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PubMed Journals Articles About "Hydrocortisone" RSS

01:59 EDT 18th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Hydrocortisone PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Hydrocortisone articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Hydrocortisone news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Hydrocortisone Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Hydrocortisone for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Hydrocortisone Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Hydrocortisone Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Hydrocortisone" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31

Stability of an Alcohol-free, Dye-free Hydrocortisone (2 mg/mL) Compounded Oral Suspension.

The stability of hydrocortisone in a commercially available dye-free oral vehicle was monitored to establish a beyond-use date for hydrocortisone oral suspension 2 mg/mL. Hydrocortisone oral suspension (2 mg/mL) was prepared from 10-mg tablets in a dye-free oral vehicle (Oral Mix, Medisca) and stored at 4°C and 25°C for 90 days in amber, plastic prescription bottles and oral syringes. The suspendability and dose repeatability of the oral suspension were evaluated. The solubility of hydrocortisone in the d...


Content uniformity of quartered hydrocortisone tablets in comparison with mini-tablets for paediatric dosing.

Children requiring cortisol replacement therapy are often prescribed hydrocortisone doses of 2.5 mg, but as this is commercially unavailable 10 mg tablets, with functional break lines, are split commonly in an attempt to deliver the correct dose. This study aimed to determine the dose variation obtained from quartered hydrocortisone tablets when different operators performed the splitting procedure and to ascertain whether better uniformity could be attained from mini-tablets as an alternative formulati...

Hydrocortisone plus Fludrocortisone for Adults with Septic Shock.

Background Septic shock is characterized by dysregulation of the host response to infection, with circulatory, cellular, and metabolic abnormalities. We hypothesized that therapy with hydrocortisone plus fludrocortisone or with drotrecogin alfa (activated), which can modulate the host response, would improve the clinical outcomes of patients with septic shock. Methods In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design, we evaluated the effect of hydrocortisone-plus-fludrocort...


Should all patients with adrenal insufficiency or a subgroup of patients with pre-diabetes be treated with dual-release hydrocortisone ?

Guarnotta et al. compare the effects of dual-release (DR) hydrocortisone 36 months' treatment in 13 patients with primary adrenal insufficiency and 36 with secondary adrenal insufficiency, compared to conventional glucocorticoid treatment. A retrospective evaluation was conducted on the effects of 36 months of DR hydrocortisone therapy on visceral adiposity, insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity. Forty-nine patients with adrenal insufficiency were recruited. This article is protected by copyright. All ...

The effect of hydrocortisone administration on intertemporal choice.

Intertemporal choices - decisions involving trade-offs of outcomes at different points in time - are often made under stress. Stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in the release of corticosteroids. Recent studies provide evidence that corticosteroids can induce rapid non-genomic effects focused on immediate resolution of the stressful situation, followed by slower genomic effects focused on long-term recovery after stress. It remains unknown, however, how corticosteroids...

In Vitro Evaluation of Cocoa Pod Husk Pectin as a Carrier for Chronodelivery of Hydrocortisone Intended for Adrenal Insufficiency.

This study evaluated the in vitro potential of cocoa pod husk (CPH) pectin as a carrier for chronodelivery of hydrocortisone intended for adrenal insufficiency. FTIR studies found no drug-CPH pectin interactions, and chemometric analysis showed that pure hydrocortisone bears closer similarity to hydrocortisone in hot water soluble pectin (HWSP) than hydrocortisone in citric acid soluble pectin (CASP). CPH pectin-based hydrocortisone matrix tablets (~300 mg) were prepared by direct compression and wet gran...

Is the Skin Absorption of Hydrocortisone Modified by the Variability in Dosing Topical Products?

Fingertip units have been proposed as a tool to standardize topical therapy with semisolid formulations. However, no studies to date have characterized the variability in dosing by patients using this concept and whether this variability ultimately affects the topical absorption of drugs. This work aimed to answer these two questions. A first study determined the dose measured, the area of spread and the area-normalized dose for a 1% hydrocortisone cream and ointment applied by members of the public using t...

