PubMed Journals Articles About "Lung Cancer Incidence Nonmetropolitan Metropolitan Counties United States" RSS

13:08 EST 20th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Lung Cancer Incidence Nonmetropolitan Metropolitan Counties United States" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Lung Cancer Incidence in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties - United States, 2007-2016.

Lung and bronchus (lung) cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States (1). In 2016, 148,869 lung cancer deaths were reported.* Most lung cancers can be attributed to modifiable exposures, such as tobacco use, secondhand smoke, radon, and asbestos (1). Exposure to lung cancer risk factors vary over time and by characteristics such as sex, age, and nonmetropolitan or metropolitan residence that might affect lung cancer rates (1,2). A recent report found that lung cancer incidence rates wer...

Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties - United States, 2010-2017.

A 2017 report quantified the higher percentage of potentially excess (or preventable) deaths in nonmetropolitan areas (often referred to as rural areas) compared with metropolitan areas. In that report, CDC compared national, regional, and state estimates of potentially excess deaths among the five leading causes of death in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties for 2010 and 2014. This report enhances the geographic detail by using the six levels of the 2013 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) ...

Epidemiology of lung cancer and lung cancer screening program in China and the United States.

Lung cancer is a heterogeneous disease, which is impacted by environmental exposures and by constitutional genetic or epigenetic susceptibilities to disease development and progression. The United States and China have distinct but diverse populations and geographic environmental exposures that contribute to unique patterns of lung cancer incidence and mortality. In this paper, the authors compare trends of incidence and mortality of lung cancer in the US and China, and the impact on lung cancer screening p...

Patient-Defined Treatment Success: Perspectives of Patients With Advanced-Stage Lung Cancer.

In the United States, lung cancer accounts for 14% of cancer diagnoses and 28% of cancer deaths annually. Because no cure exists for advanced lung cancer, the primary treatment goal is to prolong survival.

COPD and lung cancer incidence in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study: A brief report.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in both men and women in the United States. COPD is associated with lung cancer independently of cigarette smoking, but remains understudied in women. Utilizing data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), this report investigates the association between COPD and development of lung cancer, with a focus on ethnicity and cancer subtype.

Systemic Therapy for Locally Advanced and Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Review.

Non-small cell lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Until the last decade, the 5-year overall survival rate for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer was less than 5%. Improved understanding of the biology of lung cancer has resulted in the development of new biomarker-targeted therapies and led to improvements in overall survival for patients with advanced or metastatic disease.

Race/ethnicity and lung cancer survival in the United States: a meta-analysis.

Lung cancer mortality has been shown to vary by race and ethnicity in cancer registries; however, studies often do not account for smoking status. We sought to summarize the independent contribution of race and ethnicity to survival in US lung cancer patients, accounting for important variables including smoking status.

Life Beyond 65: Changing Spatial Patterns of Survival at Older Ages in the United States, 2000-2016.

To identify levels and trends in life expectancy at age 65 (e65) by geographic region and metropolitan status in the United States.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Lung Cancer Screening in the United States: A Comparative Modeling Study.

Recommendations vary regarding the maximum age at which to stop lung cancer screening: 80 years according to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), 77 years according to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), and 74 years according to the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST).

The Lived Experience of Persons With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma in the United States.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare but deadly cancer. Although there is an emerging picture of the individual MPM experience, the United States is underrepresented in this literature. With the United States contributing more deaths from MPM than any other country, findings from this study will enhance a global body of literature on the lived experience of this devastating cancer.

Disparities in Lung Cancer Screening: A Review.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States. Certain groups are at increased risk of developing lung cancer and experience greater morbidity and mortality compared to the general population. Lung cancer screening provides an opportunity to detect lung cancer at an early stage when surgical intervention can be curative; however, current screening guidelines may overlook vulnerable populations with disproportionate lung cancer burden. This review aims to characterize disparities ...

Effect Of Population Size On Rural Health Insurance Premiums In The Federal Employees Health Benefits Program.

In the study of health insurance access and affordability in rural areas, a recurring issue is to understand the challenges that programs based upon the competitive market model, such as the Affordable Care Act's Marketplaces, may experience in less populated areas. This article analyzes data for 2013-16 from the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, focusing on premium and enrollment data for "state-specific" plans-which offer insurance policies and set premiums at the regional level. In nonmetropolit...

