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Showing "Kovanaze Nasal Spray Articaine Injection Caries Dental" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,400+

Persistent Socioeconomic Inequality in Child Dental Caries in England despite Equal Attendance.

Despite a decline in the prevalence of dental caries among children in England and ongoing arrangements for the provision of free dental care up to the age of 18 y, there is limited information on the pattern and trend of socioeconomic inequalities in dental caries and dental attendance.

Risk of Dental Caries in Primary Teeth with Developmental Defects of Enamel: A Longitudinal Study with a Multilevel Approach.

The risk of dental caries seems to be greater in the presence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE). The aim was to determine whether the presence of DDE in the primary teeth of preschool children increases the risk of dental caries in the primary dentition after a period of approximately 2 years. This study was conducted in two stages: baseline (T0) and follow-up (T1). At T0, examinations were conducted for the diagnosis of enamel defects using the DDE index (FDI, 1992), dental caries, and oral hygiene....

Comparison of dental caries in Croats from the early medieval period and the 20th century.

To compare dental caries frequency in the Croatian population exhumed from two archeological periods and compare two methods: International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and DMFT (Decayed-Missing-Filled-Tooth) index.

WITHDRAWN: Operative caries management in adults and children.

The management of dental caries has traditionally involved removal of all soft demineralised dentine before a filling is placed. However, the benefits of complete caries removal have been questioned because of concerns about the possible adverse effects of removing all soft dentine from the tooth. Three groups of studies have also challenged the doctrine of complete caries removal by sealing caries into teeth using three different techniques. The first technique removes caries in stages over two visits some...

Dietary patterns associated with dental caries in adults in the United States.

Dental caries experience, which affects 91% of US adults, is a consequence of a carious process influenced by diet. Although individual foods have been implicated, we hypothesized that dietary patterns might be important predictors of caries presence.

Development of artificial neural network model for prediction of post-streptococcus mutans in dental caries.

Streptococcus mutans is the primary initiator and most common organism associated with dental caries. Prediction of post-Streptococcus mutans favours in the selection of appropriate caries excavation method which eventually results in meliorate caries-free cavity preparation for restoration. The objective of this study is to predict the post-Streptococcus mutans prior to dental caries excavation based on pre- Streptococcus mutans using iOS App developed on Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model.

The association of secondhand smoke exposure and dental caries in children and adolescents: a literature review.

Secondhand smoke (SHS) is an important public health concern, especially for children. SHS not only affects the physiology of children who are exposed to it but also has adverse effects on their general and oral health. This review highlights how the exposure of children to SHS is linked to dental caries and examines the factors that foster the association. Research shows that there is an independent association between SHS exposure and dental caries, especially in primary teeth. However, the association be...

Caregiver's oral health literacy is associated with prevalence of untreated dental caries in preschool children.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between oral health literacy (OHL) among caregivers and untreated dental caries among preschoolers. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 415 preschool children and their caregivers from Curitiba, Brazil. The children were examined for dental caries and dental plaque. The caregivers' OHL was evaluated using an instrument translated and validated for Brazilian Portuguese: the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry-30. The preva...

Effects of the carbonic anhydrase VI gene polymorphisms on dental caries: A meta-analysis.

Carbonic anhydrase VI (CA VI) is considered to greatly participate in the buffering of saliva, ion transport, the regulation of pH, secretory processes, and saliva production. Various studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between CA VI and dental caries.

Performance of Fluorescence-based Systems in Early Caries Detection: A Public Health Issue.

Modern clinical caries management involves early stage caries diagnosis and should fit with dental health policy. The objective of this study was to achieve early caries detection in enamel and dentine with a laser-based system (DIAGNOdent™ pen) first and secondary with a new fluorescence intra-oral camera (Soprolife®). A visual inspection with a loupe was used as control.

Presence of Archaea in dental caries biofilms.

Although the prevalence and functions associated with members of Bacteria are well known in dental caries, the role of Archaea in cariogenic biofilms has not been studied yet.

Terminology of Dental Caries and Dental Caries Management: Consensus Report of a Workshop Organized by ORCA and Cariology Research Group of IADR.

A 2-day workshop of ORCA and the IADR Cariology Research Group was organized to discuss and reach consensus on definitions of the most commonly used terms in cariology. The aims were to identify and to select the most commonly used terms of dental caries and dental caries management and to define them based on current concepts. Terms related to definition, diagnosis, risk assessment, and monitoring of dental caries were included. The Delphi process was used to establish terms to be considered using the nomi...

Dental caries: Genetic and protein interactions.

To present a genetic and protein interaction analysis associated with dental caries.

The prevalence of enamel and dentine caries lesions and their determinant factors among children living in fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas.

To determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries (at dentine and enamel levels of diagnosis) amongst Malaysian children and to investigate determinant factors associated with caries detection at these different thresholds.

