Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Hydrocortisone" RSS

01:23 EST 24th February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Hydrocortisone PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Hydrocortisone articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Hydrocortisone" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Hydrocortisone news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Hydrocortisone Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Hydrocortisone for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Hydrocortisone Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Hydrocortisone Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Hydrocortisone" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33

Iatrogenic Cushing syndrome in a child with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Erroneous compounding of hydrocortisone.

Patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) require lifelong treatment with glucocorticoids. In growing children the drug of choice is hydrocortisone. Commercially available hydrocortisone tablets do not conform to very low doses prescribed to infants and toddlers, and compounded hydrocortisone is often dispensed to meet therapeutic needs. However, safety, efficacy and uniformity of compounded products are not tested. We report a case of Cushing syndrome in a child with CAH ...


Stability of an Alcohol-free, Dye-free Hydrocortisone (2 mg/mL) Compounded Oral Suspension.

The stability of hydrocortisone in a commercially available dye-free oral vehicle was monitored to establish a beyond-use date for hydrocortisone oral suspension 2 mg/mL. Hydrocortisone oral suspension (2 mg/mL) was prepared from 10-mg tablets in a dye-free oral vehicle (Oral Mix, Medisca) and stored at 4°C and 25°C for 90 days in amber, plastic prescription bottles and oral syringes. The suspendability and dose repeatability of the oral suspension were evaluated. The solubility of hydrocortisone in the d...

The effect of hydrocortisone administration on intertemporal choice.

Intertemporal choices - decisions involving trade-offs of outcomes at different points in time - are often made under stress. Stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in the release of corticosteroids. Recent studies provide evidence that corticosteroids can induce rapid non-genomic effects focused on immediate resolution of the stressful situation, followed by slower genomic effects focused on long-term recovery after stress. It remains unknown, however, how corticosteroids...


In Vitro Evaluation of Cocoa Pod Husk Pectin as a Carrier for Chronodelivery of Hydrocortisone Intended for Adrenal Insufficiency.

This study evaluated the in vitro potential of cocoa pod husk (CPH) pectin as a carrier for chronodelivery of hydrocortisone intended for adrenal insufficiency. FTIR studies found no drug-CPH pectin interactions, and chemometric analysis showed that pure hydrocortisone bears closer similarity to hydrocortisone in hot water soluble pectin (HWSP) than hydrocortisone in citric acid soluble pectin (CASP). CPH pectin-based hydrocortisone matrix tablets (~300 mg) were prepared by direct compression and wet gran...

Is the Skin Absorption of Hydrocortisone Modified by the Variability in Dosing Topical Products?

Fingertip units have been proposed as a tool to standardize topical therapy with semisolid formulations. However, no studies to date have characterized the variability in dosing by patients using this concept and whether this variability ultimately affects the topical absorption of drugs. This work aimed to answer these two questions. A first study determined the dose measured, the area of spread and the area-normalized dose for a 1% hydrocortisone cream and ointment applied by members of the public using t...

Randomized, Controlled Trial of Dexamethasone Versus Dexamethasone Plus Hydrocortisone as Prophylaxis for Hypersensitivity Reactions Due to Paclitaxel Treatment for Gynecologic Cancer.

The aim of this study was to assess intravenous hydrocortisone (HCT) added to standard dexamethasone (DXM) prophylaxis for paclitaxel-associated hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs).

Somatosensory function in patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency treated with two different doses of hydrocortisone-Results from a randomized controlled trial.

Low cortisol levels are associated with several functional pain syndromes. In patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency (SAI), the lack in endogenous cortisol production is substituted by the administration of oral hydrocortisone (HC). Our previous study showed that a lower dose of HC led to an increase in reported subjective pain symptoms. Whether different doses of HC substitution alter somatosensory functioning in SAI patients has not been established yet.

Early hydrocortisone improves survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely preterm born infants.

Locally produced xenin and the neurotensinergic system in pancreatic islet function and β-cell survival.

