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Showing "Hypertension among born foreign born Hispanic Blacks National" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,200+

Examining potential gaps in supportive medication use for US and foreign-born Hispanic women with breast cancer.

Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanic women are more likely to report pain, depression, and other mental health concerns. However, little is known about Hispanic women's use of supportive medications, and whether use differs depending on nativity (US- vs. foreign-born). This study's objectives were to examine patterns of supportive medication use and investigate potential differences by ethnicity/nativity among women with breast cancer.

Occupational Safety and Health of Foreign-Born, Latinx Dairy Workers in Colorado.

The US dairy industry, which employs foreign-born, primarily Latinx workers, has a two-fold higher injury rate compared to the national average. Little research has been conducted to understand the factors associated with the occupational safety and health (OSH) among foreign-born, Latinx dairy workers.

Intersectional nativity and racial/ethnic disparities in human papillomavirus vaccination initiation among U.S. women: a national population-based study.

Overall, foreign-born women are less likely than U.S.-born women to have initiated human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. However, foreign-born women are a racially/ethnically diverse population, and race/ethnicity is an independent predictor of HPV vaccination.

Racial-ethnic Disparities in Inflammation: Evidence of Weathering in Childhood?

Building on the weathering hypothesis, we advance health disparities research by assessing racial-ethnic differences in low-grade inflammation, a marker of chronic stress exposure, in young children. Using nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ( N = 6,652) and logistic regression, we find an increased risk of low-grade inflammation among Hispanic and African American children compared to white children. The risk of inflammation appears to be stronger for Hi...

Yield of testing and treatment for tuberculosis among foreign-born persons during contact investigations in the United States: A semi-systematic review.

Contact investigation is an important strategy for maintaining control of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States. However, testing and treatment outcomes specifically to foreign-born populations are poorly understood. We reviewed literature on testing and LTBI identified during contact investigations in foreign-born populations living in the US.

Exploring immunisation inequities among migrant and refugee children in New Zealand.

Migrants may experience immunisation inequities compared with the host population related to barriers with accessing immunisations in their home countries, while migrating and/or post-arrival. This retrospective cohort study explored vaccination rates among migrant and non-migrant children in New Zealand (NZ). Linked de-identified data from various government sources from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2015 were analysed using Statistic NZ's Integrated Data Infrastructure. Vaccination rates were compared bet...

Chronic Comorbidities and Receipt of Breast Cancer Screening in United States and Foreign-Born Women: Data from the National Health Interview Survey.

Research is limited on how immigrant status affects provider recommendations and adherence to breast cancer screening among women with chronic conditions. This study examined whether chronic comorbidities are associated with breast cancer screening recommendations and adherence, as well as differences between foreign-born and United States-born women.

Rates and characteristics of suicide by immigration background in Norway.

Suicide mortality among immigrant groups is an important health issue, particularly in countries with growing segments of immigrant populations such as Norway. Through linkage of Norwegian national registers we wanted to estimate suicide rates (per 100,000 population) in immigrant groups and to profile characteristics of suicide by immigration background with respect to sex, age, method and seasonality of suicide as well as time since immigrating to Norway. Among all 11,409 suicides during 1992-2012, 1,139 ...

Racial and ethnic patterning across the birth weight spectrum.

Both low birthweight (4000 g) are considered adverse birth outcomes and are associated with later poor health conditions, yet the social determinants of macrosomia are understudied. In this study, we explore patterning of LBW, normal birthweight, and macrosomia by race/ethnicity and nativity. We examined data from all live births between 1999 and 2014 in New Jersey with a non-missing, plausible value of birthweight (n = 1,609,516). We compared the risk for LBW and macrosomia among non-Hispanic White, ...

Sequential risk of depression in children born prematurely: A nationwide population- based analysis.

Whether children born prematurely are at a high risk of depression is still unknown. The present study examined the risk of depression in children who were born prematurely, by analyzing a national cohort in Taiwan.

Nativity/language, neighborhoods, and teen pregnancy norms among U.S. Hispanics.

This study examined the relation of nativity, language, and neighborhood context to pregnancy norms among U.S. Hispanic teens. We used data from a sample of 972 Hispanic females and 960 Hispanic males from Waves I and II (1994-1996) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) collected in 80 high schools and 52 middle schools across the country. Results indicated that nativity, language, and neighborhood context were related to Hispanic pregnancy norms, although these relat...

Inequality and health among foreign-born latinos in rural borderland communities.

