PubMed Journals Articles About "Human Genome Sequencing CenterBaylor College Medicine" RSS

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Showing "Human Genome Sequencing centerBaylor college Medicine" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

CORRIGENDUM: What are people willing to pay for whole-genome sequencing information, and who decides what they receive?

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/gim.2016.61.

Whole genome sequencing of a CTX-M-11-encoding and quinolone non-susceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae ST194 isolated from a hospitalized dog in Greece.

The emergence and spread of transferable beta-lactamases among the Enterobacteriaceae is a major problem to both human and veterinary medicine and an important contributing factor to the development of multi-drug-resistant bacterial strains. In the present study, we performed the whole genome sequencing of a Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to first and second generation cephalosporins and non-susceptible to fluoroquinolones, isolated from a urine sample of a hospitalized dog.

Whole Genome Sequencing in Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified common variants associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) offers comprehensive coverage of the entire genome compared with genotyping arrays or exome sequencing.

Germline and somatic variant identification using BGISEQ-500 and HiSeq X Ten whole genome sequencing.

Technological innovation and increased affordability have contributed to the widespread adoption of genome sequencing technologies in biomedical research. In particular large cancer research consortia have embraced next generation sequencing, and have used the technology to define the somatic mutation landscape of multiple cancer types. These studies have primarily utilised the Illumina HiSeq platforms. In this study we performed whole genome sequencing of three malignant pleural mesothelioma and matched no...

High Whole-Genome Sequence Diversity of Human Papillomavirus Type 18 Isolates.

The most commonly found human papillomavirus (HPV) types in cervical cancer are HPV16 and HPV18. Genome variants of these types have been associated with differential carcinogenic potential. To date, only a handful of studies have described HPV18 whole genome sequencing results. Here we describe HPV18 variant diversity and conservation of persistent infections in a longitudinal retrospective cohort study.

Long-read whole genome sequencing and comparative analysis of six strains of the human pathogen Orientia tsutsugamushi.

Orientia tsutsugamushi is a clinically important but neglected obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen of the Rickettsiaceae family that causes the potentially life-threatening human disease scrub typhus. In contrast to the genome reduction seen in many obligate intracellular bacteria, early genetic studies of Orientia have revealed one of the most repetitive bacterial genomes sequenced to date. The dramatic expansion of mobile elements has hampered efforts to generate complete genome sequences using shor...

Clinical-grade validation of whole genome sequencing reveals robust detection of low-frequency variants and copy number alterations in CLL.

The 100 000 Genome Project aims to develop a diagnostics platform by introducing whole genome sequencing (WGS) into clinical practice. Samples from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia were subjected to WGS. WGS detection of single nucleotide variants and insertion/deletions were validated by targeted next generation sequencing showing high concordance (96·3%), also for detection of sub-clonal variants and low-frequency TP53 variants. Copy number alteration detection was verified by fluorescent in...

How Primary Care Providers Talk to Patients about Genome Sequencing Results: Risk, Rationale, and Recommendation.

Genomics will play an increasingly prominent role in clinical medicine.

Genome-by-genome approach for fast bacterial genealogical relationship evaluation.

Large-scale whole-genome sequencing (WGS) dataset based studies are becoming increasingly common in pathogen surveillance and outbreak investigations. A highly discriminative and time-efficient bioinformatics tool is needed to transform large amounts of sequencing data into usable biological information. To replace the intuitive, yet inefficient, way of gene-by-gene allele calling algorithm, a new algorithm using genome-by-genome approach was developed.

Single molecule sequencing of the M13 virus genome without amplification.

Next generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized life sciences research. However, GC bias and costly, time-intensive library preparation make NGS an ill fit for increasing sequencing demands in the clinic. A new class of third-generation sequencing platforms has arrived to meet this need, capable of directly measuring DNA and RNA sequences at the single-molecule level without amplification. Here, we use the new GenoCare single-molecule sequencing platform from Direct Genomics to sequence the genome of th...

Whole genome sequencing and mutation rate analysis of trios with paternal dioxin exposure.

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or dioxin, is commonly considered the most toxic man-made substance. Dioxin exposure impacts human health and diseases, birth defects and teratogenesis were frequently observed in children of persons who have been exposed to dioxin. However, the impact of dioxin on human mutation rate in trios has not yet been elucidated in the whole genome level. To identify and characterize the genetic alterations in the individuals exposed to dioxin, we perfomed whole genome seq...

Precision Medicine, Genome Sequencing, and Improved Population Health.

findGSE: estimating genome size variation within human and Arabidopsis using k-mer frequencies.

Analyzing k-mer frequencies in whole-genome sequencing data is becoming a common method for estimating genome size (GS). However, it remains uninvestigated how accurate the method is, especially if it can capture intra-species GS variation.

