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PubMed Journals Articles About "Lower Endoscopy Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test CPET Questionnaire Lynch" RSS

17:43 EDT 14th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Lower Endoscopy Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test CPET Questionnaire Lynch PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Lower Endoscopy Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test CPET Questionnaire Lynch articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Lower Endoscopy Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test CPET Questionnaire Lynch" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

Cardiopulmonary Aerobic Fitness Assessment During Maximal and Submaximal Exercise Testing in Pediatric Oncology Patients After Chemotherapy.

The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is a valuable tool to assess cardiopulmonary exercise capacity in pediatric oncology patients after chemotherapy. In addition, few studies on the utility of submaximal testing have been performed, which could be important as some patients are unable to complete a maximal effort test secondary to deconditioning by both disease and treatment.


Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in hepato-biliary & pancreas cancer surgery - A systematic review: Are we any further than walking up a flight of stairs?

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a reliable, reproducible and non-invasive measure of functional capacity. CPET has been increasingly used to assess pre-operative risk and stratify patients at risk of mortality and morbidity following surgery. CPET parameters that predict outcomes within liver and pancreas cancer surgery still remain to be defined.

Nitrogen single-breath washout test for evaluating exercise tolerance and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) traditionally used in clinical practice do not accurately predict exercise intolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to assess whether the nitrogen single-breath washout (N2SBW) test explains exercise intolerance and poor quality of life in stable COPD patients. This cross-sectional study included 31 patients with COPD subjected to PFTs (including the N2SBW test) and a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Patients we...


New Reference Values for Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Children.

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an essential tool to assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in children. There is a paucity of adequate pediatric reference values that are independent of body size and pubertal stage. The purpose of this study is to provide Z score equations for several maximal and sub-maximal CRF parameters derived from a prospectively recruited sample of healthy children.

Alveolar air and O uptake during exercise in patients with heart failure.

Peak exercise V̇O is a primary marker of prognosis in heart failure (HF). The pathophysiology of impaired peak V̇O is unclear in patients. To what extent alveolar airway function impacts V̇O during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to phenotype how changes in alveolar ventilation (V̇), volume (V), and related parameters couple with exercise V̇O in HF.

Association of Oscillatory Ventilation during Cardiopulmonary Test to Clinical and Functional Variables of Chronic Heart Failure Patients.

The aim of this study is to characterize the presence of exercise oscillatory ventilation (EOV) and to relate it with other cardiopulmonary exercise test (CET) responses and clinical variables.

CARDIOPULMONARY EXERCISE TESTING WITH SUPRAMAXIMAL VERIFICATION PRODUCES A SAFE AND VALID ASSESSMENT OF V̇O IN PEOPLE WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS.

The validity and safety of using supramaximal verification (S) to confirm a maximal effort during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) and/or those with severe disease has been questioned. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate these concerns in children, adolescents and adults with mild-to-severe CF lung disease.

The Role of Gas Exchange Variables in Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing for Risk Stratification and Management of Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction.

Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is common in the developed world and results in significant morbidity and mortality. Accurate risk assessment methods and prognostic variables are therefore needed to guide clinical decision making for medical therapy and surgical interventions with the ultimate goal of decreasing risk and improving health outcomes. The purpose of this review is to examine the role of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and its most commonly used ventilatory gas excha...

Optimizing a Treadmill Ramp Protocol to Evaluate Aerobic Capacity of Hemiparetic Poststroke Patients.

Bernardes, WL, Montenegro, RA, Monteiro, WD, de Almeida Freire, R, Massaferri, R, and Farinatti, P. Optimizing a treadmill ramp protocol to evaluate aerobic capacity of hemiparetic poststroke patients. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 876-884, 2018-A correct assessment of cardiopulmonary capacity is important for aerobic training within motor rehabilitation of poststroke hemiparetic patients (PSHPs). However, specific cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) for these patients are scarce. We proposed adaptations i...

Changes in Total Cardiac Output and Oxygen Extraction During Exercise in Patients Supported With an HVAD Left Ventricular Assist Device.

Following implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD), acceptable functional performance is now being achieved; however, peak VO2 and peak work load (watts) remain considerably limited. Maximum physical capacity is essentially dependent on generated cardiac output (CO) and arteriovenous oxygen difference (avDO2 ). We investigated the changes in CO and avDO2 during exercise in LVAD patients with an HVAD pump (HeartWare Inc., Framingham, MA, USA). Approximately 6 weeks after implantation, 20 patie...

Use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing to assess early ventilatory changes related to occupational particulate matter.

Spirometry has been used as the main strategy for assessing ventilatory changes related to occupational exposure to particulate matter (OEPM). However, in some cases, as one of its limitations, it may not be sensitive enough to show abnormalities before extensive damage, as seen in restrictive lung diseases. Therefore, we hypothesized that cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) may be better than spirometry to detect early ventilatory impairment caused by OEPM. We selected 135 male workers with at least on...

Validity of the modified shuttle walk test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness after exercise intervention in overweight/obese adults with primary hypertension.

