PubMed Journals Articles About "Lactobacillus Plantarum Oral Care Chlorhexidine Standard Oral Care" RSS

00:35 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Lactobacillus plantarum oral care Chlorhexidine standard oral care" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

Can probiotics be an alternative to chlorhexidine for oral care in the mechanically ventilated patient? A multicentre, prospective, randomised controlled open trial.

Pathogenic enteric bacteria aspirated from the oropharynx are the main cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Using chlorhexidine (CHX) orally or selective decontamination has been shown to reduce VAP. In a pilot study we found that oral care with the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum 299 (Lp299) was as effective as CHX in reducing enteric bacteria in the oropharynx. To confirm those results, in this expanded study with an identical protocol we increased the number of patients and partici...

In Vitro Antimicrobial Effect of Bioadhesive Oral Membrane with Chlorhexidine Gel.

This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the antimicrobial effect of a bioadhesive chitosan-based oral membrane with chlorhexidine for local treatment of infections in the oral tissues. Five oral membranes of different compositions were tested: 5% chitosan (G1); 5% chitosan ± 0.2% chlorhexidine (G2), 5% chitosan ± 0.6% chlorhexidine (G3), 5% chitosan ± 1.0% chlorhexidine (G4), and 5% chitosan ± 2.0% chlorhexidine (G5). Also, five gel types were tested according to the following compositions: 5% chitosan ge...

Use of Chlorhexidine to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Long-term Care Setting: A Retrospective Medical Record Review.

The purpose of this study was to explore the use of the oral decontamination solution chlorhexidine (CHX) to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in a long-term ventilator care setting over time. Most of the research in this area has been conducted in acute and intensive care settings.

Oral Care Protocols With Specialty Training Lead to Safe Oral Care Practices and Reduce Iatrogenic Bleeding in Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Patients.

Oral care, using either a mouth rinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination of them, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of ventilator-acquired pneumonia in intubated patents. Oral care procedure in patients on venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) may cause bleeding due to the systemic anticoagulation required.

Effect of oral hygiene programmes on oral opportunistic pathogens during stroke rehabilitation.

This study was to assess the effectiveness of a conventional oral hygiene care programme (COHCP) and an advanced oral hygiene care programme (AOHCP) on prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens among patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation.

Preoperative oral care and effect on postoperative complications after major cancer surgery.

Improving patients' oral hygiene is an option for preventing postoperative pneumonia that may be caused by aspiration of oral and pharyngeal secretions. Whether preoperative oral care by a dentist can decrease postoperative complications remains controversial. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to assess the association between preoperative oral care and postoperative complications among patients who underwent major cancer surgery.

Advancement Of Teledentistry At The University Of Rochester's Eastman Institute For Oral Health.

Dental caries is the most prevalent infectious disease among US children. National surveys have shown that poor and minority-group children are not only disproportionately affected by dental caries but also have limited access to oral health care. Following successful exploratory applications of both synchronous and asynchronous models at the Eastman Institute for Oral Health, teledentistry has been demonstrated to be a practical and cost-effective way to improve oral health care for rural and disadvantaged...

Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of orally administered recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum expressing VP2 protein against IBDV in chicken.

To develop an effective oral vaccine against the very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV), we generated two recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum strains (pPG612-VP2/LP and pPG612-T7g10-VP2/LP, which carried the T7g10 translational enhancer) that displayed the VP2 protein on the surface, and compared the humoral and cellular immune responses against vvIBDV in chickens.

Contraindicated drug-drug interactions associated with oral antimicrobial agents prescribed in the ambulatory care setting in the United States.

Antimicrobial agents are commonly used in ambulatory care settings. Our objective was to examine national-level patterns of contraindications between oral antibacterial or antifungal agents and patients' other oral medications in the U.S ambulatory care setting.

Identifying common factors of functioning, participation and environment amongst adults requiring specialist oral health care using the International Classification of Functioning, disability and health.

Persons unable to access oral health care in the conventional primary health care setting suffer from inequalities in oral health, particularly in terms of unmet dental need. The International Classification of Functioning, disability and health (ICF) is designed to look beyond medical diagnosis and to describe individuals or populations in terms of their ability to function and participate in a social environment. The objective of the study was to describe an adult population requiring specialist oral heal...

Dynamics of microbial community and fermentation quality during ensiling of sterile and nonsterile alfalfa with or without Lactobacillus plantarum inoculant.

To reveal the mechanism of the survival and adaption of inoculated Lactobacillus plantarum during ensiling. Alfalfa was ensiled directly (A1), after γ-ray irradiation (A0), and after inoculation of the sterile (A0L) or fresh alfalfa (A1L) with Lactobacillus plantarum. The A0L had the higher lactic acid content and lower pH than that in A1L from 3 days of ensiling. Pediococcus was the dominant microbes in A1 silage, followed by Enterococcus and Lactobacillus, while Lactobacillus in A1L outnumbered all oth...

Oral health status of pregnant women in Ilorin, Nigeria.

Oral diseases have been shown to negatively affect pregnancy outcomes, yet, routine oral health care is not a component of the antenatal care package in Nigeria. This study was designed to describe the pattern of the oral conditions in pregnancy compared to the non-pregnant controls. Two hundred and twenty-five pregnant women and 166 non-pregnant controls were studied from two healthcare facilities in Ilorin. Oral-related complaints were assessed in the pregnant population while both of the groups had an or...

