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Showing "Looking further when symptoms disproportionate physical findings" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 24,000+

Looking further when symptoms are disproportionate to physical findings.

A 36 year-old male presents with left ulnar-side wrist pain during an ice hockey game that prevented him from playing hockey or golf. There was no acute mechanism of injury. The usual clinical examination revealed only minimal tenderness and minimal pain with resisted wrist extension. Careful attention to precipitating factors led to testing resisted wrist extension with the forearm fully supinated, which reliably reproduced the intensity of the patient's symptoms, and a diagnosis of extensor carpi ulnaris ...

Effects of physical exercise training on nocturnal symptoms in asthma: Systematic review.

Nocturnal worsening of asthma symptoms is a common feature of asthma. Physical exercise training improves general asthma control; however, there is no evidence showing the effects of physical exercise on nocturnal asthma symptoms. Indeed, asthma patients with daytime and nighttime symptoms are physiologically different, and thus the effects of physical exercise on asthma may also be different in these two groups. The objective of this systematic review is to explore the effects of physical exercise on noctu...

Decreasing sleep-related symptoms through increasing physical activity among Asian American midlife women.

The beneficial effects of physical activities on sleep-related symptoms have been reported in the literature, and physical activity has been suggested as an efficient strategy to reduce sleep-related symptoms among midlife women. The effect of Web-based physical activity promotion programs on sleep-related symptoms have, however, rarely been explored, especially among midlife racial/ethnic minority women. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the preliminary efficacy of a WPAPP on self-reported sleep-...

Physical Activity Intensity is Associated with Symptom Distress in the CNICS Cohort.

Symptom distress remains a challenging aspect of living with HIV. Physical activity is a promising symptom management strategy, but its effect on symptom distress has not been examined in a large, longitudinal HIV-infected cohort. We hypothesized that higher physical activity intensity would be associated with reduced symptom distress. We included 5370 people living with HIV (PLHIV) who completed patient-reported assessments of symptom distress, physical activity, alcohol and substance use, and HIV medicati...

The impact of physical activity measured by the International Physical Activity questionnaire on the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence in young women.

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of SUI symptoms in sportswomen (with a high intensity of physical activity) and non-sportswomen (with a low intensity of physical activity), according to the estimated intensity of physical activity in metabolic equivalents using the IPAQ questionnaire. Another goal was to identify relationships between SUI symptoms, intensity of physical activity, and quality of life.

Evaluating correlations between physical activity, psychological mediators of physical activity, and negative symptoms in individuals living with psychosis and diabetes.

This study examines the relationship among physical activity, psychological mediators of physical activity, and negative symptoms in people living with psychosis and prediabetes or Type II diabetes mellitus to identify which variables should be targeted in future physical activity interventions.

Childhood physical maltreatment with physical injuries is associated with higher adult psychopathology symptoms.

Previous research has neglected the distinction between childhood physical maltreatment (CPM) behaviors and the physical sequelae resulting from CPM. Prior empirical work has combined CPM behaviors (e.g., beat, hit with a belt) and CPM physical sequelae (e.g., bruises, fractures) into a single conceptual category to predict adverse psychological consequences in adults. This is preventing the examination whether specific subgroups of CPM exposure may report a higher risk of psychopathology symptoms in adulth...

BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and posttraumatic stress symptoms in U.S. military veterans: Protective effect of physical exercise.

The Met allele of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism is associated with reduced levels of BDNF release, heightened hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity, and impaired fear extinction. As a result, Met allele carriers may be at risk for greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In this study, we examined the relationship between the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and PTSD symptoms in two nationally representative samples of European American U.S. ...

Physical symptoms in long-term survivors of rare cancer.

Advances in cancer detection and treatment have resulted in a growing population of long-term survivors, but even years after treatment has concluded, many survivors report physical symptoms that interfere with daily living. While there are studies of late effects following common cancers, less is known about these complications in rare cancers. This study focuses on the physical symptoms reported by long-term survivors enrolled in the NIH-sponsored Rare Cancer Genetics Registry.

Truck attack: Fear of ISIS and reminder of truck attacks in Europe as associated with psychological distress and PTSD symptoms.

Following an ISIS attack, the present study examined the association between psychological distress and severe stress symptoms with vulnerability variables: i.e. Physical proximity to the site of the terror attack, Associative memory of prior events, Danger perception and ISIS anxiety. Using an online survey, 397 adult participants were recruited, Seventy-two hours after an ISIS terror attack, and filled out Psychological distress Patient Health Questionnaire 4 and severe stress symptoms questionnaire as we...

Pain Severity as a Mediator of the Association between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Performance in Knee Osteoarthritis.

Depressive symptoms in knee osteoarthritis (OA) are associated with increased pain severity and declines in physical performance. This study examined whether pain severity mediates the association between depressive symptoms and physical performance in persons with radiographic knee OA.

Childhood maltreatment profiles among incarcerated Chinese males and their associations with personality disorder symptoms and criminal behaviors.

Few studies have investigated how multiple childhood maltreatment experiences co-occur and influence personality disorder symptoms and criminal behaviors in Chinese population. Using a large sample of 1001 incarcerated Chinese males (M = 30.86 years), the current study identified profiles of self-reported childhood maltreatment experiences and examined their associations with Axis II personality disorder symptoms and criminal behaviors. Latent profile model was built on five types of maltreatment (emoti...

