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PubMed Journals Articles About "Impact Total Carbon Sulfate Methane Production Sulfate Removal" RSS

08:33 EST 12th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Impact total carbon sulfate methane production sulfate removal" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

Impact of total carbon/sulfate on methane production and sulfate removal from co-digestion of sulfate-containing wastewater and corn stalk.

During the process of preparing furfural by straw depolymerization with dilute sulfuric acid, large amounts of high temperature sulfate-rich organic wastewater were produced. It cannot be treated directly by anaerobic digestion and converted to bioenergy due to high concentrations of sulfate. In this study, anaerobic co-digestion of sulfate containing wastewater and corn stalk was performed at thermophilic conditions to investigate the influences of total carbon (TC)/sulfate (6, 16, 35 and 110) on methane p...


Improved methane production and sulfate removal by anaerobic co-digestion corn stalk and levulinic acid wastewater pretreated by calcium hydroxide.

Levulinic acid wastewater containing high concentration of sulfate was generated while producing levulinic acid by straw depolymerization with dilute sulfuric acid. In this study, levulinic acid wastewater was pretreated by calcium hydroxide precipitation, then co-digestion of pretreated levulinic acid wastewater and corn stalk was conducted for the further removal of sulfate from levulinic acid wastewater and production of bioenergy. Effects of sulfate loading and substrate level on methane production and ...

Long-term impact of sulfate on an autotrophic nitrogen removal system integrated partial nitrification, anammox and endogenous denitrification (PAED).

A nitrogen removal system integrating partial nitrification, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) and endogenous denitrification (PAED) was established in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) for treating low nitrogen sewage (approximately 40 mg L ammonia-nitrogen). The impact of sulfate on PAED sludge was investigated in five identical SBRs, fed with different levels of sulfate (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg L). Ammonia oxidation was improved by the addition of Results showed that the sulfate addition i...


A novel carbon monoxide fed moving bed biofilm reactor for sulfate rich wastewater treatment.

In this study, a moving bed biofilm reactor was used for biodesulfuruization using CO as the sole carbon substrate. The effect of hydraulic retention time (HRT), sulfate loading rate and CO loading rate on sulfate and CO removal was examined. At 72, 48 and 24 h HRT, the sulfate removal was 93.5%, 91.9% and 80.1%, respectively. An increase in the sulfate loading reduced the sulfate reduction efficiency, which, however, was improved by increasing the CO flow rate into the MBBR. Best results in terms of sulf...

Enhancement of methane production and phosphorus recovery with a novel pre-treatment of excess sludge using waste plaster board.

A new pre-treatment process for excess sludge is proposed to increase methane production and recover phosphorus by adding waste plaster board as calcium sulfate. The content of calcium sulfate in the plaster granules (PG) used in this study is 99%. When PG and calcium sulfate are added to the excess sludge generated from a municipal wastewater treatment plant, acetate production is enhanced as per sulfate reduction and phosphorus release is reduced via the formation of calcium phosphate. In the continuous p...

A conceptual method to simultaneously inhibit methane and hydrogen sulfide production in sewers: The carbon metabolic pathway and microbial community shift.

In this study, the impact of COD/SO ratio in sewage on methane and hydrogen sulfide production in sewer biofilms was investigated by using three identical lab-scale gravity sewer systems. The results showed that the COD/SO played a key role in the competition between methanogenic archaea (MA) and sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB). Both the lowest methane and hydrogen sulfide production were obtained at COD/SO ratio of 6. The carbon transformation revealed that the activity of both MA and SRB was inhibited at ...

Potential of direct interspecies electron transfer in synergetic enhancement of methanogenesis and sulfate removal in an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor with magnetite.

Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been widely applied in the treatment of industrial wastewater containing oxidized sulfur compounds. However, the production of hydrogen sulfide usually limits the syntrophic metabolism proceeded by interspecies hydrogen transfer (IHT), due to its corrosive and toxic properties. The current study was in an attempt to establish direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) to resist the toxic inhibition from hydrogen sulfide and keep syntrophic metabolism stable. The results showed...

Sulfate reducing bacteria-based wastewater treatment system integrated with sulfide fuel cell for simultaneous wastewater treatment and electricity generation.

This study aimed to design a sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB)-based wastewater treatment system (SWTS) integrated with a sulfide fuel cell (SFC) as an alternative to the energy-intensive aerobic wastewater treatment process. The result showed that the COD/sulfate ratio and hydraulic retention time (HRT) were two important parameters in a SWTS. The highest COD and sulfate removal efficiency rates were at a HRT of 4 h at a COD/sulfate ratio of 0.67, reaching 83 ± 0.2% and 84 ± 0.4% with sulfate r...

