilepsy monitoring in real-life conditions due to increased mobility and discreteness. This study is the first to compare physiological and epileptiform EEG signals from subcutaneous and scalp EEG recordings in epilepsy patients. Four patients with probable or definite temporal lobe epilepsy were monitored with simultaneous scalp and subcutaneous EEG recordings. EEG recordings were compared by correlation and time-fr...

Myocardial infarction after epilepsy onset: A population-based retrospective cohort study.

Cardiovascular comorbidities of epilepsy such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes are associated with myocardial infarction (MI). Little data on the development of subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with epilepsy (PWE) are available, with inconsistent findings regarding the association between epilepsy and subsequent MI. A higher risk of MI among adults (without prior MI) following epilepsy diagnosis compared with that among controls was hypothesized.

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