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PubMed Journals Articles About "Interactions Among Yeast Probiotic Bacteria Enhance Probiotic Properties" RSS

15:13 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Interactions among yeast probiotic bacteria enhance probiotic properties" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 22,000+

Interactions among yeast and probiotic bacteria enhance probiotic properties and metabolism offering augmented protection to Artemia franciscana against Vibrio anguillarum.

The interactions of the probiotics Bacillus subtilis, Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus plantarum with the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were examined in terms of probiotic and biochemical characteristics. Yeast supernatant had a positive effect on the aggregation biofilm formation capacity and hydrophobicity of probiotics, and resulted in increased lactic acid levels, reduced pH values as well as lower RS and FAN levels of probiotics. The effect of probiotics supernatants on yeast was more complex but ...


Compositional assessment of bacterial communities in probiotic supplements by means of metagenomic techniques.

Health promoting or probiotic bacteria are commonly incorporated into a variety of functional foods and drug formulations, due to their purported ability to confer benefit to host health. Despite the extensive commercial exploitation of probiotic formulations there are still major knowledge gaps regarding the precise molecular mechanism of action and corresponding genetic/genomic properties of probiotic bacteria. In the current study, we describe a metagenomic approach which allows determination of the comp...

In vitro evaluation of adherence and anti-infective property of probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum DM 69 against Salmonella enterica.

Gastrointestinal infections are a global health problem, and the potential use of probiotic Lactobacillus species to control such infections represents a promising approach. To exert the health benefits on the host, studying the colonization and adherence properties of probiotic bacteria in vitro is crucial. In this context, investigation was carried out to evaluate adhesion, aggregation and anti-infective effect of an indigenous probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum DM 69 against an enteric pathogen Salmonella...


Biosurfactants from probiotic bacteria: A review.

Among microorganisms, bacteria are the main group of biosurfactant-producing organisms. Different types of bacteria including Pseudomonas sp., Acinetobacter sp., Bacillus sp. and Arthrobacter sp. are among the most commonly studied bacteria in the realm of scientific researches. However, due to the pathogenic nature of the producing organisms, the application of these compounds is restricted, therefore, not suitable for using in food-related industries. Given that probiotic bacteria impact human health, app...

In Vitro Detoxification of Aflatoxin B, Deoxynivalenol, Fumonisins, T-2 Toxin and Zearalenone by Probiotic Bacteria from Genus Lactobacillus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yeast.

The aim of the following research was to determine the detoxification properties of probiotic Lactobacillus sp. bacteria (12 strains) and S. cerevisiae yeast (6 strains) towards mycotoxins, such as aflatoxin B, deoxynivalenol, fumonisins, T-2 toxin and zearalenone, which pose as frequent feed contamination. The experiment involved analysing changes in concentration of mycotoxins in PBS solutions, after 6, 12 and 24 h of incubation with monocultures of tested microorganisms, measured by high-performance liq...

Lactic acid bacteria with cholesterol-lowering properties for dairy applications: In vitro and in situ activity.

Cholesterol-lowering activity is one of the most promising properties of lactic acid bacteria with probiotic characteristics. In the present study, 58 potentially probiotic lactic acid bacteria were tested for their ability to survive in vitro digestion and reduce cholesterol in a medium containing cholesterol and bile acids. The best-performing strains (Lactobacillus casei VC199, Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei SE160 and VC213, Lactobacillus plantarum VS166 and VS513, Enterococcus faecium VC223, and...

Putative probiotic lactic acid bacteria isolated from sauerkraut fermentations.

Probiotics are live microorganisms which confer health benefits to the host, and may be isolated from several sources, such as vegetable foodstuffs. Sauerkraut is a cabbage product resulting from fermentation by a lactic acid bacteria microbial succession, and is a potential source for probiotics. The aim of the present study was the isolation and characterization of probiotic microorganisms from sauerkraut fermentations. Four distinct fermentations were performed, from which lactic acid bacteria were recov...

Probiotic Yogurt for the Prevention of Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea in Adults: A Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial.

To evaluate the effect of yogurt supplemented with probiotic bacteria on the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in hospitalized patients.

Comparative Analysis of Antigiardial Potential of Heat Inactivated and Probiotic Protein of Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in Murine Giardiasis.

