PubMed Journals Articles About "Jury Still Benefits Harms Methylphenidate Children Adolescents With" RSS

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Showing "Jury Still Benefits Harms Methylphenidate Children Adolescents With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

The Jury Is Still Out on the Benefits and Harms of Methylphenidate for Children and Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Much remains unclear about the benefits and harms of methylphenidate for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Between 2012 and 2018, we conducted two Cochrane systematic reviews on methylphenidate for ADHD. This article explores the main findings in relation to evidence-based practice and our current understanding of ADHD.

Use and Characteristics of Antipsychotic/Methylphenidate Combination Therapy in Children and Adolescents with a Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently have comorbidities that are potential indications for antipsychotics (APs). Some studies have suggested that the combined use of methylphenidate (MPH) and APs is increasing in this population group. Longitudinal analyses and in-depth investigations on the substance level are lacking. This study aimed to estimate the cumulative proportion of concomitant AP/MPH use in children and adolescents with ADHD over a follow-up of...

Adolescents' receptivity to E-cigarette harms messages delivered using text messaging.

E-cigarette use among adolescents has dramatically risen since 2011, yet little research has tested e-cigarette harms messages among adolescents. We conducted a pretest-posttest pilot study to examine adolescents' receptivity to e-cigarette health harms messages delivered using text messaging.

Potential Benefits to Families, Children, and Adolescents Enrolled in Longitudinal Qualitative Research.

Previous research has focused on the risks of research participation but has rarely considered possible benefits. For a study of family decision-making during pediatric bone marrow transplant, we conducted qualitative interviews with 132 family members across 36 families up to three times over the course of a year, before and after transplant. We concluded the study with qualitative interviews of 70 family members from 21 of the original families one year after the transplants, focusing on benefits and conc...

Effects of Long-Term Use of Prescription Methylphenidate on Myocardial Performance in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Tissue Doppler Imaging Study.

Many children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are treated with methylphenidate (MPH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between long-term use of osmotic-release oral system methylphenidate (OROS MPH) and cardiac functions.

The effectiveness of methylphenidate in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review.

The effectiveness of psychostimulants, primarily methylphenidate (MPH), in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the general population of typically growing children and adolescents is well established through many Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs).

Sleep and cognition in children and adolescents.

Sleep and cognition in children and adolescents Abstract. In this review, one of the most important functions of sleep was described: Its role in promoting cognitive processes in children and adolescents. Particularly, studies of older children and adolescents revealed that sleep interacts in a complex manner with cognitive performance. Moreover, it was shown that sleep supports long-term memory even in young children. This is true for many different long-term memory systems such as memory of factual inform...

Unwanted Side Effects in Children and Youth Psychotherapy - Introduction and Recommendations.

Psychotherapy in children and adolescents is effective, but unwanted effects can occur. Until now, psychotherapy research has neglected this important topic, although children and youths are in need of special protection. Unwanted effects caused by therapy are not systematically investigated and a corresponding conceptualization is missing. The aim of this article is to investigate whether the current classifications of unwanted effects of psychotherapy in adults are applicable to children and adolescents a...

Aripiprazole/Methylphenidate Combination in Children and Adolescents with Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: An Open-Label Study.

Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) is characterized by nonepisodic irritability and has a high rate of comorbidity with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This is the first study to explore the effects of aripiprazole combined with methylphenidate on clinical symptoms and cognitive functions in patients with DMDD and ADHD.

Benefits of Methylphenidate for Long-Term Attention Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury in Childhood: A Randomized, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Titration, Crossover Trial.

To characterize the benefits and optimal dose of long-acting methylphenidate for management of long-term attention problems after childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI).

The Benefits and Challenges of Involving Adolescents in Medical Education: A Qualitative Study.

To explore the potential benefits and challenges of involving adolescents in the education of medical students and residents from the perspectives of adolescents who are hospitalized with chronic health conditions.

Longitudinal anthropometry of children and adolescents using 3D-body scanning.

3D-body scanning anthropometry is a suitable method for characterization of physiological development of children and adolescents, and for understanding onset and progression of disorders like overweight and obesity. Here we present a novel body typing approach to describe and to interpret longitudinal 3D-body scanning data of more than 800 children and adolescents measured in up to four follow-ups in intervals of 1 year, referring to an age range between 6 and 18 years. We analyzed transitions between body...

Adolescents' sensitivity to children's supernatural thinking: A preparation for parenthood?

Young children often use magical explanations to account for ordinary phenomena (e.g., "The sun's not out today because it is mad"). We labeled these explanations supernatural thinking. Previous research reports that supernatural thinking attributed to preschool-age children evokes both positive affect and perceptions of helplessness from both adults and older (14-17 years old) but not younger (10-13 years old) adolescents. In this study, we asked if cues of cognitive immaturity are more influential in affe...

