PubMed Journals Articles About "LNA043 Placebo LNA043 Knee Cartilage Lesion" RSS

10:29 EST 21st February 2020 | BioPortfolio

LNA043 Placebo LNA043 Knee Cartilage Lesion PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest LNA043 Placebo LNA043 Knee Cartilage Lesion articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "LNA043 placebo LNA043 Knee Cartilage Lesion" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,600+

The Effect of Cartilage Lesion in the Lateral Compartment of the Knee on the Surgical Outcome of Medial Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy.

The aim of this study was to identify the effect of cartilage lesion in the lateral compartment of the knee on the surgical outcome of medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO). A total of 172 consecutive patients who underwent MOWHTO were evaluated retrospectively. Among the patients who underwent second-look arthroscopic assessment, 30 patients with lateral compartment cartilage lesion (group 1: ≥ grade 2 cartilage lesion according to the International Cartilage Repair Society [ICRS] grading ...

Effectiveness of collagen supplementation on pain scores in healthy individuals with self-reported knee pain; A randomized controlled trial.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks collagen peptide (CP) supplementation on knee pain and function in individuals with self-reported knee pain. N=167 Healthy physically active individuals (63[IQR=56-68] years) with self-reported knee pain received 10 g/day of CP or placebo for 12 weeks. Knee pain and function were measured with the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Lysholm questionnaire and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). Furthermore, we assessed changes in inflam...

Good mid-term outcomes after adipose-derived culture-expanded mesenchymal stem cells implantation in knee focal cartilage defects.

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the mid-term outcomes of a single-stage cell-based procedure in patients with knee focal symptomatic cartilage defects using matrix-induced culture-expanded autologous AD-MSCs. It was hypothesised that the increased number of autologous AD-MSCs after culture expansion is a safe and efficient cartilage repair procedure, which improves overtime chondrogenesis in cartilage lesions METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients treated for a symptomatic cartilage d...

Femoropatellar Joint Reaction Detected During a 4486 KM Ultramarathon with Mobile MRI.

Almost nothing is known about the condition of the knee joints of multistage ultra-marathon (MSUM) runner. This is first image-based investigation of the femoropatellar joint (FPJ) using a mobile 1.5T MRI accompanying the MSUM TransEurope Foot-Race (TEFR) 64 stages over 4486 km. Twenty-two (20 male) subjects got a knee MRI-protocol at defined measurement intervals during TEFR: T2*-mapping (FLASH T2*-GRE), TIRM, and fat saturated PD -sequence. In the FPJ 12 different regions were evaluated regarding cartil...

Using Cumulative Load to Explain How Body Mass Index and Daily Walking Relate to Worsening Knee Cartilage Damage Over Two Years: The MOST Study.

Knee cartilage damage is often linked to mechanical overloading. However, cartilage requires mechanical load to remain healthy, suggesting that underloading may be detrimental. We examined knee overloading and underloading by defining cumulative load as the joint effects of body mass index (BMI) and daily walking, and examined the relation of cumulative load to worsening cartilage damage over two years.

pyKNEEr: An image analysis workflow for open and reproducible research on femoral knee cartilage.

Transparent research in musculoskeletal imaging is fundamental to reliably investigate diseases such as knee osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic disease impairing femoral knee cartilage. To study cartilage degeneration, researchers have developed algorithms to segment femoral knee cartilage from magnetic resonance (MR) images and to measure cartilage morphology and relaxometry. The majority of these algorithms are not publicly available or require advanced programming skills to be compiled and run. However, to a...

Efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of tropomyosin receptor kinase A inhibitor in painful knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study.

This trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of GZ389988A, a tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) inhibitor, in subjects with painful knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Does footwear affect articular cartilage volume change after a prolonged run?

The aim of this study was to investigate knee intra-articular cartilage volume changes after a prolonged running bout in three footwear conditions. Twelve participants performed 75-minute running bouts in the three footwear conditions. Before and after each running bout, MRI scans were obtained using a high-resolution 3.0 Tesla MRI. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the cartilage plates of the patella, the femur and the tibia were created to quantify cartilage volume change due to the 75-minute running bo...

The Molecular Profile of Synovial Fluid Changes upon Joint Distraction and is Associated with Clinical Response in Knee Osteoarthritis.

Surgical knee joint distraction (KJD) leads to clinical improvement in knee osteoarthritis (OA) and also apparent cartilage regeneration by magnetic resonance imaging. We investigated if alteration of the joint's mechanical environment during the 6 week period of KJD was associated with a molecular response in synovial fluid, and if any change was associated with clinical response.

MR imaging of cartilage repair surgery of the knee.

Articular cartilage is a complex tissue with unique properties that are essential for normal joint function. Many processes can result in cartilage injury, ranging from acute trauma to degenerative processes. Articular cartilage lacks vascularity, and therefore most chondral defects do not heal spontaneously and may require surgical repair. A variety of cartilage repair techniques have been developed and include bone marrow stimulation (microfracture), osteochondral autograft transfer system (OATS) or osteo...

Use of intraarticular injections of platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: A review article.

