PubMed Journals Articles About "Magnesium Citrate" RSS

01:53 EDT 17th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Magnesium Citrate PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Magnesium Citrate articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Magnesium Citrate" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 520

Results of a Community-based, Randomized Study Comparing a Clear Liquid Diet With a Low-residue Diet Using a Magnesium Citrate Preparation for Screening and Surveillance Colonoscopies.

Current bowel preparations for colonoscopy include a clear liquid diet (CLD) along with consumption of a laxative. This dietary restriction along with large volume bowel preparations are barriers to compliance and willingness among patients in scheduling screening examinations. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a low-volume split dose magnesium citrate bowel preparation in patients on a low-residue diet (LRD) with those on a CLD.

A Fe(II)/citrate/UV/PMS process for carbamazepine degradation at a very low Fe(II)/PMS ratio and neutral pH: The mechanisms.

A novel Fe(II)/citrate/UV/PMS process for degrading a model micropollutant, carbamazepine (CBZ), at a low Fe(II)/PMS ratio and neutral pH has been proposed in this study, and the mechanisms of radical generation in the system was explored. With a UV dose of 302.4 mJ/cm(2), an initial pH of 7, and CBZ, PMS, Fe(II) and citrate at initial concentrations of 10, 100, 12 and 26 μM, respectively, the CBZ degradation efficiency reached 71% in 20 min in the Fe(II)/citrate/UV/PMS process, which was 4.7 times high...

Chronic magnesium deficiency and human disease; time for reappraisal?

Numerous epidemiological, experimental and clinical studies over the last 30 years have consistently shown that chronic magnesium deficiency is associated with and/or exacerbates a number of major disorders (table 1). Yet chronic magnesium deficiency is not widely recognised and a major reason for this failure is that serum magnesium levels do not accurately reflect body magnesium stores. Specifically, in chronic magnesium deficiency, serum magnesium levels are often within the normal reference range (usual...

Antiurolithiatic effect of the taraxasterol on ethylene glycol induced kidney calculi in male rats.

Taraxasterol is one of the important constituents of Taraxacum officinale L. (Compositae) with antioxidant potential. The present study was designed to evaluate and compare the antiurolithiatic effects of taraxasterol and potassium citrate in the ethylene glycol induced urolithiatic rat. Urolithiasis was induced by ammonium chloride and ethylene glycol in adult male rats. Taraxasterol (2, 4 and 8 mg/kg) and potassium citrate (2.5 g/kg) were treated for 33 days by gavage. Then, the animals were anesthetize...

Magnesium sulfate reduces formalin-induced orofacial pain in rats with normal magnesium serum levels.

In humans, orofacial pain has a high prevalence and is often difficult to treat. Magnesium is an essential element in biological a system which controls the activity of many ion channels, neurotransmitters and enzymes. Magnesium produces an antinociceptive effect in neuropathic pain, while in inflammatory pain results are not consistent. We examined the effects of magnesium sulfate using the rat orofacial formalin test, a model of trigeminal pain.

Liver injury induced by clomiphene citrate: A case report and literature reviews.

Clomiphene citrate is used to cause ovulation in females and to increase semen production in males. Clomiphene citrate is well tolerated in most patients and rarely induces liver injury. We report a case of liver injury which is associated with administration of clomiphene citrate in a male patient.

Effects of citrate on hexavalent chromium reduction by structural Fe(II) in nontronite.

Previous studies have shown that organic ligands could influence Cr(VI) reduction by aqueous Fe(2+) and pyrite. In this study, the effects of citrate on Cr(VI) reduction by structural Fe(II) in nontronite (NAu-2) were investigated at pH 6. Our results showed that the presence of citrate decreased the rate but increased the amount of Cr(VI) reduction. The decreased rate was likely due to competitive sorption of citrate and anionic dichromate (Cr2O7(-)) to NAu-2 surface sites, because sorption of dichromate a...

Association of Plasma Magnesium with Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults.

Our study aimed to assess the associations of plasma magnesium with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Chinese adults. We conducted a case-control analysis of 4447 participants: 867 newly diagnosed prediabetes patients, 1475 newly diagnosed T2D patients and 2105 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) individuals. In a subsample of 599 apparently healthy individuals, we measured plasma hs-CRP levels to examine their relation to plasma magnesium. Plasma magnesium and hs-CRP were measured by inductively coupl...

An Advanced Formulation of a Magnesium Dietary Supplement Adapted for a Long-Term Use Supplementation Improves Magnesium Bioavailability: In Vitro and Clinical Comparative Studies.

While general recommendations are for 300-mg magnesium intake a day, an advanced low-dose formulation of magnesium chloride, ChronoMag®, was designed to provide 100 mg of magnesium element, thus decreasing the risk of gastrointestinal side effects and allowing long-term supplementation in health conditions related to low magnesium levels. The present study aimed to compare magnesium release profile and bioavailability between this patented low-dose continuous-release magnesium chloride tablet (100 mg mag...

Magnesium as a new player in CKD: too little is as bad as too much?

Vascular calcification is a serious complication of chronic kidney disease, but the current therapeutic strategy is insufficient for preventing its progression. Magnesium is a potent inhibitor of calcification and represents a promising therapeutic candidate. Diaz-Tocados and colleagues now demonstrate that magnesium supplementation prevents the progression of vascular calcification in a uremic rat model, independently of the phosphate-binding capacity. We should keep in mind, however, that too much magnesi...

Molecular Magnesium Hydrides.

