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Inform Diagnostics PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Inform Diagnostics articles that have been published worldwide.
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This article is focused on the peculiar features of diagnostics and treatment of dizziness and vertigo in the patients presenting with vestibular neuronitis. The authors present the detailed overview of various theories concerning etiology and pathogenesis of this condition, describe the methods for its clinical and instrumental diagnostics (including its differential diagnostics from other diseases associated with acute dizziness and vertigo). Special attention is given to the methods of pharmacological an...
Regression modelling is an important statistical tool frequently utilized by cardiothoracic surgeons. However, these models-including linear, logistic and Cox proportional hazards regression-rely on certain assumptions. If these assumptions are violated, then a very cautious interpretation of the fitted model should be taken. Here, we discuss several assumptions and report diagnostics that can be used to detect departures from these assumptions. Most of the diagnostics discussed are based on residuals: a me...
The SwissFEL Aramis beamline, covering the photon energies between 1.77 keV and 12.7 keV, features a suite of online photon diagnostics tools to help both users and FEL operators in analysing data and optimizing experimental and beamline performance. Scientists will be able to obtain information about the flux, spectrum, position, pulse length, and arrival time jitter versus the experimental laser for every photon pulse, with further information about beam shape and size available through the use of des...
The importance of medical imaging in the diagnosis and monitoring of cancer cannot be overstated. As personalized cancer treatments are gaining popularity, a need for more advanced imaging techniques has grown significantly. Nanoparticles are uniquely suited to fill this void, not only as imaging contrast agents but also as companion diagnostics. This manuscript provides an overview of many ways nanoparticle imaging agents have contributed to cancer imaging, both preclinically and in the clinic, as well as ...
To assess a new and highly specific, but low-cost, easily performed and suitable for large-scale applications method for renal fibrosis (RF) diagnostics.
Fiber-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) is commonly performed in the first line in diagnostic process of haemoptysis. However, lots of evidences suggest that in haemoptysis FOB do not always provide additional, useful information to radiological diagnostics. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the validity of performing FOB as a method of choice in first line diagnostics of haemoptysis.
Sensitization to dog dander is an important risk factor for rhino-conjunctivitis and asthma, but not sufficient for diagnosing dog allergy. Molecular allergy diagnostics offers new opportunities for refined characterization.
Three recent Science articles (Chen et al., 2018; Gootenberg et al., 2018; Myhrvold et al., 2018) describe the use of CRISPR-Cas technology to develop point-of-care diagnostics that directly detect viruses from clinical samples. These tests could radically transform approaches to diagnosing infectious diseases at the bedside and in the field.
Since February 1 2011, rinderpest (RP) has been officially declared eradicated worldwide. National authorities have been requested to destroy all their RP related materials. Nonetheless, their national reference laboratories performing real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR diagnostics) need RP positive control samples, since some countries still prefer to maintain diagnostic capability for RP for several reasons. In the future, a similar situation will arise for peste des pet...
Molecular diagnoses have become more widespread in many areas of laboratory medicine where qualitative or quantitative approaches are used to detect nucleic acids. The increasing number of assay methods and the targets for molecular diagnostics contribute to variability in the test results among clinical laboratories. Thus, reference materials (RMs) are required to enhance the comparability of results.
There is no evidence-based definition of the temperature limit defining fever (TLDF) in children with neutropenia. Lowering the TLDF is known to increase the number of episodes of fever in neutropenia (FN). This study aimed to investigate the influence of a lower versus standard TLDF on diagnostics and therapy.
Cancer remains a global killer alongside cardiovascular disease. A better understanding of cancer biology has transformed its management with an increasing emphasis on a personalized approach, so-called "precision cancer medicine." Imaging has a key role to play in the management of cancer patients. Imaging biomarkers that objectively inform on tumor biology, the tumor environment, and tumor changes in response to an intervention complement genomic and molecular diagnostics. In this review we describe the k...
Inflammatory bowel diseases, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, often occur early in life. Therefore, they affect our patient's individual path of life, their ability to work and the quality of life tremendously, which calls for close and comprehensive medical care. This article features 5 cardinal signs and their diagnostics.
