PubMed Journals Articles About "LifeSkills Training Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Choices Motivational Interviewing" RSS

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Showing "LifeSkills Training Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Choices Motivational Interviewing" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Motivational Interviewing Training of Substance Use Treatment Professionals: A Systematic Review.

Through evaluations of training programs, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, advances in identifying best practices for disseminating motivational interviewing (MI) have emerged. To advance this work further, inclusion of thorough descriptions of the following is needed in research publications: study (design, trainee characteristics, setting characteristics), training and coaching methods (if applicable), trainer qualifications, and evaluation of MI skills.

Individual user involvement at Healthy Life Centres: a qualitative study exploring the perspective of health professionals.

The aim of this study was to explore how professionals experience user involvement at an individual level and how they describe involving users at Healthy Life Centres. Four focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 23 professionals. Data were analysed using systematic text condensation. Four themes were identified: (1) Involving users through motivational interviewing; (2) Building a good and trustful relation; (3) Assessing and adjusting to the user's needs and life situation; and(4) Strengthe...

The effectiveness of consultation for clinicians learning to deliver motivational interviewing with fidelity.

Despite the emerging literature documenting gains in clinician competence following consultation, little empirical work has examined consultation as an implementation strategy. To this end, the present study examined consultation in the context of implementing motivational interviewing in four community child and youth mental health organizations. We used qualitative methods with a dual goal: to describe the consultation process and to explore trainees' perspectives on consultation. Participants included 22...

An Evaluation of Motivational Interviewing for Increasing Hearing Aid Use: A Pilot Study.

Motivational interviewing (MI) has been used in consultation settings to motivate hearing aid users to increase hearing aid usage. However, the effect of MI on those who use their hearing aids only rarely or not at all has not been explored.

Identification of dropout predictors to a community-based physical activity programme that uses motivational interviewing.

Participant dropout reduces intervention effectiveness. Predicting dropout has been investigated for Exercise Referral Schemes, but not physical activity (PA) interventions with Motivational Interviewing (MI).

Motivational Interviewing in Preventing Early Childhood Caries in Primary Healthcare: A Community-based Randomized Cluster Trial.

To assess the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in preventing early childhood caries compared with conventional oral health education.

Long-term treatment of severe obesity: are lifestyle interventions still an option?

Following lifestyle intervention programs based on dietary restriction and habitual physical activity, weight loss, however large, is reported to peak within six months. Despite maintenance protocols, only few cases continue to lose weight thereafter. The majority of cases regain weight and adherence to lifestyle changes are fostered by long-term contact with a supportive team. In general, surgical procedures are reported to produce much larger weight loss and to impact more favorably on long-term weight lo...

Telephone-delivered lifestyle support with action planning and motivational interviewing techniques to improve rehabilitation outcomes.

In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

The Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Craving and Dependence on Hookah in Suburban Pregnant Women in South East of Iran.

Hookah smoking during pregnancy is a health concern which requires effective interventions. Thus, the authors have aimed to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing on craving and dependence on hookah in pregnant women (n = 140) addicted to hookah who reside in the outskirts of Zahedan, a city in southeast of Iran. The subjects were selected using the convenience sampling and randomly divided into either the control or intervention group. The intervention group received five motivational interviewin...

Motivational Interviewing Training Outcomes Among Providers in a Children's Hospital.

Motivational interviewing (MI) has proven a well-established psychotherapeutic intervention designed to enhance motivation for behavior change. While the benefits of MI have been established, little research has systematically evaluated dissemination of MI efforts to healthcare providers, especially among pediatric providers. The present pilot study evaluated whether healthcare providers gained valuable knowledge, confidence and desire to utilize MI, and skills in MI techniques and if these outcomes varied ...

Adapted Motivational Interviewing to Promote Exercise in Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease: A Pilot Trial.

To assess a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to improve moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in adolescents with congenital heart disease.

The use of motivational interviewing in improving medication adherence for individuals with asthma: a systematic review.

This review was conducted to examine current literature on the use of motivational interviewing (MI) as a strategy to promote individuals with asthma to make behavioral changes and improve health outcomes. This article systematically reviews empirical MI studies which were used to promote asthma medication adherence in children, adolescents, and adults.

Toward an Emerging Role for Motivational Interviewing in Primary Care.

Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care.

Motivational interviewing as an intervention to improve adherence behaviours for the prevention of diabetic foot ulceration - a systematic review.

Diabetic foot ulceration is a major complication associated with high morbidity. Little evidence exists on which interventions are effective at preventing ulceration. Participants who are adherent to self-care behaviours have significantly better outcomes. Motivational interviewing is an intervention that has been used successfully for conditions where adherence is important, such as reduction of obesity and HbA1c levels. A systematic review was conducted to determine whether motivational interviewing is ef...

