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PubMed Journals Articles About "Identification BR101549 Lead Candidate PPAR Agonist Treatment Type" RSS

17:40 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Identification BR101549 Lead Candidate PPAR Agonist Treatment Type PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Identification BR101549 Lead Candidate PPAR Agonist Treatment Type articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Identification BR101549 lead candidate PPAR agonist treatment type" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 48,000+

Identification of BR101549 as a lead candidate of non-TZD PPARγ agonist for the treatment of type 2 diabetes: Proof-of-concept evaluation and SAR.

The new class of PPARgamma non-TZD agonist originally derived from the backbone of anti-hypertensive Fimasartan, BR101549, was identified as a potential lead for anti-diabetic drug development. The X-ray crystallography of BR101549 with PPARgamma ligand binding domain (LBD) revealed unique binding characteristics versus traditional TZD full agonists. The lead candidate, BR101549, has been found activating PPARgamma to the level of Pioglitazone in vitro and indeed has demonstrated its effects on blood glucos...


Identification of the First PPARα/γ Dual Agonist Able to Bind to Canonical and Alternate Sites of PPARγ and to Inhibit its Cdk5-Mediated Phosphorylation.

A new series of derivatives of the PPARα/γ dual agonist 1 allowed to identify the ligand (S)-6 as a potent partial agonist of both PPARα and γ subtypes. X-ray studies in PPARγ revealed two different binding modes of (S)-6 to canonical site. However, (S)-6 was also able to bind an alternate site as demonstrated by transactivation assay in the presence of a canonical PPARγ antagonist and supported from docking experiments. This compound did not activate the PPARγ-dependent program of adipocyte differen...

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel pan agonists of FFA1, PPARγ and PPARδ.

The free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFA1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) have attracted interest as potent targets for the treatment of metabolic syndrome such as type 2 diabetes. Based on the hypothesis that the dual agonists of PPARs and FFA1 would act as insulin sensitizers and secretagogues by simultaneous activation of PPARs and FFA1, we developed the design strategy to obtain dual PPARs/FFA1 agonist by hybrid FFA1 agonist 1 with PPARδ agonist 2 in consideration of their structura...


Discovery of first-in-class thiazole-based dual FFA1/PPARδ agonists as potential anti-diabetic agents.

The free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFA1 or GPR40) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) have attracted a lot of attention due to their role in promoting insulin secretion and sensibility, respectively, which are two major features of diabetes. Therefore, the dual FFA1/PPARδ agonists would increase insulin secretion and sensibility by FFA1 and PPARδ activation. In this study, we hybrid FFA1 agonist AM-4668 with PPARδ agonist GW501516, leading to the identification of orally bioavailable ...

Testing the PPAR hypothesis of tobacco use disorder in humans: A randomized trial of the impact of gemfibrozil (a partial PPARα agonist) in smokers.

Previous pre-clinical studies demonstrated a promising role of alpha-type peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα) agonists in decreasing nicotine self-administration and nicotine-seeking behavior in animals. Our goal was to investigate the potential of gemfibrozil, a PPARα agonist, on reducing tobacco smoking in humans.

Identification of novel PPARα/γ dual agonists by pharmacophore screening, docking analysis, ADMET prediction and molecular dynamics simulations.

PPARα and PPARγ play an important role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. The single and selective PPARα or PPARγ agonists have caused several side effects such as edema, weight gain and cardiac failure. In the recent years, the dual PPARs agonist development has become a hot topic in the antidiabetic medicinal chemistry field. In this paper, the compound CHEMBL230490 were gained from CHEMBL database, by means of complex-based pharmacophore (CBP) virtual screening, molecular docking, ADMET pred...

Elusive Conformational Dynamics of PPARγ Inactivation Tied Down by Chemical Cross-Linking.

In this issue of Structure, Zheng et al. (2018) have described the dynamics of PPARγ in complex with a non-agonist by exploring its solution-phase conformational landscape through chemical cross-linking in combination with a multitude of different treatment conditions, including their new synthetic anti-diabetic non-agonist, revealing the physical mechanism of PPARγ inactivation.

Neuroprotective effects of PPARα in retinopathy of type 1 diabetes.

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common neurovascular complication of type 1 diabetes. Current therapeutics target neovascularization characteristic of end-stage disease, but are associated with significant adverse effects. Targeting early events of DR such as neurodegeneration may lead to safer and more effective approaches to treatment. Two independent prospective clinical trials unexpectedly identified that the PPARα agonist fenofibrate had unprecedented therapeutic effects in DR, but gave little insight ...