Correlation between parotid saliva composition and dental caries using P-NMR and ICDAS score.

The preservation of enamel mineral is influenced by the supersaturation of salivary secretions with respect to calcium phosphate salts. The aim was to measure the chemical environmental state of phosphate ions in a subject's parotid saliva, and to correlate this with their dental caries score, by means of P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (P-NMR) and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS).

Dental caries following radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: A systematic review.

Post-radiotherapy head and neck cancer patients are at increased risk of dental caries due to radiotherapy-induced salivary gland hypofunction and radiation-damage to tooth structure. Dental caries may cause pain and discomfort, and is likely to have a detrimental impact on patients' quality of life. This systematic review appraised and synthesised best available evidence regarding the incidence and severity of post-radiotherapy dental caries in head and neck cancer patients. Six databases and two trial reg...

Prevention in the context of caries-related extractions under general anaesthesia: an evaluation of the use of sealants and other preventive care by referring dentists.

Introduction Children requiring a general anaesthetic (GA) for caries-related dental extractions are at high risk of developing new dental caries. It is therefore important to maximise opportunities for prevention.Aim To explore the use and scope for fissure sealants among children requiring caries-related dental extractions under GA and investigate ongoing oral health support following treatment under GA.Methods Service evaluation (baseline at GA and two years later) including dental examination and struct...

Quantitative assessment of Scardovia wiggsiae from dental plaque samples of children suffering from severe early childhood caries and caries free children.

Scardovia wiggsiae has recently been identified as a potential pathogen associated with dental caries. The aim of the present study was to detect and quantify S. wiggsiae from dental plaque samples of children suffering from severe early childhood caries and children who were caries free by employing a real time DNA polymerase chain reaction method. Dental plaque samples were collected from children suffering from severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) (n=30) and caries free children (CF) (n=30) reporting to...

Heritability of Caries Scores, Trajectories, and Disease Subtypes.

Previous studies report that dental caries is partially heritable, but there is uncertainty in the magnitude of genetic effects and little understanding of how genetic factors might influence caries progression or caries subtypes. This study aimed to estimate the relative importance of genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of different caries outcomes using a twin-based design. Analysis included up to 41,678 twins in the Swedish Twin Register aged 7 to 97 y, and dental data were obtained from pr...

Obesity and dental caries in early childhood: A systematic review and meta-analyses.

Obesity and dental caries in children are significant health problems. The aims of this review are to identify whether children aged 6 years and younger with overweight and/or obesity have higher dental caries experience compared with children with normal weight and, secondly, to identify the common risk factors associated with both conditions. Medline, Embase, and seven other databases were systematically searched followed by lateral searches from reference lists, grey literature, theses, conference proce...

Comparative evaluation of anesthetic efficacy of 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL of articaine in irreversible pulpitis of the mandibular molar: A randomized clinical trial.

The aim of this study was to compare the anesthetic efficacy of two volumes of articaine in conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) of mandibular molars with irreversible pulpitis, and in cases of anesthetic failure, its complementation with periodontal ligament injection (PDL).

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Role of Sugar-Free Chewing Gum in Dental Caries.

To determine the difference in level of dental caries in adults and children who chew sugar-free gum (SFG), compared with those who do not chew SFG or use alternatives such as lozenges, candies, rinses, tablets, and other nonchewing controls.

T2 Mapping as a Tool for Assessment of Dental Pulp Response to Caries Progression: An in vivo MRI Study.

Among radiological methods, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) excels in its ability to image soft tissue at great contrast and without the need of harmful radiation. This study tested whether in vivo MRI based on standard MRI sequences run on a standard clinical MRI system can be used to quantify dental pulp response to caries progression using the T2 mapping method. In the study, 74 teeth were scanned on a 3-T MRI system, and caries was assessed according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment...

Importance of Dental Clinic Recalls for Caries Prevention in Children: Practice-Based Research.

: to investigate the association between caries incidence in children and the number of clinical preventive visits and follow-up period (intervals). a 30-year cohort composed of the dental records of 600 children who were 12-23 months old at their first dental appointment and who were followed up to 12 years of age (200 followed since 1981, Group 1; 200 followed since 1991, Group 2; and 200 followed since 2001, Group 3) was analytically and quantitatively evaluated. Random sample calculation was performed ...

Dental RECUR Randomized Trial to Prevent Caries Recurrence in Children.

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a dental nurse-delivered intervention-the Dental RECUR Brief Negotiated Interview for Oral Health (DR-BNI)-in reducing the recurrence of dental caries in children who have a primary tooth extracted. It was based on a 2-arm multicenter randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessment. Participants were 5- to 7-y-old children ( = 241) scheduled to have primary teeth extracted in 12 UK centers. Test intervention parents ( = 119) received DR-...

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