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common degenerative conditions affecting knee joint. As our understanding in the disease pathogenesis is evolving, so do the treatment modalities. One of the postulated mechanisms suggests the production of inflammatory cytokines secondary to repeated micro trauma than in turn lead to cartilage damage overtime. Cartilage being avascular structure has limited potential for repair. Based on this, recent studies have been focusing on stimulating cartilage-healing process by gr...

Validation of a novel blinding method for measuring postoperative knee articular cartilage using magnetic resonance imaging.

To test PEEK implant-associated MRI artifacts, a method for blinding MRI readers, the repeatability of cartilage thickness measures before and 6 weeks after high tibial osteotomy (HTO), and the sensitivity to change of cartilage thickness 12 months after HTO.

Histological Grade and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Quantitative T1rho/T2 Mapping in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Study in 20 Patients.

BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a preoperative method of joint assessment. Histology of the joint is invasive and performed after surgery. T1rho/T2 MRI mapping is a new preoperative method of quantifying joint changes. This study aimed to analyze and compare the histological changes in the joint cartilage with the use of quantitative T1rho/T2 MRI mapping in patients with OA of the knee. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty patients with OA of the knee (20 knees) unde...

PROMIS Instruments Correlate Better with Legacy Measures in Knee Cartilage Patients at Post-operative than at Pre-operative Assessment.

To define the psychometric properties of the PROMIS Physical Function (PF), Pain Interference (PI) and Depression Computer Adaptive Test (CAT) in patients undergoing knee cartilage surgeries.

Associations between serum IL-8 and knee symptoms, joint structures, and cartilage or bone biomarkers in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional associations between serum levels of IL-8 and the above outcomes in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Matrix-Associated Chondrocyte Implantation Is Associated With Fewer Reoperations Than Microfracture: Results of a Population-Representative, Matched-Pair Claims Data Analysis for Cartilage Defects of the Knee.

Symptomatic cartilage defects of the knee are commonly surgically treated by microfracture (MFX) or matrix-associated chondrocyte implantation (M-ACI). Several randomized controlled trials have compared MFX and M-ACI, showing a tendency to lower reoperation rates for M-ACI, but results vary widely between studies.

Effects of treadmill running and limb immobilization on knee cartilage degeneration and locomotor joint kinematics in rats following knee meniscal transection.

This study examined the effects of reduced and elevated weight bearing on post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) development, locomotor joint kinematics, and degree of voluntary activity in rats following medial meniscal transection (MMT).

Evaluation of the Efficiency of Lubricant Based on Pulmonary Surfactant in Experimental Knee Osteoarthritis in Rats: Analysis of 3D Reconstructions.

We evaluated the efficiency of a lubricant based on a pulmonary surfactant in experimental knee osteoarthritis in rats induced by intraarticular injection of abrasive material that reduces the lubricative properties of the synovial fluid. Experimental substance containing proteins of the pulmonary surfactant exhibiting natural lubricative properties was used as the lubricant. The effectiveness of the substance was analyzed by changes in morphological characteristics of the articular cartilage in 3D reconstr...

Accelerated mono- and biexponential 3D-T1ρ relaxation mapping of knee cartilage using golden angle radial acquisitions and compressed sensing.

To use golden-angle radial sampling and compressed sensing (CS) for accelerating mono- and biexponential 3D spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating frame (T ) mapping of knee cartilage.

Multi-compositional MRI evaluation of repair cartilage in knee osteoarthritis with treatment of allogeneic human adipose-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells.

We used multimodal compositional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, combined with clinical outcomes, to differentiate the alternations of composition in repair cartilage with allogeneic human adipose-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells (haMPCs) in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients.

Bone Marrow Lesions in Knee Osteoarthritis: Regional Differences in Tibial Subchondral Bone Microstructure and their Association with Cartilage Degeneration.

The aim of this study was to investigate how bone microstructure within bone marrow lesions (BMLs) relates to the bone and cartilage across the whole human tibial plateau.

Assessment of Cartilage Growth After Biopsy of Osteochondral Loose Bodies in Adolescent Knees for Use in Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation.

The goal of this study is to determine whether harvested cartilage from an osteochondral loose body maintains the same viability for implantation as cartilage harvested from the traditional locations within the adolescent knee for autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI).

Nonanatomic Placement of Posteromedial Meniscal Root Repairs: A Finite Element Study.

Nonanatomic placement of posteromedial meniscal root repairs alters knee mechanics; however, little is known about how the position and magnitude of misplacement affect knee mechanics. Finite element knee models were developed to assess changes in cartilage and meniscus mechanics for anatomic and various nonanatomic repairs with respect to intact. In total, 25 different repair locations were assessed at loads of 500 N and 1,000 N. The two-simple-suture method was represented within the models to simulate po...

Microfractures Versus a Porcine derived Collagen-Augmented Chondrogenesis Technique for Treating Knee Cartilage Defects: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of treating patients with a cartilage defect of the knee with microfractures and porcine-derived collagen-augmented chondrogenesis technique (C-ACT).

Comparative clinical and cost analysis between surgical and non-surgical intervention for knee osteoarthritis.

To evaluate the management and costs of osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK), a progressive joint disease due to bone and cartilage degeneration, with significant personal and societal impact.

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