PubMed Journals Articles About "Laboratories" RSS

02:17 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Laboratories PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Laboratories articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Laboratories" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 483

Laboratory Safety in Parasitology Laboratory.

Working in a laboratory is very difficult and needs special attention. Laboratory workers can be exposed to numerous potential hazards including chemical, biological, physical, and radioactive. That is why it is really important to follow the working principles in laboratories for the sake of the lab analyzers and others who work with them in the lab. Laboratory safety includes the use of certain laboratory rules, methods, infrastructures, and devices during work to protect the working person and the workin...

Optimization of laboratory procedures for intrauterine insemination: survey of methods in relation to clinical outcome.

There is a wide practice variation of used methods and outcomes in IUI in fertility laboratories. Standardization of the IUI procedure is important for reducing inconsistency among laboratories in counseling infertile couples and in pregnancy results. The aim of the study was to evaluate the currently used laboratory procedures of IUI in Dutch fertility laboratories and their effect on IUI pregnancy results. Additionally, the methods for semen analysis (SA) were evaluated, as SA is related to IUI in terms o...

Challenges in the analysis of novel flame retardants in indoor dust: results of the INTERFLAB 2 interlaboratory evaluation.

The Interlaboratory Study of Novel Flame Retardants (INTERFLAB 2) was conducted by 20 laboratories in 12 countries to test the precision and accuracy of the analysis of 24 "novel" flame retardants (NFRs). Laboratories analyzed NFRs in injection-ready test mixtures, in extracts of residential dust, and in residential dust to evaluate the influence of dust handling and extraction. For test mixtures, mean reported concentrations of PBT, PBEB, EH-TBB, TBBPA, TBDP-TAZTO, TBOEP, α-TBCO, β-DBE-DBCH, and total HB...

Proficiency testing for the detection of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus demonstrates global capacity to detect MERS-CoV.

The first reported case of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection was identified in Saudi Arabia in September 2012, since which time there have been over 2,000 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 750 deaths in 27 countries. Nucleic acid testing (NAT) is the preferred method for the detection of MERS-CoV. A single round of a Proficiency Testing Program (PTP) was used to assess the capability of laboratories globally to accurately detect the presence of MERS-CoV using NAT. A panel...

Consensus on BCR-ABL1 reporting in chronic myeloid leukaemia in the UK.

For patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), treatment guidelines recommend monitoring response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) by testing the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene transcript level using reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Despite recent efforts to standardise protocols for BCR-ABL1 testing, some variability remains among laboratories in the UK regarding the techniques used and the approach to reporting results. This increases the risk of misinterpretation...

Evaluation of the 2016 ENV57 MetroERM measurement comparison on Cs, Cs and I in air filters.

In 2016, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre organised an interlaboratory comparison exercise on the measurement of Cs, Cs and I in air filters. The exercise was conducted in the frame of the MetroERM EMRP project with code ENV57. This paper describes the context of the interlaboratory measurement comparison, the technical implementation, the air filter measurements performed by the participating laboratories and finally the evaluation of the comparison results. The intercomparison exercise resu...

Cell-Free DNA Analysis in Maternal Blood: Differences in Estimates between Laboratories with Different Methodologies Using a Propensity Score Approach.

To evaluate the failure rate and performance of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing, mainly in terms of detection rates for trisomy 21, performed by 2 laboratories using different analytical methods.

First inter-laboratory study of a Supercritical Fluid Chromatography method for the determination of pharmaceutical impurities.

Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC) has known a strong regain of interest for the last 10 years, especially in the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Besides the development and validation of the SFC method in one individual laboratory, it is also important to demonstrate its applicability and transferability to various laboratories around the world. Therefore, an inter-laboratory study was conducted and published for the first time in SFC, to assess method reproducibility, and evaluate whether this chr...

Mapping of the US Domestic Influenza Virologic Surveillance Landscape.

Influenza virologic surveillance is critical each season for tracking influenza circulation, following trends in antiviral drug resistance, detecting novel influenza infections in humans, and selecting viruses for use in annual seasonal vaccine production. We developed a framework and process map for characterizing the landscape of US influenza virologic surveillance into 5 tiers of influenza testing: outpatient settings (tier 1), inpatient settings and commercial laboratories (tier 2), state public health ...

International descriptive and interventional survey for oxycholesterol determination by gas- and liquid-chromatographic methods.

Increasing numbers of laboratories develop new methods based on gas-liquid and high-performance liquid chromatography to determine serum concentrations of oxygenated cholesterol metabolites such as 7α-, 24(S)-, and 27-hydroxycholesterol. We initiated a first international descriptive oxycholesterol (OCS) survey in 2013 and a second interventional survey 2014 in order to compare levels of OCS reported by different laboratories and to define possible sources of analytical errors. In 2013 a set of two lyophil...

NIST interlaboratory studies involving DNA mixtures (MIX05 and MIX13): Variation observed and lessons learned.

Interlaboratory studies are a type of collaborative exercise in which many laboratories are presented with the same set of data to interpret, and the results they produce are examined to get a "big picture" view of the effectiveness and accuracy of analytical protocols used across participating laboratories. In 2005 and again in 2013, the Applied Genetics Group of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted interlaboratory studies involving DNA mixture interpretation. In the 2005 NIS...

Assessment of the results of a 3-Year Program for National Standardization and Quality Improvement of Medical Laboratories on Drug of Abuse Testing by the Ministry of Health in Turkey.

