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Intrathecal Liposomal Temozolomide Glioblastoma Multiforme PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Intrathecal Liposomal Temozolomide Glioblastoma Multiforme articles that have been published worldwide.
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Glioblastomas are the most frequently diagnosed and worst primary malignancy of the central nervous system, with very poor prognosis. The first-line anti-glioma drug temozolomide shows decreasing therapeutic efficacy as treatment progresses. As the integrated stress response (ISR) may be a resistance factor and severe stress might transform the protective effect of the ISR into a damage effect, pharmacological regulation of ISR may be an effective way to sensitize glioma to temozolomide. The aim of the pres...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a rare and deadly disease, with a reported average incidence rate of 3.19 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Fotemustine, a third-generation nitrosourea with an alanine phosphor carrier that facilitates cellular penetration, has been extensively investigated in the setting of recurrent/progressive disease after initial treatment. Fotemustine is usually administered following a schedule consisting of 3 doses every week, followed by maintenance doses administered every 3 weeks.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a poorly curable disease due to its heterogeneity that enables single cells to survive treatment regimen and initiate tumor regrowth. Although some progress in therapy has been achieved in the last years, the efficient treatment of GBMs is still a clinical challenge. Besides the standard therapeutic drug temozolomide (TMZ), quinoline-based antimalarial drugs such as hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and BH3 mimetics such as AT101 were considered as possible drugs for GBM therapy.
In this phase II study, we investigate clinical outcomes and tolerability of hypofractionated radiotherapy (HRT) combined with temozolomide (TMZ) to treat elderly patients with glioblastoma (GBM).
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most lethal type of brain tumor and the established therapy only extends patients survival to approximately one year. Its first-line treatment is based on of chemotherapy with the alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ). As many other chemotherapeutic drugs, TMZ presents several limitations as high toxicity and low bioavailability. The delivery of TMZ using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles is proposed in this work. Stable nanoparticles functionalized with a OX26 type mo...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary malignant cancer of brain, which is extremely aggressive and carries a dreadful prognosis. Current treatment protocol runs around radiotherapy, surgical resection, and temozolomide with median overall survival of around 12-15 months. Due to its heterogeneity and mutational load, immunotherapy with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy can be a promising treatment option for recurrent glioblastoma. Initial phase 1 studies have shown that this...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant of brain tumors. Acquired drug resistance is a major obstacle for successful treatment. Earlier studies reported that expression of the multiple drug resistance gene (MDR1) is regulated by YB-1 or NFκB via the JNK/c-Jun or Akt pathway. Over-expression of the Dickkopf (DKK) family member DKK3 by an adenovirus vector carrying DKK3 (Ad-DKK3) exerted anti-tumor effects and led to the activation of the JNK/c-Jun pathway. We investigated whether Ad-DKK3 augment...
Maximal safe surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiation has been standard for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Hypofractionated accelerated radiotherapy (HART) has the potential to improve outcome as it reduces the overall treatment time and increases the biological effective dose.
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a difficult-to-treat brain cancer that nearly uniformly recurs, and recurrent tumors are largely therapy-resistant. Our prior work has demonstrated an important role for the TWEAK receptor Fn14 in GBM patho-biology. In this study, we investigated Fn14 expression in recurrent GBM and in the setting of temozolomide (TMZ) resistance.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor in adults with peak incidence in patients older than 65 years. These patients are mostly underrepresented in clinical trials and often undertreated due to concomitant diseases. Recently, different therapeutic approaches for elderly patients with GBM were discussed. To date, there is no defined standard treatment. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the functional and oncological outcome in surgical treatment of elderly p...
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to be intensively involved in the development of various carcinomas, including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, only a few of them have been well characterized. LncRNA CASP5 have been found to be up-regulated in GBM tissues compared with normal tissues in a microarray-based lncRNA profiling study. In the present study, we further explored the biological role of lncRNA CASP5 in GBM.
Current treatment strategies for glioblastoma multiforme are limited due to early recurrence and heterogeneity of the cell population that causes a varied response to treatment. Ultraviolet-C (UVC) radiation may be a potential adjuvant treatment that could theoretically be delivered locally by implantable micro-electromechanical systems that sense and kill early recurrence and/or minimally residual cancer. In vitro irradiation experiments are limited because they commonly use a single cell line. Therefore o...
In the last decade, significant advances have been made in Glioblastoma Multiforme treatment with the novel use of alternating electrical fields, also termed as tumour treating fields (TTFs). This modality has shown promising results in recurrent and newly diagnosed GBM patients, and according to some, may soon be considered an addition to the previously known 'trifecta' of GBM standard of care, i.e., surgery, chemo and radiation therapy.Here we review the existing data on TTF for both recurrent and newly d...
Glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive primitive brain tumor in adults. Temozolomide (TMZ) administered daily with radiation therapy, followed by adjuvant TMZ has become the standard treatment. Although TMZ treatment has been considered to have a low toxicity profile, studies have noted the development of a severe myelosuppression, especially during the concomitant treatment; this toxicity may in some cases be prolonged and consequently treatment must be definitively discontinued. We analyzed two ca...
Methylation of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) has been extensively studied as a biomarker in predicting the prognosis of patients with GBM (Glioblastoma multiforme). Its significance has been studied in various subgroups, including age, gender and even race. Correlation between prognosis with MGMT methylation and different treatment regimens has also been studied in detail. There are multiple techniques to analyze MGMT methylation in tumour specimen. We review the current evidence for the imp...
Chemoresistance blunts the effect of Temozolomide (TMZ) in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Whether exosomal transfer of miRNAs derived from TMZ-resistant GBM cells could confer TMZ resistance remains to be determined. qPCR was used to determine miR-151a expression in two TMZ-resistant GBM cell lines. The direct targets of miR-151a were identiﬁed by microarray assays, bioinformatics and further RNA chromatin immunoprecipitation (RNA-ChIP) assay. We characterized exosomes from TMZ-resistant ...
To assess the effect of zinc-doped copper oxide nanocomposites (nZn-CuO NPs) on glioblastoma therapy.
Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is a fast-growing type of tumor that is the most aggressive brain malignancy in adults. According to GEO profile analysis, patients with high transient receptor potential canonical 3 (TRPC3) expression have poor survival rates. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Ethyl-1-(4-(2,3,3-trichloroacrylamide)phenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate (Pyr3), a selective TRPC3 channel blocker, on the proliferation and migration of ...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has a poor prognosis with an overall survival of 14-15 months following surgery, radiation and chemotherapy using temozolomide (TMZ). A major problem is that the tumors acquire resistance to therapy. In an effort to improve the therapeutic efficacy of TMZ, we performed a genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) synthetic lethality screen to establish a functional gene signature for TMZ sensitivity in human GBM cells. We then queried the Connectivity Map database to search for drugs ...
To analyze the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expression profile of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and identify prognosis-related lncRNAs, as well as their related protein-coding genes and functions.
This systematic review aims to investigate spinal cord glioblastoma (scGBM) and correlations between patient traits and survival outcome, as well as differences in cohorts administered temozolomide or total resections, through an analysis of published cases reported up to October 2016.