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PubMed Journals Articles About "Malathion" RSS

10:16 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Malathion PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Malathion articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Malathion" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 26

Growth, photosynthesis and removal responses of the cyanobacteria Chroococcus sp. to malathion and malaoxon.

Malathion is an organophosphorus pesticide widely used in agricultural crops, despite its toxicity. In addition, malaoxon occurs by oxidation of malathion being more toxic. The toxic effects of malathion and malaoxon in humans include hepatoxicity, breast cancer, genetic damage and endocrine disruption. The aim of this study involved assessing the effect of malathion commercial grade on Chroococcus sp., and its potential as an alternative to the removal of this pesticide and its transformation product such ...


Different toxic effects of racemate, enantiomers, and metabolite of malathion on HepG2 cells using HPLC-QTOF based metabolomics.

Commercial malathion is a raceme mixture that contains two enantiomers, and malathion has adverse effects on mammals. However, whether the two enantiomers have different effects on animals remains unclear. In this study, we tested the effect of raceme, enantiomers and metabolite of malathion on the metabolomics profile of HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells showed distinct metabolic profiles when treated with rac-malathion, malaoxon, R-(+)-malathion and S-(-)-malathion, and these differences were attributed to pathway...

A simple colorimetric probe based on anti-aggregation of AuNPs for rapid and sensitive detection of malathion in environmental samples.

In this study, a simple colorimetric probe was developed for rapid and highly sensitive detection of malathion based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) anti-aggregation mechanism. A certain amount of NaOH can cause the aggregation of citrate-stabilized AuNPs due to the electrostatic interactions, and the color of AuNP solution changes from wine-red to gray. While in the presence of malathion, malathion is easily hydrolyzed in a strong alkali environment (pH > 9), followed by the production of a mass of negat...


Detoxification mechanism of organophosphorus pesticide via carboxylestrase pathway that triggers de novo TAG biosynthesis in oleaginous microalgae.

Organophosphorus compounds exhibit a wide range of toxicity to mammals. In this study the effect of malathion on the growth and biochemical parameters of microalgae was evaluated. Three microalgae (Micractinium pusillum UUIND2, Chlorella singulari UUIND5 and Chlorella sorokiniana UUIND6) were used in this study. Among the three algal strains tested, Chlorella sorokiniana UUIND6 was able to tolerate 100 ppm of malathion. The photosynthetic pigments, the protein, carbohydrate and lipid contents of microalga...

The protective effects of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) against oxidative stress-associated apoptosis evoked by the organophosphorus insecticide malathion in normal human astrocytes.

Malathion is one of the most widely used organophosphorus insecticides in agriculture. However, malathion may be involved in the etiology of human brain dysfunction. Induction of ROS has been proposed as a mechanism of malathion-induced poisoning cases, but there are few data regarding the effects of malathion on oxidative stress-associated neurotoxicity in human glial cells. The aim was to explore the mechanism underlying effects of malathion on neurotoxicity in Gibco® Human Astrocytes (GHA cells) and eva...

Two delta class glutathione S-transferases involved in the detoxification of malathion in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel).

The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), a widespread agricultural pest, has evolved resistance to many insecticides including organophosphorus compounds. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are involved in xenobiotic detoxification and insecticide resistance in many insects. However, the role of delta class GSTs in detoxifying malathion in B. dorsalis is unknown. Here, we evaluated the roles of two delta class GSTs in malathion detoxification in this species.

Laboratory selection of Aedes aegypti field populations with the organophosphate malathion: Negative impacts on resistance to deltamethrin and to the organophosphate temephos.

Resistance to pyrethroids and to the organophosphate temephos is widespread in Brazilian populations of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti. Thereof, since 2009 Insect Growth Regulators are employed as larvicides, and malathion is used against adults.

A novel spectral method for determination of trace malathion using EryB as light scattering probe by resonance Rayleigh scattering technique.

A convenient and sensitive spectrophotometric methods was proposed for determination of Malathion (Mala) using Erythrosin B (EryB) as a probe through the Resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) technique. The interaction between EryB, Pdand malathion in the system was investigated by fluorescence, RRS and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Under the optimum conditions, the RRS intensity of EryB, Pd and malathion was weak when exist in alone or any two kinds, however, the RRS intensity of the EryB-Pd-Mala system had an obviou...

A sensitive amperometric AChE-biosensor for organophosphate pesticides detection based on conjugated polymer and Ag-rGO-NH nanocomposite.

