PubMed Journals Articles About "Interface Sleep Disordered Breathing" RSS

21:03 EDT 4th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Interface Sleep Disordered Breathing" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,600+

Association of sleep spindle activity and sleepiness in children with sleep-disordered breathing.

The association of snoring and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with daytime sleepiness is well documented. The exact mechanisms, and especially the role of sleep microstructure that may account for this association remain, however, not completely understood.

Association of Sleep-Disordered Breathing with Total Healthcare Costs and Utilization in Older Men: the Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men (MrOS Sleep) Study.

To determine the associations of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with subsequent healthcare costs and utilization including inpatient and post-acute care facility stays among community-dwelling older men.

Successful home respiratory polygraphy to investigate sleep-disordered breathing in children.

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children is common. Interest in sleep tests, such as polygraphy (PG), which can be performed in a non-attended setting, are gaining is increasing. PG has, however, been little studied in children with co-morbidities other than obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and in particular, if performed in a non-attended setting. We report on the feasibility and interpretability of implementing PGs at home versus in hospital.

Opioid-Related Sleep-Disordered Breathing: An Update for Clinicians.

Opioids are an effective treatment for patients with intractable pain. Long-term administration of opioids for pain relief is being delivered by an increasing number of medical providers in the United States including primary care physicians and nonspecialists. One common complication of chronic opioid use is sleep-disordered breathing which can result in various morbidities as well as an increase in all-cause mortality. It is important for providers to understand the relationship between opioids and sleep-...

Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Airway Assessment Using Polysomnography in Pediatric Patients With Craniofacial Disorders.

Children with cleft and craniofacial conditions commonly present with concurrent airway anomalies, which often manifest as sleep disordered breathing. Craniofacial surgeons and members of the multidisciplinary team involved in the care of these patients should appreciate and understand the scope of airway pathology as well as the proper means of airway assessment. This review article details the prevalence and assessment of sleep disordered breathing in patients with craniofacial anomalies, with emphasis on...

Parent report of children's sleep disordered breathing symptoms and limited academic progress in reading, writing, and math.

To estimate via questionnaire within a population sample of New Zealand (NZ) children aged 6-to-10 years, the prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and those struggling academically, and to identify individual and shared risk factors (health and demographic) for parent-reported SDB symptoms and academic difficulties.

Robust, ECG-based algorithm for Sleep Disordered Breathing detection in large population-based cohorts using an automatic, data-driven approach.

Up to 5% of adults in Western countries have undiagnosed sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Studies have shown that electrocardiogram (ECG)-based algorithms can identify SDB and may provide alternative screening. Most studies however have limited generalizability as they have been conducted using the Apnea-ECG database, a small sample database that lacks complex SDB cases.

The presence of coexisting sleep-disordered breathing among women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy does not worsen perinatal outcome.

To determine whether the presence of co-existing sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with worse perinatal outcomes among women diagnosed with a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP), compared with normotensive controls.

The Effects of Transgender Hormone Therapy on Sleep and Breathing: A Case Series.

The effect of hormone therapy on sleep-disordered breathing in transgender patients has not been described. We present three cases of patients undergoing gender reassignment and treated with hormone replacement. The first case was a transgender woman (assigned male at birth) with a prolonged history of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that resolved following initiation of female sex hormones. The second and third cases both address transgender males (assigned female at birth) in whom OSA developed follo...

The Effects of Transgender Hormone Therapy on Sleep and Breathing: A Case Series.

The effect of hormone therapy on sleep-disordered breathing in transgender patients has not been described. We present three cases of patients undergoing gender reassignment and treated with hormone replacement. The first case was a transgender woman (assigned male at birth) with a prolonged history of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that resolved following initiation of female sex hormones. The second and third cases both address transgender males (assigned female at birth) in whom OSA developed follo...

The generalizability of the clinical assessment score-15 for pediatric sleep-disordered breathing.

The Clinical Assessment Score-15 (CAS-15) has been validated as an office-based assessment for pediatric sleep-disordered breathing in otherwise healthy children. Our objective was to determine the generalizability of the CAS-15 in a multi-institutional fashion.

Pharyngeal dysfunction associated with early and late onset sleep disordered breathing in children.

To compare the frequency and type of diagnoses associated with pharyngeal dysfunction (PD) in children presenting with early versus late onset sleep disordered breathing (SDB).

Sleep disordered breathing in Marfan syndrome: Value of standard screening questionnaires.

