PubMed Journals Articles About "Ireland" RSS

19:56 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Ireland PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Ireland articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Ireland" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 234

Microscopic colitis: a population-based case series over a nine year period in Northern Ireland.

We report clinicopathological experience of microscopic colitis in a population-based case series in Northern Ireland, over a nine year period.

A snapshot of lipid levels in the Republic of Ireland in 2017.

Abnormalities in blood lipid levels are causally linked with cardiovascular disease and pancreatitis. Data is limited regarding lipid abnormalities in Ireland.

Size-Exclusion Borane Catalyzed Domino 1,3-Allylic/Reductive Ireland-Claisen Rearrangements. Impact of the Electronic and Structural Parameters on the 1,3-Allylic Shift Aptitude.

The reductive Ireland-Claisen rearrangement via borane mediated hydrosilylation is reported. The method employs borane catalyst with a special structural design and affords access to synthetically relevant product with high diastereoselectivity. Depending on electronic and structural parameter, the reaction can be coupled with a 1,3-allylic shift, thus the valence isomer of the Ireland-Claisen product is formed.

The epidemiology of concussion in professional rugby union in Ireland.

To determine incidence rates, severity and the nature of concussion in professional rugby union in Ireland.

Prevention and treatment of parastomal hernia: a position statement on behalf of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland (ACPGBI) Delphi process identified prevention and treatment of parastomal hernia (PSH) as the second highest priority non-cancer related colorectal pathology. This position statement aims to summarize the current evidence base.

Drug use among men who have sex with men in Ireland: Prevalence and associated factors from a national online survey.

Little is known about the prevalence and determinants of drug use among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Ireland. The aims of this study were to measure the prevalence of recreational drug use among MSM in a national sample, and to identify sub-groups of MSM who may benefit from targeted preventive interventions.

The apparent low incidence of paediatric Type 2 diabetes in the Republic of Ireland is multifactorial.

We read with interest the study by Candler et al. [1], evaluating the incidence of paediatric Type 2 diabetes mellitus in the UK and Republic of Ireland. They identified an overall incidence in UK children of 0.72 per 100 000. Just two cases of paediatric Type 2 diabetes were reported in the Republic of Ireland during the study period compared with 104 cases in the UK, while the UK paediatric population is just 13-fold larger. Candler et al. speculate that the difference may be a consequence of the lower ...

Optimising treatment in opioid dependency in primary care: results from a national key stakeholder and expert focus group in Ireland.

Treatment for opioid dependence in Ireland is provided predominantly by general practitioners (GP) who have undergone additional training in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) and substance misuse. The National Methadone Treatment Programme (MTP) was introduced in 1998, and was designed to treat the opioid dependent population and to regulate the prescribing regimes at the time. The past two decades have seen the increased prescribing of methadone in primary care and changes in type of opioid abused, in particu...

Implementation of day of surgery admission for rectal cancer surgery in Ireland following a national centralisation programme.

Centralisation of rectal cancer surgery has altered the delivery of colorectal cancer care in Ireland. This has resulted in an increased demand for elective surgical beds in designated centres.

Measuring What Matters: Achieving Consensus on a Positive Ageing Indicator Set For Ireland.

The objective of this study was to measure consensus among expert stakeholders on a set of positive ageing outcome indicators in Ireland. Stakeholders from academic, public, and voluntary sectors and older people participated in a 3-round, online, Delphi study to evaluate indicators for participation, security, healthy ageing, attitudes to ageing, and information access. Evaluation criteria included: acceptability, utility, accessibility, ranking, and balance and coherence. Consensus was achieved on 56 key ...

A Follow-up Survey of Total Intravenous Anesthesia Usage in Children in the U.K. and Ireland.

Total intravenous anesthesia usage in children remains relatively unpopular in the UK and Ireland. A postal survey by Hill et al in 2008 indicated that only 26% of Consultants used a propofol infusion at least once a month.

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis with Certolizumab Pegol: Results from PROACTIVE, a Non-Interventional Study in the UK and Ireland.

The objective of this non-interventional study was to investigate the long-term safety and effectiveness of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the UK and Ireland.

Experiences of women in Ireland who accessed abortion by travelling abroad or by using abortion medication at home: a qualitative study.

