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PubMed Journals Articles About "Loss Setd4 Delays Radiation Induced Thymic Lymphoma Mice" RSS

12:49 EST 22nd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Loss Setd4 delays radiation induced thymic lymphoma mice" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Loss of Setd4 delays radiation-induced thymic lymphoma in mice.

Radiation-induced lymphomagenesis results from a clonogenic lymphoid cell proliferation due to genetic alterations and immunological dysregulation. Mouse models had been successfully used to identify risk and protective factors for radiation-induced DNA damage and carcinogenesis. The mammalian SETD4 is a poorly understood putative methyl-transferase. Here, we report that conditional Setd4 deletion in adult mice significantly extended the survival of radiation-induced T-lymphoma. However, in Tp53 deficient m...


The novel methyltransferase SETD4 regulates TLR agonist-induced expression of cytokines through methylation of lysine 4 at histone 3 in macrophages.

The production of inflammatory cytokines is closely related to pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered activation of the Toll-like receptor (TLR), intracellular signal transduction pathways such as MAPK and NF-κB, and histone modifications. Histone methylation, a type of histone modifications, is mainly accomplished by a class of SET family proteins containing highly conserved SET domains. In the present study, we found that SET domain-containing protein 4 (SETD4) regulated inflammatory cyto...

Impact of the PrC-210 Radioprotector Molecule on Cancer Deaths in p53-Deficient Mice.

Radiation-induced cancer is an ongoing and significant problem, with sources that include clinics worldwide in which 3.1 billion radiology exams are performed each year, as well as a variety of other scenarios such as space travel and nuclear cleanup. These radiation exposures are typically anticipated, and the exposure is typically well below 1 Gy. When radiation-induced (actually ROS-induced) DNA mutation is prevented, then so too are downstream radiation-induced cancers. Currently, there is no protection...


Sensitization of Vascular Endothelial Cells to Ionizing Radiation Promotes the Development of Delayed Intestinal Injury in Mice.

Exposure of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to ionizing radiation can cause acute and delayed injury. However, critical cellular targets that regulate the development of radiation-induced GI injury remain incompletely understood. Here, we investigated the role of vascular endothelial cells in controlling acute and delayed GI injury after total-abdominal irradiation (TAI). To address this, we used genetically engineered mice in which endothelial cells are sensitized to radiation due to the deletion of the tu...

Impact of spaceflight on the murine thymus and mitigation by exposure to artificial gravity during spaceflight.

The environment experienced during spaceflight may impact the immune system and the thymus appears to undergo atrophy during spaceflight. However, molecular aspects of this thymic atrophy remain to be elucidated. In this study, we analysed the thymi of mice on board the international space station (ISS) for approximately 1 month. Thymic size was significantly reduced after spaceflight. Notably, exposure of mice to 1 × g using centrifugation cages in the ISS significantly mitigated the reduction in thym...

Mediastinal lymphoma in dogs is homogeneous compared to thymic epithelial neoplasia and is more likely to envelop the cranial vena cava in CT images.

In order to identify CT signs that could be used to distinguish cranial mediastinal lymphoma and thymic epithelial neoplasia, a retrospective case-control study was done. Associations between CT signs and diagnosis were tested using binary logistic regression and results expressed as odds ratio and 95% confidence interval. Sixty-two dogs that had thoracic CT and confirmed diagnosis of lymphoma (n = 33) or thymic neoplasia (n = 29) were sampled. Thymic neoplasms included 24 thymomas and five thymic carci...

Critical Role of Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) in Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-Induced Intestinal Injury and Repair.

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in the human digestive tract. The repair function of TLR4 in the intestinal epithelium is still unknown. Here, wild-type (WT) mice, TLR4-knockout mice (KO; TLR4) and commensal-depleted mice were used as dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced or radiation-induced colitis and injury models to explore the role of TLR4 signaling in intestinal injury. Exogenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promoted DSS-induc...

Does the Incidence of Treatment-Related Toxicity Plateau After Radiation Therapy: The Long-Term Impact of Integral Dose in Hodgkin's Lymphoma Survivors.

