PubMed Journals Articles About "Histopathological Tumor Characteristics Associated With False Negative Axillary" RSS

12:02 EST 20th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Histopathological Tumor Characteristics Associated with False Negative Axillary" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

Histopathological and Tumor Characteristics Associated with False Negative Axillary Ultrasonography Results in Breast Cancer.

As the false-negative rates of axillary ultrasonography (AUS) (21%-48%) are not optimal, the demand for axillary surgery remains even if AUS is negative. The aim of this study is to determine the histopathological and tumor characteristics associated with false-negative AUS results.

Evaluating the preoperative breast cancer characteristics affecting the accuracy of axillary ultrasound staging.

We evaluate the preoperative breast cancer (BC) characteristics that affect the diagnostic accuracy of axillary ultrasound (US) and determine the reliability of US in the different subgroups of BC patients. Axillary US assessments in women with invasive BC diagnosed between 2009 and 2016 in a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnostic accuracy of axillary US was obtained using surgical nodal histology as the gold standard. Preoperative breast tumor sonographic and histological factors ...

Spontaneous regression of occult breast cancer with axillary lymph node metastasis: A case report.

Spontaneous regression of a malignant tumor is defined as "the partial or complete disappearance of a malignant tumor in the absence of any treatment." Herein, we report a case of occult breast cancer with axillary lymph node metastasis that showed spontaneous tumor regression based on the histopathological findings.

A case of a FilmArray ME false negative in meningococcal meningitisA case of a FilmArray ME false negative in meningococcal meningitis.

The FilmArray® meningitis/encephalitis panel detects the 14 most frequent pathogens causing meningitis and/or encephalitis. The cases of FilmArray´s false negative in bacterial meningitis are rarely described in the literature. We are reporting a case of a false negative FilmArray® result for N.meningitidis and how we managed to overcome this situation.

Axillary Lymph Node Ultrasound Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Biopsy-Proven Node-Positive Breast Cancer: Results from the SN FNAC Study.

The sentinel node biopsy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (SN FNAC) study has shown that in node-positive (N+) breast cancer, sentinel node biopsy (SNB) can be performed following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), with a low false negative rate (FNR = 8.4%). A secondary endpoint of the SN FNAC study was to determine whether axillary ultrasound (AxUS) could predict axillary pathological complete response (ypN0) and increase the accuracy of SNB.

Is it always necessary to perform an axillary lymph node dissection on patients undergoing neoadjuvant therapy? Outcomes of a retrospective study.

Some Trials have demonstrated that the rate of false negative results of a sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy is >10%. The aim of this study is to identify the predictive factors of a pathologic complete response in the axilla in order to make a better choice between the performance of an axillary lymphadenectomy or the performance of a sentinel lymph node biopsy.

Predicting Axillary Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy: Breast MRI and US in Patients with Node-Positive Breast Cancer.

Background In patients who are expected to achieve axillary pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), omission of axillary lymph node (LN) dissection could prevent morbidity and complications. Purpose To develop a clinical model to predict residual axillary LN metastasis in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer after NAC by using MRI and US. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, women with clinically node-positive breast cancer who were treated with...

Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Solid Breast Lesions With Ultrasound: Factors Associated With False-negative and False-positive Results.

To investigate factors that may lead to false-positive or false-negative results in a computer-aided diagnostic system (S-Detect; Samsung Medison Co, Ltd, Seoul, Korea) for ultrasound (US) examinations of solid breast lesions.

Factors associated with false negative and false positive results of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and the impact on patient health: Cohort study protocol.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the main tool for early detection, risk stratification and monitoring of prostate cancer (PCa). However, there are controversies about the use of PSA as a population screening test because of the high potential for overdiagnosis and overtreatment associated. The net benefit of screening is unclear and according to the available recommendations, it should be offered to well-informed men with an adequate health status and a life-expectancy of at least 10 years or to men at e...

MRI evaluation of axillary and intramammary lymph nodes in the postoperative period.

Our study aimed to evaluate if breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant treatment could affect the morphological features of axillary and intramammary lymph nodes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with invasive breast cancer and clinically negative axilla. In this single-center study, we retrospectively evaluated 50 patients who had (a) breast-conserving surgery, (b) clinically negative axilla, (c) preoperative MRI within 3 months before surgery, and (d) postoperative MRI within 12 months afte...

Mutational status of BRAF and histopathological characteristics in cutaneous malignant melanoma.

Malignant melanoma (MM) is the more aggressive form of skin cancer with a mortality rate in Argentina 1997-2001 = 1.1/100 000 in men and 0.6 in women. BRAF proto-oncogene is focus of intense research; its mutation is one of the main tumor promoters and occurs in approximately 50% of MM. Several drugs with clinical activity on BRAF mutations have been approved. The aim of the study is to evaluate the mutational status of BRAF (exon 15) in cutaneous MM biopsies and its relationship with histopathological char...

Development and validation of the Axillary Sweating Daily Diary: a patient-reported outcome measure to assess axillary sweating severity.

Hyperhidrosis is estimated to affect ~ 4.8% of the US population, and most patients experience a negative psychological impact. Here, we describe development and psychometric evaluation of a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure to assess severity of axillary hyperhidrosis in clinical trials that meets current U.S. regulatory standards to support product approvals.