Solid magnesium hydride [MgH2]∞ has been continuously pursued as a potential hydrogen storage material. Organic chemists were rather interested in soluble magnesium hydride reagents from mid-20th century. But it was only in the last two decades that molecular magnesium hydride chemistry received a major boost from organometallic chemists with a series of structurally well-characterized examples that continues to build a whole new class of compounds. Nearly 40 such species have been isolated, ranging from ...

Magnesium supplementation: Pharmacokinetics in cardiac surgery patients with normal renal function.

Intravenous magnesium is routinely administered in intensive care units (ICU) to treat arrhythmias after cardiothoracic surgery. There are no data on the pharmacokinetics of continuous magnesium infusion therapy.

Dietary Magnesium Intake and Hyperuricemia among US Adults.

To assess the association between dietary magnesium intake and hyperuricemia in United States (US) adults, we extracted 26,796 US adults aged 20-85 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2001-2014. All dietary intake was measured through 24 h dietary recall method. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between magnesium intake and hyperuricemia after adjusting for several important confounding variables. When compared to ...

Prenatal Therapy with Magnesium Sulfate and Its Correlation with Neonatal Serum Magnesium Concentration.

Effect of temperature on copper, iron and lead leaching from e-waste using citrate solutions.

E-waste is a potential source of large quantities of metals. The ability of citrate solutions to recover base metals from these materials has been demonstrated. In the present study, the effect of the temperature on base metal leaching capacity by the citrate solutions is determined. The material employed consisted of a mechanically prepared, gravity concentrated e-waste, with a metallic content greater than 90%. The leaching conditions were selected based on previous research performed by the authors (0.5...

Serum magnesium and calcium levels in infertile women during a cycle of reproductive assistance.

Magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) are essential cations for women's preconception health. It is well known that, in blood, the concentration of ionized form of these two cations is temporally altered during menstrual cycle, suggesting a correlation between sex steroid hormones and serum calcium and magnesium levels. Evidence from literature suggests that in assisted reproductive technology increasing estrogens during ovarian hyperstimulation may also modulate serum magnesium and calcium levels. Therefore, we ...

Efficacy and Safety of Sodium Picosulfate/Magnesium Citrate for Bowel Preparation in a Physically Disabled Outpatient Population: A Randomized, Endoscopist-Blinded Comparison With Ascorbic Acid-Enriched Polyethylene Glycol Solution Plus Bisacodyl (The PICO-MOVI Study).

Because of its volume, adequate bowel preparation remains problematic in physically unfit patients.

Effect of magnesium added to local anesthetics for caudal anesthesia on postoperative pain in pediatric surgical patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis with Trial Sequential Analysis.

Magnesium has been investigated as an adjuvant for neuraxial anesthesia, but the effect of caudal magnesium on postoperative pain is inconsistent. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the analgesic effect of caudal magnesium.

Loading Dose only versus Standard Dose Magnesium Sulfate Seizure Prophylaxis in Severe Pre-eclamptic Women.

Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of seizures in the pre-eclamptic woman. There is no agreement in the published randomized trials regarding the optimal time to initiate magnesium sulfate, the dose to use (both loading and maintenance) as well as the duration of therapy. The objective of this study is to determine whether magnesium sulfate prophylaxis is needed for up to 24 hours postpartum in all patients with severe pre-eclampsia for the prevention of seizure.

Safety of potassium-bearing citrate in patients with renal transplantation: A case report.

Urinary lithiasis is one of severe postoperative complications in patients undergoing renal transplantation, possibly leading to anuria, urinary infection, or even acute renal failure. Potassium sodium hydrogen citrate (PSHC), a potassium-bearing citrate, is commonly prescribed to prevent stone formation.

Heparin-Free Regional Anticoagulation: There Are Significant Differences Between Citrate-Containing Dialysate and Regional Citrate Anticoagulation.

EDTA-induced pseudothrombocytosis and citrate-induced platelet agglutination in a patient with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia.

Hematology analyzers sometimes generate spurious results. A patient had EDTA-induced pseudothrombocytosis and platelet agglutination in citrate blood samples. This case verifies that addition of 1% paraformaldehyde to the citrate tubes can prevent platelet clumping. Further, it illustrates the advantages of having access to more than one platelet count method.

Two citrate transporters coordinately regulate citrate secretion from rice bean root tip under aluminum stress.

Al-induced organic acid secretion from the root apex is an important Al resistance mechanism. However, it remains unclear how plants fine-tune root organic acid secretion which can contribute significantly to the loss of fixed carbon from the plant. Here, we demonstrate that Al-induced citrate secretion from the rice bean root apex is biphasic, consisting of an early phase with low secretion and a later phase of large citrate secretion. We isolated and characterized VuMATE2 as a possible second citrate tran...

Effects of magnesium chloride on rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade and sugammadex reversal in an isolated rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparation: An in-vitro study.

Magnesium potentiates the effects of nondepolarising muscle relaxants. However, few studies have used magnesium chloride (MgCl2). Sugammadex reverses neuromuscular block by steroidal nondepolarising muscle relaxants.

Scottsdale Magnesium Study: Absorption, Cellular Uptake, and Clinical Effectiveness of a Timed-Release Magnesium Supplement in a Standard Adult Clinical Population.

Suboptimal magnesium status is likely widespread in the United States and increasing evidence links it to many chronic diseases. Therapeutically addressing magnesium status can be challenging, as higher supplementation often leads to bowel intolerance. This study evaluated the absorption, cellular uptake, and clinical effectiveness of a timed-release formulation containing dimagnesium malate with vitamins B6, B12, and folate (MagSRT™) in a standard clinical population.

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