Thousands of Mexicans and Central Americans settle in communities along the borderlands between Mexico and the United States. Many live and work in rural communities characterized by poverty and limited access to basic resources. Drawing on qualitative research, this article reports on inequalities and health among foreign-born Latinos in rural borderland communities. From 2015 to 2016, the study team conducted research in Inland Southern California's Eastern Coachella Valley with Mexican farmworkers, farmw...

Ovarian reserve in adolescent girls born prematurely.

Background The objective was to estimate ovarian reserve in adolescent girls born prematurely. Materials and methods Two hundred adolescent girls aged 15-16 years who were born prematurely and full term were studied with laboratory, ultrasound and statistical methods. Results Statistically significant differences of the main parameters that characterize ovarian reserve in adolescent girls born prematurely compared to those born full term were specified. The levels of estradiol (p = 0.027), anti-Müllerian h...

Childhood body size and midlife mammographic breast density in foreign-born and U.S.-born women in New York City.

We investigated whether childhood body size is associated with midlife mammographic density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer.

Possible approaches to increase longevity of experimental animals.

A statistically significant difference in the cumulative survival of Wistar rats born in different seasons has been shown: animals born in late November - early December had an average lifespan by 24,8% longer, a minimum lifespan by 14,3% longer, and a maximum lifespan by 20,7% longer in comparison with animals born in April. The geroprotective effect of the technique of thymus tissue transplantation into the immune privileged anterior chamber of the eye in animals born both in November and April has been s...

The rim area of the optic nerve head, assessed with Heidelberg retina tomography, is smaller in prematurely born children than in children born at term.

To examine the optic nerve head with Heidelberg tomography (HRT) in prematurely born school-age children and compare them to children born at term.

Where to be born or how to be born.

Cardiovascular Disease Screening Among Immigrants from Eight World Regions.

Inequalities between native-born and foreign-born individuals in screening rates for a variety of conditions have been well-documented in literature on immigrant health. A preponderance of this research focuses on the Latin American case and on cancer-specific screening. This study seeks to expand knowledge of such preventative-health screening differences by analyzing screening rates for blood sugar, blood pressure, and serum cholesterol among nine groups overall and (for immigrants) at various stages of U...

Altered functional network connectivity relates to motor development in children born very preterm.

Individuals born very preterm (

Language in 2-year-old children born preterm and term: a cohort study.

Language skills are critical. Children born very preterm are vulnerable to language problems, but further work is needed to determine characteristics and specific predictors of language problems in this population. We aimed to compare language outcomes between 2-year-old children born

Postcranial skeletal differences in free-range and captive-born primates.

Skeletal morphology is important in evolutionary, genetic, developmental, physiological and functional studies. While samples from free-ranging individuals may be preferable, constraints of sample size, demography, or conservation status may necessitate the inclusion of captive-born individuals. Captivity may be associated with physical, physiological or behavioral differences that may affect skeletal form. This study assesses differences in postcranial skeletal form between free-range and captive-born Maca...

A Review of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacillus that causes tuberculosis of both pulmonary and extrapulmonary sites. Though nationwide 66 percent of reported tuberculosis cases occur in foreign-born individuals, these individuals only contributed to 29 percent of the cases in South Dakota in 2015, whereas most of our cases were found in citizens born in the U.S.1 The South Dakota Department of Health also reported 317 cases of latent tuberculosis in South Dakota in 20151, ma...

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Tobacco Product Use Among Middle and High School Students - United States, 2014-2017.

During the past few decades, wide disparities in tobacco product use have been documented among the largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States (1,2); however, little is known about tobacco product use among youths from racial/ethnic groups other than whites, blacks, and Hispanics. Surveillance reports typically aggregate these racial/ethnic minorities into a single category because of small sample sizes (3). To assess tobacco product use among U.S. middle and high school students from seven racial/et...

The mental health of foreign national prisoners.

Foreign national prisoners include people who are subject to criminal proceedings and have been deprived of their liberty in a state in which they are neither a national nor a resident. In the United Kingdom, they constitute approximately 10,000 individuals and represent around 12% of the total prison population. Significant health disparity exists within the general prison population compared to society at large and foreign national prisoners suffer even higher rates of both physical and mental health diso...

Behavioral Deficits at 18-22 Months of Age Are Associated with Early Cerebellar Injury and Cognitive and Language Performance in Children Born Extremely Preterm.

To investigate associations in toddlers born extremely preterm (

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