PubMed Journals Articles About "Inform Diagnostics" RSS

22:30 EST 16th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Inform Diagnostics PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Inform Diagnostics articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Inform Diagnostics" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+

Dizziness and vertigo associated with vestibular neuronitis: the approaches to the diagnostics and treatment.

This article is focused on the peculiar features of diagnostics and treatment of dizziness and vertigo in the patients presenting with vestibular neuronitis. The authors present the detailed overview of various theories concerning etiology and pathogenesis of this condition, describe the methods for its clinical and instrumental diagnostics (including its differential diagnostics from other diseases associated with acute dizziness and vertigo). Special attention is given to the methods of pharmacological an...

Statistical primer: checking model assumptions with regression diagnostics.

Regression modelling is an important statistical tool frequently utilized by cardiothoracic surgeons. However, these models-including linear, logistic and Cox proportional hazards regression-rely on certain assumptions. If these assumptions are violated, then a very cautious interpretation of the fitted model should be taken. Here, we discuss several assumptions and report diagnostics that can be used to detect departures from these assumptions. Most of the diagnostics discussed are based on residuals: a me...

SwissFEL Aramis beamline photon diagnostics.

The SwissFEL Aramis beamline, covering the photon energies between 1.77 keV and 12.7 keV, features a suite of online photon diagnostics tools to help both users and FEL operators in analysing data and optimizing experimental and beamline performance. Scientists will be able to obtain information about the flux, spectrum, position, pulse length, and arrival time jitter versus the experimental laser for every photon pulse, with further information about beam shape and size available through the use of des...

Differentiated laboratory diagnostics of rheumatic diseases.

Laboratory diagnostics of rheumatic diseases include examinations to confirm the diagnosis, estimate prognosis, assess disease activity as well as recognition and avoidance of complications. Although detection and clinical classification of serological signs of inflammation are the first and often decisive steps in the diagnosis of inflammatory rheumatic diseases, a lack of humoral signs of inflammation does not rule out an inflammatory rheumatic disease. Rheumatological and immunological laboratory diagno...

A paradigm shift for prostate cancer diagnostics.

The current praxis of diagnosing prostate cancer, with systematic prostate biopsies in men with raised serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, leads to considerable over-diagnosis and over-treatment of indolent cancer. Recent research has opened up for a paradigm shift to risk stratified, sequential and targeted prostate cancer diagnostics, which will reduce over-diagnosis. Sweden now moves towards organised PSA testing for those men who, after proper counselling, wish to be tested. Organised PSA test...

Perimetry in Neuro-ophthalmological Function Diagnostics: Indication - Methods - Topodiagnostic Aspects.

The assessment of visual field findings is fundamental in neuro-ophthalmological functional diagnostics: By means of perimetry, functional and topodiagnostic considerations in case of unexplained visual loss or suspected lesions of the visual pathway are possible in a non-invasive manner. Repeated examinations allow for functional follow-up of a disease and judgement on the efficacy of a therapeutic procedure. This paper is intended to convey the basics of visual field examination and diagnostics. The focus...

Cutting-Edge Infectious Disease Diagnostics with CRISPR.

Three recent Science articles (Chen et al., 2018; Gootenberg et al., 2018; Myhrvold et al., 2018) describe the use of CRISPR-Cas technology to develop point-of-care diagnostics that directly detect viruses from clinical samples. These tests could radically transform approaches to diagnosing infectious diseases at the bedside and in the field.

Molecular pathology of bone tumors.

Although classic histomorphology is the cornerstone of bone tumor diagnostics, this field has rapidly evolved since the advance of new molecular techniques. The identification of novel genetic alterations in bone tumors has led to more insight into the genetic background of these tumors, which resulted in a more prominent role of molecular pathology in daily practice. Numerous studies have been conducted in the last decades and illustrated that based on molecular alterations, bone tumors are roughly divided...

Field evaluation of quantitative point of care diagnostics to measure glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity.

Glucose-6-Phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzymopathy worldwide, no reliable bedside diagnostic tests to quantify G6PD activity exist. This study evaluated two novel quantitative G6PD diagnostics.

Recombinant Newcastle disease viruses with targets for PCR diagnostics for rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants.

Since February 1 2011, rinderpest (RP) has been officially declared eradicated worldwide. National authorities have been requested to destroy all their RP related materials. Nonetheless, their national reference laboratories performing real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR diagnostics) need RP positive control samples, since some countries still prefer to maintain diagnostic capability for RP for several reasons. In the future, a similar situation will arise for peste des pet...

Inflammatory bowel disease: cardinal signs and their diagnostics.

Inflammatory bowel diseases, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, often occur early in life. Therefore, they affect our patient's individual path of life, their ability to work and the quality of life tremendously, which calls for close and comprehensive medical care. This article features 5 cardinal signs and their diagnostics.

Utility of multiplex  polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in diarrhea-An Indian perspective.

Infective diarrhea causes morbidity worldwide. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based pathogen diagnostics of diarrheal stool specimens are shown to be highly sensitive and rapid as opposed to conventional diagnostics.

Imaging biomarkers in oncology: Basics and application to MRI.

Cancer remains a global killer alongside cardiovascular disease. A better understanding of cancer biology has transformed its management with an increasing emphasis on a personalized approach, so-called "precision cancer medicine." Imaging has a key role to play in the management of cancer patients. Imaging biomarkers that objectively inform on tumor biology, the tumor environment, and tumor changes in response to an intervention complement genomic and molecular diagnostics. In this review we describe the k...

