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PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" RSS

06:45 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Malnutrition PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Malnutrition articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Malnutrition" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Malnutrition news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Malnutrition Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Malnutrition for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Malnutrition Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Malnutrition Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 223

Screening and management of malnutrition in internal medicine.

Malnutrition is a common but underestimated condition in the hospital setting. Malnutrition increases in-hospital mortality and complications, and treatment costs. Simple screening tools such as the mini-nutritional assessment and the nutritional risk score allow identifying patients at risk of malnutrition and starting management. Malnutrition management is a multidisciplinary issue including dieticians, physiatrists, nurses, caregivers and doctors. Meal fractioning and oral nutritional supplements (ONS) s...


Serious Consequences of Malnutrition and Delirium in Frail Older Patients.

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. This study investigated the association between delirium and malnutrition in frail older patients and the effects on adverse outcomes. It was found that 75% of the patients with...

Does Malnutrition Have a Genetic Component?

Malnutrition is a complex disorder, defined by an imbalance, excess, or deficiency of nutrient intake. The visible signs of malnutrition are stunted growth and wasting, but malnourished children are also more likely to have delays in neurocognitive development, vaccine failure, and susceptibility to infection. Despite malnutrition being a major global health problem, we do not yet understand the pathogenesis of this complex disorder. Although lack of food is a major contributor to childhood malnutrition, it...


Malnutrition, congestion and mortality in ambulatory patients with heart failure.

In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), malnutrition might be related to right heart dysfunction and venous congestion, which predispose to bowel oedema and malabsorption, thereby leading to malnutrition. We explored the relation between congestion, malnutrition and mortality in a large cohort of ambulatory patients with CHF.

The malnutrition overlap syndromes of cachexia and sarcopenia: a malnutrition conundrum.

An analysis of the nutrition status of neighboring Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations in Kanungu District, southwestern Uganda: Close proximity, distant health realities.

Malnutrition is a persistent health concern throughout the world. Globally, Indigenous peoples experience poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous neighbours. Despite this, malnutrition among Indigenous populations is poorly understood. This analysis estimated the prevalence, and modeled possible determinants of, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous Bakiga of Kanungu District in Southwestern Uganda. We then characterize ...

Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score and cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients: an observational cohort study.

Malnutrition is an important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, current malnutrition biomarkers seem unable to accurately estimate the role of malnutrition in predicting cardiovascular risk. Our aim was to investigate the role of the Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score (SGA-DMS) compared to two well-recognized comorbidity scores-Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and modified CCI (excluding age-factor) (mCCI)-in predicting cardiovascular event...

Diagnosing clinical malnutrition: Perspectives from the past and implications for the future.

This review, intended for both researchers and clinicians, provides a history of the definition of clinical malnutrition. Despite global efforts, we remain without one clear, objective, internationally accepted definition; clarity in this regard will ultimately improve our evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status to achieve optimal patient outcomes. In this review we explore the development of the term malnutrition and its diagnosis and application in the setting of acute and chronic disease. We begi...

Nutritional risk and malnutrition rates at diagnosis of cancer in patients treated in outpatient settings: Early intervention protocol.

Malnutrition is frequent in patients with cancer and is associated with a higher rate of morbidity and mortality. However, a significant number of patients at nutritional risk remain undetected due to the lack of a routine screening procedure during diagnosis. Costa del Sol Hospital in Marbella (Málaga), Spain has implemented a protocol for outpatients with cancer aimed at identifying and treating malnutrition at an early stage. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nutritional risk and ...

Muscle loss: The new malnutrition challenge in clinical practice.

Recent definitions of malnutrition include low muscle mass within its diagnostic criteria. In fact, malnutrition is one of the main risk factors of skeletal muscle loss contributing to the onset of sarcopenia. However, differences in the screening and diagnosis of skeletal muscle loss, especially as a result of malnutrition in clinical and community settings, still occur mainly as techniques and thresholds used vary in clinical practice. The objectives of this position paper are firstly to emphasize the lin...

Validated screening tools for the assessment of cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition: a systematic review.

There is great overlap between the presentation of cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition. Distinguishing between these conditions would allow for better targeted treatment for patients.

Assessment of hyperbaric patients at risk of malnutrition using the Malnutrition Screening Tool - a pilot study.

Nutritional assessment and support is essential for wound management. The hyperbaric oxygen clinic is a unique outpatient service where chronically unwell patients present daily for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) over several weeks, allowing time for effective nutritional intervention. This is the first study to examine the prevalence of those at risk of malnutrition in a cohort of hyperbaric medical patients.