Conventional radiation therapy (RT) has produced unprecedented cure rates in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) but exposed large volumes of nontargeted tissue to radiation (integral dose).

Mitigating Effects of 1-Palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (PLAG) on Hematopoietic Acute Radiation Syndrome after Total-Body Ionizing Irradiation in Mice.

Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) occurs as a result of partial- or whole-body, high-dose exposure to radiation in a very short period of time. Survival is dependent on the severity of the hematopoietic sub-syndrome of ARS. In this study, we investigated the mitigating effects of a lipid molecule, 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (PLAG), on the kinetics of hematopoietic cells, including absolute neutrophil count (ANC), red blood cells (RBCs) and platelet counts, in mice after gamma-ray total-body ...

C/EBPδ protects from radiation-induced intestinal injury and sepsis by suppression of inflammatory and nitrosative stress.

Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced intestinal damage is characterized by a loss of intestinal crypt cells, intestinal barrier disruption and translocation of intestinal microflora resulting in sepsis-mediated lethality. We have shown that mice lacking C/EBPδ display IR-induced intestinal and hematopoietic injury and lethality. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether increased IR-induced inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress promote intestinal injury and sepsis-mediated lethality in Cebpd...

The Involvement of SDF-1α/CXCR4 Axis in Radiation-Induced Acute Injury and Fibrosis of Skin.

Radiation-induced acute skin injury and consequent fibrosis are common complications of cancer radiotherapy and radiation accidents. Stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and its receptor, CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) have been shown to be involved in multiple cellular events. However, the role of SDF-1α/CXCR4 axis in radiation-induced acute injury and fibrosis of skin has not been reported. In this study, we found that the expression of SDF-1α and CXCR4 was significantly increased in irradiated s...

Disuse-induced loss of bone mineral density and bone strength is attenuated by post-lactational bone gain in NMRI mice.

Lactation in mice is associated with a substantial bone loss, which almost completely recovers within four weeks after weaning. The post-lactational recovery mechanism is considered one of the most potent physiological bone anabolic responses in adult life. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the post-lactational bone anabolic response could attenuate or prevent a disuse bone loss induced by botulinum toxin (BTX) in mice. Eighty-one 10-week-old female NMRI mice were divided into the following gr...

Skin Directed Radiation Therapy for Cutaneous Lymphoma: The Mayo Clinic Experience.

Focal or total skin radiation therapy can be employed as treatment of mild to refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

Tissue-specific autoimmunity controlled by Aire in thymic and peripheral tolerance mechanism.

Tissue-specific autoimmune diseases are assumed to arise through malfunction of two checkpoints for immune tolerance: defective elimination of autoreactive T-cells in the thymus, and activation of these T-cells by corresponding autoantigens in the periphery. However, evidence for this model and the outcome of such alterations in each or both of the tolerance mechanisms have not been sufficiently investigated. We studied these issues by expressing human AIRE (huAIRE) as a modifier of tolerance function in NO...

Epha2 genotype influences ultraviolet radiation induced cataract in mice.

Age-related cataract is the major cause of blindness worldwide. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the disease. Genetic variation in the Ephrin type-A receptor 2 (EPHA2) gene is associated with the risk of age-related cataract in multiple populations, and exposure to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation is a well-established risk factor for the disease. Epha2 knockout and UV-B radiation independently lead to cataract in mice, and UV-B radiation reportedly alters EPHA2 expression in cultured cell...

Fluvastatin is effective against thymic carcinoma.

Thymic carcinoma is a rare epithelial tumor, for which, optimal pharmacotherapeutic methods have not yet been established. To develop new drug treatments for thymic carcinoma, we investigated the effects of fluvastatin-mediated pharmacological inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) on thymic carcinoma.

Radioresistance of Serpinb3a-/- Mice and Derived Hematopoietic and Marrow Stromal Cell Lines.

Serpins are a group of serine-proteases involved in multiple signal transduction pathways in mammalian cells. In particular, Serpinb3a is involved in the lysosomal necrosis cell death pathway with components that overlap with radiation-induced apoptosis. We investigated the radiation response of Serpinb3a mice compared to Serpinb3a mice on the Balb/c background. Serpinb3a mice showed significant radioresistance to a dose of 8.0 Gy total-body irradiation, compared to Serpinb3a Balb/c mice. Long-term bone mar...