A high prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been reported in persons with Marfan syndrome (MFS), a single gene disorder of connective tissue resulting in premature death from aortic rupture. The burden of SDB and accompanying hemodynamic stress could warrant broad screening in this population. Our goal was to assess the utility of traditional SDB screening tools in our sample of persons with MFS.

Sleep-disordered breathing in children with pycnodysostosis.

Upper airway obstruction is a common feature in pycnodysostosis and may cause obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of our study was to analyze sleep-disordered breathing and respiratory management in children with pycnodysostosis. A retrospective review of the clinical charts and sleep studies of 10 consecutive children (three girls and seven boys) with pycnodysostosis seen over a time period of 10 years was performed. Six patients had severe OSA and/or nocturnal hypoventilation and were started on cont...

Short lingual frenulum as a risk factor for sleep-disordered breathing in school-age children.

Recent evidence has emphasized the role of a short lingual frenulum in the pathogenesis of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in childhood. The oral dysfunction induced by a short frenulum may promote oral-facial dysmorphism, decreasing the size of upper airway lumen and increasing the risk of upper airway collapsibility during sleep. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of a short lingual frenulum as risk factor for SDB in children of school age, with and without snoring, who were recruited fro...

Predictors of oronasal breathing among obstructive sleep apnea patients and controls.

Oronasal breathing may adversely impact OSA patients either by increasing upper airway collapsibility and by influencing CPAP treatment outcomes. Predicting preferential breathing route would be helpful to guide CPAP interface prescription. We hypothesized that anthropometric measurements but not self-reported oronasal breathing are predictors of objectively measured oronasal breathing. Seventeen OSA patients and 9 healthy subjects underwent overnight polysomnography with an oronasal mask with 2-sealed comp...

Polysomnography findings in pediatric spinal muscular atrophy types 1-3.

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) causes sleep disturbance and daytime symptoms in children with neuromuscular disorders. Although polysomnography (PSG) findings are well described in many neuromuscular disorders, there are limited reports from children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). The aim of this study was to determine the sleep architecture and breathing characteristics and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) use in our pediatric SMA cohort.

Breathing retraining in sleep apnoea: a review of approaches and potential mechanisms.

Anatomically based treatments for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may not completely resolve OSA. This has led to interest in exploring ways of addressing physiological risk factors. This review examines the literature for research reporting on the effects of various types of breathing training and breathing activities on sleep apnoea. It also reviews and discusses proposed therapeutic mechanisms.

Catathrenia resolved with the lowest CPAP pressure settings.

Catathrenia is a sleep disorder characterized by a prolonged expiratory sound preceded by a deep inhalation and accompanied by a bradypnea breathing-pattern. Afflicted individuals are usually unaware of their problem, so it is common that bed partners report strange sounds while breathing during sleep. There is little documented experience in treating the condition, but some studies have shown resolution of this disorder with CPAP, especially in patients with a Sleep-Disordered-Breathing (SDB) associated. U...

Mean oxygen saturation during sleep is related to specific brain atrophy pattern.

There is much controversy about the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the effects of sleep-disordered breathing on the brain. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between markers of sleep-related hypoxemia and brain anatomy.

Sleep disorders in aging polio survivors: a systematic review.

Sleep disturbances, especially sleep disordered breathing and sleep movement disorders, seem to be highly prevalent among aging polio survivors. They could contribute to late functional deterioration, fatigue, poor quality of life and negative health outcomes, thereby increasing cardiovascular risk.

An unbiased, efficient sleep-wake detection algorithm for a population with sleep disorders: Change Point Decoder.

The usage of wrist-worn wearables to detect sleep-wake states remains a formidable challenge, particularly among individuals with disordered sleep. We developed a novel and unbiased data-driven method for detection of sleep-wake and compared its performance to the well-established Oakley algorithm (OA) relative to polysomnography (PSG) in elderly men with disordered sleep.

Obstructive sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoxemia are associated with an increased risk of lung cancer.

To identify a link between sleep disordered breathing, nocturnal hypoxemia, and lung cancer.

Sleep-disordered Breathing in Pregnancy Part 1.

Insights into the effects of sleep disordered breathing on the brain in infants and children: Imaging and cerebral oxygenation measurements.

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is a common condition in infants and children. SDB encompasses a spectrum of respiratory disorders, which are defined as either obstructive or central in nature. Obstructive SDB ranges in severity from primary snoring (PS), to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). There are a number of conditions characterized by central sleep apnea (CSA), including but not limited to periodic breathing in infants, Arnold Chiari malformations, and idiopathic CSA. SDB is associated with adverse card...

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