Motivational interviewing increases autopsy rates.

Autopsies are a crucial source of medical knowledge. Unfortunately, autopsy rates have decreased markedly in Switzerland and many other countries. Communication between clinicians and the deceased’s sceptical relatives is crucial to obtain autopsy permission. This survey investigates the personal views of multimorbid patients and their relatives on autopsies. In addition, the study examines whether motivational interviewing of the decedent’s relatives according to Miller and Rollnick can be used...

Effects of a community-based exercise and motivational intervention on physical fitness of subjects with type 2 diabetes.

This study aimed to analyze the effects of a long-term community-based combined exercise program consisting of aerobic, resistance, flexibility and agility/balance training associated with motivational interviewing on physical fitness, physiological parameters and Physical Activity (PA) levels in middle-aged and older patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D).

Ventral striatum links motivational and motor networks during operant-conditioned movement in rats.

Voluntary actions require motives. It is already known that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) assess the motivational values. However, it remains unclear how the motivational process gains access to the motor execution system in the brain. Here we present evidence that the ventral striatum (VS) plays a hub-like role in mediating motivational and motor processing in operant behavior. We used positron emission tomography (PET) to detect the neural activation areas associated with motivational action. Using ...

Is ventromedial prefrontal cortex critical for behavior change without external reinforcement?

Cue-approach training (CAT) is a novel paradigm that has been shown to induce preference changes towards items without external reinforcements. In the task, the mere association of a neutral cue and a speeded button response has been shown to induce a behavioral choice preference change lasting for months. This paradigm includes several phases: after the training of individual items, behavior change is manifested in binary choices of items with similar initial values. Neuroimaging data have implicated the v...

Consequence-Based Approach-Avoidance Training: A New and Improved Method for Changing Behavior.

The repeated performance of approach or avoidance actions in response to specific stimuli (e.g., alcoholic drinks) is often considered a most promising type of cognitive-bias modification that can reduce unwanted behavior (e.g., alcohol consumption). Unfortunately, approach-avoidance training sometimes fails to produce desired outcomes (e.g., in the context of unhealthy eating). We introduce a novel training task in which approach-avoidance actions are followed by affective consequences. Four experiments (t...

"Practice What You Teach" Public Health Nurses Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (PHeeL-PHiNe): Program Evaluation.

Healthy lifestyle programs are essential for meeting the challenge of noncommunicable diseases. The Public Health Nurses Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (PHeeL-PHiNe) program engaged nurses from family health clinics in Jerusalem District and included physical activity, healthy nutrition, and motivational skills. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, postintervention, and at 18 months. Results showed a marked effect on health practices. The proportion of nurses consuming a balanced diet and the use of foo...

Rating motivational interviewing fidelity from thin slices.

Monitoring fidelity to psychosocial treatments is critical to dissemination, process and outcome research, and internal validity in efficacy trials. However, the costs required to behavior code fidelity to treatments like motivational interviewing (MI) over many therapists and sessions quickly become intractable. Coding less of a session accelerates the process, but it is not clear how much of a session must be evaluated to capture the fidelity of the entire session. The present study used a "thin slice" (A...

Motivational Interviewing to Support LDL-C Therapeutic Goals and Lipid-Lowering Therapy compliance in patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes (IDEAL-LDL) Study: Rationale and design.

Achieving low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target levels after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is of paramount importance, often burdened by undertreatment and medication or lifestyle non-adherence issues.

Facilitators and barriers to the implementation of motivational interviewing for bullying perpetration in school settings.

Bullying is a perplexing and persistent problem with negative consequences for all involved. Schools are assigned considerable responsibility for the management of bullying because of its prevalence amongst youth. Despite considerable efforts over decades to curtail bullying through the use of anti-bullying policies and other school-based interventions, the rates of young people who frequently bully has not decreased significantly. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a relational and affirming conversational ...

Healthy Sisters: A Feasibility study of a health behavior intervention for women of color breast cancer survivors.

There is strong evidence for the need to educate and empower women of color breast cancer survivors (WCBCS) to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors. The purpose of this study was to explore feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a culturally grounded lifestyle intervention on functional ability, quality of life, and health behaviors. A community-based sample of WCBCS was recruited from two inner cities, with encouragement to invite a partner. There were 30 WCBCS and 10 partners who participated in the 6-week ...

Physical activity, Mediterranean diet, maximal oxygen uptake and motivational climate towards sports in schoolchildren from the province of Granada: a structural equation model.

the school stage represents a period of risk in the development of habits such as sedentary digital leisure, which favours future pathologies such as obesity. The practice of Physical Activity and the level of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) allows its prevention, being essential to promote motivational climates in sport that support a healthy lifestyle.

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