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PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" RSS

09:10 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Malnutrition PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Malnutrition articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Malnutrition" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Malnutrition news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Malnutrition Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Malnutrition for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Malnutrition Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Malnutrition Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 236

Bayesian Gaussian regression analysis of malnutrition for children under five years of age in Ethiopia, EMDHS 2014.

The term malnutrition generally refers to both under-nutrition and over-nutrition, but this study uses the term to refer solely to a deficiency of nutrition. In Ethiopia, child malnutrition is one of the most serious public health problem and the highest in the world. The purpose of the present study was to identify the high risk factors of malnutrition and test different statistical models for childhood malnutrition and, thereafter weighing the preferable model through model comparison criteria.


Serious Consequences of Malnutrition and Delirium in Frail Older Patients.

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. This study investigated the association between delirium and malnutrition in frail older patients and the effects on adverse outcomes. It was found that 75% of the patients with...

The impact of malnutrition on childhood infections.

Almost half of all childhood deaths worldwide occur in children with malnutrition, predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This review summarizes the mechanisms by which malnutrition and serious infections interact with each other and with children's environments.


Does Malnutrition Have a Genetic Component?

Malnutrition is a complex disorder, defined by an imbalance, excess, or deficiency of nutrient intake. The visible signs of malnutrition are stunted growth and wasting, but malnourished children are also more likely to have delays in neurocognitive development, vaccine failure, and susceptibility to infection. Despite malnutrition being a major global health problem, we do not yet understand the pathogenesis of this complex disorder. Although lack of food is a major contributor to childhood malnutrition, it...

Malnutrition, congestion and mortality in ambulatory patients with heart failure.

In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), malnutrition might be related to right heart dysfunction and venous congestion, which predispose to bowel oedema and malabsorption, thereby leading to malnutrition. We explored the relation between congestion, malnutrition and mortality in a large cohort of ambulatory patients with CHF.

An analysis of the nutrition status of neighboring Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations in Kanungu District, southwestern Uganda: Close proximity, distant health realities.

Malnutrition is a persistent health concern throughout the world. Globally, Indigenous peoples experience poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous neighbours. Despite this, malnutrition among Indigenous populations is poorly understood. This analysis estimated the prevalence, and modeled possible determinants of, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous Bakiga of Kanungu District in Southwestern Uganda. We then characterize ...

Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score and cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients: an observational cohort study.

Malnutrition is an important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, current malnutrition biomarkers seem unable to accurately estimate the role of malnutrition in predicting cardiovascular risk. Our aim was to investigate the role of the Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score (SGA-DMS) compared to two well-recognized comorbidity scores-Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and modified CCI (excluding age-factor) (mCCI)-in predicting cardiovascular event...

Diagnosing clinical malnutrition: Perspectives from the past and implications for the future.

This review, intended for both researchers and clinicians, provides a history of the definition of clinical malnutrition. Despite global efforts, we remain without one clear, objective, internationally accepted definition; clarity in this regard will ultimately improve our evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status to achieve optimal patient outcomes. In this review we explore the development of the term malnutrition and its diagnosis and application in the setting of acute and chronic disease. We begi...

Frequency of and Reasons for False-Positive Consults Generated by the Malnutrition Screening Tool.

Nutrition screening on admission is one way to identify patients with malnutrition. The Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) is a commonly used screening tool but has been found to generate false-positive consults.

Increasing Severity of Malnutrition Is Associated With Poorer 30-Day Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Hip Fracture Surgery.

Low serum albumin levels (hypoalbuminemia) have classically been used to identify malnutrition. The effect of increasing severity of malnutrition on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery has not been well delineated on a large scale.

Nutritional risk and malnutrition rates at diagnosis of cancer in patients treated in outpatient settings: Early intervention protocol.

Malnutrition is frequent in patients with cancer and is associated with a higher rate of morbidity and mortality. However, a significant number of patients at nutritional risk remain undetected due to the lack of a routine screening procedure during diagnosis. Costa del Sol Hospital in Marbella (Málaga), Spain has implemented a protocol for outpatients with cancer aimed at identifying and treating malnutrition at an early stage. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nutritional risk and ...

Clinical application of the basic definition of malnutrition proposed by the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN): Comparison with classical tools in geriatric care.

Malnutrition is a prevalent condition related to adverse outcomes in older people. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic capacity of the malnutrition criteria of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) with other classical diagnostic tools.

