PubMed Journals Articles About "LifeSkills Training Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Choices Motivational Interviewing" RSS

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Showing "LifeSkills Training Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Choices Motivational Interviewing" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

Motivational Interviewing Training of Substance Use Treatment Professionals: A Systematic Review.

Through evaluations of training programs, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, advances in identifying best practices for disseminating motivational interviewing (MI) have emerged. To advance this work further, inclusion of thorough descriptions of the following is needed in research publications: study (design, trainee characteristics, setting characteristics), training and coaching methods (if applicable), trainer qualifications, and evaluation of MI skills.

Individual user involvement at Healthy Life Centres: a qualitative study exploring the perspective of health professionals.

The aim of this study was to explore how professionals experience user involvement at an individual level and how they describe involving users at Healthy Life Centres. Four focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 23 professionals. Data were analysed using systematic text condensation. Four themes were identified: (1) Involving users through motivational interviewing; (2) Building a good and trustful relation; (3) Assessing and adjusting to the user's needs and life situation; and(4) Strengthe...

The effectiveness of consultation for clinicians learning to deliver motivational interviewing with fidelity.

Despite the emerging literature documenting gains in clinician competence following consultation, little empirical work has examined consultation as an implementation strategy. To this end, the present study examined consultation in the context of implementing motivational interviewing in four community child and youth mental health organizations. We used qualitative methods with a dual goal: to describe the consultation process and to explore trainees' perspectives on consultation. Participants included 22...

An Evaluation of Motivational Interviewing for Increasing Hearing Aid Use: A Pilot Study.

Motivational interviewing (MI) has been used in consultation settings to motivate hearing aid users to increase hearing aid usage. However, the effect of MI on those who use their hearing aids only rarely or not at all has not been explored.

Motivational Interviewing in Preventing Early Childhood Caries in Primary Healthcare: A Community-based Randomized Cluster Trial.

To assess the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in preventing early childhood caries compared with conventional oral health education.

Long-term treatment of severe obesity: are lifestyle interventions still an option?

Following lifestyle intervention programs based on dietary restriction and habitual physical activity, weight loss, however large, is reported to peak within six months. Despite maintenance protocols, only few cases continue to lose weight thereafter. The majority of cases regain weight and adherence to lifestyle changes are fostered by long-term contact with a supportive team. In general, surgical procedures are reported to produce much larger weight loss and to impact more favorably on long-term weight lo...

Telephone-delivered lifestyle support with action planning and motivational interviewing techniques to improve rehabilitation outcomes.

In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

The Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Craving and Dependence on Hookah in Suburban Pregnant Women in South East of Iran.

Hookah smoking during pregnancy is a health concern which requires effective interventions. Thus, the authors have aimed to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing on craving and dependence on hookah in pregnant women (n = 140) addicted to hookah who reside in the outskirts of Zahedan, a city in southeast of Iran. The subjects were selected using the convenience sampling and randomly divided into either the control or intervention group. The intervention group received five motivational interviewin...

Adapted Motivational Interviewing to Promote Exercise in Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease: A Pilot Trial.

To assess a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to improve moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in adolescents with congenital heart disease.

The use of motivational interviewing in improving medication adherence for individuals with asthma: a systematic review.

This review was conducted to examine current literature on the use of motivational interviewing (MI) as a strategy to promote individuals with asthma to make behavioral changes and improve health outcomes. This article systematically reviews empirical MI studies which were used to promote asthma medication adherence in children, adolescents, and adults.

Toward an Emerging Role for Motivational Interviewing in Primary Care.

Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care.

Effects of a community-based exercise and motivational intervention on physical fitness of subjects with type 2 diabetes.

This study aimed to analyze the effects of a long-term community-based combined exercise program consisting of aerobic, resistance, flexibility and agility/balance training associated with motivational interviewing on physical fitness, physiological parameters and Physical Activity (PA) levels in middle-aged and older patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D).

Ventral striatum links motivational and motor networks during operant-conditioned movement in rats.

Voluntary actions require motives. It is already known that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) assess the motivational values. However, it remains unclear how the motivational process gains access to the motor execution system in the brain. Here we present evidence that the ventral striatum (VS) plays a hub-like role in mediating motivational and motor processing in operant behavior. We used positron emission tomography (PET) to detect the neural activation areas associated with motivational action. Using ...

