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PubMed Journals Articles About "John Wort Phobic Disorders" RSS

21:45 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

John Wort Phobic Disorders PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest John Wort Phobic Disorders articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "John Wort Phobic Disorders" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,200+

The safety of St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) in pregnancy and lactation: A systematic review of rodent studies.

Herbal products are popular among women during the perinatal period. St John's wort (SJW), Hypericum perforatum, is a common remedy for mild depression, a problem prevalent in this population. Although the safety of herbal products must be investigated, ethical issues constrain intervention studies in humans. Hence, animal studies often inform clinical decisions. The objective of this study is to systematically review rodent studies assessing the safety of SJW during the perinatal period. A literature searc...


The time-dependent effects of St John's wort on cytochrome P450, uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase, glutathione S-transferase, and NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase in mice.

Hypericum perforatum [St. John's wort (SJW)] is known to cause a drug interaction with the substrates of cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) isoforms, mainly CYP3A. This study aims to determine the dose response and time course of the effects of SJW extract on P450s, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO) in mice. The oral administration of SJW extract to male mice at 0.6 g/kg/d for 21 days increased hepatic oxidation activity toward a Cyp3a sub...

Developmental course of anxiety and depression from adolescence to young adulthood in a prospective Norwegian clinical cohort.

Anxiety and depression are often co-occurring disorders, reflecting both homotypic and heterotypic continuity as possible developmental pathways. The present study aimed to examine homotypic and heterotypic continuities of anxiety and depression across 3 years in adolescence and young adulthood. Participants included patients presenting to psychiatric care with diagnoses of anxiety and/or depressive disorders aged 13-18 at T1 (N = 717, 44% initial participation rate) and aged 16-21 at T2 (N = 549, 80% ...


St. John's Wort accelerates the liver clearance of technetium-99-sestamibi in rats.

The intense liver uptake of technetium-99-sestamibi (Tc-MIBI) and photon scattering from the liver cause problems in quantitative perfusion interpretation. Hence, Tc-MIBI is a substrate for P-glycoprotein pump; variations in P-glycoprotein levels may affect liver clearance.

Cortical alterations in phobic postural vertigo - a multimodal imaging approach.

Functional dizziness syndromes are among the most common diagnoses made in patients with chronic dizziness, but their underlying neural characteristics are largely unknown. The aim of this neuroimaging study was to analyze the disease-specific brain changes in patients with phobic postural vertigo (PPV).

Hypericin-assisted photodynamic therapy against anaplastic thyroid cancer.

Hypericin (HYP) extracted from St. John's wort ( Hypericum perforatum L.) is a natural photosensitizer in clinical photodynamic therapy (PDT). The PDT is one of the powerful methods for cancer treatments because of its excellent tumoritropic characteristics and photosensitizing properties. However, limited reports on the efficacy of PDT on the anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) have been published. Especially HYP-associated PDT has not been investigated in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the eff...

St. John's Wort Regulates Proliferation and Apoptosis in MCF-7 Human Breast Cancer Cells by Inhibiting AMPK/mTOR and Activating the Mitochondrial Pathway.

St. John's Wort (SJW) has been used as an estrogen agonist in the systems affected by menopause. Also, hypericin, a bioactive compound of SJW, has been used as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy. In the present study, we investigate the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of SJW to demonstrate the chemo-preventive effect in human breast cancer cells. MCF-7 cells were cultured with DMSO or various concentrations of SJW ethanol extract (SJWE). Cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, the expr...

Effect of yeast (Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous) and plant (Saint John's wort, lemon balm, and rosemary) extract based functional diets on antioxidant and immune status of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) subjected to crowding stress.

Salmon farming may face stress due to the intensive culture conditions with negative impacts on overall performance. In this aspect, functional feed improves not only the basic nutritional requirements but also the health status and fish growth. However, to date no studies have been carried out to evaluate the effect of functional diets in salmon subjected to crowding stress. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yeast (Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous; diet A) and the combination of plant ...

Humoral response to John Cunningham virus during pregnancy in multiple sclerosis.

Pregnancy induces an immunosuppressive state in the mother to ensure immunological acceptance of the foetus. Impairment of cell-mediated immune responses may render the mother susceptible to intracellular pathogens. It is not presently known whether pregnancy alters the immunosurveillance for John Cunningham virus (JCV), an opportunistic pathogen associated with natalizumab treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS).

Hyperforin and Miquelianin from St. John's Wort Attenuate Gene Expression in Neuronal Cells After Dexamethasone-Induced Stress.

Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays an important part in the development of depressive symptoms. In this study, the effects of a commercial St. John's wort extract (STW3-VI), hyperforin, miquelianin, and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor citalopram on the expression of genes relevant to HPA axis function were investigated in human neuronal cells. SH-SY5Y cells were treated with STW3-VI (20 µg/mL), hyperforin (1 µM), miquelianin (10 µM), or citalopram (10...

