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PubMed Journals Articles About "Lotus Leaf Inspired Design Calcium Alginate Particles With" RSS

03:58 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Lotus leaf inspired design calcium alginate particles with" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Lotus leaf-inspired design of calcium alginate particles with superhigh drug encapsulation efficiency and pH responsive release.

Drug delivery systems with high drug encapsulation efficiency and controlled release are of great importance in biomedical fields. Herein, we report an ingenious approach inspired from the lotus leaf possessing the ability of strong repellency to water, which enables the rapid fabrication of drug-loaded calcium alginate (Ca-Alg) particles with high drug encapsulation efficiency and controlled drug delivery. The design is achieved by introducing aqueous droplets containing the mixture of dilute sodium algina...


Biomineralization-inspired fabrication of chitosan/calcium carbonates core-shell type composite microparticles as a drug carrier.

Chitosan/calcium carbonate core-shell type composite microparticles were fabricated via a biomineralization-inspired process with chitosan particles as starting materials. The obtained composite particles were spherical, and the diameter of the composite particles was larger than that of the chitosan particles. XRD measurement indicated that the shell of the composite particle had a crystalline structure. The shell fabrication process was carried out with polyacrylic acid (PAA) or polyglutamic acid (PGlu) a...

Development of chitosan coated calcium-alginate nanocapsules for oral delivery of liraglutide to diabetic patients.

Chitosan coated calcium-alginate nanocapsules were developed for oral sustained delivery of liraglutide. The effect of coating components including sodium alginate, calcium chloride, and chitosan concentrations on the particle size was studied based on response surface methodology. The beads were characterized by dynamic light scattering, scanning and transmission electron microscopy as well as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was shown that the diameter of the formed beads was most dependent on ...


Mimicking from Rose Petal to Lotus Leaf: Biomimetic Multiscale Hierarchical Particles with Tunable Water Adhesion.

Water-droplet adhesions of the coatings constructed by all-polymer multiscale hierarchical particles (MHPs) were finely adjusted within the range from highly adhesive to self-cleanable. The MHPs were synthesized via thermal-induced polymerization of the reactants absorbed into self-made hollow reactors and in-situ capping of nanocomplexes onto the reactors' shell simultaneously. The dynamic wettability of the prepared MHPs was tuned between water droplet sliding and water droplet adhering by simply controll...

In-situ microbially induced Ca -alginate polymeric sealant for seepage control in porous materials.

This paper presents a novel approach of using in-situ microbially induced Ca -alginate polymeric sealant for seepage control in porous materials. This process comprises two steps: (i) generation of insoluble calcium carbonate inside the pores of porous materials (such as sand) through a microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) process in-situ and (ii) injection of sodium alginate for in-situ gelation via reaction between alginate and Ca ions. The experimental results showed that the hydraulic cond...

Calcium ion cross-linking alginate/dexamethasone sodium phosphate hybrid hydrogel for extended drug release.

Combining a low-molecular-weight hydrogel (LMWH) with a polymeric hydrogel overcomes the disadvantages of the LMWH (e.g., its low mechanical property) and is associated with the enhancement of materials performance, which is useful in a variety of biomedical applications. In the present work, a hybrid hydrogel that combines dexamethasone sodium phosphate (Dexp) and a polysaccharide (alginate) was explored via a calcium ion coordination strategy. With the addition of Ca to an aqueous solution of Dexp/alginat...

A comparison of selected physico-chemical properties of calcium alginate fibers produced using two different types of sodium alginate.

Sodium alginate is a non-toxic natural polysaccharide found in marine brown algae. It is able to form solid gels by the action of poly-valent cations (commonly calcium but not magnesium) which cross-link the polysaccharide chains at the guluronic acid groups. Alginate-based products are popular in many industries, including food production and in pharmaceutical and biomedical applications. It is utilized in manufacture of wound-care products due to its biocompatibility and gel forming capabilities upon the ...

λ‑Carrageenan‑calcium phosphate and sodium alginate‑calcium phosphate modified with dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride and diallylamin co-polymer as efficient adsorbents of anionic dyes.

Alginate and carrageenan bio-polymers have been proved to be, only, good sorbents of cationic dyes. In this study, we reported the synthesis of [λ‑carrageenan‑calcium phosphate] and [sodium alginate‑calcium phosphate] modified with dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride and diallylamin co-polymer, which could be used as effective adsorbents of anionic dyes. Evidence of chemical modification was proved through Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) band shifting, peaks broadening in X-Ray Diffrac...