The present study was designed to envisage the antigiardial efficacy of killed probiotic and probiotic protein (PP) of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in murine giardiasis. Experimentally, it was observed that animal administered either with probiotic protein emulsified with adjuvant (PP + Giardia) or killed probiotic (killed probiotic (i/p) + Giardia) had significantly reduced Giardia cycle with respect to observed severity and duration of giardiasis compared with Giardia-infected mice. Further, it was found th...

Perinatal probiotic intervention prevented allergic disease in a Caesarean-delivered subgroup at 13-year follow-up.

The long-term effects of probiotic intervention for primary prevention of allergic diseases are not well known. We previously reported less eczema until 10 years in our probiotic intervention trial.

Probiotic Potential, Antioxidant Activity, and Phytase Production of Indigenous Yeasts Isolated from Indigenous Fermented Foods.

While many bacteria have been used as probiotics by industries, only two yeasts, Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii and Kluyveromyces fragilis (B0399), have been used for this purpose. In the present work, a total of 116 yeasts isolated from Brazilian indigenous fermented food, cocoa fermentation, and kefir were in vitro characterized for probiotic attributes. From 116 isolates, 36 were tolerant to gastrointestinal conditions evaluated by tolerance to pH 2.0, bile salts (0.3% w/v), and 37 °C tempera...

Identification of a molecular switch that controls expression of the mannose-specific adhesin, Msa, in .

Some lactic acid bacteria, especially , possess adhesive properties enabling colonization of the human gastrointestinal tract. Two probiotic strains, WCSF1 and 299v, display highly different mannose-specific adhesion, with 299v being superior to WCFS1 based on a yeast agglutination assay. A straightforward correlation between the mannose-adhesion capacity and domain composition of the mannose-specific adhesin (Msa) in the two strains has not been demonstrated previously. In this study, we have analyzed t...

Multiple-strain probiotics appear to be more effective in improving the growth performance and health status of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, than single probiotic strains.

The probiotic efficiencies of the mixed probiotics containing Lactobacillus pentosus BD6, Lac. fermentum LW2, Bacillus subtilis E20, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae P13 for shrimp growth and health status improvement were better than those when using single probiotics. The probiotic mixture at a level of 10 colony-forming units (cfu) (kg diet) and the diets containing BD6 and E20 at 10 cfu (kg diet) significantly improved the growth and health status of shrimp, whereas the diets containing P13 or LW2 did n...

Characterization of Novel Lactobacillus fermentum from Curd Samples of Indigenous Cows from Malnad Region, Karnataka, for their Aflatoxin B Binding and Probiotic Properties.

Thirty-four isolates of Lactobacillus spp. (LAB) from 34 curd samples were evaluated for their aflatoxin B (AFB) binding and probiotic properties. Upon characterization, four LAB isolates (LC3/a, LC4/c, LC/5a, and LM13/b) were found to be effective in removing AFB from culture media with a capacity of above 75%. Staining reaction, biochemical tests, pattern of sugar utilization, and 16s rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed the identity of all the four isolates as L. fermentum. All of them could tolerate aci...

Probiotic characteristics of bacteriocin-producing Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from human milk and colostrum.

As potential probiotic traits of human milk-isolated bacteria have increasingly been recognized, this study aimed to evaluate the probiotic properties of bacteriocin-producing Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from human milk and colostrum. Among 118 human milk- and colostrum-isolated lactic cocci, only 29 were identified as Enterococcus. Of these, only four Enterococcus faecium isolates exhibited bacteriocigenic activity against several pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria, including Listeria monocytogene...

Comparative genomics of transport proteins in seven Bacteroides species.

The communities of beneficial bacteria that live in our intestines, the gut microbiome, are important for the development and function of the immune system. Bacteroides species make up a significant fraction of the human gut microbiome, and can be probiotic and pathogenic, depending upon various genetic and environmental factors. These can cause disease conditions such as intra-abdominal sepsis, appendicitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, pericarditis, skin infections, brain abscesses and meningitis. In this st...

Selection and Evaluation of Probiotic and Functional Characteristics of Autochthonous Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Fermented Wheat Flour Dough Babroo.

