PubMed Journals Articles About "Infections" RSS

15:55 EST 10th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Infections PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Infections articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Infections" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,700+

You get back what you give: Decreased hospital infections with improvement in CHG bathing, a mathematical modeling and cost analysis.

Multiple studies have shown that bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) wipes reduces hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). We employed a mathematical model to assess the impact of CHG patient bathing on central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and hospital-onset Clostridium difficile (C diff) infections and the associated costs.

Incidence and Spectrum of Opportunistic Infections Among HIV Infected Patients Attending Government Medical College, Kozhikode.

People with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV ) infections are vulnerable to opportunistic infections because of a weakened immune system. Early diagnosis of Opportunistic infections and prompt treatment definitely contributes to increased life expectancy among infected patients and delays the progression to AIDS.

Classification of breast tissue expander infections: Back to the basics.

Infections following tissue expander (TE) placement are frequent complications in breast reconstruction. While breast surgery is a clean case, implant-based breast reconstruction has rates of infection up to 31%, decidedly higher than the typical 1% to 2% rate of surgical site infections (SSI). Few authors use the Center for Disease Control's (CDC) SSI definition for TE infections. We highlight how adoption of a consistent definition of TE infection may change how infections are researched, categorized, and...

Uncommon Detection of Mixed HCV Genotype Infections in Recently Infected Men Who Have Sex with Men.

Mixed HCV genotype (GT) infections are clinically important as different genotypes have different sensitivities to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). A high prevalence of mixed GT infections was observed in people who inject drugs due to their multiple HCV exposures. The prevalence of mixed HCV GT infections in men having sex with men (MSM) at high-risk behaviors was investigated by ultra-deep sequencing (UDS).

Hepatitis B and C infections in HIV-1 and non-HIV infected pregnant women in the Brong-Ahafo Region, Ghana.

Hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) virus co-infections in HIV are alarming during pregnancy due to the risk of vertical transmission and the eventual adverse effects on neonates. This study was conducted to ascertain the sero-prevalence of HIV/HBV and HIV/HCV co-infections, evaluate the effect of the co-infections on the immunological and virological characteristics and assess the association between some demographic and lifestyle characteristics and risk of HBV, HCV, HIV/HBV and HIV/HCV co-infections a...

Intestinal Parasites Infections among HIV Infected Children Under Antiretrovirals Treatment in Yaounde, Cameroon.

Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common communicable diseases worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes dysregulation of the immune system through the depletion of CD4+ T lymphocytes which gives rise to opportunistic infections.

Tedizolid is a promising antimicrobial option for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infections in cystic fibrosis patients.

Tedizolid is a protein synthesis inhibitor in clinical use for the treatment of Gram-positive infections. Pulmonary MRSA infections are a growing problem in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and the efficacy of tedizolid-based therapy in CF pulmonary infections is unknown.

Use of whole-genome sequencing in the molecular investigation of care-associated HCoV-OC43 infections in a hematopoietic stem cell transplant unit.

While respiratory viral infections are recognized as a frequent cause of illness in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients, HCoV-OC43 infections have rarely been investigated as healthcare-associated infections in this population.

Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection.

Opportunistic infections are those that are either more frequent or more severe as a result of the patient's immunosuppressed condition. Opportunistic infections are, of course, the distinguishing feature of HIV infection, and they can be the cause of serious morbidity and even mortality. Some opportunistic infections can be prevented by vaccination, for example, pneumococcal infection, meningococcal infection, influenza, hepatitis A and B, and varicella. Other major opportunistic infections require prophyl...

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Incident Infections: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

It is unknown whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with incident infections. This study's objectives were to examine (1) the association between PTSD diagnosis and 28 types of infections and (2) the interaction between PTSD diagnosis and sex on the rate of infections.

Differential gene expression in HaCaT cells may account for the various clinical presentation caused by anthropophilic and geophilic dermatophytes infections.

Despite the worldwide prevalence of dermatophyte infections, only a few genes are reported to be related to dermatophyte infections. In addition, the mechanism by which different ecological dermatophytes infection leads to varying intensity of inflammation remains unclear.

Associated measures to antibiotic prophylaxis in urology.

Urinary tract infections are amongst the most frequent nosocomial infections followed by surgical site infections (SSI). Antibiotic prophylaxis is only one way to reduce the risk of post-operative infection. Our aim was to establish a review of the literature on measures to reduce post-operative infections outside antibiotic prophylaxis.