Nutritional assessment of patients with end-stage renal disease using the MNA scale.

Patient malnutrition is a significant problem in the process of rehabilitation and treatment. One of the tools that can reveal the risk of malnutrition is a series of standardized nutritional questionnaires.

Association of anemia and malnutrition in hospitalized patients with exclusive enteral nutrition.

enteral nutrition therapy maintains and/or regains the nutritional status of the common patient in hospital settings, where anemia and malnutrition are food related and are very common diseases.

Predictors of incident malnutrition in older Irish adults from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) cohort- a MaNuEL study.

Older adults are at increased risk of malnutrition which is associated with poorer health, quality of life, and worse disease outcomes. This study identifies predictors of incident malnutrition using data from a sub-sample (n=1,841) of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Participants were excluded if they were

Controlling Nutritional Status score for predicting 3-mo functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke.

Malnutrition is an independent risk factor for poor outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. However, the indicator of malnutrition has not yet been established. We investigated the relationship between the Controlling Nutritional Status score, a useful prognostic measure of malnutrition in patients with cardiovascular diseases and malignant tumors, and functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Diencephalic syndrome in a child with chronic malnutrition and hyperactivity.

Diencephalic syndrome is an infrequent cause of malnutrition. It is produced by a malfunctioning hypothalamus, and it is related to encephalic tumors. Patients present a serious and progressive weight loss although the appetite and calorie intake are, usually, adequate. Neurological symptoms typically have a late appearance, delaying diagnostic suspicion. We present a patient aged 2 years and a half with grade II chronic malnutrition, referred with presumptive diagnosis of celiac disease, with poor adherenc...

A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition: associations with geographical region and sex.

protein-energy malnutrition is a major health concern in home-dwelling older adults, particularly in the context of an ageing population. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among older adults living independently in the community according to geographical region, sampling frame, rurality and sex.

Prevalence of malnutrition risk among institutionalized elderly from North Bohemia is higher than among those in the Capital City of Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of the study is to assess the risk of malnutrition among institutionalized elderly individuals in North Bohemia and compare it to the risk of malnutrition in the capital city of Prague, Czech Republic. In the Czech Republic, very few studies have been conducted with the goal of describing and evaluating the nutritional status of the institutionalized elderly.

Childhood malnutrition and maltreatment are linked with personality disorder symptoms in adulthood: Results from a Barbados lifespan cohort.

Both childhood malnutrition and maltreatment are associated with mental health problems that can persist into adulthood. Previously we reported that in Barbados, those with a history of infant malnutrition were more likely to report having experienced childhood maltreatment. Few studies, however, address the long-term outcomes of those who have been exposed to both. We assessed the unique and combined associations of a history of early malnutrition and childhood maltreatment with personality pathology in mi...

Hospital Nutrition Assessment Practice 2016 Survey.

Malnutrition is a significant problem for hospitalized patients in the United States. Nutrition assessment is an important step in recognizing malnutrition; however, it is not always performed using consistent parameters.

Optimizing Nutrition Prior to Radical Cystectomy.

Malnutrition in a prevalent problem in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Preoperative malnutrition has been shown to contribute to increased rates of postoperative complications. Given the significant morbidity and mortality of the procedure of radical cystectomy, there is potential for improvement in patient outcomes by nutritional intervention.

Malnutrition according to ESPEN consensus predicts hospitalizations and long-term mortality in rehabilitation patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Nutritional disorders are frequent in patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) and have negative health impacts. This study aimed to explore the value of the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) definition of malnutrition (and/or its individual components) to predict hospitalizations and mortality at 2 years, and to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in COPD patients referred to pulmonary rehabilitation.

Is the topic of malnutrition in older adults addressed in the European nursing curricula? A MaNuEL study.

The lack of sufficient knowledge of health care professionals is one main barrier to implementing adequate nutritional interventions. Until now, it is not known to which extent European nurses are exposed to the topic of malnutrition in older adults during their education.

Comparison of Three Nutritional Screening Tools to Predict Malnutrition Risk and Detect Distinctions Between Tools in Cancer Patients Receiving Radiochemotherapy.

The aim of this study was to compare three screening tools for malnutrition in patients with head and neck cancers or central nervous system tumors (CNS) who are undergoing radiochemotherapy. The study evaluated 124 adult cancer patients. The Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) were chosen to assess the risk of malnutrition. The prevalence of patients at nutritional risk was 31% with SGA, 31% with MNA and 23% with NRS-2002 in ...


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