Genome of Leptospira borgpetersenii strain 4E, a highly virulent isolate obtained from Mus musculus in southern Brazil.

A previous study by our group reported the isolation and characterisation of Leptospira borgpetersenii serogroup Ballum strain 4E. This strain is of particular interest because it is highly virulent in the hamster model. In this study, we performed whole-genome shotgun genome sequencing of the strain using the SOLiD sequencing platform. By assembling and analysing the new genome, we were able to identify novel features that have been previously overlooked in genome annotations of other strains belonging to ...

A decade of genome sequencing has revolutionized studies of experimental evolution.

Genome sequencing has revolutionized studies using experimental evolution of microbes because it readily provides comprehensive insight into the genetic bases of adaptation. In this perspective we discuss applications of sequencing-based technologies used to study evolution in microbes, including genomic sequencing of isolated evolved clones and mixed evolved populations, and also the use of sequencing methods to follow the fate of introduced variations, whether neutral barcodes or variants introduced by ge...

Whole-Genome Bisulfite Sequencing for the Analysis of Genome-Wide DNA Methylation and Hydroxymethylation Patterns at Single-Nucleotide Resolution.

The analysis of genome-wide epigenomic alterations including DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation has become a subject of intensive research for many biological and disease-associated investigations. Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) using next-generation sequencing technologies is currently considered as the gold standard for a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of DNA methylation throughout the genome. However, bisulfite conversion does not allow distinguishing between cytosine methylation a...

Genome-first findings require precision phenotyping.

Shared decision making: Implications for return of results from whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing.

In this issue, Kaphingst and colleagues report on young breast cancer patient's preferences for learning about various results from genomic sequencing. In our commentary, we discuss the results in light of the burgeoning clinical use of whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing (WES/WGS). In particular, we consider findings in the context of a Shared Decision Making approach to return of results. We also identify additional important factors to consider that may influence patient preferences that were largely...

Simultaneous Mapping and Quantitation of Ribonucleotides in Human Mitochondrial DNA.

Established approaches to estimate the number of ribonucleotides present in a genome are limited to the quantitation of incorporated ribonucleotides using short synthetic DNA fragments or plasmids as templates and then extrapolating the results to the whole genome. Alternatively, the number of ribonucleotides present in a genome may be estimated using alkaline gels or Southern blots. More recent in vivo approaches employ Next-generation sequencing allowing genome-wide mapping of ribonucleotides, providing t...

Single molecule sequencing-guided scaffolding and correction of draft assemblies.

Although single molecule sequencing is still improving, the lengths of the generated sequences are inevitably an advantage in genome assembly. Prior work that utilizes long reads to conduct genome assembly has mostly focused on correcting sequencing errors and improving contiguity of de novo assemblies.

Draft Genome Sequencing of Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase Enterobacter aerogenes Isolates from Swine and Human.

The draft genome sequences of two Enterobacter aerogenes HN503E2II and PN108E5IIB isolated from two Cameroonian abattoirs, are reported here.

Analytical "bake-off" of whole genome sequencing quality for the Genome Russia project using a small cohort for autoimmune hepatitis.

A comparative analysis of whole genome sequencing (WGS) and genotype calling was initiated for ten human genome samples sequenced by St. Petersburg State University Peterhof Sequencing Center and by three commercial sequencing centers outside of Russia. The sequence quality, efficiency of DNA variant and genotype calling were compared with each other and with DNA microarrays for each of ten study subjects. We assessed calling of SNPs, indels, copy number variation, and the speed of WGS throughput promised. ...

Concordance of mitochondrial DNA sequencing methods on bloodstains using Ion PGM™.

In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome (mtGenome) of six samples from three forensic cases was sequenced using the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM). The analyzed samples from forensic cases included bloodstains from several materials, such as gauze, Flinder's Technology Associates (FTA) cards and swabs. The age of the samples ranged from two months to twelve years. The complete mtGenomes were amplified using the tiling sequencing strategy which divided the whole mtGenome into 162 amplicon...

Assessing Asthma Medication Responses in US Minority Children by Whole-genome Sequencing.

Defining Regulatory Elements in the Human Genome Using Nucleosome Occupancy and Methylome Sequencing (NOMe-Seq).

NOMe-seq (nucleosome occupancy and methylome sequencing) identifies nucleosome-depleted regions that correspond to promoters, enhancers, and insulators. The NOMe-seq method is based on the treatment of chromatin with the M.CviPI methyltransferase, which methylates GpC dinucleotides that are not protected by nucleosomes or other proteins that are tightly bound to the chromatin (GpCdoes not occur in the human genome and therefore there is no endogenous background of GpC). Following bisulfite treatment of the ...

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