Modulation of neuropeptide receptors is important for pancreatic β-cell function. Here, islet distribution and effects of the neurotensin (NT) receptor modulators, xenin and NT, was examined. Xenin, but not NT, significantly improved glucose disposal and insulin secretion, in mice. However, both peptides stimulated insulin secretion from rodent β-cells at 5.6 mM glucose, with xenin having similar insulinotropic actions at 16.7 mM glucose. In contrast, NT inhibited glucose-induced insulin secretion. Simila...

Human studies on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.

The daily rhythm of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is regulated by the central clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Cortisol, a glucocorticoid, acts as a secondary messenger between the central clock and the peripheral tissues. Changes in clock time, as seen in shift workers, alters the HPA axis and results in metabolic disturbances associated with ill health. Depression, anorexia nervosa and obstructive sleep apnoea, are associated with cortisol rhythm phase shifts and increased cortisol exp...

Chemical Pathways of Corticosteroids, Industrial Synthesis from Sapogenins.

Corticosteroids are products of high industrial and commercial importance. There are dozens of different synthesis published for all of them. Some are coming from academia and some from industry. Here, industrial processes for the synthesis of prednisone, prednisolone, hydrocortisone, dexamethasone, betamethasone, and methylprednisolone are described. The starting material is diosgenin and the desired molecules are reached due to a good combination of chemistry and biotechnology that was developed along the...

Cardiovascular Drug Therapy for Human Newborn: Review of Pharmacodynamic Data.

Circulatory failure in preterm and term newborn infants is commonly treated with inotropes or vasoactive medications. In this structured literature review, the available data on pharmacodynamic effects of the inotropes adrenaline, dobutamine, dopamine, levosimendan, milrinone, noradrenaline, and the vasoactive drugs vasopressin and hydrocortisone are presented.

Sodium Chloride Supplementation Is Not Routinely Performed in the Majority of German and Austrian Infants with Classic Salt-Wasting Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia and Has No Effect on Linear Growth and Hydrocortisone or Fludrocortisone Dose.

Sodium chloride supplementation in salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is generally recommended in infants, but its implementation in routine care is very heterogeneous.

A comparative analysis of ante- and postnatal clinical characteristics of extremely premature neonates suffering from refractory and non-refractory hypotension: Is early clinical differentiation possible?

About 25% of hypotensive ELBW infants are refractory to intravascular volume expansion and inotropic drugs (VI) and require hydrocortisone (HC). Such neonates suffer from complications of prolonged hypotension and extended therapy with VI. ELBW infants with refractory hypotension (RH) are clinically and biochemically indistinguishable from those who respond to VI.

Adrenocortical Stress Response during the Course of Critical Illness.

Critically ill patients have elevated plasma cortisol concentrations, in proportion to illness severity. This was traditionally attributed exclusively to a central activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis. However, low rather than high plasma ACTH concentrations have been reported in critically ill patients, with loss of diurnal ACTH and cortisol rhythm. Low ACTH together with high cortisol is referred to as "ACTH-cortisol dissociation." Although cortisol production is somewhat increased with inflammat...

Nonsurgical Management of Persistent and Hemodynamically Significant Patent Ductus Arteriosus among Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis.

 The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nonsurgical approach (with the incorporation of late postnatal hydrocortisone treatment to facilitate extubation) in comparison to the surgical approach for the management of persistent hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) among chronically ventilator-dependent extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.

Rapid Communication: Prolactin and hydrocortisone impact TNFα-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and inflammation of bovine mammary epithelial (MAC-T) cells.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the hormones prolactin (PRL) and hydrocortisone (HC) on bovine mammary alveolar (MAC-T) cells mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inflammatory signaling and inflammatory gene expression. MAC-T cells were cultured in the presence (+PRL +HC; Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium [DMEM] 10% fetal bovine serum, 10 µg/mL of insulin, 100 IU/mL penicillin, 100 µg/mL streptomycin, 1 µg/mL ovine PRL, 0.5 µg/mL HC, and 10 m sodium acetate) or the absence...