PPARα suppresses Th17 cell differentiation through IL-6/STAT3 /RORγt pathway in experimental autoimmune myocarditis.

Family members of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), such as PPARγ, have been shown to be effective in regulating T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation. However, whether PPARα, another important family member of PPARs, contributes to Th17 cell differentiation remains controversial. In the present study, we show that PPARα may be a negative regulator of Th17 cell differentiation. In CD4 T cells from PPARα knockout mice, PPARα deficiency enhances IL-17 and IL-6 levels and promotes Th1...

Identification and characterization of phytocannabinoids as novel dual PPARα/γ agonists by a computational and in vitro experimental approach.

The nuclear Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors playing a fundamental role in energy homeostasis and metabolism. Consequently, functional impairment or dysregulation of these receptors lead to a variety of metabolic diseases. While some phytocannabinoids (pCBs) are known to activate PPARγ, no data have been reported so far on their possible activity at PPARα.

Δ-Tetrahydrocannabinol upregulates fatty acid 2-hydroxylase (FA2H) via PPARα induction: A possible evidence for the cancellation of PPARβ/δ-mediated inhibition of PPARα in MDA-MB-231 cells.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of ligand-activated nuclear transcription factors, with three characterized subtypes: PPARα, PPARβ/δ, and PPARγ. The biological correlation between the two PPAR subtypes PPARα and γ and carcinogenesis is well-characterized; however, substantially less is known about the biological functions of PPARβ/δ. PPARβ/δ has been reported to repress transcription when PPARβ/δ and PPARα or PPARγ are simultaneously expressed in some cells, an...

Anti-Hypertensive Action of Fenofibrate via UCP2 Upregulation Mediated by PPAR Activation in Baroreflex Afferent Pathway.

Fenofibrate, an agonist for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-α), lowers blood pressure, but whether this action is mediated via baroreflex afferents has not been elucidated. In this study, the distribution of PPAR-α and PPAR-γ was assessed in the nodose ganglion (NG) and the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). Hypertension induced by drinking high fructose (HFD) was reduced, along with complete restoration of impaired baroreceptor sensitivity, by chronic treatment with fenofibrate....

Identification and Molecular Characterization of PPARδ as a Novel Target for Covalent Modification by 15-deoxy-Δ-prostaglandin J.

PPARδ belongs to the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family of nuclear receptors. Upon activation by an agonist, PPARδ controls a variety of physiological processes via regulation of its target genes. 15-deoxy-Δ-PGJ (15d-PGJ) is a cyclopentenone prostaglandin that features an electrophilic, α, β-unsaturated ketone (an enone) in the cyclopentenone ring. Many of 15d-PGJ's biological effects result from covalent interaction between C and the thiol group of a catalytic cysteine (Cys) in t...

Basal PPARα inhibits bile acid metabolism adaptation in chronic cholestatic model induced by α-Naphthylisothiocyanate.

Cholestasis is one of the most challenging diseases to be treated in current hepatology. However little is known about the adaptation difference and the underlying mechanism between acute and chronic cholestasis. In this study, wild-type and Pparα-null mice were orally administered diet containing 0.05% ANIT to induce chronic cholestasis. Biochemistry, histopathology and serum metabolome analysis exhibited the similar toxic phenotype between wild-type and Pparα-null mice. Bile acid metabolism was strongly...

A ligand-induced structural change in fatty acid-binding protein 1 is associated with potentiation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α agonists.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a transcriptional regulator of lipid metabolism. GW7647 is a potent PPARα agonist that must reach the nucleus to activate this receptor. In cells expressing human fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1), GW7647 treatment increases FABP1's nuclear localization, and potentiates GW7647-mediated PPARα activation; GW7647 is less effective in cells that do not express FABP1. To elucidate the underlying mechanism, here we substituted residues in FABP1 known ...

Role of PPAR-β/δ/miR-17/TXNIP pathway in neuronal apoptosis after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury in rats.

Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPAR-β/δ), a nuclear receptor acting as a transcription factor, was shown to be protective in various models of neurological diseases. However, there is no information about the role of PPAR-β/δ as well as its molecular mechanisms in neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI). In the present study, we hypothesized that PPAR-β/δ agonist GW0742 can activate miR-17-5p, consequently inhibiting TXNIP and ASK1/p38 pathway leading to attenuation of apo...

Troglitazone activates TRPV1 and causes deacetylation of PPARγ in 3T3-L1 cells.

Published research suggests that activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 (TRPV1) enhances the expression and deacetylation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) to cause browning of white adipose tissue. Here, we show that TRPV1 activation by capsaicin significantly prevents high fat diet-induced obesity in mice. This is associated with an increase in the expression and deacetylation of PPARγ in the epididymal fat of these mice. Consistent with the TRPV1 acti...

