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PubMed Journals Articles About "Isunakinra Inhibitor Solid Tumor Adult" RSS

02:59 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Isunakinra Inhibitor Solid Tumor Adult PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Isunakinra Inhibitor Solid Tumor Adult articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Isunakinra Inhibitor Solid Tumor Adult" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

A Phase 1b/2 Study of the Bruton Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Ibrutinib and the PD-L1 Inhibitor Durvalumab in Patients with Pretreated Solid Tumors.

Ibrutinib, a first-in-class, once-daily inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase, is approved in the United States for the treatment of various B-cell malignancies. Preclinical data suggest synergistic antitumor activity of ibrutinib with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors in solid tumors. This study evaluated ibrutinib plus durvalumab, a PD-L1-targeting antibody, in patients with relapsed/refractory solid tumors.


The tumor vasculature an attractive CAR T cell target in solid tumors.

T cells armed with a chimeric antigen receptor, CAR T cells, have shown extraordinary activity against certain B lymphocyte malignancies, when targeted towards the CD19 B cell surface marker. These results have led to the regulatory approval of two CAR T cell approaches. Translation of this result to the solid tumor setting has been problematic until now. A number of differences between liquid and solid tumors are likely to cause this discrepancy. The main ones of these are undoubtedly the uncomplicated ava...

Allosteric and ATP-Competitive Inhibitors of mTOR Effectively Suppress Tumor Progression-Associated Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in the Kidneys of Tsc2 Mice.

In tuberous sclerosis (TSC)-associated tumors, mutations in the TSC genes lead to aberrant activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway. mTORC1 signaling impacts many biological processes including the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is suggested to promote tumor progression and metastasis in various types of cancer. In this study, we report hybrid cells with epithelial and mesenchymal features in angiomyolipomas and partial EMT in carcinomas from TSC...


Long telomeres cooperate with p53, MDM2, and p21 polymorphisms to elevate pediatric solid tumor risk.

While leukocyte telomere length has been linked with the altered risks of adult cancers, limited information is available regarding its association with the risk of pediatric solid tumors. We investigated the association of telomeric alterations with the risk of pediatric solid tumors. We also investigated, whether altered telomeres cooperated with the TP53 rs1042522, MDM2 rs2279744 and CDKN1A (p21 ) rs1059234 single nucleotide polymorphisms to modify cancer risk.

Luteolin and 5-flurouracil act synergistically to induce cellular weapons in experimentally induced Solid Ehrlich Carcinoma: Realistic role of P53; a guardian fights in a cellular battle.

Solid Ehrlich Carcinoma (SEC) is an undifferentiated tumor used in tumor studies and chemotherapy investigations.

A Novel Next-Generation Sequencing Approach to Detecting Microsatellite Instability (MSI) and Pan-Tumor Characterization of One Thousand MSI-High Cases in 67,000 Patient Samples.

Microsatellite instability (MSI) is an important biomarker for predicting response to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, as emphasized by the recent checkpoint inhibitor approval for MSI-H solid tumors. Here we describe and validate a novel method for determining MSI status from a next-generation sequencing comprehensive genomic profiling assay using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. This method is 97% (65/67) concordant with current standards, PCR and immunohistochemistry. We further apply this ...

Controlling the Phenotype of Tumor-Infiltrating Macrophages via the PHD-HIF Axis Inhibits Tumor Growth in a Mouse Model.

The tumor microenvironment (TME) polarizes tumor-infiltrating macrophages toward tumor support. Macrophage-abundant tumors are highly malignant and are the cause of poor prognosis and therapeutic resistance. In this study, we show that the prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) inhibitor FG-4592 (FG) inhibits tumor growth of macrophage-abundant tumors and prolongs mouse survival. FG not only normalizes tumor vessels and improves tumor oxygenation but also directly affects macrophages and activates phagocytosis through th...

I-8, a novel inhibitor of mutant IDH1, inhibits cancer progression in vitro and in vivo.

Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutations have been discovered in an array of hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. These mutations could cause the production of high levels of 2-hydroxyglutarate, which in turn implicated in epigenetic changes and impaired cell differentiation. Here, we described the characterization of compound I-8, a novel mutant IDH1 inhibitor, both in vitro and in vivo. Compound I-8 specifically inhibited 2-HG production, reduced histone methylation levels, induced differentiation and d...

