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Showing "Huntington Bancshares Incorporated" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 156

Premanifest Huntington's disease: Examination of oculomotor abnormalities in clinical practice.

Different oculomotor abnormalities have been reported to occur in premanifest Huntington's disease. The aim of this study is to investigate which oculomotor items of the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) are affected in premanifest individuals compared to healthy controls, and if CAG repeat length and age are correlated with oculomotor abnormalities in premanifest Huntington's disease gene carriers.

Selected health and lifestyle factors, cytosine-adenine-guanine status, and phenoconversion in Huntington's disease.

In Huntington's disease, 60% of the variance in onset age is not explained by the huntingtin gene mutation. Huntington's disease onset was earlier in caffeine users.

Families Affected by Huntington's Disease Report Difficulties in Communication, Emotional Involvement, and Problem Solving.

Family functioning in Huntington's disease (HD) is known from previous studies to be adversely affected. However, which aspects of family functioning are disrupted is unknown, limiting the empirical basis around which to create supportive interventions.

Enhanced retinal responses in Huntington's disease patients.

Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by chorea, cognitive impairment and psychiatric symptoms. Retinal examination of HD patients as well as in HD animal models have shown evidence of retinal dysfunction. However, a detailed retinal study employing clinically available measurement tools has not been reported to date in HD.

Physical Therapy and Exercise Interventions in Huntington's Disease: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review.

A number of studies evaluating physical therapy and exercise interventions in Huntington's disease have been conducted over the past 15 years. However, an assessment of the quality and strength of the evidence in support of these interventions is lacking.

Analysis of Participant Withdrawal in Huntington Disease Clinical Trials.

Cerebrospinal fluid sCD27 levels indicate active T cell-mediated inflammation in premanifest Huntington's disease.

Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, but evidence also suggests neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis. The immune mechanisms involved and the timing of their activation need further clarification.

Clinical Trials Corner: September 2017.

Clinical Trials Corner of Journal of Huntington's Disease will regularly review ongoing and recently completed clinical trials in Huntington's disease. In this inaugural issue, we list all currently registered and ongoing clinical trials, expand on LEGATO-HD and IONIS-HTTRx, and cover two recently finished trials: Amaryllis and Pride-HD.

Reliability and Validity of the HD-PRO-TriadTM, a Health-Related Quality of Life Measure Designed to Assess the Symptom Triad of Huntington's Disease.

Huntington's disease (HD), is a neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with cognitive, behavioral, and motor impairments that diminish health related quality of life (HRQOL). The HD-PRO-TRIADTM is a quality of life measure that assesses health concerns specific to individuals with HD. Preliminary psychometric characterization was limited to a convenience sample of HD participants who completed measures at home so clinician-ratings were unavailable.

Utilization of hospice services in a population of patients with Huntington's Disease.

Although the early and middle stages of Huntington's Disease (HD) and its complications have been well described, less is known about the course of late-stage illness. In particular, little is known about the population of patients who enroll in hospice.

Rating scales for cognition in Huntington's disease: Critique and recommendations.

Cognitive impairment is one of the main features of Huntington's disease and is present across the disease spectrum. As part of the International Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorder Society-sponsored project to review all clinical rating scales used in Huntington's disease, a systematic review of the literature was performed to identify cognitive scales used in Huntington's disease and make recommendations for their use. A total of 17 cognitive scales were identified and evaluated. None of the scales ...

Predictive testing of minors for Huntington's disease: The UK and Netherlands experiences.

A consistent feature of predictive testing guidelines for Huntington's disease (HD) is the recommendation not to undertake predictive tests on those

Pilot Validation of Ambulatory Activity Monitors for Sleep Measurement in Huntington's Disease Gene Carriers.

Sleep disturbance occurs early in Huntington's disease (HD). Consumer- and research-grade activity monitors may enable routine assessment of sleep disturbances in HD. We compared Actiwatch Spectrum Pro, Jawbone UP2 and Fitbit One to the gold standard, polysomnography, in four late presymptomatic and three early HD participants. Compared to polysomnography, all ambulatory monitors overestimated total sleep time by >60 minutes and sleep efficiency by ∼15%. Thus, for assessment of specific sleep parameters i...

Grey matter volume loss is associated with specific clinical motor signs in Huntington's disease.

Motor disturbances are clinical hallmarks of Huntington's disease (HD) and involve chorea, dystonia, hypokinesia and visuomotor dysfunction. Investigating the association between specific motor signs and different regional volumes is important to understand the heterogeneity of HD.

Alterations in mRNA 3' UTR Isoform Abundance Accompany Gene Expression Changes in Human Huntington's Disease Brains.

