PubMed Journals Articles About "Intervention Attention Control Knee Replacement Total" RSS

06:43 EST 29th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Intervention Attention Control Knee Replacement Total" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

Examining Timeliness of Total Knee Replacement Among Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis in the U.S.: Results from the OAI and MOST Longitudinal Cohorts.

Patients with knee osteoarthritis may undergo total knee replacement too early or may delay or underuse this procedure. We quantified these categories of total knee replacement utilization in 2 cohorts of participants with knee osteoarthritis and investigated factors associated with each category.

Lower extremity gait kinematics outcomes after knee replacement demonstrate arthroplasty-specific differences between unicondylar and total knee arthroplasty: A pilot study.

The aim of the present study is to compare sagittal gait kinematics of ankle, knee and hip joints between subjects with unicondylar and total knee arthroplasty and age matched healthy controls. Since unicondylar knee replacement is a less invasive procedure, which more closely preserves knee joint anatomy, we hypothesized that one year post unicondylar knee arthroplasty patients would demonstrate more normal gait patterns than patients with total knee arthroplasty.

Revision Rates and Functional Outcomes Among Severely, Morbidly, and Super-Obese Patients Following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Obesity has been associated with a greater burden of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. There is some evidence that patients with a very high body mass index (BMI) may have a higher risk of complications and poor outcomes following total knee replacement compared with non-obese patients or obese patients with a lower BMI. We hypothesized that increasing degrees of obesity would be associated with deteriorating outcomes for patients following total knee replacement.

Association of Preoperative Opioid Use With Mortality and Short-term Safety Outcomes After Total Knee Replacement.

Prescription opioid use is common among patients with moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis before undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). Preoperative opioid use may be associated with worse clinical and safety outcomes after TKR.

The projected burden of knee osteoarthritis in New Zealand: healthcare expenditure and total joint replacement provision.

To estimate the healthcare costs and demand for total knee replacement (TKR) associated with knee osteoarthritis in New Zealand over the period 2013-2038 and the contribution of increasing obesity rates to these costs.

Pre-operative and post-operative kinematic analysis in total knee arthroplasty. A pilot study.

Total knee replacement is the treatment of choice in knee osteoarthritis. Despite this, there is still a percentage of unsatisfied patients. Recently, prosthetic designs have been developed to improve the kinematics of the prosthetic knee.

Technology-assisted rehabilitation following total knee or hip replacement for people with osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of technology-assisted rehabilitation following total hip/knee replacement (THR/TKR).

Early experience with the ATTUNE Total Knee Replacement System.

Modern TKA implants promise to improve functional outcomes, stability, patient satisfaction and operating room efficiency. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate our short-term clinical and radiological results and survival using the ATTUNE Total Knee Replacement System.

Patellar Osteonecrosis Following Knee Arthroscopy.

Patellar osteonecrosis is a rare condition, although knee osteonecrosis has been described in the arthroplasty literature. This is the first case describing knee arthroscopy as the cause of osteonecrosis. A 50-year-old woman who was experiencing knee pain during her marathon training and singles tennis underwent knee arthroscopy for a torn medial meniscus. The result of her partial medial meniscectomy led to patellar osteonecrosis 3 months following the index procedure. Osteonecrosis of the knee has been re...

Preferred outcome measures used in randomized clinical trials of total knee replacement rehabilitation: A systematic review.

To determine the most frequently used outcome measures in total knee replacement rehabilitation trials.

Effectiveness of Using Photographs of the Change in Standing Posture on Postoperative Patient-Reported Satisfaction and Quality of Life.

Dissatisfaction is still an important problem in a small but important group of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of showing patients the change in their standing posture, before and after total knee replacement, using standing photographs (anterior, posterior, and lateral view), on improving self-reported quality of life and satisfaction. Full-length lower extremity radiographs and standing photographs were obtained prior to total knee repla...

Effectiveness of a Nursing Intervention to Diminish Preoperative Anxiety in Patients Programmed for Knee Replacement Surgery: Preventive Controlled and Randomized Clinical Trial.

This work was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a nursing intervention, based on the motivational interview, to diminish preoperative anxiety in patients programmed for knee replacement surgery.