1,4-Dithiothreitol treatment ameliorates hematopoietic and intestinal injury in irradiated mice: Potential application of a treatment for acute radiation syndrome.

Radiation exposure poses a significant threat to public health, which can lead to acute hematopoietic system and intestinal system injuries due to their higher radiation sensitivity. Hence, antioxidants and thiol-reducing agents could have a potential protective effect against this complication. The dithiol compound 1,4-dithiothreitol (DTT) has been used in biochemistry, peptide/protein chemistry and clinical medicine. However, the effect of DTT on ionizing radiation (IR)-induced hematopoietic injury and in...

Role of adipose tissue inflammation in fat pad loss induced by fasting in lean and mildly obese mice.

Inflammation induced by obesity contributes to insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Indeed, high levels of proinflammatory cytokines trigger chronic low-grade inflammation and promote detrimental metabolic effects in the adipose tissue. On the other hand, inflammation seems to control fat pad expansion and to have important functions on lipolysis and glucose metabolism. Thus, it is possible that inflammation may also drive fat pad loss, as seen during long-fast periods. Herein, we have used fasting as a ...

Effects of Brain Irradiation in Immune-Competent and Immune-Compromised Mouse Models.

Patient-derived orthotopic xenografts (PDOXs) closely recapitulate primary human glioblastoma (GBM) tumors in terms of histology and genotype. Compared to other mouse strains, NOD- IL2Rgamma (NSG) mice show excellent tumor take rates, which makes them an ideal host for PDOXs. However, NSG mice harbor a mutation in the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs), which renders them relatively radiosensitive. This has been a frequently voiced concern in studies involving ionizing radiation. I...

Recurrent microdeletions at chromosome 2p11.2 are associated with thymic hypoplasia and features resembling DiGeorge Syndrome.

Thymic hypoplasia/aplasia occurs as a part of DiGeorge Syndrome, which has several known genetic causes, and with loss-of-function mutations in FOXN1.

CD147 deficiency in T cells prevents thymic involution by inhibiting the EMT process in TECs in the presence of TGFβ.

Thymic involution during aging is a major cause of decreased T-cell production and reduced immunity. Here, we show that the loss of CD147 on T cells prevents thymic senescence, resulting in slowed shrinkage of the thymus with age and increased production of naive T cells. This phenotype is the result of slowing of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in thymic epithelial cells (TECs), which eventually leads to reduced adipocyte accumulation. In an in vitro coculture system, we found that TGF...

β-arrestin1-mediated decrease in endoplasmic reticulum stress impairs intestinal stem cell proliferation following radiation.

Gastrointestinal toxicity limits the clinical application of abdominal and pelvic radiotherapy and currently has no effective treatment. Intestinal leucine-rich-repeat-containing GPCR 5 (Lgr5)-positive stem cell depletion and loss of proliferative ability due to radiation may be the primary factors causing intestinal injury following radiation. Here, we report the critical role of β-arrestin1 (βarr1) in radiation-induced intestinal injury. Intestinal βarr1 was highly expressed in radiation enteritis and ...

Life-Shortening Effect of Chronic Low-Dose-Rate Irradiation in Calorie-Restricted Mice.

Calorie restriction is known to influence several physiological processes and to alleviate the late effects of radiation exposure such as neoplasm induction and life shortening. However, earlier related studies were limited to acute radiation exposure. Therefore, in this study we examined the influence of chronic low-dose-rate irradiation on lifespan. Young male B6C3F1/Jcl mice were divided randomly into two groups, which were fed either a low-calorie (65 kcal/week) or high-calorie (95 kcal/week) diet. The ...

The Meaningless Meaning of Mean Heart Dose in Mediastinal Lymphoma in the Modern Radiotherapy Era.

Mean heart dose (MHD) correlates with late cardiac toxicity among survivors of lymphoma receiving involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT). We investigated MHD and cardiac substructure dose across older and newer radiation fields and techniques to understand the value of evaluating MHD alone.


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