PubMed Journals Articles About "Liquid Meal Solid Meal Glucose Metabolism Disorders" RSS

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Showing "Liquid meal Solid meal Glucose Metabolism Disorders" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Consumption of a meal containing refined barley flour bread is associated with a lower postprandial blood glucose concentration after a second meal compared with one containing refined wheat flour bread in healthy Japanese: A randomized control trial.

Foods reducing postprandial hyperglycemia could suppress the postprandial blood glucose response after the next meal (a "second-meal" effect). However, the second-meal effect of refined barley flour bread has not been evaluated. The aim of this study is to determine whether consumption of refined barley flour bread reduces postprandial glucose concentrations after this and the subsequent meal.

A Novel Natural Tracer method to measure Complex Carbohydrate Metabolism.

Isotope dilution technique utilizing the triple tracer method has enabled accurate estimation of carbohydrate turnover after a mixed meal containing the simple carbohydrate glucose, as the carbohydrate source. However, this limits translational applicability to everyday meals that typically contain complex carbohydrates. Hence, we devised a triple tracer method to measure postprandial complex carbohydrate turnover and prandial indices of insulin secretion and action and compared the parameters to those obta...

Increasing blood glucose level via breakfast meals is not connected with changes in delay discounting.

Previous studies have revealed that increasing people's blood glucose level via drinking a soft drink containing sugar makes their financial decisions more future-oriented. This study extends these previous findings, testing whether the effect holds when blood glucose level is increased via intake of a normal meal (i.e., breakfast) rather than a sweet drink. Moreover, we test whether the size of the meal consumed (i.e., a normal vs. an oversized meal) can have a quantitatively different impact on levels of ...

Effects of timing of acute catechin-rich green tea ingestion on postprandial glucose metabolism in healthy men.

Green tea polyphenols, particularly catechins, decrease fasting and postprandial glucose. However, no studies have compared the timing of green tea ingestion on glucose metabolism and changes in catechin concentrations. Here, we examined the effects of timing of acute catechin-rich green tea ingestion on postprandial glucose metabolism in young men. Seventeen healthy young men completed four trials involving blood collection in a fasting state and at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min after meal consumption in a rand...

An observational analysis of meal patterns in overweight and obese pregnancy: exploring meal pattern behaviours and the association with maternal and fotal health measures.

Nutrient intakes are known to be poorer among pregnant women with raised body mass index (BMI) than those with a healthy BMI. While meal patterns have the potential to influence obstetric, metabolic and anthropometric measures for mother and infant, limited data exists regarding meal patterns among pregnant women with raised BMI.

Postprandial Microvascular Blood Flow in Skeletal Muscle: Similarities and Disparities to the Hyperinsulinaemic Euglycaemic Clamp.

Skeletal muscle contributes to ~40% of total body mass and has numerous important mechanical and metabolic roles in the body. Skeletal muscle is a major site for glucose disposal following a meal. Consequently, skeletal muscle plays an important role in postprandial blood glucose homeostasis. Over the past number of decades, research has demonstrated that insulin has an important role in vasodilating the vasculature in skeletal muscle in response to an insulin infusion (hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp) ...

Effects of partial replacement of dietary fish meal by bioprocessed plant protein concentrates on growth performance, hematology, nutrient digestibility and digestive enzyme activities in juvenile Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.

Bioprocessing of plant feedstuff can be a novel approach to reduce the overwhelming dependence on fish meal in aquaculture. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei fed the solid-state fermented protein concentrates in order to replace fish meal in the diet.

Comparison of the effects of a liquid breakfast meal with varying doses of plant-based soy protein on appetite profile, energy metabolism and intake.

A dose dependent satiating and thermogenic effect of animal-based protein has been observed, however, less is known wherever plant-based protein elicits same response. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a breakfast meal containing varying doses of plant-based soy protein (SP) on appetite profile, hormone response, energy metabolism and energy intake.

Meal timing, meal frequency, and breakfast skipping in adult individuals with type 1 diabetes - associations with glycaemic control.

We assessed meal timing, meal frequency, and breakfast consumption habits of adult individuals with type 1 diabetes (n = 1007) taking part in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study, and studied whether they are associated with glycaemic control. Data on dietary intake and blood glucose measurements were retrieved from food records. HbA was measured at the study visit. In the whole sample, four peaks of energy intake emerged. Energy intake was the greatest in the evening, followed by midday. Altogether 7...

Effects of temperature and meal size on the postprandial metabolic response of Leptodactylus latrans (Anura, Leptodactylidae).

The postprandial increment of metabolism, often referred to as specific dynamic action (SDA), encompasses the summed costs of meal ingestion, digestion, absorption, and assimilation. Different SDA parameters, such as its magnitude, duration, and relative cost, are affected by a diverse set of environmental and physiological determinants, including meal size and body temperature. While the influence of these variables has been thoroughly examined in most ectothermic vertebrate groups, few studies have focuse...

Acute effects of an isocaloric macronutrient-matched breakfast meal containing almonds on glycemic, hormonal and appetite responses in men with type 2 diabetes: a randomized cross-over study.

This randomized crossover study assessed the acute effects of almonds on postprandial glycemic, hormonal and appetite responses in a sample of seven men with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Participants completed two experimental visits during which a control (white bread, butter, cheese) and a test (white bread, almonds) meal were ingested. Energy, available carbohydrate, total lipid, and protein contents were the same in both meals. Blood samples were collected in fasting state as well as 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and ...

A Salisbury steak is not a steak, it's ground beef. The significance, messages and symbolism of final meals on death row.