Long-term accumulation of organophosphate pesticides in environment presents a potential hazard to human and animal health. Towards this, a highly sensitive amperometric AChE-biosensor based on conjugated polymer and Ag-rGO-NH nanocomposite has been successfully developed. First, 4, 7-di (furan-2-yl) benzo thiadiazole (FBThF) was electrochemically polymerized on the electrode surface. Then, Ag-rGO-NH nanocomposite and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) are modified on the polymer membrane surface. In this way, a n...

The impact of wipe sampling variables on method performance associated with indoor pesticide misuse and highly contaminated areas.

Pesticide misuse incidents in residential indoor areas are typically associated with misapplications that are inconsistent with the label directions of the product. Surface wipe sampling and analysis procedures are relied upon to evaluate the extent of indoor contamination and the remediation efforts successfully. In general, surface wipe sampling procedures are widely varied, which can complicate the comparison of the results and data interpretation. Wipe sampling parameters were studied for the insecticid...

Emerging contaminants in sediment core from the Iron Gate I Reservoir on the Danube River.

The Iron Gate I Reservoir is the largest impoundment on the Danube River. It retains >50% of the incoming total suspended solids load and the associated organic contaminants. In the sediment core of the Iron Gate I Reservoir we report the presence and fate of four classes of emerging contaminants (pharmaceuticals, pesticides, steroids and perfluorinated compounds), predominantly not covered by the EU monitoring programs, but considered as future candidates. Based on contaminant's partitioning behavior in th...

The effect of commercial herbicide exposure on the life history and insecticide resistance phenotypes of the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae).

Herbicides, such as atrazine and glyphosate, are common agrochemicals known to pollute surface ground water. As such, aquatic invertebrates associated with agricultural activities can be exposed to varying doses of these xenobiotics. Anopheles arabiensis, a major malaria vector species in southern Africa, is often closely associated with agricultural activities. This study aimed to examine the effects of larval atrazine or glyphosate exposure on larval and adult life history traits on two laboratory strains...

Mechanisms of Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti from Colombia.

In Colombia Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti is the main vector of urban arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. This urban mosquito has a well-established capacity to develop insecticide resistance to different types of insecticides (pyrethroids, organochlorides, organophosphates), using multiple resistance mechanisms. An understanding of ongoing resistance mechanisms is critical to determining the activities of vector control programs. In order to identify the biochemical and molecular mechanisms assoc...

Development of a rapid assessment method for detecting insecticide resistance in spotted wing Drosophila (Drosophila suzukii Matsumura).

Spotted wing Drosophila is an invasive pest of fruit crops in most production regions globally, and insecticides are commonly used for its control. The biology of this pest combined with repeated pesticide exposure increases the risk of resistance to insecticides. We tested malathion, methomyl, spinetoram, spinosad, and zeta-cypermethrin against multiple colonies from each state using a contact bioassay method to determine diagnostic doses for assessment of insecticide susceptibility in this species. These ...

Bionomics and insecticide resistance of the arboviral vector Aedes albopictus in northern Lao PDR.

In the last four decades there has been a staggering increase in the geographical range of the arboviral vector Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1894). This species is now found in every continent except Antarctica, increasing the distribution of arboviral diseases such as dengue and chikungunya. In Lao PDR dengue epidemics occur regularly, with cases of chikungunya also reported. As treatment methods for arboviral diseases is limited, the control of the vector mosquitoes are essential. There is a paucity of inform...

Monitoring Insecticide Resistance Profiles of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Sunda Islands of Indonesia Based on Diagnostic Doses of Larvicides.

This study was conducted to monitor the susceptibility status of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) larvae in the Sunda Islands of Indonesia against various organophosphates and organochlorines. Larval bioassay was performed in accordance with the World Health Organization standard protocol. Field-collected and reference strains of Ae. aegypti larvae were tested against diagnostic doses of eight larvicides belonging to organophosphates and organochlorines, namely bromophos (0.050 mg/liter), chlopyrifos (0.002 mg/lite...

Urinary Pesticide Levels in Children and Adolescents Residing in Two Agricultural Communities in Mexico.

The use of pesticides in agricultural activities has increased significantly during the last decades. Several studies have reported the health damage that results from exposure to pesticides. In Mexico, hundreds of communities depend economically on agricultural activities. The participation of minors in this type of activity and their exposure to pesticides represents a potential public health problem. A cross-sectional study was conducted, in which urine samples (first-morning urine) were taken from child...

Legacy and current-use pesticides (CUPs) in the atmosphere of a rural area in central Chile, using passive air samplers.