Trends and Patterns of Antidepressant Use in French Children and Adolescents From 2009 to 2016: A Population-Based Study in the French Health Insurance Database.

Over the last decade, the use of antidepressants (ATDs) in children and adolescents has markedly increased in several occidental countries, but recent data in French children are missing. This study aimed to assess trends of ATD use in French children (6-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) and to characterize changes in ATD prescribing patterns from 2009 to 2016.

Mock Juror Perceptions of Child Witnesses on the Autism Spectrum: The Impact of Providing Diagnostic Labels and Information About Autism.

Research suggests that autistic children can provide accurate and forensically useful eyewitness evidence. However, members of a jury also rely on non-verbal behaviours when judging the credibility of a witness, and this could determine the verdict of a case. We presented mock jurors with videos (from an experimental study) of one of two child witnesses on the autism spectrum being interviewed about a mock minor crime. Results demonstrated that providing jurors with generic information about autism and/or i...

Postdischarge Suicide and Death in South Korean Children and Adolescents Hospitalized for a Psychiatric Illness.

The postdischarge suicide rate in children and adolescents ever hospitalized for a psychiatric illness is much higher than that of children and adolescents in the general population. We aimed to investigate the postdischarge death and suicide among children and adolescents hospitalized for a psychiatric illness using the Korean National Health Insurance database and causes of death statistics from the National Statistics Office.

Measuring Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism in Children and Adolescents: The Narcissism Scale for Children.

Clinical and empirical research have consistently distinguished two dimensions of narcissism: grandiose narcissism and vulnerable narcissism. However, to date there is no psychometrically validated measure of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism for children. A measure that assesses both expressions of narcissism in children and adolescents is necessary to understand the causes and consequences of narcissistic self-views prior to adulthood. In this article, four studies are presented documenting the construc...

Physical activity is associated with lower insulin and C-peptide during glucose challenge in children and adolescents with family background of diabetes.

Children and adolescents with a family history of diabetes are at increased risk of overweight, but little is known about the potentially beneficial effects of physical activity on these children. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and metabolic and inflammatory risks in children and adolescents with a family background of Type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes.

Relationship Between Symptomatic and Functional Improvement and Remission in a Treatment Response to Stimulant Trial.

To evaluate the relationship between symptom and functional improvement and remission in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) enrolled in an 11-week open-label dose-optimization phase of an methylphenidate extended release (MPH-MLR) pivotal study.

The epidemiology of chronic pain in children and adolescents.

The review highlights the main aspects of the epidemiology of chronic pain (pain lasting more than three months) as a factor that has a significant impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents. The paper presents new data on the epidemiology of headache, abdominal pain, musculoskeletal pain and combined pain syndromes. The author draws attention to the importance of alexithymia as a factor aggravating chronic pain in children and adolescents.

Sclerostin and its association with insulin resistance in children and adolescents.

Recent studies have shown that sclerostin, which is mainly known as a negative regulator of bone formation, could play an important role in the crosstalk between bone and glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sclerostin, other bone and fat related factors as osteocalcin (OC), Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor NF-қB ligand (RANKL), leptin and adiponectin with glucose metabolism and insulin action in children and adolescents with obesity compared with health...

Lower risk of stress fractures in young adults with ADHD under chronic treatment with methylphenidate.

Methylphenidate (MP) use is highly prevalent among children and young adults. Previous basic and epidemiological research demonstrated an adverse effect of MP on bone mass. Studies in military recruits have shown that history of MP use before conscription was a risk factor for stress fractures (SF) during the service.

Gingival Recession and Localized Aggressive Periodontitis Among HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy.

Limited information is available on gingival recession or localised aggressive periodontitis among HIV-infected children and adolescents. This study reports on the prevalence of these conditions among children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Long-term single-center experience of defibrillator therapy in children and adolescents.

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) systems are established therapy for prevention of sudden cardiac death. Long-term data on ICD systems in children and adolescents is rare. The present study displays a long-term single-center follow-up of children and adolescents with ICD systems.

Rates of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke from various indoor environments among US children and nonsmoker adolescents and adults.

Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2013-2014 were used to compute rates of exposure (ROE) to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from various indoor environments among US children and nonsmoking adolescents and adults. In a typical week in USA, 473,000 infants (ROE, 11%), 3.36 million children aged 1-5 years (ROE, 16.4%), and 4.59 million children aged 6-11 years (ROE, 18.6%) are exposed to ETS from indoor environments only. ROE among children was found to be highest by inhaling ...

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