Does chlorhexidine mouthwash reduce the rate of oral colonization by gram-negative bacteria in patients with chemotherapy? A placebo-controlled trial.

The presence of gram-negative bacteria in the oral cavity is an undesirable occurrence in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Our aim was to investigate the antibacterial effect of 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash in chemotherapy patients with a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. There were no significant differences between oral colonization rates; there may be local factors that interfere with chlorhexidine activity.

Immune responses of mice inoculated with recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum NC8 expressing the fusion gene HA2 and 3M2e of the influenza virus and protection against different subtypes of influenza virus.

To evaluate the efficiency of preventing pathogenic avian influenza by vaccination with recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) that expresses conserved antigens, the mucosal and systemic immune responses in animals vaccinated with recombinant L. plantarum NC8-409-1 (NC8-pSIP409-pgsA'-HA2) and NC8-409-2 (NC8-pSIP409-pgsA'-3M2e-HA2) were evaluated. Our results showed that recombinant L. plantarum NC8-409-1 and NC8-409-2 could substantially stimulate the specific IgA titer in the intestine and the ...

Self-report oral health and disease experience among adults in China and NZ.

Differences in oral health perceptions complicate comparisons of self-reported oral health in countries with considerably different cultures, traditions, and dental care. We compared it in China and New Zealand (NZ), to determine whether adults in those countries differ in how self-report oral health item responses distinguish those with different clinical oral disease states.

Medical Provider Promotion of Oral Health and Women's Receipt of Dental Care During Pregnancy.

Objectives Dental care during pregnancy is important. We examined whether promotion of oral health by medical providers during pregnancy and pregnant women's receipt of dental care improved between 2009 and 2012 in California. Methods We used population-based postpartum survey data collected during 2009 (n = 3105) and 2012 (n = 6810) to compare the prevalence of women's reports that, during pregnancy, (a) their medical providers discussed oral health and/or suggested they see a dentist, and (b) they...

Liquid-based oral brush cytology in the diagnosis of oral leukoplakia using a modified Bethesda Cytology system.

This study aims to develop diagnostic criteria to identify oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) using oral liquid-based brush cytology (OLBC), and to compare its accuracy with the gold standard of surgical biopsy and histopathological diagnosis of oral leukoplakia.

Delivery of Preventive Oral Health Services by Rurality: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

Integrating oral health care into primary care has been promoted as a strategy to increase delivery of preventive oral health services (POHS) to young children, particularly in rural areas where few dentists practice. Using a multistate sample of Medicaid claims, we examined a child's odds of receiving POHS in a medical office by county rurality.

Influence of newborn health messages on care-seeking practices and community health behaviors among participants in the Zambia Chlorhexidine Application Trial.

Identifying and understanding traditional perceptions that influence newborn care practices and care-seeking behavior are crucial to developing sustainable interventions to improve neonatal health. The Zambia Chlorhexidine Application Trial (ZamCAT), a large-scale cluster randomized trial, assessed the impact of 4% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality and omphalitis in Southern Province, Zambia. The main purpose of this post-ZamCAT qualitative study was to understand the impact of newborn care health message...

Assistive technologies for improving the oral hygiene of leprosy patients residing in a former leprosy colony in Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

This study deals with management of a group of elderly patients with a history of leprosy and hand deformities by a multidisciplinary team of dentists and occupational therapists. Assistive technology devices have been developed to allow such patients to obtain independence in oral self-care and can be a cost-effective approach to improving oral care in this population. The objective of this study was to describe the development of assistive devices to facilitate daily oral hygiene in older people with endu...

Safety of oral hydration after cisplatin infusion in an outpatient lung cancer unit.

Hydration is needed before and after cisplatin infusion for reducing the risk of nephrotoxicity. Even though there is no standard regimen, patients receive mostly intravenous hydration before and after cisplatin leading hospitalization during at least one night. Since the feasibility has been published, oral hydration after cisplatin was implemented in our practice. The safety of this new way of hydration needs to be assessed in clinical practice.

Quality measures for dental care: A systematic review.

This systematic review aimed to (a) provide an overview of existing quality measures in the field of oral health care, and to (b) evaluate the scientific soundness and applicability of these quality measures.

Educational aspects of oral cancer.

The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancer is rising in the UK, its aetiology is changing and early detection and referral saves lives. This article covers how and to what depth oral and oropharyngeal cancer is taught to dental students and other preregistration dental care professionals and examines the threats in the current climate to that education. It also discusses the knowledge of oral and oropharyngeal cancer among general dental practitioners and argues that further continuing professional deve...

Oral hygiene and dentition status in children and adults with hemophilia: A case-control study.

People with hemophilia constitute a significant proportion of the population and an oral health care professional faces a considerable challenge while treating them. This study aimed to assess the oral health and dentition status as well as fear of dental treatment in patients with hemophilia and compare it with age-matched healthy subjects.

Patient Involvement in Evaluation of Safety in Oral Antineoplastic Treatment: A Failure Mode and Effects Analysis in Patients and Health Care Professionals.

To identify risks associated with delivery of treatment with oral antineoplastic agents in an outpatient setting and to evaluate additional value and feasibility of engaging patients in a proactive risk analysis.

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