Osteoarticular infections: a specific program for older patients?

With the increasing number of elderly patients, arthroplasties, fractures and diabetic foot infections, the worldwide number of osteoarticular infections (OAI) among the elderly is concomitantly expected to rise.

Vitamin D deficiency or supplementation and the risk of human herpesvirus infections or reactivation: a systematic review protocol.

Human herpesviruses induce lifelong latent infections and may reactivate as the immune system deteriorates. Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D, an essential element of bone health, may have some effect of protecting against infections, but investigations of its potential to prevent herpesvirus infection or reactivation are limited. We will review the current literature examining vitamin D and the risk of herpesvirus infections or reactivation.

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Raoultella planticola After Kidney Transplant.

Recurrent urinary tract infections are difficult to manage in patients with a history of kidney transplant and may contribute to graft loss. Few cases describe recurrent urinary tract infections due to Raoultella planticola in this population. We describe the management of recurrent urinary tract infections due to R. planticola in a kidney transplant recipient and review other case reports of urinary tract infections due to this organism.

Baroreflex sensitivity is associated with post-stroke infections. An open, prospective study.

Autonomic nervous system (ANS) seems to play an important role in the post-stroke immunosuppression syndrome with increased susceptibility to infections. The aim of this study was to investigate if ANS activity measured at admission is associated with post-stroke infections.

Updates on Nocardia Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Solid Organ Transplantation.

Due to their immunocompromised status, solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are at risk for Nocardia infections. These infections often necessitate early invasive diagnostics alongside prolonged, often combination antimicrobial therapy. This review summarizes the importance of this pathogen in skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in SOT recipients inclusive of recently reported cases in the literature and an update on the epidemiology, diagnostics, and management.

Introducing a New Algorithm for Classification of Etiology in Studies on Pediatric Pneumonia: Protocol for the Trial of Respiratory Infections in Children for Enhanced Diagnostics Study.

There is a need to better distinguish viral infections from antibiotic-requiring bacterial infections in children presenting with clinical community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) to assist health care workers in decision making and to improve the rational use of antibiotics.

Zero or more: methodological challenges of counting and estimating deaths related to antibiotic-resistant infections.

Estimates of the number of deaths from antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) infections are important data for clinicians and public health officials advocating for resources to prevent and treat these infections. The aims of this paper are to describe the various approaches to calculating deaths from AMR infections, to compare the tally of deaths by each approach, and to explain how to interpret the results. Currently, none of the three methods employed by vital statistics systems to count deaths from specific cau...

Aspergillus Infections and Progression of Structural Lung Disease in Children with Cystic Fibrosis.

Recent data show that Aspergillus species are prevalent respiratory infections in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The biological significance of these infections is unknown.

Comparison of Musculoskeletal Infections due to Nontyphoidal Salmonella Species and Staphylococcus aureus in Immunocompetent Children.

Nontyphoidal Salmonella species (NTS) rarely cause musculoskeletal infections in healthy children. Data on NTS musculoskeletal infections in healthy children are limited. No previous studies have directly compared children with NTS musculoskeletal infections with those with Staphylococcus aureus.

Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir for 8 Weeks to Treat Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infections in Men With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infections: Sofosbuvir-Containing Regimens Without Interferon for Treatment of Acute HCV in HIV-1 Infected Individuals.

Current guidelines for the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections provide varying recommendations for the optimal treatment of acute HCV infections. There are limited data from small cohort studies to provide guidance on the best approach to treatment of this important patient population.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections in Children 0-24 Months of Age in the Community.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of hospitalization in young children, but there are little data on RSV infections in early childhood in the community. We conducted a prospective population-based birth-cohort study to determine the rates and characteristics of RSV infections in young children.

Association of Childhood Oral Infections With Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Adulthood.

Severe forms of common chronic oral infections or inflammations are associated with increased cardiovascular risk in adults. To date, the role of childhood oral infections in cardiovascular risk is not known because no long-term studies have been conducted.

The Prevention of Infections in Older Adults: Oral Health.

The oral cavity is exposed to the external environment and from a very young age is colonized by infectious agents. Under certain circumstances including poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, trauma, and the use of antibiotics, oral infections can occur. They can result in damage to the oral cavity including teeth and their support structures. Oral infections can also lead to the extension of infection into surrounding tissues and to systemic infections. Chronic oral infection is a recognized risk factor for heart ...

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