Vanishing 17-Hydroxyprogesterone Concentrations in 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency.

We present a boy with a genetically proven congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. While massively elevated 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) concentrations after birth led to the diagnosis, 17-OHP concentrations became immeasurable starting with the second year of life even though the dose of hydrocortisone was continuously decreased to ∼7 mg/m2/day. Furthermore, 17-OHP levels were immeasurable during the ACTH test and after withdrawing hydrocortisone medication. In contrast,...

Multiple Low Doses of Intravenous Corticosteroids to Improve Early Rehabilitation in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Low doses of corticosteroids have been proved to be effective in decreasing the inflammatory cytokines and relieving the pain. However, the optimal dosage of corticosteroids in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is undetermined. A total of 103 patients were randomly divided into three groups. Group A containing 32 patients received normal saline. Group B including 36 patients used two doses of 100 mg hydrocortisone, given 2 hours before and 8 hours after surgery. Group C involving 35 patients received four dos...

A Role for Hydrocortisone Therapy in Septic Shock?

Addisonian Crisis - Risk Assessment and Appropriate Treatment.

An adrenal crisis (Addisonian crisis) is an acute life-threatening complication of adrenal insufficiency. It occurs when hydrocortisone demand is not met by supplementation in the context of an infection - often gastrointestinal, fever, trauma, acute psychological or physical stress. Symptoms of weakness, nausea, muscle/joint pain and drowsiness may develop out of robust health within few hours. If overlooked, treated too late, with insufficient dose or route of application, there exists a considerable risk...

A rare cause of neonatal hypoglycemia in two siblings: TBX19 gene mutation.

Congenital isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency (IAD) is a rarely seen disease characterized by low serum ACTH and cortisol levels accompanied by normal levels of the other anterior pituitary hormones. In these patients, severe hypoglycemia, convulsions, and prolonged cholestatic jaundice are expected findings in the neonatal period. In this paper, we present two siblings with TBX19 gene mutation. The first case was investigated at the age of 2 months for severe hypoglycemia, recurrent co...

Human studies on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.

The daily rhythm of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is regulated by the central clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Cortisol, a glucocorticoid, acts as a secondary messenger between the central clock and the peripheral tissues. Changes in clock time, as seen in shift workers, alters the HPA axis and results in metabolic disturbances associated with ill health. Depression, anorexia nervosa and obstructive sleep apnoea, are associated with cortisol rhythm phase shifts and increased cortisol exp...

Dynamic changes of central thyroid functions in the management of Cushing's syndrome.

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of central thyroid dysfunctions in Cushing's syndrome (CS). We also aimed to evaluate the frequency of hyperthyroidism due to the syndrome of the inappropriate secretion of TSH (SITSH), which was recently defined in patients with insufficient hydrocortisone replacement after surgery.

Smart gated magnetic silica mesoporous particles for targeted colon drug delivery: New approaches for inflammatory bowel diseases treatment.

Magnetic mesoporous silica microparticles were loaded with safranin O (S1) and with hydrocortisone (S2) and the outer surface functionalized with a bulky azo derivative bearing urea moieties. Aqueous suspensions of both solids at pH 7.4 showed negligible payload release whereas a marked delivery was observed in the presence of sodium dithionite due to the rupture of the azo bonds. Besides, a moderate cargo release was observed at acidic pH due to the hydrolysis of the urea bonds that linked the azo deriva...

Adrenocortical Stress Response during the Course of Critical Illness.

Critically ill patients have elevated plasma cortisol concentrations, in proportion to illness severity. This was traditionally attributed exclusively to a central activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis. However, low rather than high plasma ACTH concentrations have been reported in critically ill patients, with loss of diurnal ACTH and cortisol rhythm. Low ACTH together with high cortisol is referred to as "ACTH-cortisol dissociation." Although cortisol production is somewhat increased with inflammat...

Anaphylactic reaction/angioedema associated with jellyfish sting.