The study aimed to assess whether the Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese people with hypertension (HTN) after an exercise intervention evaluating the equation presented in the previous research by Jurio-Iriarte et al. Participants (N= 248) performed a peak cardiorespiratory exercise test (CPET) and MSWT before and after 16-weeks of different types of aerobic exercise intervention. The formula of Jurio-Iriarte et al. was used to predict...

The Use of a Wheelchair Propulsion Field Test to Determine Peak Heart Rate in Children and Adolescents With Myelomeningocele.

We analyzed the evolution and pattern of heart rate (HR) during the 12-minute wheelchair propulsion field test (WPFT) and compared the peak HR (HR) from the WPFT to the HRobtained in the progressive cardiopulmonary exercise test on arm cranking ergometer (ACT). We aimed to determine if the field test detects the HRconsistently and could be used in clinical practice.

Dynamic Hyperinflation Impairs Cardiac Performance During Exercise in COPD.

To investigate the correlation between a plateau in minute ventilation VE during cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs) and its impact on cardiac performance.

Dynamics of cardiorespiratory response during and after the six-minute walk test in patients with heart failure.

The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a useful measure to evaluate exercise capacity with a simple method. The kinetics of oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O) throughout constant-load exercise on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) are composed of three phases and the [Formula: see text]O kinetics are delayed in patients with heart failure (HF). This study aimed to investigate the kinetics of the cardiorespiratory response during and after the 6MWT according to exercise capacity.

Improvements in Key Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Variables Following Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.

Improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) post-cardiac rehabilitation (post-CR) are used to gauge therapeutic efficacy. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of supervised CR on other cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) variables, specifically those that reflect ventilatory efficiency and VO2 changes in relation to changes in work rate (WR).

High intensity muscle metaboreflex activation attenuates cardiopulmonary baroreflex-mediated inhibition of muscle sympathetic nerve activity.

Previous studies have shown that muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is reduced during low- and mild-intensity dynamic leg exercise. It has been suggested that such inhibition is mediated by loading of the cardiopulmonary baroreceptors and that this effect is overridden by muscle metaboreflex activation with higher intensity exercise. However, limited data are available regarding the interaction between the cardiopulmonary baroreflex and the muscle metaboreflex. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that...

Response predictors for physical training HFrEF patients.

To identify different types and possible predictors of physical rehabilitation (PR) response in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients, selected on the basis of achievement the lactate threshold during cardiopulmonary exercising test (CPET).

Worldwide Practice Patterns in Lynch Syndrome Diagnosis and Management, Based on Data From the International Mismatch Repair Consortium.

Families with a history of Lynch syndrome often do not adhere to guidelines for genetic testing and screening. We investigated practice patterns related to Lynch syndrome worldwide, to ascertain potential targets for research and public policy efforts METHODS: We collected data from the International Mismatch Repair Consortium [IMRC], which comprises major research and clinical groups engaged in the care of families with Lynch syndrome worldwide. IMRC institutions were invited to complete a questionnaire to...

Medical Devices; Hematology and Pathology Devices; Classification of Lynch Syndrome Test Systems. Final order.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying Lynch syndrome test systems into class II (special controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the Lynch syndrome test systems' classification. We are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. We believe this ...

Feasibility, safety, and reliability of exercise testing using the combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer in subjects with a lower limb amputation.

Physical fitness of patients with a lower limb amputation predicts their walking ability and may be improved by physical exercise and training. A maximal exercise test is recommended prior to training in order to determine cardiovascular risks and design exercise programs. A potentially suitable ergometer for maximal exercise testing in patients with a lower limb amputation is the combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer. The aim of this study was to determine feasibility, safety, and reliability of (sub)maxima...

Test-Retest Reliabilty of Exercise-Induced Hypoalgesia After Aerobic Exercise.

Exercise increases pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in exercising and nonexercising muscles, known as exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). No studies have investigated the test-retest reliability of change in PPTs after aerobic exercise. Primary objectives were to compare the effect on PPTs after an incremental bicycling exercise compared with quiet rest and to investigate the relative and absolute test-retest reliability of the test stimulus (PPT) and the absolute and relative EIH response in exercising and ...

Calculated versus Measured MVV-Surrogate Marker of Ventilatory CPET-Erratum.

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing reveals subclinical abnormalities in chronic kidney disease.

Background Reductions in exercise capacity associated with exercise intolerance augment cardiovascular disease risk and predict mortality in chronic kidney disease. This study utilized cardiopulmonary exercise testing to (a) investigate mechanisms of exercise intolerance; (b) unmask subclinical abnormalities that may precede cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. Design The design of this study was cross-sectional. Methods Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was carried out in 31 Stage 3-4 chronic k...

Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate availability on fat oxidation and energy expenditure after a high-intensity exercise.

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that reduced pre-exercise carbohydrate (CHO) availability potentiates fat oxidation after an exhaustive high-intensity exercise bout. Eight physically active men underwent a high-intensity exercise (∼95% V̇O2max) until exhaustion under low or high pre-exercise CHO availability. The protocol to manipulate pre-exercise CHO availability consisted of a 90-min cycling bout at ∼70% V̇O2max + 6 × 1-min at 125% V̇O2max with 1-min rest, followed by 48 h under ...


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