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PubMed Journals Articles About "LEAN CUISINE" RSS

08:04 EST 13th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

LEAN CUISINE PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest LEAN CUISINE articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "LEAN CUISINE" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 247

Using Lean Process Improvement to Enhance Safety and Value in Orthopaedic Surgery: The Case of Spine Surgery.

Lean methodology was developed in the manufacturing industry to increase output and decrease costs. These labor organization methods have become the mainstay of major manufacturing companies worldwide. Lean methods involve continuous process improvement through the systematic elimination of waste, prevention of mistakes, and empowerment of workers to make changes. Because of the profit and productivity gains made in the manufacturing arena using lean methods, several healthcare organizations have adopted le...


Can lean contribute to work intensification in healthcare?

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss the effects of the introduction of lean into healthcare workplaces, phenomena that have not been widely investigated. Design/methodology/approach The paper draws on discussions and findings from the literature. It seeks to bring the few geographically dispersed experiences and case studies together to draw some conclusions regarding lean's negative effects. Findings Two recurring themes emerge. The first is there is little evidence of Lean's impact ...

Lean body mass and creatine kinase is associated with reduced inflammation in obesity.

Obesity is associated with inflammation, but the role of lean mass and creatine kinase (CK) on the inflammatory process is less known. We investigated the associations between lean mass, CK and fat mass upon inflammatory parameters in an overweight and obese adult population.


Body composition is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease.

An inverse relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality (the obesity paradox) has been found in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is unclear whether increased muscle mass or body fat confers the survival advantage. To resolve this we investigated the impact of body makeup on a composite outcome of death or cardiovascular events in a prospective cohort of 326 patients with stage 3-5 CKD not yet on dialysis. Lean mass and body fat were determined using ...

Effect of acute ozone exposure on the lung metabolomes of obese and lean mice.

Pulmonary responses to the air pollutant, ozone, are increased in obesity. Both obesity and ozone cause changes in systemic metabolism. Consequently, we examined the impact of ozone on the lung metabolomes of obese and lean mice. Lean wildtype and obese db/db mice were exposed to acute ozone (2 ppm for 3 h) or air. 24 hours later, the lungs were excised, flushed with PBS to remove blood and analyzed via liquid-chromatography or gas-chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry for metabolites. Both obesity an...

Serum IL-15 and IL-15Rα levels are decreased in lean and obese physically active humans.

Circulating IL-15 presence is required to stimulate anti-adipogenic effects of the IL-15/IL-15Rα axis in adipose tissue. Although exercise increases blood IL-15 expression post-exercise, it remains inconclusive whether physical activity can alter the baseline concentrations of this cytokine. The aim of this study was to determine whether physical activity regulates circulating IL-15 and IL-15Rα in lean and obese individuals. Two hundred and seventy-six participants were divided into 5 groups according to ...

β cell function and insulin resistance in lean cases with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Obesity is a major factor in development of insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic features in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. Nearly two-thirds patients with PCOS (30 of 37 confirmed cases of PCOS) in our previous community based study were lean, in contrast to Caucasians. Metabolic parameters including IR and β cell function have not been characterized well in this group of lean PCOS. To study the metabolic features including IR and β cell function in lean PCOS patients, 53 patients with BMI,

Biomechanical mechanism of lateral trunk lean gait for knee osteoarthritis patients.

The biomechanical mechanism of lateral trunk lean gait employed to reduce external knee adduction moment (KAM) for knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients is not well known. This mechanism may relate to the center of mass (COM) motion. Moreover, lateral trunk lean gait may affect motor control of the COM displacement. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis is an evaluation index used to understand motor control and variability of the motor task. Here we aimed to clarify the biomechanical mechanism to reduce KAM dur...

Appendicular and whole body lean mass outcomes are associated with finite element analysis-derived bone strength at the distal radius and tibia in adults aged 40years and older.

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine how appendicular lean mass index (ALMI), and whole body lean (LMI) and fat mass indices (FMI) associate with estimated bone strength outcomes at the distal radius and tibia in adults aged 40 years and older.

Overweight adult cats have significantly lower voluntary physical activity than adult lean cats.

Objectives The objectives of the current pilot study were to evaluate whether body condition score (BCS) and body weight are significantly related to physical activity counts, and to evaluate potential interaction between BCS and voluntary physical activity measured over a 14 day period. Methods Ten (five lean, five overweight), neutered, adult American Shorthair cats were selected for this study (median age 4 ± 0.5 years). Cats with a BCS of ⩽3.0 were considered lean, whereas cats with a BCS >3.0 were c...

Plasma Amino Acids Stimulate Uncoupled Respiration of Muscle Subsarcolemmal Mitochondria in Lean but not Obese Humans.

Obesity is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle. Increasing the plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations stimulates mitochondrial ATP production in lean individuals.

Assessment of gut microbiota populations in lean and obese Zucker rats.

Obesity has been on the rise in the US and worldwide for the last several decades. Obesity has been associated with chronic disease development, such as certain types of cancer, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and liver diseases. Previously, we reported that obesity promotes DMBA-induced mammary tumor development using the obese Zucker rat model. The intestinal microbiota is composed of a diverse population of obligate and facultative anaerobic microorganisms, and these organisms carry out a broad ...