Understanding the decision to screen for lung cancer or not: A qualitative analysis.

Although new screening programmes with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer have been implemented throughout the United States, screening uptake remains low and screening-eligible persons' decisions to screen or not remain poorly understood.

Patient travel distance and post lung transplant survival in the United States: A cohort study.

In response to a longstanding Federal mandate to minimize the role of geography in access to transplant in the United States, we assessed whether patient travel distance was associated with lung transplant outcomes. We focused on the posttransplant time period, when the majority of patient visits to a transplant center occur.

Increased risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in lung cancer survivors: A Korean nationwide study of 20,458 patients.

With advances in lung cancer treatments, the number of lung cancer survivors has increased. As cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are some of the major causes of non-cancer deaths, CVD management is an integral part of cancer survivorship care. However, there is sparsity of data on cardiovascular risk in lung cancer survivors who underwent lung cancer surgery. We aimed to compare the incidence of CVD between lung cancer survivors and the general non-cancer population.

Bridging the Gap in Potentially Excess Deaths Between Rural and Urban Counties in the United States.

Utilization of Surgery and Its Impact on Survival in Patients With Early Stage Small-cell Lung Cancer in the United States.

For patients with T1 or T2 N0 M0 small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), lobectomy followed by chemotherapy is the standard of care. However, because of its tendency for early dissemination, patients are often treated with concurrent chemo-radiation without surgery. This study was conducted to evaluate the utilization of surgery and its impact on survival in patients with early stage SCLC.

Prevalence and correlates of non-tissue prostate cancer diagnosis in the United States.

Given the potential complications of prostate biopsies, it is sometimes reasonable in selected patients to make a non-tissue diagnosis of prostate cancer. Little is known about prevalence and factors associated with non-tissue prostate cancer diagnoses in the United States.

Increasing incidence of Epstein-Barr virus-related nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the United States.

The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has been historically low in the United States. Although etiological factors differ by histological subtype, Epstein-Barr virus is accepted as the primary risk factor for nonkeratinizing NPC. In light of the changing epidemiology of viral-associated cancers, it is important to evaluate the temporal incidence of NPC in the United States.

The epidemiology of spinal schwannoma in the United States between 2006 and 2014.

Spinal schwannoma remains the third most common intradural spinal tumor following spinal meningioma and ependymoma. The available literature is generally limited to single-institution reports rather than epidemiological investigations. As of 1/1/2004, registration of all benign central nervous system tumors in the United States became mandatory after the Benign Brain Tumor Cancer Registries Amendment Act took action, which provided massive resources for United States population-based epidemiological studies...

Survival Advantage With Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Locoregionally Advanced Rectal Cancer: A Veterans Health Administration Analysis.

Adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) after chemoradiation (CRT) and surgery for locoregionally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) is a standard of care in the United States. This study examined the role, optimal regimen, and duration of AC using data from the largest integrated health system in the United States.

Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening in the United States Before and After Implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is major cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Screening, however, is suboptimal and there are disparities in outcomes. After health policy changes and national efforts to increase rates of screening and address inequities, we aimed to examine progress towards eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in CRC screening.

Socioeconomic predictors of suicide risk among cancer patients in the United States: A population-based study.

To assess the socioeconomic predictors of suicide risk among cancer patients in the United States.

Patterns of Care and Costs for Older Patients With Colorectal Cancer at the End of Life: Descriptive Study of the United States and Canada.

End-of-life (EOL) cancer care is costly, with challenges regarding intensity and place of care. We described EOL care and costs for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) in the United States and the province of Ontario, Canada, to inform better care delivery.

American Indians and Alaska Natives: Resolving Disparate Cancer Outcomes.

American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) have been documented as a population with high rates of cancer mortality in comparison to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States. During a time when other populations in the United States are experiencing improvements in cancer outcomes, cancer disparities in AIANs persist. The disparities in cancer outcomes in this diverse population can be attributed to a complex constellation of factors, which include access-to-care, economic, medical, and individu...

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