PubMed Journals Articles About "Lactobacillus Paracasei Dietary Supplement Placebo Controls Primary Hypercholesterolemia" RSS

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Lactobacillus Paracasei Dietary Supplement Placebo Controls Primary Hypercholesterolemia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Lactobacillus Paracasei Dietary Supplement Placebo Controls Primary Hypercholesterolemia articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Lactobacillus paracasei dietary supplement Placebo controls Primary Hypercholesterolemia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

Survival of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei LBC 81 in Fermented Milk Enriched with Green Banana Pulp Under Acid Stress and in the Presence of Bile Salts.

This study evaluated the in vitro effect of 3.0, 6.0, and 9.0% of green banana pulp (GBP) incorporation in fermented milk on the survival of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei LBC 81 subjected to acid stress conditions and in the presence of bile salts. Tolerance to acid stress in pH 2.0 and in the presence of 0.30% of bile salts was evaluated right after the incorporation of the fermented milk in each of these conditions, and also during 3 and 4 h of exposure, respectively. The addition of GBP (3.0...

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial Assessing the Oral Administration of a Heat-Treated Lactobacillus paracasei  Supplement in Infants with Atopic Dermatitis Receiving Topical Corticosteroid Therapy.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease in infancy, for which topical steroids are the first-line therapy but have side effects. Innovative approaches are needed to reduce the burden of AD and corticosteroid usage in infants.

Whole cell application of Lactobacillus paracasei BD101 to produce enantiomerically pure (S)-cyclohexyl(phenyl)methanol.

In this study, a total of 10 bacterial strains were screened for their ability to reduce cyclohexyl(phenyl)methanone 1 to its corresponding alcohol. Among these strains, Lactobacillus paracasei BD101 was found to be the most successful biocatalyst to reduce the ketones to the corresponding alcohols. The reaction conditions were systematically optimized for the reducing agent L paracasei BD101, which showed high enantioselectivity and conversion for the bioreduction. The preparative scale asymmetric reducti...

Association Among Dietary Supplement Use, Nutrient Intake, and Mortality Among U.S. Adults: A Cohort Study.

The health benefits and risks of dietary supplement use are controversial.

Celiac disease-associated Neisseria flavescens decreases mitochondrial respiration in CaCo-2 epithelial cells. Impact of Lactobacillus paracasei-CBA L74 on bacterial-induced cellular imbalance.

We previously identified a Neisseria flavescens (N. flavescens) strain in the duodenum of celiac disease (CD) patients that induced immune-inflammation in ex-vivo duodenal mucosal explants and in CaCo-2 cells. We also found that vesicular trafficking was delayed after the CD-immunogenic P31-43 gliadin peptide entered CaCo-2 cells and that Lactobacillus paracasei-CBA L74 (L. paracasei-CBA) supernatant reduced peptide entry. In this study, we evaluated if metabolism and trafficking was altered in CD-N.flavesc...

Association Between Dietary Supplement Use and ICD-9-CM Code Classification in Active Duty US Navy and Marine Corps Service Members.

This study is the first to our knowledge to examine associations of survey-reported dietary supplement use with medical record diagnoses, rather than retrospective self-reported supplement use at the time of the medical encounter or case reports of adverse events. Dietary supplement (DS) use and adverse events associations in US Navy and Marine Corps personnel remains unknown. This study assessed associations of DS use in active duty (AD) personnel with ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes from outpatient medical enco...

Lactobacillus Strain-Alleviated Aging Symptoms and Aging-Induced Metabolic Disorders in Aged Rats.

Aging is an inevitable and ubiquitous progress that affects all living organisms. A total of 18 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were evaluated on the activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an intracellular energy sensor mediating lifespan extension. The cell-free supernatant (CFS) of Lactobacillus fermentum DR9 (LF-DR9), Lactobacillus paracasei OFS 0291 (LP-0291), and Lactobacillus helveticus OFS 1515 (LH-1515) showed the highest activation of AMPK and was further evalu...

Serious Adverse Events Reported with Dietary Supplement Use in the United States: A 2.5 Year Experience.

Dietary supplement marketers assure the safety of their products by complying with current good manufacturing practices and a host of federal regulations, including those enforced by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Post-market surveillance is a key part of identifying safety problems associated with dietary supplement products. FDA requires dietary supplement marketers to provide a domestic address or phone number on product labels for consumers, family members, or health care professionals to repor...

Phenibut (β-Phenyl-γ-Aminobutyric Acid): an Easily Obtainable "Dietary Supplement" With Propensities for Physical Dependence and Addiction.

Phenibut (β-phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid) is a psychoactive GABA analogue currently being marketed online as an anxiolytic and nootropic dietary supplement. Its use is growing in popularity, but its pharmacological activity is well beyond that of a conventional nutritional supplement, and similar to that of a prescription strength sedative. This review will focus on the potential adversities of phenibut use and will discuss what treatment options may be beneficial to afflicted patients.

Binding activity to intestinal cells and transient colonization in mice of two Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei strains with high aggregation potential.

Surface properties like hydrophobicity, aggregation ability, adhesion to mucosal surfaces and epithelial cells and transit time are key features for the characterization of probiotic strains. In this study, we used two Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei strains (BGNJ1-64 and BGSJ2-8) strains which were previously described with very strong aggregation capacity. The aggregation promoting factor (AggLb) expressed in these strains showed high level of binding to collagen and fibronectin, components of ex...

Is diet management helpful in familial hypercholesterolemia?

Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic condition where low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor defects cause severe elevations of LDL cholesterol. As significant LDL-lowering effects are needed, medication is considered the cornerstone of therapy, and dietary therapy has received less emphasis. This review will re-visit older studies of diet intervention and new insights from genetic and mechanistic studies to determine the value of diet management for familial hypercholesterolemia patients.

Hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia as biochemical markers of disease in companion rabbits.

Inflammation has important effects on lipid metabolism, but the relationship between hyperlipidemia, inflammation, and disease remains unknown in rabbits. While rabbits are sensitive to dietary hypercholesterolemia, the etiology of hyperlipidemia when fed non-atherogenic diets is uncertain.

Lactobacillus plantarum DR7 improved upper respiratory tract infections via enhancing immune and inflammatory parameters: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum DR7 isolated from bovine milk against upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and elucidate the possible mechanisms underlying immunomodulatory properties. The DR7 strain (9 log cfu/d) was administered for 12 wk in a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled human study involving 109 adults (DR7, n = 56; placebo, n = 53). Subjects were assessed for health conditions monthly via questionnaires, and blood samples were e...

Identification of the Designer Steroid Androsta-3,5-diene-7,17-dione in a Dietary Supplement.

A liquid chromatography mass spectral detection (LC-MS) screen for known anabolic-androgenic steroids in a dietary supplement product marketed for "performance enhancement" detected an unknown compound having steroid-like spectral characteristics. The compound was isolated using high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) coupled with an analytical scale fraction collector. After the compound was isolated, it was then characterized using gas chromatography with simultaneous F...

A discussion of the unresolved 2016/17 plans for regulating the Polish dietary supplements market.

The Polish dietary supplement market is growing steadily. However, even though these products may have an impact on health they are not as strongly regulated as pharmaceuticals. In 2016/17 the introduction of new regulations covering the marketing of dietary supplements in Poland was proposed. This article briefly describes the Polish market for dietary supplements and assesses the benefits and risks associated with its development. A range of potential legislative changes, such as a total ban on dietary su...

Identifying Familial Hypercholesterolemia Using a Blood Donor Screening Program With More Than 1 Million Volunteer Donors.

Familial hypercholesterolemia is an autosomal-dominant disorder that often causes premature coronary artery disease. Unfortunately, familial hypercholesterolemia remains largely undiagnosed.

Antibiotic Resistance of Lactobacillus spp. and Streptococcus thermophilus Isolated from Chinese Fermented Milk Products.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance and the transferability of resistance markers in 87 lactic acid bacterial strains recovered from fermented milk products obtained from different areas of China. The isolates were identified as 21 Lactobacillus bulgaricus, 8 Lactobacillus casei, 6 Lactobacillus rhamnosus, 3 Lactobacillus paracasei, 2 Lactobacillus acidophilus, and 47 Streptococcus thermophilus strains. High levels of intrinsic resistance wer...

Dynamics of microbial community and fermentation quality during ensiling of sterile and nonsterile alfalfa with or without Lactobacillus plantarum inoculant.

To reveal the mechanism of the survival and adaption of inoculated Lactobacillus plantarum during ensiling. Alfalfa was ensiled directly (A1), after γ-ray irradiation (A0), and after inoculation of the sterile (A0L) or fresh alfalfa (A1L) with Lactobacillus plantarum. The A0L had the higher lactic acid content and lower pH than that in A1L from 3 days of ensiling. Pediococcus was the dominant microbes in A1 silage, followed by Enterococcus and Lactobacillus, while Lactobacillus in A1L outnumbered all oth...

Dietary Supplement Use among Infants and Toddlers Aged <24 Months in the United States, NHANES 2007-2014.

Limited nationally representative data are available on dietary supplement (DS) use and resulting nutrient exposures among infants and toddlers.

Sport supplement use predicts doping attitudes and likelihood via sport supplement beliefs.

The aim of this study was to examine: 1) whether sport supplement use is related to doping and 2) whether sport supplement beliefs mediated this relationship. In Study 1, athletes (N = 598), completed measures of sport supplement use, sport supplement beliefs, and doping attitudes. In Study 2, athletes (N = 475) completed measures of sport supplement use, sport supplement beliefs, and doping likelihood. In both studies, sport supplement use predicted doping outcomes indirectly via sport supplement beliefs...

Calcium intake from diet and supplement use during early pregnancy: the Expect study I.

Adequate calcium intake during pregnancy is of major importance for the health of both mother and fetus. Up to date, evidence on the prevalence of inadequate calcium intake among pregnant women is sparse for Western countries, and it is unknown to what extent inadequate dietary calcium intake is adequately balanced by supplement use. The objective of this study was to estimate calcium intake from diet and supplement use during the early pregnancy in The Netherlands.

A More Balanced Approach to Dietary Supplement Data.

A More Balanced Approach to Dietary Supplement Data-Reply.

Vaginal microbiota and mucosal pharmacokinetics of tenofovir in healthy women using tenofovir and tenofovir/levonorgestrel vaginal rings.

Recent data support that the vaginal microbiota may alter mucosal pharmacokinetics (PK) of topically delivered microbicides. Our team developed an intravaginal ring (IVR) that delivers tenofovir (TFV) (8-10 mg/day) alone or with levonorgestrel (LNG) (20 ug/day). We evaluated the effect of IVRs on the vaginal microbiota, and describe how the vaginal microbiota impacts mucosal PK of TFV. CONRAD A13-128 was a randomized, placebo controlled phase I study. We randomized 51 women to TFV, TFV/LNG or placebo IVR. W...

Can Kampo and Dietary Supplement Address Unmet Need? - A Commentary on Tatsumi et al. and Hoffmann et al.

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