Nutritional assessment of patients with end-stage renal disease using the MNA scale.

Patient malnutrition is a significant problem in the process of rehabilitation and treatment. One of the tools that can reveal the risk of malnutrition is a series of standardized nutritional questionnaires.

Association of anemia and malnutrition in hospitalized patients with exclusive enteral nutrition.

enteral nutrition therapy maintains and/or regains the nutritional status of the common patient in hospital settings, where anemia and malnutrition are food related and are very common diseases.

Predictors of incident malnutrition in older Irish adults from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) cohort- a MaNuEL study.

Older adults are at increased risk of malnutrition which is associated with poorer health, quality of life, and worse disease outcomes. This study identifies predictors of incident malnutrition using data from a sub-sample (n=1,841) of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Participants were excluded if they were

Nomogram and Validity of a Model for Predicting Malnutrition in Patients on Liver Transplant Lists.

Malnutrition is associated with increased morbimortality in liver transplant patients, and it is important to identify factors related to nutritional status in these patients.

Controlling Nutritional Status score for predicting 3-mo functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke.

Malnutrition is an independent risk factor for poor outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. However, the indicator of malnutrition has not yet been established. We investigated the relationship between the Controlling Nutritional Status score, a useful prognostic measure of malnutrition in patients with cardiovascular diseases and malignant tumors, and functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Diencephalic syndrome in a child with chronic malnutrition and hyperactivity.

Diencephalic syndrome is an infrequent cause of malnutrition. It is produced by a malfunctioning hypothalamus, and it is related to encephalic tumors. Patients present a serious and progressive weight loss although the appetite and calorie intake are, usually, adequate. Neurological symptoms typically have a late appearance, delaying diagnostic suspicion. We present a patient aged 2 years and a half with grade II chronic malnutrition, referred with presumptive diagnosis of celiac disease, with poor adherenc...

A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition: associations with geographical region and sex.

protein-energy malnutrition is a major health concern in home-dwelling older adults, particularly in the context of an ageing population. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among older adults living independently in the community according to geographical region, sampling frame, rurality and sex.

Prevalence of malnutrition risk among institutionalized elderly from North Bohemia is higher than among those in the Capital City of Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of the study is to assess the risk of malnutrition among institutionalized elderly individuals in North Bohemia and compare it to the risk of malnutrition in the capital city of Prague, Czech Republic. In the Czech Republic, very few studies have been conducted with the goal of describing and evaluating the nutritional status of the institutionalized elderly.

Childhood malnutrition and maltreatment are linked with personality disorder symptoms in adulthood: Results from a Barbados lifespan cohort.

Both childhood malnutrition and maltreatment are associated with mental health problems that can persist into adulthood. Previously we reported that in Barbados, those with a history of infant malnutrition were more likely to report having experienced childhood maltreatment. Few studies, however, address the long-term outcomes of those who have been exposed to both. We assessed the unique and combined associations of a history of early malnutrition and childhood maltreatment with personality pathology in mi...

Identifying reliable predictors of protein-energy malnutrition in hospitalized frail older adults. A prospective longitudinal study.

Decreased food intake is a risk factor for relevant complications (e.g. infections, pressure ulcers), longer hospital stays, higher readmission rates, greater health care costs and increased patient mortality, particularly in frail hospitalized older adults who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. Nurses are called to improve this criticality, starting from accurately identify patients for malnutrition at hospital admission and effectively monitoring their food intake.

Hospital Nutrition Assessment Practice 2016 Survey.

Malnutrition is a significant problem for hospitalized patients in the United States. Nutrition assessment is an important step in recognizing malnutrition; however, it is not always performed using consistent parameters.

Optimizing Nutrition Prior to Radical Cystectomy.

Malnutrition in a prevalent problem in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Preoperative malnutrition has been shown to contribute to increased rates of postoperative complications. Given the significant morbidity and mortality of the procedure of radical cystectomy, there is potential for improvement in patient outcomes by nutritional intervention.

Is the topic of malnutrition in older adults addressed in the European nursing curricula? A MaNuEL study.

The lack of sufficient knowledge of health care professionals is one main barrier to implementing adequate nutritional interventions. Until now, it is not known to which extent European nurses are exposed to the topic of malnutrition in older adults during their education.


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