GX15-070 (Obatoclax), a Bcl-2 family proteins inhibitor engenders apoptosis and pro-survival autophagy and increases Chemosensitivity in neuroblastoma.

Neuroblastoma (NB) is a frequent pediatric tumor associated with poor prognosis. The disregulation of Bcl-2, an anti-apoptotic protein, is crucial for the tumoral development and chemoresistance. Autophagy is also implicated in tumor cell survival and chemoresistance. The aim of our study was to demonstrate therapeutic efficiency of GX 15-070, a pan-Bcl-2 family inhibitor, used alone and in combination with conventional drugs or with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), an autophagy inhibitor.

Tacrolimus: 20 years of use in adult kidney transplantation; what we should know about its nephrotoxicity.

Tacrolimus (or FK506), a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) introduced in the field of transplantation in the 1990s, is the cornerstone of most immunosuppressive regimens in solid organ transplantation. It has dethroned ciclosporin, the first calcineurin inhibitor introduced in kidney transplantation in the1980s (1). Currently, 94% of kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are discharged after transplantation with a CNI-based immunosuppressive regimen and more than of 90% of them receive tacrolimus as an anticalcineu...

Bacterial particles retard tumor growth as a novel vascular disrupting agent.

Due to hypoxia and poor circulation in the tumor interior, malignant cells in solid tumors are resistant to traditional therapies. In the present study, we reported that bacterial particles (BactPs) functioned effectively in retarding tumor growth as a novel vascular disrupting agent. The BactPs were inactivated intact bacteria. Intravenous administration of BactPs extensively disrupted vessels in the tumor interior, but not in normal organs, and resulted in tumor hemorrhage and necrosis in six hours. We re...

Silencing of CHFR Sensitizes Gastric Carcinoma to PARP Inhibitor Treatment.

CHFR is a tumor suppressor that not only recognizes poly(ADP-ribosylation) (PARylation) signals at the sites of DNA damage but also is downregulated in many types of cancer. However, the underlying mechanism linking its role in PARylation-mediated DNA damage repair and tumor suppression is unclear. Here, we examined a panel of gastric cancer cell lines as well as primary tissue samples from gastric cancer patients, and found that CHFR expression was silenced by DNA hypermethylation in gastric cancer includi...

Clinical investigation of CAR T cells for solid tumors: lessons learned and future directions.

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells are a form of autologous immunotherapy that has changed the therapeutic landscape of hematologic malignancies. CAR T cell therapy involves collection of a patient's T cells by apheresis, ex vivo genetic modification of the T cells to encode a synthetic receptor that binds a specific tumor antigen, and infusion of the T cells back into the patient. With the unprecedented success of CAR T cells in leukemia and lymphoma, a growing number of preclinical studies and clinic...

Small-Molecule Dual PLK1 and BRD4 Inhibitors are Active Against Preclinical Models of Pediatric Solid Tumors.

Simultaneous inhibition of multiple molecular targets is an established strategy to improve the continuance of clinical response to therapy. Here, we screened 49 molecules with dual nanomolar inhibitory activity against BRD4 and PLK1, best classified as dual kinase-bromodomain inhibitors, in pediatric tumor cell lines for their antitumor activity. We identified two candidate dual kinase-bromodomain inhibitors with strong and tumor-specific activity against neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, and rhabdomyosarcom...

TOPKi-NBD: a fluorescent small molecule for tumor imaging.

OTS514 is a highly specific inhibitor targeting lymphokine-activated killer T cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK). A fluorescently labeled TOPK inhibitor could be used for tumor delineation or intraoperative imaging, potentially improving patient care.

Sensitization of hypoxic tumor to photodynamic therapy via oxygen self-supply of fluorinated photosensitizers.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizes photosensitizers to convert innoxious oxygen to cytotoxic reactive oxygen species under an appropriate light thus induce cancer cells necrosis. However, PDT performs in an oxygen-dependent method to destroy cells while hypoxia is a feature for most solid tumors. To effectively improve the PDT effect against solid tumors, an oxygen self-supplying and pH-sensitive therapeutic nanoparticle (PTFC) has been developed by the self-assembly of a tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl) chlori...

