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PubMed Journals Articles About "Intuitions About Personal Identity Rooted Essentialist Thinking Across" RSS

09:52 EST 13th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Intuitions about personal identity rooted essentialist thinking across" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,500+

Intuitions about personal identity are rooted in essentialist thinking across development.

What aspects of a person determine whether they are the same person they were in the past? This is one of the fundamental questions of research on personal identity. To date, this literature has focused on identifying the psychological states (e.g., moral beliefs, memories) that people rely on when making identity judgments. But the notion of personal identity depends on more than just psychological states. Most people also believe that the physical matter that makes up an individual is an important criteri...


Making Sense of Genetics: The Problem of Essentialism.

"Psychological essentialism" refers to our tendency to view the natural world as emerging from the result of deep, hidden, and internal forces called "essences." People tend to believe that genes underlie a person's identity. People encounter information about genetics on a regular basis, as through media such as a New York Times piece "Infidelity Lurks in Your Genes" or a 23andMe commercial showing people acquiring new ethnic identities as the result of their genotyping. How do people make sense of new sci...

Autobiographical memory and future thinking impairments in multiple sclerosis: cognitive and neural mechanisms, functional impact and rehabilitation.

Learning and memory impairments are common in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and have pervasive effects on everyday life functioning. Hence, memory and learning have received particular attention in the cognitive rehabilitation literature in MS. The effectiveness of memory rehabilitation on memory performance is supported by several studies, but the generalisability of the benefits to daily life and memory for real-life events has rarely been examined. Recently, a new line of research focusing on ...


Exploring identity and personal meanings in psychosis using the repertory grid technique: A systematic review.

Current research and clinical practice in person-centered approaches highlight the importance of self, identity, and personal meanings in psychosis. Previous research has focused on dimensions of self, but less attention has been paid to the personal meanings involved in identity. The Personal Construct Theory framework and the Repertory Grid Technique (RGT) allow the study of identity and personal meanings within person-centered approaches of psychopathology and treatment in psychosis, as suggested by stud...

Is surgery more about doing than thinking?

Detailed thought, knowledge, complex analysis, reasoned judgment and professionalism all fundamentally underpin a surgeon's work and training, yet there is a popularly held view that accomplished surgeons are primarily concerned with performing procedures. A review of pedagogical, social and medical literature, together with personal reflections from the authors, shows that a surgeon's work is multi-faceted. This article discusses the technical skills of operating as a reflection of the 'tip of the iceberg'...

'Who Am I?': An Exploratory Study of the Relationships Between Identity, Acculturation and Mental Health in Autistic Adolescents.

Autistic adolescents are at increased risk of mental health difficulties. One potential factor contributing to this is identity development, although this hypothesis has been little explored. These adolescents also have to consider how autism forms their identity, a process called acculturation. This exploratory study examined the relationships between identity, acculturation and mental health in autistic adolescents. Twenty-four participants completed measures investigating identity, acculturation and ment...

Short-term affective consequences of specificity of rumination about unresolved personal goals.

Rumination is a form of repetitive thinking that has been associated with both helpful and unhelpful consequences for mood and self-regulation. It has been suggested that the specificity of ruminative thought content may be one factor that determines whether state rumination about personal goals is adaptive. The present study tested the hypothesis that state rumination about unresolved personal goals is associated with unhelpful affective consequences only when rumination is low in specificity.

Essentialist Beliefs and Sexual Prejudice Toward Feminine Gay Men.

We propose that feminine gay men are targets of essentialist beliefs that cast them as less natural and more entitative than masculine gay men, and that this pattern of low-naturalness/high-entitativity beliefs fuels increased sexual prejudice toward, and discomfort with, feminine gay men. Data from two studies support these hypotheses. In Study 1, feminine versus masculine gay men were rated lower in naturalness and higher in entitativity, while masculine versus feminine lesbians did not elicit this patter...

An examination of trauma narratives: Narrative rumination, self-reflection, and identity in young adulthood.

Trauma has the potential to challenge the self and identity development in ways unlike other personal experiences and, undoubtedly, necessitates meaning-making. The purpose of this study is to expand understanding of how young adults make meaning of traumatic experiences and how those processes, either adaptive self-reflection, meaning-making, or narrative rumination, relate to identity development.

Specificity of Future Thinking in Depression: A Meta-Analysis.

Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory has been well established in depression, but whether this extends to future thinking has not been the focus of a meta-analysis. Following a preregistered protocol, we searched six electronic databases, Google Scholar, and personal libraries and contacted authors in the field for studies matching search terms related to depression, future thinking, and specificity. We reduced an initial 7,332 results to 46 included studies, with 89 effect sizes and 4,813 total ...

Operationalizing the Concept of Critical Thinking for Student Learning Outcome Development.

Creating a curriculum that can effectively develop critical thinking skills is an elusive outcome for undergraduate nursing programs. Despite the best efforts of faculty, employers continue to note an inability of new graduates to apply critical thinking concepts that improve patient outcomes. The lack of an operational definition of critical thinking appears to be a key contributor to this issue.

Work identity development in young adults with mental health problems.

How we identify ourselves is strongly related to employment. Young adults are a vulnerable group with regard to entering the Labor market. If they also have mental health problems, entering becomes more difficult and increases risk of early marginalization. Nevertheless, working can be essential for personal recovery process. To explore experiences of young adults with mental health problems who are starting to work, with a focus on the process of developing work identity. Grounded theory design was used....