The last meal on death row is a person's very last opportunity to eat. It marks the upcoming execution of that person. Therefore these meals represent meaning, symbolism and paradoxes, especially since inmates are free to choose what their last supper will consist of. By connecting investigated last meals in the 20th century from different states in the USA with several theoretical ideas, an attempt is made to shed light on the significance of this meal. Concepts like commensality, agency, power relations a...

Exploring nutritive profile, metabolizable energy, protein, and digestible amino acids contents of indigenous protein sources of different locations for male broilers.

2 experiments were conducted to explore nutrient composition, AME, AMEn, standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP, and amino acids (AA) of 4 indigenous protein sources including canola meal (CM), rapeseed meal (RSM), guar meal (GM), and sunflower meal (SFM) collected from 2 different locations, Multan (MUL; n = 3) and Sukkur (SKR; n = 3), of Pakistan. Higher (P < 0.05) dry matter (DM), CP, and gross energy (GE), whereas lower (P < 0.05) ash contents were found in SKR, CM, and RSM compared with tho...

Effect of fermented blood cells on growth performance and intestinal characteristics of weaned piglets.

The increase in feed costs has led feeder to replace protein source. Blood meal can be used in piglet diets instead of fish meal (FM). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of fermented blood cells (FBCs) on the growth performance and intestinal health of weaned piglets. One hundred eighty 28-day-old piglets were assigned and were divided into 4 groups (9 L per groups and 5 pigs per litters) randomly. The piglets were fed one of four experimental diets, fish meal, blood cells (BCs), liq...

Amino acid composition and digestible amino acid content in animal protein by-product meals fed to growing pigs1.

An industry survey and animal experiment were conducted to evaluate the amino acid (AA) compositional variability and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of AA in animal protein by-products fed to growing pigs. Animal protein by-product meals (212) were categorized into 8 groupings (blood meal, chicken by-product meal, chicken meal, feather meal, meat and bone meal, meat meal, poultry by-product meal, and poultry meal) and analyzed for total AA. Amino acid analysis among (e.g., Lys in blood meal averaged...

Concurrent Use of Teneligliptin and Canagliflozin Improves Glycemic Control with Beneficial Effects on Plasma Glucagon and Glucagon-Like Peptide-1: A Single-Arm Study.

We investigated the mechanisms of the glucose-lowering effects of teneligliptin and canagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, by monitoring several gastrointestinal peptides using the most appropriate measuring methods during multiple meal tolerance tests (MTTs) and flash glucose monitoring.

Inclusion of Madagascar cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa) meal in the diet of cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) in captivity: Influences on offspring development.

The use of unconventional food for animals is becoming more common. The objective was to evaluate the inclusion of Madagascar cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa) meal in the diet of cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) chicks in captivity. Twenty-eight cockatiel chicks were used during 90 days of experiment. The animals were divided into two groups: a control group (receiving commercial feed + seed mixture) and a test group (receiving a control diet supplemented with Madagascar cockroach meal). The coc...

BPD superior to RYGB in improving post-meal glucose handling.

The impact of electronic meal ordering systems on hospital and patient outcomes: A systematic review.

Malnutrition is a serious clinical issue associated with adverse patient and hospital outcomes. Hospitals need to consider interventions that support the provision of optimal nutritional management and care for patients. Electronic meal ordering (EMO) systems provide an alternative to traditional paper-based meal ordering with the capacity to support appropriate orders, monitor nutritional status, and potentially improve clinical outcomes.

Activation of brown adipose tissue in diet-induced thermogenesis is GC-C dependent.

Uroguanylin (UGN) is released from the intestine after a meal. When applied in brain ventricles, UGN increases expression of markers of thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Therefore, we determine the effects of its receptor, guanylate cyclase C (GC-C), on mouse interscapular BAT (iBAT) activity during diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT). The activation of iBAT after a meal is diminished in GC-C KO mice, decreased in female wild type (WT) mice, and abolished in old WT animals. The activation of iBAT af...

Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome.

We examined the effect on the postprandial plasma metabolome of protein pre-meals before a fat-rich main meal.

The Factors Influencing Meal Satisfaction in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

To identify factors influencing meal satisfaction in the elderly.

Iron and Ferritin Deposition in the Ovarian Tissues of the Yellow Fever Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae).

Dengue, yellow fever, and Zika are viruses transmitted by yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti [Linnaeus (Diptera: Culicidae)], to thousands of people each year. Mosquitoes transmit these viruses while consuming a blood meal that is required for oogenesis. Iron, an essential nutrient from the blood meal, is required for egg development. Mosquitoes receive a high iron load in the meal; although iron can be toxic, these animals have developed mechanisms for dealing with this load. Our previous research has sh...

The effect of fly maggot in pig feeding diets on growth performance and gut microbial balance in Ningxiang pigs.

Fly maggot meal has been regarded as one of the substitutes of fish meal and soybean meal in pig feed. However, its effects on pig growth performance and faecal micro-organism remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary fly maggot meal on fattening performance, plasma indices related to gut hormones, immunity and faecal microbial communities composition of finishing pigs. A total of 40 Ningxiang fattening pigs were randomly allocated to two dietary treatments and pigs ...

Beneficial influences of dietary Aspergillus awamori fermented soybean meal on oxidative homoeostasis and inflammatory response in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.).

High levels of soybean meal (SBM) in aquafeed leads to detrimental inflammatory response and oxidative stress in fish. In the present study, fermentation with Aspergillus awamori was conducted to explore the potential effects on improving the nutritional quality of soybean meal and the health status of turbot. A 63-day feeding trial (initial weight 8.53 ± 0.11 g) was carried out to evaluate the utilization of fermented soybean meal (FSM) by juvenile turbot. 0% (FM, control), 30% (S30, F30), 45% (S45,...

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