Microparticles based on natural and synthetic polymers for cosmetic applications.

Most peeling products (exfoliators) available on the market, used in cosmetic and aesthetic dermatology applications, contain synthetic microbeads as abrasive agents. After being released into the natural environment, these non-biodegradable microparticles have an adverse impact on it, especially on aquatic ecosystems. Cosmetics consisting of solid plastic particles will be prohibited in the European Union from 2020. Therefore, there is a great need to develop effective abrasive substances for cosmetic indu...

Changes in the properties of calcium-carbon inclusions during leaf development and their possible relationship with leaf functional maturation in three inclusion-bearing species.

In many plant species, carbon-calcium inclusion (calcium oxalate crystals or cystoliths containing calcium carbonate) formation is a fundamental part of their physiology even necessary for normal growth and development. Despite the long-standing studies on carbon-calcium inclusions, the alterations in their properties during leaf development and their possible association with the maturation of the photosynthetic machinery have not been previously examined. In order to acquire more insights into this subjec...

Inhibitory kinetics and mechanism of flavonoids from lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) leaf against pancreatic α-amylase.

In this study, lotus leaf flavonoids (LLF) were found to show a notable inhibition activity on α-amylase in a mixed-type manner with IC value of (5.58 ± 0.10) mg/mL. The intrinsic fluorescence of α-amylase was quenched by the interaction with LLF through a static quenching mechanism, and LLF-α-amylase complex was spontaneously formed mainly driven by the hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonding. Multispectroscopic analyses (synchronous fluorescence, three-dimensional fluorescence, circular dichr...

Development of novel sericin and alginate-based biosorbents for precious metal removal from wastewater.

In this study, two novel low water-soluble sericin and alginate-based biosorbents were successfully developed for precious metal removal from wastewater: sericin and alginate particles chemically crosslinked by proantocyanidins (SAPAs) and sericin, alginate and polyvinyl alcohol particles (SAPVA). The proportions of proantocynidins (PAs) or polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) added to sericin (2.5% w/v) and alginate (2.0% w/v) blend were 0.5, 1.5, 2.5 and 3.5% w/v. Among these concentrations, particles produced with 0....

Microfluidic formation of core-shell alginate microparticles for protein encapsulation and controlled release.

Alginate hydrogel particles are promising delivery systems for protein encapsulation and controlled release because of their excellent biocompatibility, biodegradability, and mild gelation process. In this study, a facile microfluidic approach is developed for making uniform core-shell hydrogel microparticles. To address the challenge of protein retention within the alginate gel matrix, poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI)- and chitosan-coated alginate microparticles were fabricated demonstrating improved protein rete...

Application and enantioselective residue determination of chiral pesticide penconazole in grape, tea, aquatic vegetables and soil by ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Penconazole is a typical triazole fungicide with wide use on fruits, vegetables, and tea plants to control powdery mildew. In the present study, an efficient graphite carbon black solid phase extraction (GCB-SPE) purification combined with chiral ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for determination of penconazole enantiomers in different complex matrices, including grape, tea, soil, lotus root, lotus leaf, lotus seed and hulls. The method was t...

Effects of concentration variation on the physical properties of alginate-based substrates and cell behavior in culture.

Nowadays alginate capsules exhibit good biocompatibility and high permeability for nutrients and metabolic wastes making them appealing biomaterial for therapeutic cell encapsulation. Further study of the characteristics of alginate beads which are highly dependent on various environmental conditions to create an optimum microenvironment for cells is also critical. Thus, in this study, the effect of concentration variation on the physical properties of alginate-based beads and entrapped-cells behavior was a...

Does magnification of SEM image influence quantification of particulate matters deposited on vegetation foliage.

The metrics used to quantify the particles on the leaf surface can serve as indicators for the quality of the atmospheric environment and is employed to evaluate the ecosystem services that plants can provide. Magnification of an SEM image may affect the recognition of particles in various aspects, yet little research has examined the impact. In this study, images were obtained at magnifications of 500×, 1000×, 2000×, and 5000× for a widely planted vegetation fence species in Beijing: Euonymus japonicas...

Comparison of in-vitro bioassays for evaluation of the response of different stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato to calcium alginate encapsulated pheromone beads.