Rare Disease Diagnostics: A Single-center Experience and Lessons Learnt.

The growing availability of next-generation sequencing technologies has revolutionized medical genetics, facilitating discovery of causative genes in numerous Mendelian disorders. Nevertheless, there are still many undiagnosed cases. We report the experience of the Genetics Institute at Rambam Health Care Campus in rare disease diagnostics using whole-exome sequencing (WES).

What WHO's List of Essential Diagnostics means for clinical microbiology laboratories and antimicrobial stewardship practice worldwide.

In May 2018, the World Health Organisation (WHO) released the Model List of Essential In Vitro Diagnostics (EDL). In this Commentary we review the EDL components that are relevant to clinical microbiology, particularly antimicrobial stewardship, and formulate some discussion points for future versions of the EDL.

Label-free plasmonic biosensors for point-of-care diagnostics: a review.

Optical biosensors and particularly those based on nanoplasmonics technology have emerged in recent decades as a potential solution for disease diagnostics and therapy follow-up at the point-of-care. These biosensor platforms could overcome some of the challenges faced in conventional diagnosis techniques offering label-free assays with immediate results and employing small and user-friendly devices. Areas covered: In this review, we will provide a critical overview of the recent advances in the development...

SD-chip enabled quantitative detection of HIV RNA using digital nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (dNASBA).

Quantitative detection of RNA is important in molecular biology and clinical diagnostics. Nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA), a single-step method to amplify single-stranded RNA, is attractive for use in point-of-care (POC) diagnostics because it is an isothermal technique that is as sensitive as RT-PCR with a shorter reaction time. However, NASBA is limited in its ability to provide accurate quantitative information, such as viral load or RNA copy number. Here we test a digital format of NAS...

Psychosomatics in gastroenterology - statement of the Work Group for Psychosomatics in Gastroenterology of the German Society of Gastroenterology, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS).

The Association Psychosomatics in Gastroenterology of the DGVS aims to sharpen the profile of psychosomatic proportions in diagnostics, differential diagnostics and therapy of gastroenterological diseases, increasingly establish psychosomatic aspects in further education and clinical practice guidelines, deepen the cooperation with psychosomatic societies and strengthen the job satisfaction and mental health of gastroenterologists in Germany.

Molecular Diagnostics in Pediatric Brain Tumors: Impact on Diagnosis and Clinical Decision-Making - A Selected Case Series.

Central nervous system (CNS) tumors account for the highest mortality among pediatric malignancies. Accurate diagnosis is essential for optimal clinical management. The increasing use of molecular diagnostics has opened up novel possibilities for more precise classification of CNS tumors. We here report a single-institutional collection of pediatric CNS tumor cases that underwent a refinement or a change of diagnosis after completion of molecular analysis that affected clinical decision-making including the...

New and Noteworthy in Tuberculosis Diagnostics and Treatment.

People with HIV infection with latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) are at a 10-fold greater risk of developing active disease. Interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin testing have approximately 65% to 70% specificity for diagnosing LTBI in HIV-infected patients. LTBI can be successfully treated with isoniazid preventive therapy and early antiretroviral therapy (ART). Rapid molecular diagnostics have approximately 88% sensitivity and 98% specificity for identifying active TB. ART should be ...

Cellular reagents for diagnostics and synthetic biology.

We have found that the overproduction of enzymes in bacteria followed by their lyophilization leads to 'cellular reagents' that can be directly used to carry out numerous molecular biology reactions. We demonstrate the use of cellular reagents in a variety of molecular diagnostics, such as TaqMan qPCR with no diminution in sensitivity, and in synthetic biology cornerstones such as the Gibson assembly of DNA fragments, where new plasmids can be constructed solely based on adding cellular reagents. Cellular r...

Next generation microbiology and cystic fibrosis diagnostics: are we there yet?

The major problem for cystic fibrosis patients is the recurrent and chronic infections of the lungs, determining their prognosis. The challenge from biofilm-growing bacteria and emerging viruses urge the microbiological laboratories to develop better and faster diagnostic tools. Of these, molecular diagnostics are rapidly developing. However, beyond detecting many microorganisms, the task is to evaluate their clinical significance. This has always been a problem resulting in Koch's postulates. Then, the tas...

The multidisciplinary approach to the diagnostics and surgical treatment of the lacrimal passages.

The primary objective of the present study was to highlight the current state of research on the pathology of the lacrimal organs based on the results of the analysis of the relevant publications in the domestic and foreign scientific literature. Special attention in this review is given to the problems of diagnostics, indications for the probing, the treatment and stenting strategies. The authors report their original observations contributing to the better understanding of the anatomical features of the n...

Molecular Diagnostics for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection.

Resistance to antimycobacterial drugs is a major barrier to effective treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Molecular diagnostic techniques based on the association between specific gene mutations and phenotypic resistance to certain drugs offer the opportunity to rapidly ascertain whether drug resistance is present and to alter treatment before further resistance develops. Current barriers to successful implementation of rapid diagnostics include imperfect knowledge regarding the full spectrum...

A qualitative study exploring women's health behaviours after a pregnancy with gestational diabetes to inform the development of a diabetes prevention strategy.

To inform targeted interventions for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by exploring the factors that influence their health behaviours and their preferences for lifestyle support.

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