The most frequent jellyfish in Southern Brazil causes mainly local pain and skin plaques. A 3-year-old female bather presented an erythematous, irregular plaque on the left forearm after contact with a jellyfish and intense facial angioedema with facial flushing. The lungs had vesicular murmur, wheezes, and snorts, and pink and spumous secretion in the airways with intercostal retraction. She was administered subcutaneous adrenaline (0.1mg/kg) and hydrocortisone intravenous (10mg/kg) with total recovery in ...

Nonsurgical Management of Persistent and Hemodynamically Significant Patent Ductus Arteriosus among Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis.

 The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nonsurgical approach (with the incorporation of late postnatal hydrocortisone treatment to facilitate extubation) in comparison to the surgical approach for the management of persistent hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) among chronically ventilator-dependent extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.

Rapid Communication: Prolactin and hydrocortisone impact TNFα-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and inflammation of bovine mammary epithelial (MAC-T) cells.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the hormones prolactin (PRL) and hydrocortisone (HC) on bovine mammary alveolar (MAC-T) cells mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inflammatory signaling and inflammatory gene expression. MAC-T cells were cultured in the presence (+PRL +HC; Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium [DMEM] 10% fetal bovine serum, 10 µg/mL of insulin, 100 IU/mL penicillin, 100 µg/mL streptomycin, 1 µg/mL ovine PRL, 0.5 µg/mL HC, and 10 m sodium acetate) or the absence...

Metabolic Syndrome in Hypopituitarism.

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and mortality rates from cardiovascular causes are increased in patients with hypopituitarism. Features of obesity, visceral adiposity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension are common in these patients. Unreplaced growth hormone (GH) deficiency and inadequate replacement of other hormone insufficiencies may be responsible for the adverse body composition and metabolic profile associated with hypopituitarism. Recently, fatty liver disease was added to thi...

Pancytopenia: a rare complication of Graves' disease.

A 27-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency room with complaints of sweating, palpitations, heat intolerance, insomnia and weight loss for the last 3 months. His medical history was significant for hypertension. On examination, he was tachycardic, hypertensive, had tremors of the upper extremities and a smooth goitre with a thyroid bruit. Laboratory assessment revealed a suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone, high free thyroxine and positive thyroid receptor antibodies. Complete blood count s...

Salvage therapy for acute severe ulcerative colitis during pregnancy.

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with an age of onset that affects young people during the peak of their reproductive years. Management of flares of disease during pregnancy can be complex and there are few case reports of pregnant women with acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC). We present the case of a 31-year-old pregnant woman who at 16 weeks gestation developed ASUC in the context of primary non-response to infliximab therapy. She subsequently underwent an emergency lap...

Long QT syndrome and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia due to hypopituitarism. Report of one case.

Symptoms of hypopituitarism are usually chronic and nonspecific, but rarely the disease can have acute and life threatening manifestations. We report a 53 years old female with a pituitary adenoma that was admitted to our hospital because of syncope. The electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia with a prolonged QT interval. Frequent runs of non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia were noted on telemetry. The patient had a history of severe acute headaches in the previous days and laboratory test...

Acute severe ulcerative colitis treated with accelerated infliximab induction. Case report.

Acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires early recognition, hospitalization and adequate treatment. Currently, the use of infliximab in ulcerative colitis (UC) is recommended in the case of severe disease refractory to corticosteroids, once that superimposed bacterial or viral infections (such as cytomegalovirus or Clostridium difficile) have been excluded. However, conventional weight-based regimens of infliximab might be insufficient for patients wit...

Florid Granuloma Annulare-Like Reaction in Regional Lymph Nodes After "Regression" of Red Pigment in Tattoos.

A healthy 50-year-old woman had a tattoo performed on the posterior aspect of her neck and another on the dorsum of her left foot. Several weeks later, she noted redness, tenderness, and intense pruritis at both tattoo sites. Treatment with cephalexin and hydrocortisone cream was instituted, without success. Within a few months, the red, but not black, pigment had disappeared from both tattoos and was replaced by pale areas of scarring. Persistently enlarged left supraclavicular and suboccipital lymph nodes...


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