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PubMed Journals Articles About "Kinetic Assessment Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Inactivation Solar Photo" RSS

22:29 EDT 24th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Kinetic Assessment Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Inactivation Solar Photo PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Kinetic Assessment Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Inactivation Solar Photo articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Kinetic assessment antibiotic resistant bacteria inactivation solar photo" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Kinetic assessment of antibiotic resistant bacteria inactivation by solar photo-Fenton in batch and continuous flow mode for wastewater reuse.

The presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in municipal wastewater treatment plants represents a real risk to human health. For the first time, this paper shows that the inactivation rate of cefotaxime resistant bacteria is the same as total bacteria when secondary effluents are treated by the solar photo-Fenton process. To obtain this result, an exhaustive and comparative kinetic study on the inactivation of both total and cefotaxime resistant bacteria (Total coliform, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus ...


Effect of solar photo-Fenton process in raceway pond reactors at neutral pH on antibiotic resistance determinants in secondary treated urban wastewater.

Solar photo-Fenton process in raceway pond reactors was investigated at neutral pH as a sustainable tertiary treatment of real urban wastewater. In particular, the effect on antibiotic resistance determinants was evaluated. An effective inactivation of different wild bacterial populations was achieved considering total and cefotaxime resistant bacteria. The detection limit (1 CFU mL) was achieved in the range 80-100 min (5.4-6.7 kJ L of cumulative solar energy required) for Total Coliforms (TC) (40-60...

Tertiary treatment of urban wastewater by solar and UV-C driven advanced oxidation with peracetic acid: Effect on contaminants of emerging concern and antibiotic resistance.

Photo-driven advanced oxidation process (AOP) with peracetic acid (PAA) has been poorly investigated in water and wastewater treatment so far. In the present work its possible use as tertiary treatment of urban wastewater to effectively minimize the release into the environment of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and antibiotic-resistant bacteria was investigated. Different initial PAA concentrations, two light sources (sunlight and UV-C) and two different water matrices (groundwater (GW) and wastewa...


Inactivation of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae by photo-Fenton: Residual effect, gene evolution and modifications with citric acid and persulfate.

The photo-Fenton process application to eliminate carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, an antibiotic-resistant priority pathogen, was evaluated. Initially, reagents concentration effect was tested and under suitable conditions (5 mg L of Fe and 50 mg L of HO) complete bacteria inactivation by action of hydroxyl radical and UVA plus hydrogen peroxide was achieved at 120 min. The process presented a strong residual disinfecting effect when light was turned off at only 20 min. Besides, the c...

Treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacteria by encapsulation of ZnO nanoparticles in an alginate biopolymer: Insights into treatment mechanisms.

Treating multidrug-resistant bacteria has been a challenging task, although the bacteria have been reported as a trace contaminant present in tap water. Given emerging issues on antibiotic-resistant bacteria, the present study investigated a novel treatment method in which ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) are encapsulated in an alginate biopolymer solution to explore primary antibacterial mechanisms. The antibacterial effects of this technology on two model antibiotic-resistant bacteria (Escherichia coli DH5-α and ...

Effects of UV disinfection on phenotypes and genotypes of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in secondary effluent from a municipal wastewater treatment plant.

To elucidate the effects of UV disinfection on antibiotic resistance in biologically-treated wastewater, we investigated the antibiotic resistance profiles, species of cultivable heterotrophic bacteria, and antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs) in antibiotic-resistant bacteria before and after treatment. UV disinfection greatly changed the bacterial community structure and the antibiotic resistance in wastewater. The antibiotic resistance in wastewater samples was strongly associated with the bacterial communi...

Porphyrinoid photosensitizers mediated photodynamic inactivation against bacteria.

The multi-drug resistant bacteria have become a serious problem complicating therapies to such a degree that often the term "post-antibiotic era" is applied to describe the situation. The infections with methicillin-resistant S. aureus, vancomycin-resistant E. faecium, third generation cephalosporin-resistant E. coli, third generation cephalosporin-resistant K. pneumoniae and carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa have become commonplace. Thus, the new strategies of infection treatment have been searched f...

Photo-inactivation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: A paradigm changing approach for combating antibiotic-resistant gonococcal infection.

Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major issue of public health, and there is a critical need for the development of new anti-gonococcal strategies. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of antimicrobial blue light (aBL; 405 nm wavelength), an innovative non-pharmacological approach, for the inactivation of N. gonorrhoeae. Our findings indicated that aBL preferentially inactivated N. gonorrhoeae, including antibiotic-resistant strains, over human vaginal epithelial cells in vi...

Antibiotic adjuvants: Make antibiotics great again!

Multiple approaches have been developed to combat bacterial resistance. However, the combination of antibiotic resistance mechanisms by bacteria and the limited number of effective antibiotics available, decreases the effective interventions for the treatment of current bacterial infections. This review covers the many ways that bacteria resist antibiotics including antibiotic target modification, the use of efflux pumps and antibiotic inactivation. As a pertinent example, the use of beta lactamase inhibito...

Short-course versus long-course antibiotic treatment for community-acquired pneumonia: a literature review.

It is well known that antibiotic use is the main driver for the increasing problems with resistant bacteria. Consequently, some countries have recommended shortening the duration of antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of this study was to investigate if the effectiveness of a short-course antibiotic is comparable to a longer course of antibiotics in adults with CAP and to assess if the duration of an antibiotic course influences the development of resistant bacteria.

Ozone disinfection of chlorine-resistant bacteria in drinking water.

The wide application of chlorine disinfectant for drinking water treatment has led to the appearance of chlorine-resistant bacteria, which pose a severe threat to public health. This study was performed to explore the physiological-biochemical characteristics and environmental influence (pH, temperature, and turbidity) of seven strains of chlorine-resistant bacteria isolated from drinking water. Ozone disinfection was used to investigate the inactivation effect of bacteria and spores. The DNA concentration ...

Annual changes in the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant coliform bacteria and enterococci in municipal wastewater.

Wastewater contains subinhibitory concentrations of different micropollutants such as antibiotics that create selective pressure on bacteria. This phenomenon is also caused by insufficient wastewater treatment technology leading to the development and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and resistance genes into the environment. Therefore, this work focused on monitoring of antibiotic-resistant coliform bacteria and enterococci in influent and effluent wastewaters taken from the second biggest wastewate...

Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Alternative Methods to Control Them: An Overview.

Antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest challenges in the health system nowadays, representing a serious problem for public health. Initially, antibiotic-resistant strains were restricted to the hospital environment, but now they can be found everywhere. Globalization, excessive use of antibiotics in animal husbandry and aquaculture, use of multiple broad-spectrum agents, and lack of good antimicrobial stewardship can be listed as the factors most responsible for the spread of antibiotic resistance. Th...

Occurrence of antibiotic resistance among gram-negative bacteria isolated from effluents of fish processing plants in and around Mangalore.

The presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in seafood not only poses a serious health risk for the consumers but also contributes to the spread of these antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the natural environments through the effluents discharged from the fish processing plants. The aims of this study were to isolate Gram-negative bacteria from the effluents of fish processing plants in and around Mangalore, India and to profile their antibiotic resistance pattern. Maximum resistance was seen for ampicillin...

Antibiotic resistance in urban runoff.

Aquatic ecosystems subjected to anthropogenic pressures are places of rapid evolution of microbial communities and likely hotspots for selection and emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In urban settings, water quality and the risk of infection are generally assessed in sewers and in effluents of wastewater treatment plants. Physical and chemical parameters as well as the presence of antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria and genes of resistance are driven by urban activities, with adverse effect...

Diversity of tetracycline- and erythromycin-resistant bacteria in aerosols and manures from four types of animal farms in China.

Confined animal feeding operations generate high levels of airborne antibiotic-resistant bacteria, including pathogenic strains that may pollute the local environment or pose a health risk to both animals and workers. However, the communities of airborne antibiotic-resistant bacteria in such operations are not fully understood, especially in fine particles that penetrate deeply into the respiratory system. To address these gaps, manures and aerosols from inside and outside of animal houses were collected, a...

Prevalence of antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli isolated from urban and agricultural streams in Canterbury, New Zealand.

Baseline studies are needed to identify environmental reservoirs of non-pathogenic but associating microbiota or pathogenic bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics and to inform safe use of freshwater ecosystems in urban and agricultural settings. Mesophilic bacteria and Escherichia coli were quantified and isolated from water and sediments of two rivers, one in an urban and one in an agricultural area near Christchurch, New Zealand. Resistance of E coli to one or more of nine different antibiotics was d...