The present study aimed to isolate and identify the potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from traditionally fermented wheat flour dough known as "babroo." A total of 26 lactic isolates were obtained from 50 different samples collected from different locations of the Himalayan province (Himachal Pradesh). To ascertain non-pathogenic nature, the isolates were screened by hemolytic activity leading to 20 non-hemolytic strains which were subjected to tolerance to simulated gastrointestinal conditions....

Effects of a commercial probiotic BS containing Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis on growth, immune response and disease resistance in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus.

The present study evaluated a commercial probiotic designated as BS (a mix of B. subtilis and B. licheniformis) to ascertain its efficacy and the dose necessary to improve growth, immune response, and disease resistance in tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Fish (53.01 ± 1.0 g) were fed with a basal diet supplemented with 0 gkg (CT), 3 gkg (BS3), 5 gkg-1 (BS5) 7 gkg-1 (BS7) and 10 gkg-1 (BS10) of the probiotic BS for 4 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, the weight gain, specific growth rate, and fe...

Enhancement in Iron Absorption on Intake of Chemometrically Optimized Ratio of Probiotic Strain Lactobacillus plantarum 299v with Iron Supplement Pearl Millet.

This research article aims to establish the intake ratio of probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum 299v with iron supplement pearl millet by central composite design of response surface methodology so as to enhance iron absorption. In anemic rat models, the food intake pattern, body weight, hemoglobin content, and hematocrit values were found to be significantly increased on treatment with pearl millet:probiotic; however, incorporation of probiotics at lower dose (0.5 g) was significantly (p 

Isolation and Characterization of New Probiotic Strains From Chinese Babies.

The aims of this study were to isolate, to identify, and to characterize new potential probiotic strains from the feces of Chinese neonates.

Choosing an appropriate probiotic product for your patient: An evidence-based practical guide.

Clinicians and patients face a daunting task when choosing the most appropriate probiotic for their specific needs. Available preparations encompass a diverse and continuously expanding product base, with most available products lacking evidence-based trials that support their use. Even when evidence exists, not all probiotic products are equally effective for all disease prevention or treatment indications. At this point in time, drug regulatory agencies offer limited assistance with regard to guidance and...

Evaluation of enterococci for potential probiotic utilization in dogs.

Some strains of the genus Enterococcus are effective probiotic bacteria if they meet safety and probiotic criteria. In our study, 17 canine enterococci previously selected from a group of 160 isolates based on safety criteria were screened for some functional properties relevant to their use as probiotics. The results of antimicrobial resistance testing showed sensitivity of eleven strains to EFSA recommended antimicrobials. In contrast, the most frequent resistance was observed for cefotaxim (15/17) and ox...

Effects of Bacillus subtilis DSM32315 supplementation and dietary crude protein level on performance, barrier function and gut microbiota profile in weaned piglets.

Seventy-two piglets aged at 25 days were chosen to investigate the effects of Bacillus subtilis DSM32315 supplementation in diets with different protein levels on growth performance, intestinal barrier function and gut microbiota profile in a 42-d trial. The animals were allotted to 4 treatment groups in a randomized complete block design involving a 2 (protein levels) ×2 (probiotic levels) factorial arrangement of treatments. Two protein levels included the high crude protein (HP) diets (0-14 d, 20.5%; 15...

Probiotic using as a part of complex therapy of disbiotic violations at some intestinal diseases.

Diseases of intestines are among the most widespread in this connection their effective prevention and treatment represents a priority problem of practical health care. Nowadays the set of the indisputable evidence that the microbiota of intestines played a key role in pathogenesis of many diseases has been obtained. Aim - the analysis of the available data on a role of microflora and efficiency of probiotic cultures for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, the necrotic enterocolitis, Krone's disease. Bas...

Comparative Evaluation of the Antioxidant Capacities and Organic Acid and Volatile Contents of Mango Slurries Fermented with Six Different Probiotic Microorganisms.

Mango slurries were fermented with 6 different probiotic microorganisms (Lactobacillus plantarum, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Saccharomyces cerevisiae D254, S. cerevisiae DV10, and S. cerevisiae R2) to develop products with higher bioactivity. Changes in pH, reducing sugars, organic acids, and volatile compounds were determined. In addition, total phenolics and antioxidant capacity during fermentation were monitored. Among the strains used, S. cerevisiae D254 exhibited the fastest utili...


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