Bacterial community structure and predicted function in an acidogenic sulfate-reducing reactor: Effect of organic carbon to sulfate ratios.

A lab-scale acidogenic sulfate-reducing reactor with N stripping was continuously operated to uncover its microbial mechanism treating highly sulfate-containing organic wastewaters. Results showed that sulfate reduction efficiency decreased with the influent COD/sulfate ratios. Microbial community analysis showed that VFA accumulation mainly caused by the predominance of fermentative bacteria including Streptococcus and Oceanotoga. Genus Desulfovibrio was the most predominant SRB and enriched at low influen...

High rate of biological removal of sulfate, organic matter and metals in uabs reactor to treat synthetic acid mine drainage and cheese whey wastewater as carbon source.

The anaerobic biological treatment of sulfate-rich effluents, such as acid mine drainage (AMD), is mediated by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). This process involves the reduction of sulfates in the presence of an electron donor. Complex carbon compounds can be used as electron donors. In the present study, was used an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor to co-treat a low-pH synthetic AMD and cheese whey wastewater (CWW). Was observed higher sulfate and COD removal rates (1114 ± 88 mg.L .day and...

Generation of zero valent sulfur from dissimilatory sulfate reduction under methanogenic conditions.

Dissimilatory sulfate reduction mediated by sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRMs) has a pivotal role in the sulfur cycle, from which the generation of zero valent sulfur (ZVS) represents a novel pathway. Nonetheless, information on ZVS production from the dissimilatory sulfate reduction remains scarce. This study successfully showed the ZVS production from the dissimilatory sulfate reduction both in a bioreactor and batch experiments under the methanogenic condition. The ZVS was produced in the form of pol...

Enhanced anaerobic performance and SMD process in treatment of sulfate and organic S-rich TMBA manufacturing wastewater by micro-electric field-zero valent iron-UASB.

This study focused on investigating reactor performance, simultaneous methanogeneis and denitrifiction (SMD) process for treatment of a sulfate plus organic sulfur - rich 3,4,5-Triethoxybenzaldehyde (TMBA) manufacturing wastewater with variable COD/TSO (total sulfate) ratio by micro-electric field- zero-valent-iron (ZVI) UASB for 390 days. The initial COD/TSO was set as 1.42, 0.9 and 0.5, respectively by manually introducing sulfate. The experimental results indicated that micro-electric field- zero-valent-...

Evaluation of urea removal by persulfate with UV irradiation in an ultrapure water production system.

The removal of urea by persulfate with UV irradiation in an ultrapure water (UPW) production system was examined using a continuously operated column reactor. Urea is a substance that is not properly removed by the unit processes in UPW production systems. Based on our monitoring of urea concentration over 1 year of the operation of a UPW production facility, a relatively high concentration of urea was introduced between February and May in 2016 and the total organic carbon (TOC) concentration of the UPW wa...

Effect of anions species on copper removal from wastewater by using mechanically activated calcium carbonate.

In this work, the wastewater containing sulfate ions, nitrate ions or chloride ions was used to investigate the performance of anions in copper removal by mechanically activated calcium carbonate. The copper removal from wastewater containing sulfate anion achieved almost 99% with the CaCO/Cu molar ratio of 1:1. However, the copper removal from wastewater containing nitrate and chloride anions are lower than 20% and 35%, respectively. The precipitations from wastewater containing different anions were analy...

Development of a process for microbial sulfate reduction in cold mining waters - Cold acclimation of bacterial consortia from an Arctic mining district.

Biological sulfate removal is challenging in cold climates due to the slower metabolism of mesophilic bacteria; however, cold conditions also offer the possibility to isolate bacteria that have adapted to low temperatures. The present research focused on the cold acclimation and characterization of sulfate-reducing bacterial (SRB) consortia enriched from an Arctic sediment sample from northern Finland. Based on 16S rDNA analysis, the most common sulfate-reducing bacterium in all enriched consortia was Desul...

Microbial mechanism for enhanced methane emission in deep soil layer of Phragmites-introduced tidal marsh.

The introduction of Phragmites australis is known to substantially increase methane emission in the tidal salt marsh. Previous studies suggested that enhanced carbon input by the introduction may stimulate methanogenic activity. However, the exact mechanisms and the effects of the introduction of P. australis to methane dynamics in the deep soil layer are still unclear. In this study we collected 1 m deep intact soil cores and gas samples at native Suaeda japonica- and P. australis-vegetated temperate tid...

Removal of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) in sulfate-reducing flocculent and granular sludge systems.