Prospective association of depression and phobic anxiety with changes in telomere lengths over 11 years.

Although depression and anxiety have been associated with shorter telomeres in cross-sectional studies, the data regarding the prospective relations of depression and anxiety to accelerated telomere length shortening are limited and findings are mixed. We prospectively examined relations of baseline depression and phobic anxiety to subsequent 11-year change in relative leukocyte telomere lengths (LTLs).

Supplementary Addendum to "Radiation dose of digital radiography (DR) versus micro-dose x-ray (EOS) on patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: 2016 SOSORT- IRSSD "John Sevastic Award" Winner in Imaging Research".

Regarding the publication entitle "Radiation dose of digital radiography (DR) versus micro-dose x-ray (EOS) on patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: 2016 SOSORT- IRSSD "John Sevastic Award" Winner in Imaging Research" in Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders, we would like to provide more details to readers about the dose calculated by simulation using PCXMC 2.0. In this study, the data and results are correct based on the given parameters and calculation provided in the manuscript. In the simulation of E...

Susceptibility to Fear of Heights in Bilateral Vestibulopathy and Other Disorders of Vertigo and Balance.

To determine the susceptibility to visual height intolerance (vHI) in patients with acquired bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP). The question was whether postural instability in BVP, which is partially compensated for by visual substitution of the impaired vestibular control of balance, leads to an increased susceptibility. This is of particular importance since fear of heights is dependent on body posture, and visual control of balance at heights can no longer substitute vestibular input. For comparison suscep...

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for treatment of phobic postural vertigo: an open label pilot study.

Incidence, recurrence and comorbidity of anxiety disorders in four major developmental stages.

Anxiety disorders are common in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and frequently comorbid with other mental disorders.

Prenylated β-diketones, two new additions to the family of biologically active Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) secondary metabolites.

Two novel β-diketones, 2,6,9-trimethyl-8-decene-3,5-dione (A) and 3,7,10-trimethyl-9-undecene-4,6-dione (B), were identified from the renowned medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum L. The structures of β-diketones A and B were corroborated by syntheses (4 steps starting from methyl acetoacetate, overall yields 30% and 23%, respectively). In solution, these β-diketones predominantly exist as two rapidly interconverting β-keto-enol tautomers. The structures of A and B show some common fragments with the mo...

Implications of DSM-5 for the diagnosis of pediatric eating disorders.

The aim of the study was to compare the DSM-IV, DSM-5, and ICD-10 eating disorders (ED) nomenclatures to assess their value in the classification of pediatric eating disorders. We investigated the prevalence of the disorders in accordance with each system's diagnostic criteria, diagnostic concordance between the systems, and interrater reliability.

Sleep quality and functional gastrointestinal disorders. A psychological issue.

Sleep disorders are often associated with functional gastro-intestinal disorders (FGIDs). This study aims to evaluate the association of sleep disorders with specific FGIDs and to assess the related importance of psychological disorders.

Reporting of Clinical Genome Sequencing Results.

High-throughput sequencing and high-performance computing technologies have become powerful tools in clinical genetic diagnosis of hereditary disorders and genetic screening of healthy individuals to provide information for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases or impairment and assessment of health. For patients with undiagnosed disorders, including many rare disorders, the whole-genome sequencing (WGS) test may end the diagnostic odyssey, ultimately guiding clinical care for them and their ...

A framework for treating DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorder features.

Despite its demonstrated empirical superiority over the DSM-5 Section 2 categorical model of personality disorders for organizing the features of personality pathology, limitations remain with regard to the translation of the DSM-5 Section 3 alternative model of personality disorders (AMPD) to clinical practice. The goal of this paper is to outline a general and preliminary framework for approaching treatment from the perspective of the AMPD. Specific techniques are discussed for the assessment and treatmen...

Quality of Life across Mental Disorders in Psychiatric Outpatients.

Literature has shown that individuals with various psychiatric disorders experience a lower quality of life (QoL). However, few have examined QoL across disorders. The current study explored differences in QoL and symptom severity across 4 psychiatric diagnostic groups: anxiety disorders (including obsessive compulsive disorder [OCD]), depressive disorders, schizophrenia, and pathological gambling.

Raymond John Lipicky, MD.

Efficacy of the Unified Protocol for transdiagnostic treatment of comorbid psychopathology accompanying emotional disorders compared to treatments targeting single disorders.

This study aimed to examine whether the Unified Protocol (UP), a transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (i.e., anxiety, mood, and related disorders), is efficacious in the treatment of co-occurring emotional disorders compared to established single disorder protocols (SDPs) that target specific disorders (e.g., panic disorder).

Let's recognize Dr. John Geyman, too.

John McMurray MD FESC.


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