Using lived experience to develop a personal narrative workshop programme in order to aid mental health recovery.

: According to Slade's Personal Recovery Framework, mental health recovery involves developing a positive identity, reframing experiences, developing self-management and valued social roles.: This study explored how developing a personal narrative can support mental health recovery through reframing and developing a more positive identity. This paper provides an overview of the study's three phases and the resultant Personal Narrative Workshop Programme.: Phase 1 involved developing and analysing my own rec...

Milk donation after losing one's baby: Adopting a donor identity as a means of coping with loss.

This is a study of bereaved mothers' donation of human milk to nonprofit human milk banks following their baby's death. Whereas much has been written about the biological and medical aspects of milk donations in times of loss, much less attention has been given to the psychosocial aspects of this phenomenon. I build on research of motivations for philanthropic giving in times of crisis and loss, and focus on the role of donor identity for explaining bereaved mothers' milk donations. Through a content analys...

Thinking About Thinking: Why Cognition Should Be the Sixth Vital Sign.

A Philosophical View on the Experience of Dignity and Autonomy through the Phenomenology of Illness.

In the context of the end of life, many authors point out how the experience of identity is crucial for the well-being of patients with advanced disease. They define this identity in terms of autonomy, control, or dependence, associating these concepts with the sense of personal dignity. From the perspective of the phenomenology of embodiment, Kay Toombs and other authors have investigated the ways disease can impact on the subjective world of patients and have stressed that a consideration of this personal...

Longitudinal Associations of Identity Processing Styles With Prodiversity and Proequality Values in Adolescence.

In adolescence, the formation of personal identity and values may be intertwined, since values are among the main issues considered when building one's identity. This study examined how sociocognitive strategies used in the process of identity formation were related with adoption of prodiversity and proequality values, which are critically important for socially diverse contemporary societies. Participants were 916 adolescents (51.4% females, M  = 15.65, SD  = 0.73 at baseline) involved in a three-wave ...

Self-rooted grafting influences the growth and cadmium accumulation characteristics in the post generation of Cosmos sulphureus.

To determine whether self-rooted grafting increases the cadmium (Cd) accumulation in post generations of hyperaccumulator or accumulator plants, a pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of self-rooted grafting on growth and Cd accumulation in the post generation of the accumulator plant Cosmos sulphureus. Four treatments were applied in the experiment with soil Cd concentration of 5 mg kg: ungrafted (UG), self-rooted grafting of the same C. sulphureus seedling (SG), self-rooted grafting of two C....

Childhood maltreatment and identity diffusion among inpatient adolescents: The role of reflective function.

Identity integration, as opposed to identity diffusion, has been associated with greater self-esteem, meaning in life, and functioning. Trauma may have negative effects on identity; however, few studies have examined trauma and identity among adolescents, particularly those with psychiatric disorders. Moreover, factors that may promote healthy identity in adolescents who have experienced trauma have not been identified. This study aimed to test associations between childhood maltreatment and identity diffus...

Young Children Are Wishful Thinkers: The Development of Wishful Thinking in 3- to 10-Year-Old Children.

Previously, research on wishful thinking has found that desires bias older children's and adults' predictions during probabilistic reasoning tasks. In this article, we explore wishful thinking in children aged 3- to 10-years-old. Do young children learn to be wishful thinkers? Or do they begin with a wishful thinking bias that is gradually overturned during development? Across five experiments, we compare low- and middle-income United States and Peruvian 3- to 10-year-old children (N = 682). Children were...

The anisotropy of personal space.

Violations of personal space are associated with discomfort. However, the exact function linking the magnitude of discomfort to interpersonal distance has not yet been specified. In this study, we explore whether interpersonal distance and discomfort are isotropic with respect to uncomfortably far or close distances. We also extend previous findings with regard to intrusions into personal space as well as maintenance of distances outside of personal space. We presented subjects with 15 interpersonal distanc...

Cultural identity in Siberia and in analytical practice.

This paper discusses the main features of Siberian identity formed throughout the historical development of Siberia under the influence of social, economic, geographical, climatic, and other factors. Siberian cultural identity is closely connected with the mythology and ancient religion of the indigenous peoples of Siberia - shamanism, whose rituals, images, symbols, and motifs are often manifested in the clients' dreams. Following an in-depth study of Siberian history and culture, I formulate a complex of ...

Toward critical thinking as a virtue: The case of mental health nursing education.

Critical thinking in nursing is largely theorized as a clinically-based idea. In the context of mental health education, this presents a problem, given documented evidence of a shift to demedicalize mental illness. Using institutional ethnography, this article examines the critical thinking of nursing faculty in a baccalaureate nursing program in a Canadian university by way of focus group interviews, observation periods, and the analysis of a number of institutional and legislative texts. The findings sugg...

Collective identity, social adversity and college student sympathy for violent radicalization.

Identity issues have been at the forefront in studies on determinants of youth violent radicalization. Identity uncertainty and identity fusion appear to be associated with quests for meaning, which may find some answers in extremist discourses and radical engagements. This process has been considered to be particularly important for second-generation migrants who have to negotiate multiple identities, sometimes in situations of social adversity. This paper aims to understand the relations between collectiv...

Nursing students' view of critical thinking as 'Own thinking, searching for truth, and cultural influences'.

Students should enhance their ability to think critically as part of a process of whole-person development.


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