The association of NOV/CCN3 with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): preliminary evidence of a novel biomarker in OSA.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has a strong association with cardiovascular and metabolic abnormalities, although the mechanism driving this association is not well established. NOV/CCN3, a multifunctional extracellular matrix protein, may play a mechanistic and/or prognostic role in these associations. We hypothesized that patients with OSA, which primarily affects obese individuals, will have increased levels of NOV, and that NOV can serve as a biomarker in patients to predict OSA as well as metabolic and ...

Relationship-centered health care as a Lean intervention.

Continuous improvement efforts, recognized in much literature as Lean management techniques have been used in efforts to improve efficiency in democratic health care contexts for some time to varying degrees of success. The complexity of the health care system is magnified by the sheer number of processes and sub processes required to deliver value within a bureaucratic environment, while maintaining some level of compassionate and personalized care. There is inherent tension between what is required to be ...

Trans-10,cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10-c12 CLA) treatment and caloric restriction differentially affect adipocyte cell turnover in obese and lean mice.

Caloric restriction (CR) is one of the most promising strategies for weight loss but is associated with loss of lean mass, whereas compounds such as trans-10,cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10-c12 CLA) have been promoted as antiobesity agents. To compare the mechanisms of weight reduction by CR and t10-c12 CLA, body composition, glucose control, and characteristics of adipose tissue with respect to cell turnover (stem cells and preadipocytes, apoptosis and autophagy) and Tbx-1 localization were examined i...

Decreased food anticipatory activity of obese mice relates to hypothalamic c-Fos expression.

During daily Food Restriction (FR), obese Neotomodon alstoni mice present decreased Food Anticipatory Activity (FAA) compared to lean mice. Here, we investigated whether FOS expression in hypothalamic nuclei involved in food synchronization and anticipation parallels decreased FAA during daily FR of obese N. alstoni. Locomotor activity of lean and obese mice in ad libitum feeding conditions was monitored for at least two weeks. Then, a gradual restriction of food access was followed to establish a 5h period...

Lean psoas area does not correlate with clinical outcomes in moderately to severely injured older people.

Frailty has been associated with worse outcomes in older trauma patients. Specifically, the utility of lean cross-sectional psoas muscle area (LPA) was examined as a potentially simple objective measure of frailty.

Novel ultrasound approach for measuring marbling in pork.

An ultrasound examination was done on the m. longissimus lumborum, between the 10th and the 11th thoracic vertebra, on two sides (inside and outside the thoracic cavity) of the left half-carcasses of 162 fatteners. The carcasses were classified for lean meat percentage using the SEUROP system. The R pig carcasses (47.7% lean) had the thickest backfat (30.6mm; P≤0.01) and the highest content of intramuscular fat (IMF=2.28%; P≤0.01). More artifacts-free images were collected from the inside compared to th...

Lean Mass and Functional Recovery in Men With Hip Fracture: A Short-Term Prospective Pilot Study.

To assess the capability of different definitions of low appendicular lean mass (aLM) to predict the short-term functional recovery in hip-fracture men.

Levels of serum retinol binding protein 4 before and after non-surgical periodontal treatment in lean and obese subjects: an interventional study.

We aimed to evaluate serum RBP4 levels before and after periodontal therapy in lean and obese subjects with chronic periodontitis (CP) in order to determine its possible association with periodontitis.

T-cell profile and systemic cytokine levels in overweight-obese patients with moderate to very-severe COPD.

This study aimed to evaluate the immune profile of lean and overweight-obese COPD patients. Forty patients with moderate to very severe COPD were divided into lean group (n=20; aged 62.00±8.91years; BMI 22.26±1.65kg/m(2)) or overweight-obese group (n=20; aged 65.40±6.69years; BMI 29.19±3.55kg/m(2)). The cytokine profile (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, INF-γ, and TNF-α) was evaluated through the Cytometric Bead Array technique, and the expression of CD4, CD8, CD25, CD45ra, CD45ro, CD69, CD195(CCr5) and HLA-D...

Using Lean Management to Reduce Emergency Department Length of Stay for Medicine Admissions.

The practice of boarding admitted patients in the emergency department (ED) carries negative operational, clinical, and patient satisfaction consequences. Lean tools have been used to improve ED workflow. Interventions focused on reducing ED length of stay (LOS) for admitted patients are less explored.

The Influence of Lower Extremity Lean Mass on Landing Biomechanics During Prolonged Exercise.

  The extent to which lower extremity lean mass (LELM) relative to total body mass influences one's ability to maintain safe landing biomechanics during prolonged exercise when injury incidence increases is unknown.

Microbiota source impact in vitro metabolite colonic production and anti-proliferative effect of spent coffee grounds on human colon cancer cells (HT-29).

Human gut flora-mediated non-digestible fraction of spent coffee grounds (hgf-NDSCG) was evaluated for its chemopreventive effect and molecular mechanisms involved on human colon adenocarcinoma HT-29 cell survival using two different microbiota source [lean (L) and overweight (OW)]. The source of human gut flora (hgf) (L or OW) affected the pH of hgf-NDSCG only minimally, but linearly reduced those of hgf-inulin. The variability between lean and overweight microbiota was characterized by the metabolism and/...

A Semi-Physiologic Model of Postprandial Triglyceride Response in Lean, Obese and Very Obese Subjects Following a High Fat Meal.

To quantify the postprandial triglyceride response of chylomicrons and very low-density lipoprotein-V6 (VLDL-V6) following a high fat meal in lean, obese and very obese healthy subjects, using a mechanistic population lipokinetic modeling approach.


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