This study investigated sulfamethoxazole (SMX) removal and fate in sulfate-reducing up-flow sludge bed (SRUSB) reactors inoculated with sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) granules and flocs. The resilience of SRB granules and flocs against varying pHs and hydraulic retention times (HRTs) was also examined. SRB granules and flocs efficiently removed SMX from wastewater, which was significantly higher than the aerobic sludge. SRB granules achieved significantly (p 

Degradation of phenol by coal-based carbon membrane integrating sulfate radicals-based advanced oxidation processes.

Phenol, as a representative organic pollutant in aquatic environments, has posed a serious threat to humans and ecosystem. In this work, a novel integration system combined coal-based carbon membrane with sulfate radicals-based advanced oxidation processes (SR-AOPs) was designed for degradation of phenol. The integrated system achieved 100% removal efficiency under the optimal condition (peroxydisulfate dosage is 0.2 g/L, at alkaline condition with 2 mL/min flow velocity). The quenching experiments reve...

Production of zosteric acid and other sulfated phenolic biochemicals in microbial cell factories.

Biological production and application of a range of organic compounds is hindered by their limited solubility and toxicity. This work describes a process for functionalization of phenolic compounds that increases solubility and decreases toxicity. We achieve this by screening a wide range of sulfotransferases for their activity towards a range of compounds, including the antioxidant resveratrol. We demonstrate how to engineer cell factories for efficiently creating sulfate esters of phenolic compounds throu...

Inhibition of anaerobic biological sulfate reduction process by copper precipitates.

The single-stage biological sulfate reduction process for treatment of heavy metal laden wastewater is a promising treatment method, but the formation of metal precipitates has been suggested to be inhibitory to the activity of sulfate reducers. The present study examined the impact of copper (Cu) precipitates on anaerobic biological sulfate reduction in semi continuous stirred tank reactors (SCSTRs) at 35 ± 2 °C. The results show that Cu precipitates significantly affected the sulfate reduction pro...

Different ferric dosing strategies could result in different control mechanisms of sulfide and methane production in sediments of gravity sewers.

Ferric salt dosing is widely used to mitigate sulfide and methane emissions from sewers. In gravity sewers with sediments, responses of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and methanogenic archaea (MA) residing in different zones to Fe dosing strategies still remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the changes in behavior of SRB and MA in different depths of sewer sediment using laboratory-scale sewer sediment reactors with different Fe dosing strategies (different instant dosages and frequencies). All F...

Carbon source and phosphorus recovery from iron-enhanced primary sludge via anaerobic fermentation and sulfate reduction: Performance and future application.

Anaerobic fermentation and sulfate reduction (AF-SR) was firstly used for recovery of carbon sources and phosphorus from Fe-enhanced primary sludge (Fe-sludge). With FeCl dosage of 30 mg Fe/L, 63.0% of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 97.3% of the phosphorus were concentrated from sewage into Fe-sludge. Batch anaerobic fermentation tests of Fe-sludge with and without sulfate addition (AF-SR and control) were performed. The results showed that volatile fatty acid concentrations of the control and AF-SR...

Sulfate Deficiency as a Risk Factor for Autism.

This is a study of water and beverages consumed during pregnancy by mothers of children with autism. Materials included vials for water samples and a survey to describe the water and beverages. Samples were tested for sulfate and surveys evaluated for average daily levels. Results were stratified for selected regions of the United States. Areas with the highest rates of autism showed a trend toward lower levels of sulfate compared to areas with low rates of autism (28% sulfate, n = 45, p = 0.059). S...

Anaerobic methane oxidation coupled to sulfate reduction in a biotrickling filter: Reactor performance and microbial community analysis.

The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of a biotrickling filter (BTF) packed with polyurethane foam and pall rings for the enrichment of microorganisms mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction (SR) by activity tests and microbial community analysis. A BTF was inoculated with microorganisms from a known AOM active deep sea sediment collected at a depth of 528 m below the sea level (Alpha Mound, Gulf of Cadiz). The microbial community analysis was performed b...

Enzymatic Conversion of Cypridina Luciferyl Sulfate to Cypridina Luciferin with Coenzyme A as a Sulfate Acceptor in Cypridina (Vargula) hilgendorfii.

In the luminous ostracod Cypridina (presently Vargula) hilgendorfii, Cypridina luciferyl sulfate (3-enol sulfate of Cypridina luciferin) is converted to Cypridina luciferin by a sulfotransferase with 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphate (PAP) as a sulfate acceptor. The resultant Cypridina luciferin is used for the luciferase-luciferin reaction of Cypridina to emit blue light. The luminescence stimulation with major organic cofactors was examined using the crude extracts of Cypridina specimens, and we found that...


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