The Republic of Ireland has one of the world's most restrictive abortion laws, allowing abortion only to preserve a pregnant woman's life. We examined the impact of the law on women's options for accessing abortion, their decision-making regarding whichpathway to follow, and their experiences with their chosen approach.

Treatment for erectile dysfunction among older men in Northern Ireland.

Erectile dysfunction is common among older men; however, diagnosis and treatment compared to reported prevalence is low. We aim to identify the degree to which older men are offered treatment for the condition and determine the level of unmet need within Northern Ireland (NI).

Diversion of Mentally Ill Offenders from the Criminal Justice System in Ireland: Comparison with England and Wales.

It is generally accepted that certain people who are mentally ill and have contact with the criminal justice system should be diverted to psychiatric care rather than imprisoned. We sought to comment on priorities relating to the development of diversion services in Ireland through comparison with developments in a neighbouring jurisdiction.

Advance Care Planning Education Sessions During Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Ireland.

This study aimed to investigate the practice of advance care planning (ACP) education within pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) in Ireland.

Spread of a model invasive alien species, the harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis in Britain and Ireland.

Invasive alien species are widely recognized as one of the main threats to global biodiversity. Rapid flow of information on the occurrence of invasive alien species is critical to underpin effective action. Citizen science, i.e. the involvement of volunteers in science, provides an opportunity to improve the information available on invasive alien species. Here we describe the dataset created via a citizen science approach to track the spread of a well-studied invasive alien species, the harlequin ladybird...

Neonatal TSH levels in Northern Ireland from 2003 to 2014 as a measure of population iodine status.

The re-emergence of iodine deficiency in the UK has recently been reported in a large cohort of teenage girls including from Northern Ireland (NI) using the gold standard spot urinary iodine concentration. We wished to explore and confirm this by analysing neonatal thyroid stimulating hormone (nTSH) levels in the NI population.

Epidemiology of an upsurge of invasive group A streptococcal infections in Ireland, 2012-2015.

Group A streptococcus (GAS) is responsible for mild to very severe disease. The epidemiology of an upsurge in invasive GAS (iGAS) infections in Ireland, 2012-2015 was investigated.

Community-based, cross-sectional study of self-reported health in post-recession Ireland: What has changed?

Health has a complex relationship with economic conditions. Ireland's economic recession (2008-2013) and sharp recovery (from 2014 onwards) offers a valuable opportunity to study self-reported health and its correlates in the context of rapid economic change.

Stereodivergence in the Ireland-Claisen Rearrangement of α-Alkoxy Esters.

A systematic investigation into the Ireland-Claisen rearrangement of α-alkoxy esters is reported. In all cases, the use of KN(SiMe) in toluene gave rearrangement products corresponding to a Z-enolate intermediate with excellent diastereoselectivity, presumably because of chelation control. On the other hand, chelation-controlled enolate formation could be overcome for most substrates through the use of lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) in tetrahydrofuran (THF).

Dental markers of poverty: Biocultural deliberations on oral health of the poor in mid-nineteenth-century Ireland.

Despite subsisting on a low-cariogenic diet comprising virtually nothing more than potatoes and dairy products, poor oral health affected the quality of life for the poor of nineteenth-century Ireland. This study investigates potential biocultural reasons that may explain why this was the case.

Does an elective induction policy negatively impact on vaginal delivery rates? A 30-month review of an elective induction policy.

The rate of induction of labour varies across Health Service Executive hospital regions in Ireland averaging at 23.3 per 100 deliveries in 2005-2009. The increasing rate of elective induction of labour in Ireland calls for more studies looking into associated maternal and/or neonatal outcomes.

Anthropogenic changes to the Holocene nitrogen cycle in Ireland.

Humans have always affected their ecosystems, but finding evidence for significant and lasting changes to preindustrial landscapes is rare. We report on human-caused changes to the nitrogen cycle in Ireland in the Bronze Age, associated with intensification of agriculture and animal husbandry that resulted in long-term changes to the nitrogen isotope values of animals (wild and domesticates) during the Holocene. Major changes to inputs and cycling of soil nitrogen occurred through deforestation, land cleara...

Epidemiology of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in Ireland, 2010-2015.

The International Spinal Cord Society and World Health Organisation recommend the collection of epidemiological data on traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). A 1-year prospective study is ongoing in Ireland. While the results of this study are awaited, it was concluded from a feasibility exercise that a complete retrospective dataset, 2010-2015, could be obtained and would be useful for service planning.

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