Population pharmacokinetics of vactosertib, a new TGF-β receptor type Ι inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Vactosertib, a novel inhibitor of transforming growth factor-β type Ι receptor, is under development for the treatment of various cancers. The objective of this study was to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of vactosertib in patients with solid tumors.

Bi-specific tenascin-C and fibronectin targeted peptide for solid tumor delivery.

Oncofetal fibronectin (FN-EDB) and tenascin-C C domain (TNC-C) are nearly absent in extracellular matrix of normal adult tissues but upregulated in malignant tissues. Both FN-EDB and TNC-C are developed as targets of antibody-based therapies. Here we used peptide phage biopanning to identify a novel targeting peptide (PL1, sequence: PPRRGLIKLKTS) that interacts with both FN-EDB and TNC-C. Systemic PL1-functionalized model nanoscale payloads [iron oxide nanoworms (NWs) and metallic silver nanoparticles] home...

Binary and ternary solid dispersions of an anticancer preclinical lead, IIIM-290: In vitro and in vivo studies.

The objective of this study was to formulate an anticancer preclinical lead, IIIM-290, loaded in solid dispersions to enhance its solubility, dissolution, and oral pharmacokinetics. IIIM-290 is an in-house preclinical anticancer lead prepared by semisynthetic modification of the natural product rohitukine. It is an orally bioavailable Cdk inhibitor showing efficacy in xenograft models of pancreatic, colon and leukemia cancer. It demonstrated in vivo efficacy at a relatively higher dose owing to its poor aqu...

Selective Intensive Care Unit Admission After Adult Supratentorial Tumor Craniotomy: Complications, Length of Stay, and Costs.

Admitting patients to an intensive care or medium care unit (ICU/MCU) after adult supratentorial tumor craniotomy remains common practice even though some studies have suggested lower level care is sufficient for selected patients. We have introduced a "no ICU, unless" policy for tumor craniotomy patients.

Repolarization of M2 to M1 macrophages triggered by lactate oxidase released from methylcellulose hydrogel.

Deregulated proliferation of tumor is generally associated with altered energy metabolism. A high rate of anaerobic glycolysis in solid tumors contributes to an acidification of pH to ~6.7-7.2 in the tumor microenvironment and lactate accumulation. Macrophages in the tumor microenvironment can be educated by tumor cells. Tumor-derived lactate induces polarization of M2 macrophage and promotes tumor invasion and metastasis. However, a particular challenge is to sustain lactate depletion. We propose that the ...

U3-1402 sensitizes HER3-expressing tumors to PD-1 blockade by immune activation.

Immunotherapy targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) induces durable antitumor efficacy in many types of cancer. However, such clinical benefit is limited because of the insufficient reinvigoration of antitumor immunity with the drug alone; therefore, rational therapeutic combinations are required to improve its efficacy. In our preclinical study, we evaluated the antitumor effect of U3-1402, a human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3)-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, and its potential synergism w...

Differential risk of severe infection in febrile neutropenia among children with blood cancer or solid tumor.

To describe and analyze the differences between infections in children with febrile neutropenia (FN) treated for solid tumor or blood cancer.

Body Composition in Pediatric Solid Tumors: State of the Science and Future Directions.

Sarcopenia (severe skeletal muscle wasting) and sarcopenic obesity (skeletal muscle wasting in the setting of excess fat) have been increasingly recognized as important prognostic indicators in adult oncology. Unfavorable changes in lean and adipose tissue masses manifest early in therapy and are associated with altered chemotherapy metabolism as well as increased treatment-related morbidity and mortality. Existing literature addresses the role of body composition in children with hematologic malignancies; ...

Evaluating the tumor biology of lung adenocarcinoma: A multimodal analysis.

We evaluated the relationships among functional imaging modality such as PET-CT and DW-MRI and lung adenocarcinoma pathologic heterogeneity, extent of invasion depth, and tumor cellularity as a marker of tumor microenvironment.In total, 74 lung adenocarcinomas were prospectively included. All patients underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET-CT and MRI before curative surgery. Pathology revealed 68 stage I tumors, 3 stage II tumors, and 3 stage IIIA tumors. Comprehensive histologic subtyping was performed...


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