The growing availability of next-generation sequencing technologies has revolutionized medical genetics, facilitating discovery of causative genes in numerous Mendelian disorders. Nevertheless, there are still many undiagnosed cases. We report the experience of the Genetics Institute at Rambam Health Care Campus in rare disease diagnostics using whole-exome sequencing (WES).
Introduction: The issue of improving the quality of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of patients with pathological scarring of the head and neck is being actively developed throughout the world. The aim of the research is to improve diagnostics of hypertrophic scars of the head and neck through the establishment of structural features of scar-modified tissues using RGB-system and ultrasound examination.
The Association Psychosomatics in Gastroenterology of the DGVS aims to sharpen the profile of psychosomatic proportions in diagnostics, differential diagnostics and therapy of gastroenterological diseases, increasingly establish psychosomatic aspects in further education and clinical practice guidelines, deepen the cooperation with psychosomatic societies and strengthen the job satisfaction and mental health of gastroenterologists in Germany.
Influenza vaccine composition is reviewed before every flu season because influenza viruses constantly evolve through antigenic changes. To inform vaccine updates, laboratories that contribute to the World Health Organization Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System monitor the antigenic phenotypes of circulating viruses all year round. Vaccine strains are selected in anticipation of the upcoming influenza season to allow adequate time for production. A mismatch between vaccine strains and predomin...
The acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is subdivided into ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and unstable angina pectoris. It poses a particular challenge in terms of diagnostics and treatment, especially in the elderly. Starting with the possibly difficult anamnesis, through the laboratory chemical findings up to special features in the electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography and angiography, these patients should be considered in s...
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors account for the highest mortality among pediatric malignancies. Accurate diagnosis is essential for optimal clinical management. The increasing use of molecular diagnostics has opened up novel possibilities for more precise classification of CNS tumors. We here report a single-institutional collection of pediatric CNS tumor cases that underwent a refinement or a change of diagnosis after completion of molecular analysis that affected clinical decision-making including the...
The impact of the rising colorectal cancer incidence in young adults on the optimal age to start screening: Microsimulation analysis I to inform the American Cancer Society colorectal cancer screening guideline.
In 2016, the Microsimulation Screening Analysis-Colon (MISCAN-Colon) model was used to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force colorectal cancer (CRC) screening guidelines. In this study, 1 of 2 microsimulation analyses to inform the update of the American Cancer Society CRC screening guideline, the authors re-evaluated the optimal screening strategies in light of the increase in CRC diagnosed in young adults.
The commentary summarises recently published findings on difficulties in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) laboratory diagnostics and thus provides added value to a recently published article: "How to: Diagnose infection caused by Clostridium difficile." by van C. Gateau and colleagues.
More than a century ago in 1893, a revolutionary idea about fixing biological tissue specimens was introduced by Ferdinand Blum, a German physician. Since then, a plethora of fixation methods have been investigated and used. Formalin fixation with paraffin embedment became the most widely used types of fixation and preservation method, due to its proper architectural conservation of tissue structures and cellular shape. The huge collection of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sample archives worldwid...
Detecting and interpreting responsive modules from gene expression data by using network-based approaches is a common but laborious task. It often requires the application of several computational methods implemented in different software packages, forcing biologists to compile complex analytical pipelines. Here we introduce INfORM (Inference of NetwOrk Response Modules), an R shiny application that enables non-expert users to detect, evaluate, and select gene modules with high statistical and biological si...
Population mixing patterns can greatly inform allocation of HIV prevention interventions such as treatment as prevention (TasP) or preexposure prophyloaxis (PrEP). Characterizing contact patterns among subgroups can help identify the specific combinations of contact expected to result in the greatest number of new infections.
People with HIV infection with latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) are at a 10-fold greater risk of developing active disease. Interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin testing have approximately 65% to 70% specificity for diagnosing LTBI in HIV-infected patients. LTBI can be successfully treated with isoniazid preventive therapy and early antiretroviral therapy (ART). Rapid molecular diagnostics have approximately 88% sensitivity and 98% specificity for identifying active TB. ART should be ...