Polyurethane foam (PUF) disks in passive air samplers (PAS) and passive dry deposition (Pas-DD) collectors were used to assess the presence of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and current-use pesticides (CUPs) in a rural area of central Chile (Peumo, VI Region). The samplers were exposed from September 2015 (spring) to March 2016 (summer), with the PUFs collected at intervals of 30, 60 and 90 days. Both samplers (PUF-PAS and Pas-DD) captured more than one pesticide per sampling period. Chlorpyrifos-et...

Hierarchical nanocomposites with an N-doped carbon shell and bimetal core: Novel enzyme nanocarriers for electrochemical pesticide detection.

Core-shell structured nanocomposites (named PtPd@NCS) with N-doped carbon shell and bimetal core (Pt and Pd) were fabricated through a facile strategy for the first time. The PtPd@NCS nanocomposites were obtained through reduction of KPtCl, HPtCl and NaPdCl species, self-polymerization of dopamine (DA) and co-assembly of Pluronic F127 using a one-pot approach. DA serves as a reductant, as well as a carbon and nitrogen source. The core-shell structure of the PtPd@NCS nanocomposites was characterized and the ...

Insecticide Resistance in Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is Associated with Field Control Failure of Sour Rot Disease in a New York Vineyard.

Sour rot is a complex disease of grapes caused by an interaction of yeast, acetic acid bacteria, and Drosophila spp. Application of insecticides (most commonly zeta-cypermethrin) targeting Drosophila has previously provided substantial control of sour rot in wine grapes of New York vineyards. In harvest season of 2018, a control failure of sour rot and high populations of Drosophila, mostly Drosophila melanogaster, were observed in a vineyard in the Finger Lakes region, NY, despite repeated applications of ...

Estimation of daily intake and risk assessment of organophosphorus pesticides based on biomonitoring data - The internal exposure approach.

Human exposure to pesticides can be estimated through different approaches. The approach adopted in this study is based on internal dose measures. Studies published during 2001 and 2017 were collected from PubMed and Scopus databases, filtered and organized. The intake of parent compounds is estimated based on the urinary excretion of different OP metabolites applying a mathematical model previously used for similar purposes. Once defined an Estimated Daily Intake (EDI), risk assessment is performed through...

Residual Efficacy of Insecticides Sprayed on Different Types of Surfaces Against Leishmaniasis and Filariasis Vectors in Egypt.

Determination of the residual activity of insecticides is an essential component in the selection of an appropriate insecticide for indoor residual spraying operations. This report presents the results of a laboratory study to evaluate the residual bio-efficacy of four insecticides sprayed on the most common house-wall surfaces that occur in Egypt (wood, mud, and cement) against Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli, 1786) (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Culex pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 (Diptera: Culicidae). In total, 28,05...

Evaluation of Five Pulicides to Suppress Fleas on Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs: Encouraging Long-Term Results with Systemic 0.005% Fipronil.

Plague, a flea-borne disease, hampers efforts to restore populations of black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes), which occupy colonies of prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.) in North America. Plague is managed by infusing prairie dog burrows with DeltaDust 0.05% deltamethrin, a pulicide that kills fleas. Experiments are needed to identify pulicides that can be used in rotation with DeltaDust for integrated plague management. In South Dakota, USA, we tested the efficacy of four pulicide dusts when applied at a rate ...

Uptake and accumulation of emerging contaminants in soil and plant treated with wastewater under real-world environmental conditions in the Al Hayer area (Saudi Arabia).

In arid and semi-arid areas the use of treated wastewater for crop irrigation and other agricultural practices, such as the use of pesticides, increase the number of emerging contaminants (ECs) in crops. Hazards of these practices to human being are largely unknown since there are few studies yet covering a short range of compounds and most of them under non-realistic conditions. This study aims at assessing this problem that will become global soon in an area of Saudi Arabia heavily affected by the reuse o...

Susceptibility of Chordodes nobilii (Gordiida, Nematomorpha) to three pesticides: Influence of the water used for dilution on endpoints in an ecotoxicity bioassay.

The increased use of pesticides during recent years necessitates a reevaluation of the effect of those compounds by extending the range of nontarget species commonly used in risk assessment. In the present work, we thus determined the impact of the pesticides glyphosate, carbendazim, and malathion on the parasite Chordodes nobilii in both natural and reconstituted freshwater as the assay medium and tested the sensitivity of three of this species's ecologically relevant parameters-e. g., embryo nonviablity a...


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