Axillary dissection in sentinel lymph node positive breast cancer: Is the staging information worthwhile for patients?

The Z0011 randomized trial demonstrated no significant difference in axillary recurrence rate or survival with or without axillary dissection in patients with a positive sentinel node biopsy. However, there is continuing controversy regarding the generalizability of its results, and axillary dissection provides additional pathologic staging information that may guide adjuvant therapy. Thus, axillary dissection after positive sentinel node biopsy is being further investigated in an actively recruiting random...

False Negative D Vitamin Measurement in LC-MS/MS Method Due to Hyperlipidemia: Case Report.

Lipemia can influence laboratory test results by different mechanisms. Although the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is considered the reference method for 25(OH)D3, some compounds (carbohydrate, lipids, proteins, etc.) in the blood may cause a false result indicating a negative or positive deviation rate from the correct blood level of the test.

Heterogeneous Responses of Axillary Lymph Node Metastases to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy are Common and Depend on Breast Cancer Subtype.

The objective of this study was to analyze heterogeneous responses of axillary lymph node metastasis to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and to determine to what extent they differ between tumor subtypes (TN, HER2+, HR+/HER2-).

Limited clinical significance of tissue calprotectin levels in bowel mucosa for the prediction of complicated course of the disease in children with ulcerative colitis.

Fecal calprotectin (F-CPT) represents one of the most widely used biomarkers for intestinal inflammation. However, the levels may be false negative or false positive in some situations.

Analysis of the histopathological features of recurrent retinoblastoma after vitrectomy.

To analyze the histopathological features and histopathological risk factors (HRF) of tumor recurrence after vitrectomy in patients with retinoblastoma (RB). Retrospective case series. Twenty-nine patients (29 eyes) who underwent enucleation from April 2014 to April 2019 at the Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University due to tumor recurrence after vitrectomy in the other hospitals were enrolled and archived. The pathological sectio...

The role of expectancies and emotional load in false auditory perceptions among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Cognitive models suggest that top-down and emotional processes increase false perceptions in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). However, little is still known about the interaction of these processes in false auditory perceptions. The present study aimed at investigating the specific as well as joint impacts of expectancies and emotional load on false auditory perceptions in SSD. Thirty-three patients with SSD and 33 matched healthy controls were assessed with a false perception task. Participants were...

Ectopic breast tissue lesion in axilla: Cytology report of two cases.

Ectopic breast tissue (EBT) predominantly seen along the primitive embryonic milk lines that extend from axilla to groin. Axillary breast tissue is one of the common variant of EBT seen in 2% to 6% of women. Phyllodes tumour in EBT is uncommon. The various cystic, inflammatory and neoplastic lesions may occur in EBT similar to breast counterpart. Therefore, EBT should be carefully investigated as it may affect the management of the patient. We report two cases (axillary phyllodes tumour and axillary fibroad...

Risk factors for axillary lymph node metastases in clinical stage T1-2N0M0 breast cancer patients.

Axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) is commonly the earliest detectable clinical manifestation of breast cancer when distant metastasis emerges. This study aimed to explore the influencing factors of ALNM and develop models that can predict its occurrence preoperatively.Cases of sonographically visible clinical stage T1-2N0M0 breast cancers treated with breast and axillary surgery at West China Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed ...

There is no item vs. I wish there were an item: Implicit negation causes false recall just as well as explicit negation.

When talking about absence, we may express it in a negative statement (using explicit negation e.g. I was not) or in a positive statement (using implicit negation e.g. I wished I were). Previous research has shown that explicitly negated statements may cause false recall-negated items may paradoxically be remembered as present. The current study compares false recall caused by implicit and explicit negation. Participants listened to a recording in which some objects were mentioned as present, some as absent...

Molecular characterization and diagnostic criteria of renal cell carcinoma with emphasis on liquid biopsies.

: The current WHO classification of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is based on the 2013 International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia. Over the past 6 years, important genomic and transcriptomic studies performed on RCC reported a comprehensive molecular description of RCC pathogenic alterations. Such molecular findings pave the way for an integrated classification, based on histopathology aspects and molecular alterations in order to personalize the clinical m...

Blockage of immune checkpoint molecules increases T cell priming potential of dendritic cell vaccine.

Dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer immunotherapy is one of the most important anti-cancer immunotherapies, which has been associated with variable efficiencies in different cancer types. It is well-known that tumor microenvironment plays a key role in the efficacy of various immunotherapies such as DC vaccine. Accordingly, the expression of PD-L1 on DCs, which interacts with PD-1 on T cells leads to inhibition of anti-tumor responses following presentation of tumor antigens by DCs to T cells. Therefore, we hy...

Oral lichen planus and oral lichenoid lesions - an analysis of clinical and histopathological features.

In the oral mucosa, a precise classification of inflammatory lesions with a histopathological lichenoid inflammation represents a diagnostic challenge. Oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) share several clinical and histopathological characteristics, therefore it is often difficult to distinguish between them. However, considering that the pathophysiologic mechanisms and the treatment approach of OLP and OLL are different, an early distinction of between these two diseases is meaningful...

Patterns of Axillary Management in Stages 2 and 3 Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer by Initial Treatment Approach.

Data regarding axillary management after neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) are lacking. This study examined axillary management of hormone receptor-positive (HR+) patients based on initial treatment with NET, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), or upfront surgery.

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