Exploitation of antibiotic resistance as a novel drug target: development of a β-lactamase-activated antibacterial prodrug.

Expression of β-lactamase is the single most prevalent determinant of antibiotic resistance, rendering bacteria resistant to β-lactam antibiotics. In this article, we describe the development of an antibiotic pro-drug that combines ciprofloxacin with a β-lactamase-cleavable motif. The pro-drug is only bactericidal after activation by β-lactamase. Bactericidal activity comparable to ciprofloxacin is demonstrated against clinically-relevant E. coli isolates expressing diverse β-lactamases; bactericidal a...

A rapid method for post-antibiotic bacterial susceptibility testing.

Antibiotic susceptibility testing is often performed to determine the most effective antibiotic treatment for a bacterial infection, or perhaps to determine if a particular strain of bacteria is becoming drug resistant. Such tests, and others used to determine efficacy of candidate antibiotics during the drug discovery process, have resulted in a demand for more rapid susceptibility testing methods. Here, we have developed a susceptibility test that utilizes chemiluminescent determination of ATP release fro...

Nanotechnology-based antimicrobials and delivery systems for biofilm-infection control.

Bacterial-infections are mostly due to bacteria in an adhering, biofilm-mode of growth and not due to planktonically growing, suspended-bacteria. Biofilm-bacteria are much more recalcitrant to conventional antimicrobials than planktonic-bacteria due to (1) emergence of new properties of biofilm-bacteria that cannot be predicted on the basis of planktonic properties, (2) low penetration and accumulation of antimicrobials in a biofilm, (3) disabling of antimicrobials due to acidic and anaerobic conditions pre...

Continuous ozonation of urban wastewater: Removal of antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli and antibiotic resistance genes and phytotoxicity.

This work evaluated the removal of a mixture of eight antibiotics (i.e. ampicillin (AMP), azithromycin (AZM), erythromycin (ERY), clarithromycin (CLA), ofloxacin (OFL), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), trimethoprim (TMP) and tetracycline (TC)) from urban wastewater, by ozonation operated in continuous mode at different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) (i.e. 10, 20, 40 and 60 min) and specific ozone doses (i.e. 0.125, 0.25, 0.50 and 0.75 gO gDOC). As expected, the efficiency of ozonation was highly ozone dose- and ...

Comparative removal of antibiotic resistance genes during chlorination, ozonation, and UV treatment.

Efficient treatment methods for the removal of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) from drinking water are needed to reduce health risks. However, there is a lack of empirical data on ARB and ARG removal during conventional water disinfection processes. In this study, the removal of ARB and ARGs by three disinfection processes (chlorination, ozonation, and UV treatment) was investigated on a laboratory scale using Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecium carrying ARGs...

Effects of iron oxide (Fe O ) nanoparticles on Escherichia coli antibiotic-resistant strains.

Antibiotic resistance of different bacteria requires the development of alternative approaches for overcoming this phenomenon. The antibacterial effects of iron oxide (Fe O ) nanoparticles (NPs) (from 50 μg mL to 250 μg mL ) on Escherichia coli antibiotic-resistant strains have been aimed.

Analysis of bacteriological pollution and the detection of antibiotic resistance genes of prevailing bacteria emanating from pig farm seepage.

Management and disposal of pig farm seepage constitute a serious environmental challenge, and seepage discharge from agricultural waste-water is considered to be one of the greatest contributors of organic substances, bacterial pathogens, and antibiotic resistance genes into the environment. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of bacteriological pollution and to identify the resident antibiotic-resistant genes of culturable bacteria from a studied pig farm seepage. Enumeration of the viabl...

Plasmonics driven engineered pasteurizers for solar water disinfection (SWADIS).

Rampant environmental pollution is the most ubiquitous concern of current world. A sustainable panacea to overarching contamination of water-borne pathogens demands cheap and eco-friendly oriented research. Solar energy is effortlessly accessible in most of the weather conditions and can be used for water decontamination. In this context, Solar Water Disinfection (SWADIS) appears to be feasible solution. Herein we are reporting newly developed Carbon nanoparticles (CNP) which shows absorption of light in br...


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