The aim of this study is to assess the results of inspections in the last 3 years on drug abuse testing in medical laboratories according to the last regulations in Turkey.

The Kodak Syndrome: Risks and Opportunities Created by Decentralization of Forensic Capabilities.

Forensic science laboratories are being challenged by the expanding decentralization of forensic capabilities, particularly for digital traces. This study recommends laboratories undertake digital transformations to capitalize on the decentralization movement, develop a more comprehensive understanding of crime and security-relevant problems, and play a more central role in problem-solving collaboratively with law enforcement organizations and other stakeholders. A framework for the bilateral transfer of in...

Why Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance needs to be Automated and Comprehensive.

Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance can now be automated to analyze the reports of microbiology laboratories continually without operator assistance It can also be made comprehensive to monitor all the reports of all the world's microbiology laboratories.

National surveys on internal quality control for blood gas analysis and related electrolytes in clinical laboratories of China.

Internal quality control (IQC) is essential for precision evaluation and continuous quality improvement. This study aims to investigate the IQC status of blood gas analysis (BGA) in clinical laboratories of China from 2014 to 2017.

Flow Cytometry Method Validation Protocols.

Analytical method validation provides a means to ensure that data are credible and reproducible. This unit will provide a brief introduction to analytical method validation as applied to cellular analysis by flow cytometry. In addition, the unit will provide practical procedures for three different types of validation. The first is a limited validation protocol that is applicable for research settings and non-regulated laboratories. The second is validation protocol that presents the minimum validation requ...

Touch imprint (TI) cytology of needle core biopsies (NCB) in pathology laboratories: A practice survey of participants in the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Non Gynecologic Cytopathology (NGC) Education Program.

Intra-procedural assessment of touch imprint (TI) cytology from needle core biopsies (NCB) is used to ensure sample adequacy and to provide immediate diagnosis in various settings. We aimed to survey laboratories for current practices on the use of cytology with NCB.

Analysis and evaluation of the external quality assessment results of quality indicators in laboratory medicine all over China from 2015 to 2018.

Background This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate laboratory quality in China and explore factors affecting laboratory errors through analyzing the external quality assessment (EQA) results of quality indicators (QIs). Methods According to model 3 (interpretive) of the proficiency testing scheme, the National Center for Clinical Laboratories of China (CNCCL) developed a questionnaire for 15 QIs. Clinical laboratories from different provinces of China participated in the EQA program of QIs annually and...


Biological dosimetry enables individual dose reconstruction in the case of unclear or inconsistent radiation exposure situations, especially when a direct measurement of ionizing radiation is not or is no longer possible. To be prepared for large-scale radiological incidents, networking between well-trained laboratories has been identified as a useful approach for provision of the fast and trustworthy dose assessments needed in such circumstances. To this end, various biodosimetry laboratories worldwide hav...

Concordance between laboratories in metal ion testing in patients with metal-on-metal hip implants.

Testing of whole blood or serum metal ion levels has become an important part of assessing and monitoring the performance of metal-on-metal bearings, both in hip resurfacing arthroplasty and in total hip replacement. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between 2 laboratories testing cobalt and chromium ion levels in patients with metal-on-metal bearings.

Harmonization of microbiology processes and standards: work in progress.

Clinical microbiology is a highly challenging technical discipline, which makes it difficult to harmonize processes and protocols. In addition, the lack of scientific consensus on some diagnostic algorithms and the need to address the diverse needs of different patient populations contribute to the lack of interlaboratory consistency. Laboratories utilize a number of measures and metrics, but the lack of standardized approaches and data collection means that they cannot effectively evaluate their performanc...

External quality assessment schemes for glucose measurements in Germany: factors for successful participation, analytical performance and medical impact.

Determination of blood glucose concentration is one of the most important measurements in clinical chemistry worldwide. Analyzers in central laboratories (CL) and point-of-care tests (POCT) are both frequently used. In Germany, regular participation in external quality assessment (EQA) schemes is mandatory for laboratories performing glucose testing.

Quality assessment of interpretative commenting and competency comparison of comment providers in China.

Background This study aimed to evaluate the ability of comment providers who were responsible for interpreting results in clinical laboratories in China and to improve the quality of interpretative comments. Methods Basic information and interpretative comments for five cases of 1912 routine chemistry External Quality Assessment (EQA) participant laboratories were collected by web-based EQA system in May 2018. EQA organizers assigned scores to each key phrase of comments based on predetermined marking scale...

Challenges of RPR interpretation in syphilis screening in Uganda: variability in non-treponemal results between different laboratories.

Syphilis is a cause of morbidity and mortality and is of particular concern in pregnancy in low income countries because of risks associated with maternal-fetal transmission. Ugandan national guidelines recommend a non-treponemal Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) followed by treponemal testing for diagnosis of syphilis. The RPR test confirms a reactive specific treponemal test, or confirms serological 'cure' with a 4-fold dilutional decrease; RPR is beset with technical and biological limitations making accurate di...

Otopathology in the United States: History, Current Situation, and Future Perspectives.

: Human temporal bone studies have documented the pathophysiologic basis of many pathologic conditions and diseases affecting the ear, contributing to the development of specific clinical knowledge and pathology-oriented treatments. Researchers dedicated to the study of anatomy and histology of the temporal bone emanated from Europe to the United States during the first part of the 20th Century. The first otopathology laboratory was founded in the United States in 1924, at Johns Hopkins University; over tim...

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