Leukocyte esterase strip test as a reliable intraoperative PJIs biomarker. Our experience.

ackgroud and aim of work: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is the most common cause of total knee replacement failure and the third most common cause of total hip replacement failure, accounting for 16.8% of all knee revisions and 14.8% of the hip revisions; nevertheless, the diagnosis of PJI is often a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. The aim of these study was to evaluate the reliability of the LE strip test for diagnosis of PJI.

Investigation of genicular neurotomy of the knee: MRI characterization of anatomy and implications for intervention.

Genicular nerve block and subsequent radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) has emerged as a novel intervention and alternative for total knee arthroplasty in patients with refractory pain from knee osteoarthritis (OA). To our knowledge, there is no cited report correlating the accuracy of localizing the genicular nerves using bony landmarks on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Use of National Joint Registries to Evaluate a New Knee Arthroplasty Design.

The introduction of new technology in joint replacement surgery requires close monitoring to identify early successes and failures. This monitoring can be effectively performed through the analysis of registry data and radiostereometric analysis studies. This study examined the revision rates of a contemporary knee system for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using National Joint Replacement Registries.

Trust compliance with best practice tariff criteria for total hip and knee replacement.

Satisfaction of the best practice tariff criteria for primary hip and knee replacement enables on average an additional £560 of reimbursement per case. The Getting it Right First Time report highlighted poor awareness of these criteria among orthopaedic departments.

Declining early mortality after hip and knee arthroplasty.

We aimed to measure the period effect (change over time) in 30-day mortality after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry.

Primary Results of Medial Epicondylar Osteotomy in Patients with Severe Bilateral Varus Knee Candidate for Total Knee Replacement.

 Total knee arthroplasty is a challenging task in patients with severe varus deformity. In most of these patients, an extensive medial release is needed that may lead to instability. Medial epicondylar osteotomy may be a better substitute for complete medial collateral release.

Short-Term Outcomes of Synovectomy and Total Knee Replacement in Patients with Diffuse-Type Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis.

Diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis is a rare benign disease that causes disorders of the knee, including erosion of subchondral bone and cyst formation, with eventual osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of synovectomy and total knee replacement in patients with the diffuse type of pigmented villonodular synovitis. From November 2011 to May 2015, we performed synovectomy and total knee replacement in 28 patients with diffuse pigmented villonodular syno...

The bulge sign - a simple physical examination for identifying progressive knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

To examine whether the presence of bulge sign or patellar tap was associated with frequent knee pain, progression of radiographic OA (ROA) and total knee replacement (TKR).

Long-Term Results of Total Knee Arthroplasty with Contemporary Distal Femoral Replacement.

Distal femoral replacement (DFR) is a salvage option for complex primary and revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although excellent immediate fixation and weight-bearing are achieved, there is a paucity of data on long-term outcomes of TKA with DFR. The purpose of the present study was to determine implant survivorship, clinical outcomes, and radiographic results of TKAs with contemporary DFR components in a large series.

Variability in long-term pain and function trajectories after total knee replacement: A cohort study.

Previous research suggests that patient-reported outcomes plateau by one year after total knee replacement (TKR). Analysis of trajectories to date has predominately been based on changes in median/mean scores over the first post-operative year, rather than variability in trajectory patterns over the longer-term. The aim was to evaluate variability in long-term pain and function trajectories after TKR.

Guidelines for Instrumentation for Total Knee Replacement Based on Frontal Plane Radiographs.

The objective of this study was to measure the dimensions and the angulations of the femur and tibia for arthritic knees that were scheduled for total knee surgery. The purpose was to provide information for the design of surgical instruments such as cutting guides. Instruments made using three-dimensional printing were a particular consideration because of the variations in sizing that are possible.

Are perioperative interventions effective in preventing chronic pain after primary total knee replacement? A systematic review.

For many people with advanced osteoarthritis, total knee replacement (TKR) is an effective treatment for relieving pain and improving function. Features of perioperative care may be associated with the adverse event of chronic pain 6 months or longer after surgery; effects may be direct, for example, through nerve damage or surgical complications, or indirect through adverse events. This systematic review aims to evaluate whether non-surgical perioperative interventions prevent long-term pain after TKR.

A double-blind randomized controlled trial of total knee replacement using patient-specific cutting block instrumentation versus standard instrumentation

Patient-specific cutting blocks in total knee arthroplasty have been promoted to improve mechanical alignment, reduce alignment outliers and improve patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) and conventional instrumentation (CI) in achieving neutral alignment and accurate component positioning in total knee arthroplasty.

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