Tick sex pheromone (SP), assembly pheromone (AP) and their combination (SP + AP) were encapsulated in calcium alginate beads. In vitro bioassays, namely Petri dish and olfactometer assays, were employed to estimate the level of attraction of the various stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato, namely unfed and engorged (fed) larvae, nymphs, females, and males to the different pheromones. The study revealed that only the Petri dish assay was suitable to evaluate the response of larval stages wherea...

Hierarchically structured carbon materials derived from lotus leaves as efficient electrocatalyst for microbial energy harvesting.

Developing a highly efficient, cost-effective, easily scalable and sustainable cathode for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is a crucial challenge in terms of future "green" energy conversion technologies, e.g., microbial fuel cells (MFCs). In this study, a natural and widely available lotus leaf with intrinsically hierarchical structure was employed to serve as the single precursor to prepare the catalyst applied as the MFC cathode. The hierarchically particle-coated bio‑carbon was self-constructed from t...

Concurrent adsorption and micro-electrolysis of Cr(VI) by nanoscale zerovalent iron/biochar/Ca-alginate composite.

This study introduced a new approach for simultaneously enhancing Cr(VI) removal performance and mitigating release of dissolved Fe during nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI)-mediated reactions. After entrapping nZVI-impregnated biochar (BC) in the matrix of calcium-alginate (CA) bead, the physicochemical characterization of nZVI/BC/CA composites revealed that nZVI/BC particles were embedded inside CA having a spherical shape and several cracks on its outer layer. The multi-functionality of nZVI/BC/CA composi...

Staphylococcus lugdunensis sepsis and endocarditis in a newborn following lotus birth.

A term newborn, who underwent lotus birth, developed Staphylococcus lugdunensis sepsis and endocarditis on the 1st day of life. This case reports an uncommon pathogen known to cause destructive endocarditis in the adult and paediatric populations, causing endocarditis in a neonate. We speculate that lotus birth, an atypical birthing practice, may have contributed to the development of this infection.

Glucose-sensitive capsules based on hydrogen-bonded (polyvinylpyrrolidone / phenylboronic -modified alginate) system.

Glucose-responsive multilayer capsules have been produced through the layer-by-layer deposition of biodegradable polymers based on hydrogen bonding. The used polymers are alginate derivative and polyvinylpyrolidone (PVPON). Concentration-dependent glucose responsiveness was reached through chemical modification of alginate, selected as polyanion, with phenylboronic acid moieties (known to enable complexes with diols derivative) demonstrated that the alginate derivative self-assembles with the PVPON in accor...

Isolation, purification, and characterization of novel polysaccharides from lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaves and their immunostimulatory effects.

In this study, a crude water-soluble polysaccharide (LLWP-C) was extracted from lotus leaves and further purified by size exclusion chromatography, to obtain the two main polysaccharides, LLWP-1 and LLWP-3. Physical and chemical analyses showed that they were homogeneous polysaccharides in β-type glycosidic linkage. LLWP-1 was devoid of helical conformation, had a molecular weight of 85.1 kDa and was mainly composed of Rha, Ara, Gal, Glu, and GalA in a molar ratio of 7.0:24.8:28.0:6.0:26.4. LLWP-3 showed...

Graphene oxide in zinc alginate films: Antibacterial activity, cytotoxicity, zinc release, water sorption/diffusion, wettability and opacity.

Alginate is considered an exceptional biomaterial due to its hydrophilicity, biocompatibility, biodegradability, nontoxicity and low-cost in comparison with other biopolymers. We have recently demonstrated that the incorporation of 1% graphene oxide (GO) into alginate films crosslinked with Ca2+ cations provides antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, and no cytotoxicity for human keratinocyte HaCaT cells. However, many other reports in lite...

Effects of water availability and UV radiation on silicon accumulation in the C crop proso millet.

Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is an annual thermophilic, drought-resistant, short-season C4 grass that is suitable for growing under the present changing meteorological conditions. However, water shortage can reduce plant production and hinder mineral nutrition in plants, including silicon, which is of crucial importance for grasses. Ultraviolet radiation can mitigate the impacts of water shortage, and therefore we examined the effects of moderate water shortage and reduced ultraviolet radiation on di...

Natural astaxanthin encapsulation: Use of response surface methodology for the design of alginate beads.

Nowadays, consumers are more conscious about healthier products consumption benefits. Astaxanthin obtained from the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis represents a natural ingredient for the nutraceutical and functional food industries. It is claimed that astaxanthin has much stronger antioxidant activity than vitamin E and β-carotene, providing different health benefits. However, the unstable structure of the molecule limits its application in functional foods development. Therefore, the present study eva...


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