The huntingtin gene has two mRNA isoforms that differ in their 3' UTR length. The relationship of these isoforms with Huntington's disease is not established. We provide evidence that the abundance of huntingtin 3' UTR isoforms differs between patient and control neural stem cells, fibroblasts, motor cortex, and cerebellum. Huntingtin 3' UTR isoforms, including a mid-3' UTR isoform, have different localizations, half-lives, polyA tail lengths, microRNA sites, and RNA-binding protein sites. Isoform shifts in...

Auditory dysfunction in patients with Huntington's disease.

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal, dominantly inherited, neurodegenerative disease. The main clinical features are motor impairment, progressive cognitive deterioration and behavioral changes. The aim of our study was to find out whether patients with HD suffer from disorders of the auditory system.

Quantification of huntingtin protein species in Huntington's disease patient leukocytes using optimised electrochemiluminescence immunoassays.

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative condition caused by an expanded CAG repeat in the gene encoding huntingtin (HTT). Optimizing peripheral quantification of huntingtin throughout the course of HD is valuable not only to illuminate the natural history and pathogenesis of disease, but also to detect peripheral effects of drugs in clinical trial.

Huntington Mice Demonstrate Diminished Pain Response in Inflammatory Pain Model.

Huntington disease (HD) affects the nervous system and leads to mental and motor dysfunction. Previous studies have shown that HD is caused by the exon 1 region of the huntingtin (HTT) gene having expanded CAG trinucleotide repeats. However, few studies have focused on the relationship between HD and pain. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between HD and pain response.

Huntington's Disease and Diabetes: Chronological Sequence of its Association.

Although Huntington's disease (HD) is primarily considered a rare neurodegenerative disorder, it has been linked to glucose metabolism alterations and diabetes, as has been described in other neuro syndromes such as Friedreich's ataxia or Alzheimer's disease. This review surveys the existing literature on HD and its potential relationship with diabetes, glucose metabolism-related indexes and pancreas morphology, in humans and in animal's models. The information is reported in chronological sequence. That is...

Cognitive decline in Huntington's disease expansion gene carriers.

In Huntington's Disease (HD) cognitive decline can occur before unequivocal motor signs become apparent. As cognitive decline often starts early in the course of the disease and has a progressive nature over time, cognition can be regarded as a key target for symptomatic treatment. The specific progressive profile of cognitive decline over time is unknown.

Suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior according to the C-SSRS in a European cohort of Huntington's disease gene expansion carriers.

Huntington's disease (HD) gene expansion carriers are at an increased risk of suicide, but so far, no studies have investigated the full spectrum of suicidality, including suicidal ideation, suicidal behavior and self-injurious behavior.

The Neuropsychology of Huntington's Disease.

Huntington's disease is an inherited, degenerative brain disease, characterized by involuntary movements, cognitive disorder and neuropsychiatric change. Men and women are affected equally. Symptoms emerge at around 40 years, although there is wide variation. A rare juvenile form has onset in childhood or adolescence. The evolution of disease is insidious and structural and functional brain changes may be present more than a decade before symptoms and signs become manifest. The earliest site of pathology is...

Hope for Huntington's disease patients: first clinical gene silencing study in progress.

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant inherited neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor, psychiatric and cognitive symptoms for which as yet no causal treatment is available. It has a prevalence of 1 : 10 000 in Germany. Its cause is a mutation in the Huntington gene (CAG-repeat). The mutation induces a polyglutamine expansion in the huntingtin protein (HTT). Mutant HTT (mHTT) has cytotoxic properties, aggregates in the cell and leads to complex pathophysiological disturbances ...

A novel ex vivo Huntington's disease model for studying GABAergic neurons and cell grafts by laser microdissection.

Organotypic brain slice cultures have been recently used to study neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease (HD). They preserve brain three-dimensional architecture, synaptic connectivity and brain cells microenvironment. Here, we developed an innovative model of Huntington's disease from coronal rat brain slices, that include all the areas involved in the pathology. HD-like neurodegeneration was obtained in only one week, in a single step, during organotypic slice pre...

Retinal single-layer analysis with optical coherence tomography shows inner retinal layer thinning in Huntington's disease as a potential biomarker.

There have been ongoing clinical trials of therapeutic agents in Huntington's disease (HD) which requires development of reliable biomarkers of disease progression. There have been studies in the literature with conflicting results on the involvement of retina in HD, and up to date there is not a study evaluating the single retinal layers in HD. We aimed to evaluate the specific retinal changes in HD and their usability as potential disease progression markers.

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