Aging and retinoid X receptor agonists on masculinization of female Pomacea canaliculata, with a critical appraisal of imposex evaluation in the Ampullariidae.

Ampullariidae are unique among gastropods in that females normally show a primordium of the copulatory apparatus (CApp). The aims of this study were (a) to quantitatively evaluate the development and growth of the female CApp with age; (b) to compare the effects of RXR and PPARγ agonists in adult females of known age and (c) to explore the effect of masculinizing RXR agonists on the expression of RXR in the CApp. It was found that the CApp grows and develops with age. A significant increase in penile sheat...

Beneficial effects of rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist, in a mouse allergic asthma model is not associated with the recruitment or generation of Foxp3-expressing CD4 regulatory T cells.

The activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) has been shown to attenuate allergic airway inflammation (AAI). To gain better understanding of mechanisms underlying this effect, the impact of rosiglitazone (RSG), a PPAR-γ agonist, on CD4 effector (Teff) and Foxp3-expressing regulatory (Treg) T cells in a mouse model of allergic asthma was studied. Furthermore, we investigated whether the activation of PPAR-γ may directly affect IL-4, IL-10 and IL-17 production by CD4 T cells. RS...

Biotinylated PAMAM G3 dendrimer conjugated with celecoxib and/or Fmoc-l-Leucine and its cytotoxicity for normal and cancer human cell lines.

Tumors still remain one of the main causes of mortality due to the lack of effective anti-cancer therapy. Recently it has been shown, that overexpression of inducible cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and decrease of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) expression accompany many malignances, therefore, it has been proposed, that COX-2 inhibitors and PPARγ agonists are potential candidates for anticancer therapy and their synergistic, antineoplastic action has been described. In the present study a...

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activation attenuates diabetic cardiomyopathy via regulation of the TGF-β/ERK pathway and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a kind of disease caused by metabolic disorders and microangiopathy. The main pathophysiological changes of DCM include fibrosis, myocardial cell apoptosis and autonomic neuropathy. Therefore, treatment aimed at these processes may benefit patients with DCM. We designed an experiment with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) agonist GW 1929 to detect whether the activation of PPARγ could alleviate the degree of DCM. To further detect the mechanism o...

Di-n-butyl phthalate modifies PMA-induced macrophage differentiation of THP-1 monocytes via PPARγ.

The present study examined effects of di-butyl phthalate (DBP) on phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced macrophage differentiation of THP-1 monocytes, determined by morphological classification and flow cytometry. Focusing on expression of the surface marker CD36, the potential role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was examined using various PPARγ agonists and antagonists. As the PPARγ ligand-binding domain contains multiple ligand-binding sites (LBS), agonist and antagonists...

Structural basis of altered potency and efficacy displayed by a major in vivo metabolite of the anti-diabetic PPARγ drug pioglitazone.

Pioglitazone (Pio) is an FDA-approved drug for type 2 diabetes that binds and activates the nuclear receptor PPARγ. yet it remains unclear how in vivo Pio metabolites affect PPARγ structure and function. Here, we present a structure-function comparison of Pio and its most abundant in vivo metabolite, 1-hydroxypioglitazone (PioOH). PioOH displayed a lower binding affinity and reduced potency in coregulator recruitment assays. X-ray crystallography and molecular docking analysis of PioOH-bound PPARγ ligand...

Rosiglitazone attenuates paraquat-induced lung fibrosis in rats in a PPAR gamma-dependent manner.

Rosiglitazone, a PPAR-γ agonist, possesses anti-fibritic effect; however, its inhibitory effect on paraquat (PQ)-induced pulmonary fibrosis is not completely understood. Here, we investigated the inhibitory effect of rosiglitazone on PQ-induced acute pulmonary fibrosis in rats and its underlying mechanism. Male Sprague-Dawly rats were administered a single intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg PQ and euthanised 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after PQ poisoning.PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis was most obvious on day ...

Angiotensin Type 2 Receptor Stimulation With Compound 21 Improves Neurological Function after Stroke In Female Rats: A Pilot Study.

The angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) agonist, compound 21 (C21), has been shown to be neurovascular protective after ischemic stroke in male rats. In the current study, we aim to study the impact of C21 treatment on female rats. Young female Wistar rats were subjected to different durations of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) (3 h, 2 h and 1 h) using a silicone-coated monofilament, treated at reperfusion with Intraperitoneal C21 0.03 mg/kg and followed up for different times (1, 3 and 14 days) a...


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