Consequence-Based Approach-Avoidance Training: A New and Improved Method for Changing Behavior.

The repeated performance of approach or avoidance actions in response to specific stimuli (e.g., alcoholic drinks) is often considered a most promising type of cognitive-bias modification that can reduce unwanted behavior (e.g., alcohol consumption). Unfortunately, approach-avoidance training sometimes fails to produce desired outcomes (e.g., in the context of unhealthy eating). We introduce a novel training task in which approach-avoidance actions are followed by affective consequences. Four experiments (t...

Rating motivational interviewing fidelity from thin slices.

Monitoring fidelity to psychosocial treatments is critical to dissemination, process and outcome research, and internal validity in efficacy trials. However, the costs required to behavior code fidelity to treatments like motivational interviewing (MI) over many therapists and sessions quickly become intractable. Coding less of a session accelerates the process, but it is not clear how much of a session must be evaluated to capture the fidelity of the entire session. The present study used a "thin slice" (A...

"Practice What You Teach" Public Health Nurses Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (PHeeL-PHiNe): Program Evaluation.

Healthy lifestyle programs are essential for meeting the challenge of noncommunicable diseases. The Public Health Nurses Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (PHeeL-PHiNe) program engaged nurses from family health clinics in Jerusalem District and included physical activity, healthy nutrition, and motivational skills. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, postintervention, and at 18 months. Results showed a marked effect on health practices. The proportion of nurses consuming a balanced diet and the use of foo...

Motivational Interviewing: Overcoming Disparities in Pharmacotherapy Engagement.

Healthy Sisters: A Feasibility study of a health behavior intervention for women of color breast cancer survivors.

There is strong evidence for the need to educate and empower women of color breast cancer survivors (WCBCS) to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors. The purpose of this study was to explore feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a culturally grounded lifestyle intervention on functional ability, quality of life, and health behaviors. A community-based sample of WCBCS was recruited from two inner cities, with encouragement to invite a partner. There were 30 WCBCS and 10 partners who participated in the 6-week ...

Physical activity, Mediterranean diet, maximal oxygen uptake and motivational climate towards sports in schoolchildren from the province of Granada: a structural equation model.

the school stage represents a period of risk in the development of habits such as sedentary digital leisure, which favours future pathologies such as obesity. The practice of Physical Activity and the level of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) allows its prevention, being essential to promote motivational climates in sport that support a healthy lifestyle.

Motivational Interviewing: A Tool to Open Dialogue With Teens With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Retraining automatic action tendencies in obesity.

Eating behavior in obesity resembles addictive disorders in that individuals have difficulties inhibiting problematic eating behavior. They show an approach bias - a tendency to approach rather than avoid problematic stimuli. Here, we investigate the existence of such a bias towards healthy and unhealthy food in individuals with normal-weight and obesity. We further aimed to assess whether it is possible to retrain a bias, and whether training would differentially affect our two weight groups. 60 participan...

A Healthy Lifestyle in Old Age and Prospective Change in Four Domains of Functioning.

The aim of this article is to study the associations between healthy lifestyle in old age and decline in physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning.

Health outcomes and adherence to a healthy lifestyle after a multimodal intervention in people with multiple sclerosis: Three year follow-up.

Modifiable risk factors such as smoking and sedentary lifestyle adversely affect multiple sclerosis (MS) progression. Few multimodal behavioural interventions have been conducted for people with MS, and follow-up beyond 1 year is rare for lifestyle interventions. This study assessed adoption and adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes 3 years after a lifestyle modification intervention, using generalized estimating equation models to account for within-participant correlation over time...

Motivational Interviewing and Fat Consumption in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

Diets high in fat increase the risks for obesity and chronic diseases, even for older adults, the largest growing population in the United States. In the current study, a meta-analysis was performed to examine the effects of motivational interviewing (MI) dietary interventions on fat consumption in older adults. Electronic databases, journals, and unpublished literature were searched. Six primary studies were retrieved, providing seven comparisons between intervention and control groups and a total of 1,351...

The relationship between cultural capital and lifestyle health behaviours in young people: a systematic review.

While the universal prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours is high, cultural capital as a non-material resource shaping individuals' tastes can provide a substantial insight into different lifestyle behaviour choices. The aim of the present systematic review was to examine the evidence on the association between the three forms of cultural capital and lifestyle health behaviours.

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