Self-management Interventions for Pain and Physical Symptoms Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review of the Evidence.

Pain and symptoms still persist among people living with HIV/AIDS. Evidence-based self-management interventions have the potential to help people with HIV/AIDS to successfully manage pain and symptoms. We aimed to identify and appraise the evidence regarding the effectiveness of self-management interventions for pain and/or physical symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS.

Physical activity in pregnancy and postpartum depressive symptoms in a multiethnic cohort.

There is strong evidence that postpartum depression is associated with adverse health effects in the mother and infant. Few studies have explored associations between physical activity in pregnancy and postpartum depression. We aimed to investigate whether physical activity during pregnancy was inversely associated with postpartum depressive symptoms, PPDS in a multiethnic sample.

Gender Differences in the Consequences of Divorce: A Study of Multiple Outcomes.

In this study, I examined gender differences in the consequences of divorce by tracing annual change in 20 outcome measures covering four domains: economic, housing and domestic, health and well-being, and social. I used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) and fixed-effects panel regression models on a sample of N = 18,030 individuals initially observed in a marital union, N = 1,220 of whom divorced across the observation period (1984-2015). Three main findings emerged from the analysis. ...

Correlates of risk factors for reduced life expectancy in schizophrenia: Is it possible to develop a predictor profile?

Patients with schizophrenia have significantly greater mortality rates than the general population, with an estimated reduced lifespan of 10-20 years. We previously reported on a link between impairment in cognition and premature death in a prospective 20-year study. Patients who had died prematurely showed neurocognitive impairment in nine different cognitive tests compared to those who did not. Based on those findings, in this study the surviving patients in the cohort were divided into three different ...

Empowerment, PTSD and revictimization among women who have experienced intimate partner violence.

Empowerment is associated with lower posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and intimate partner violence (IPV) revictimization, but the direction of these associations remains unknown. Two models were assessed: one in which empowerment is protective against future IPV revictimization and PTSD symptoms, and one in which PTSD symptoms lead to reductions in empowerment and increases in IPV revictimization. Drawn from a probability-based access survey panel of U.S. adults, the present sample included 10...

Diagnostic Performance of Knee Physical Exam and Participant-Reported Symptoms for MRI-Detected Effusion-Synovitis among Participants With Early or Late Stage Knee Osteoarthritis: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Evaluate the diagnostic performance of knee physical exam findings and participant-reported symptoms for MRI-detected effusion-synovitis (ES) among knees with early and late-stage osteoarthritis (OA).

Can social support and physical activity buffer cognitive impairment in individuals with depressive symptoms? Results from a representative sample of young to older adults.

Previous study results on associations between depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning, mainly based on clinical samples and explanatory mechanisms including potential protective factors, are yet to be clarified. To this end, we investigated relations between depressive symptoms and executive functioning as well as episodic memory in a representative population sample. Furthermore, we determined the role of social support and physical activity in the explanation of cognitive performance differences in...

Do Depressive Symptoms Moderate the Effects of Exercise Self-efficacy on Physical Activity Among Patients With Coronary Heart Disease?

Exercise self-efficacy is an important predictor of physical activity. Patients with coronary heart disease are at risk of developing depressive symptoms that could further weaken their self-efficacy and interfere with their ability to engage in physical activity.

DSM-5 posttraumatic stress symptom dimensions and health-related quality of life among Chinese earthquake survivors.

It has been well-documented that posttraumatic stress symptoms cause impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Until now we have little data on how DSM-5 PTSD symptom dimensions relate to different aspects of HRQoL. Clarifying this question would be informative to improve the quality of life of PTSD patients. This study aimed to investigate the effects of dimensions of a well-supported seven-factor model of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms on physical and psychosocial HRQoL. A total of 1063 adult survivors ...

The associations between mental health, health-related quality of life and insulin pump therapy among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Background Diabetes has previously been linked to mental health problems in children and adolescents, but more recent studies have yielded mixed findings. The aim of the current study was to compare symptoms of mental health problems in children and adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Methods Life quality, subjective well-being, self-rated health, depression and somatic symptoms in children and adolescents with diabetes (n=130) were measured and compared to the results of a socio-demographi...

Characteristics of child physical and sexual abuse as predictors of psychopathology.

Childhood physical and sexual abuse victims are at increased risk for developing depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood. Prior findings suggest abuse onset, duration, and severity moderate relationships between victimization and psychopathology. However, because these abuse characteristics are highly intercorrelated, their unique, individual effects on mental health outcomes remain unclear. To address this gap, the present study examined relationships between physical an...

Corrigendum to "Post-traumatic stress symptoms are associated with physical multimorbidity: Findings from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007" Journal of Affective Disorders 232 (2018) 385-392.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause.

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), formerly referred to as vulvovaginal atrophy or atrophic vaginitis, is a common chronic condition that requires a collaborative treatment plan between a health care provider and a woman to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. Many women are not aware that symptoms can be controlled with treatment. Current treatment options approved for GSM include vaginal moisturizers, lubricants, and hormones. For women with GSM symptoms that are unresponsive to nonhormon...

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