Recognizing and managing adrenal disorders in the emergency department

Primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency are underrecognized conditions among emergency department patients, affecting an estimated 10% to 20% of critically ill patients. The signs and symptoms of cortisol deficit can be nonspecific and wide-ranging, and identification and swift treatment with stress-dosing of hydrocortisone is vital to avoid life-threatening adrenal crisis. Laboratory evaluation focuses on identification of electrolyte abnormalities typical of adrenal insufficiency, and while additional...

Effect of thyroid hormone on cardiac function following orthotopic heart transplantation in piglets.

Studies in adult HT have demonstrated improved cardiac function in the recipient following administration of T3 to the donor. The purpose of this experiment was to assess the effects of T3 on the function of the immature donor heart following HT in a piglet model. A total of 32 piglets were divided into 16 donors and 16 recipients. Following creation of brain death, half of the donor piglets were randomized to receive three doses of T3 (0.2 μg/kg) along with hydrocortisone (1 mg/kg). The donor hearts wer...

Long QT syndrome and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia due to hypopituitarism. Report of one case.

Symptoms of hypopituitarism are usually chronic and nonspecific, but rarely the disease can have acute and life threatening manifestations. We report a 53 years old female with a pituitary adenoma that was admitted to our hospital because of syncope. The electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia with a prolonged QT interval. Frequent runs of non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia were noted on telemetry. The patient had a history of severe acute headaches in the previous days and laboratory test...

Acute severe ulcerative colitis treated with accelerated infliximab induction. Case report.

Acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires early recognition, hospitalization and adequate treatment. Currently, the use of infliximab in ulcerative colitis (UC) is recommended in the case of severe disease refractory to corticosteroids, once that superimposed bacterial or viral infections (such as cytomegalovirus or Clostridium difficile) have been excluded. However, conventional weight-based regimens of infliximab might be insufficient for patients wit...

Adrenal crisis in metastatic breast cancer.

A female patient with oestrogen receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive invasive lobular breast cancer presented with progressive disease on CT scan. Some days after initiation of antineoplastic chemotherapy and anti-HER2 targeted antibody therapy, the patient presented with profuse diarrhoea, neutropaenia, nausea and weakness. Although Clostridium difficile was rapidly tackled as a causative agent of gastrointestinal complaints, clinical situation did not markedly imp...

Florid Granuloma Annulare-Like Reaction in Regional Lymph Nodes After "Regression" of Red Pigment in Tattoos.

A healthy 50-year-old woman had a tattoo performed on the posterior aspect of her neck and another on the dorsum of her left foot. Several weeks later, she noted redness, tenderness, and intense pruritis at both tattoo sites. Treatment with cephalexin and hydrocortisone cream was instituted, without success. Within a few months, the red, but not black, pigment had disappeared from both tattoos and was replaced by pale areas of scarring. Persistently enlarged left supraclavicular and suboccipital lymph nodes...

Central hypoadrenocorticism associated with Rathke's cleft cyst.

Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs) are non-neoplastic, sellar or suprasellar epithelium-lined cysts originating from Rathke's pouch in the pituitary gland. Patients with RCCs are usually asymptomatic, but some have only been identified when symptoms manifested in middle age. The characteristics of these patients during childhood or adolescence remains unknown. We describe an 18-year-old girl who had occasionally suffered from malicious fatigue in the morning since her early teens. Brain magnetic resonance imaging ...

Intestinal Transit Time and Cortisol-Mediated Stress in Zebrafish.

Intestinal motility, the spontaneous and rhythmic smooth muscle contraction, is a complex process that is regulated by overlapping and redundant regulatory mechanisms. Primary regulators intrinsic to the gastrointestinal tract include interstitial cells of Cajal, enteric neurons, and smooth muscle cells. Extrinsic primary regulators include the autonomic nervous system, immune system, and the endocrine system. Due to this complexity, a reductionist approach may be inappropriate if the ultimate goal is to un...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement