PubMed Journals Articles About "Maximal Incremental Running Test Metabolic Movement Analysis Running" RSS

11:03 EST 28th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Maximal incremental running test Metabolic movement analysis running" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 42,000+

A Primer on Running for the Orthopaedic Surgeon.

Long-distance running has become increasingly popular during the past decades. Many running patients pose questions to their orthopaedic surgeons regarding risks, benefits, and running techniques. This article identifies 11 running-related questions that patients may ask and provides information to help answer those questions. This review discusses data on the health benefits of running, common running injuries, the relationship between running and osteoarthritis, recommendations regarding running after ort...

Acute ingestion of hydrogen-rich water does not improve incremental treadmill running performance in endurance-trained athletes.

There is emerging evidence that hydrogen-rich water (H2-water) has beneficial effects on the physiological responses to exercise. However, few studies investigate its ergogenic potential. This randomized, controlled trial examined the effects of H2-water ingestion on physiological responses and exercise performance during incremental treadmill running. In a double-blind crossover design, fourteen endurance-trained male runners (34±4 years old; 63.1±7.2 kg; 1.72±0.05 m) were randomly assigned to ingest tw...

Quantifying exposure to running for meaningful insights into running-related injuries.

The very term 'running-related overuse injury' implies the importance of 'use', or exposure, to running. Risk factors for running-related injury can be better understood when exposure to running is quantified using either external or internal training loads. The advent of objective methods for quantifying exposure to running, such as global positioning system watches, smartphones, commercial activity monitors and research-grade wearable sensors, make it possible for researchers, coaches and clinicians to tr...

Metabolic testing does not alter distance running lower body sagittal kinematics.

Distance running fitness is commonly assessed using metabolic testing (MT). During MT, the runner must wear a mask that covers the nose and mouth. It is unclear if this increased challenge alters running kinematics and/or stride-to-stride variability (SSV). In this study we thoroughly assess the sagittal plane lower body joint angles.

The Garmin-RUNSAFE Running Health Study on the aetiology of running-related injuries: rationale and design of an 18-month prospective cohort study including runners worldwide.

Running injuries affect millions of persons every year and have become a substantial public health issue owing to the popularity of running. To ensure adherence to running, it is important to prevent injuries and to have an in-depth understanding of the aetiology of running injuries. The main purpose of the present paper was to describe the design of a future prospective cohort study exploring if a dose-response relationship exists between changes in training load and running injury occurrence, and how this...

A Reduction in Match-to-match Variability Using Maximal Mean Analyses in Sub-elite Soccer.

The match-to-match variability of external loads in National Premier League soccer competition was determined. Global positioning systems (GPS) data were collected from 20 sub-elite soccer players over 2-10 matches from a single season. Match data were collected from during one season. Twenty-six matches were recorded and 10 were utilised within final match-to-match analysis based on stringent data selection criteria. A symmetric moving average algorithm was applied to GPS data over specific time windows (1...

Machine learning algorithms can classify outdoor terrain types during running using accelerometry data.

Running is a popular physical activity that benefits health; however, running surface characteristics may influence loading impact and injury risk. Machine learning algorithms could automatically identify running surface from wearable motion sensors to quantify running exposures, and perhaps loading and injury risk for a runner.

Trail Runners Cannot Reach VCombining Dot AboveO2max during a Maximal Incremental Downhill Test.

The purpose of this study was twofold: i) determine if well-trained athletes can achieve similar peak oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak) in downhill running (DR) versus level (LR) or uphill running (UR), and, ii) investigate if lower limb extensor muscle strength is related to the velocity at V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak (vV[Combining Dot Above]O2peak) in DR, LR and UR.

Smoothness: an Unexplored Window into Coordinated Running Proficiency.

Over the expanse of evolutionary history, humans, and predecessor Homo species, ran to survive. This legacy is reflected in many deeply and irrevocably embedded neurological and biological design features, features which shape how we run, yet were themselves shaped by running.Smoothness is a widely recognised feature of healthy, proficient movement. Nevertheless, although the term 'smoothness' is commonly used to describe skilled athletic movement within practical sporting contexts, it is rarely specificall...

The effects of marathon running on three-dimensional knee kinematics during walking and running in recreational runners.

Running-related musculoskeletal injuries are common. Knee injuries are most frequent, and often occur during or shortly after marathons.

Effect of General Warm-Up Plus Dynamic Stretching on Endurance Running Performance in Well-Trained Male Runners.

: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of general warm-up (GWU) and GWU plus dynamic stretching (GWU + DS) on endurance running performance in well-trained male runners. : The endurance running performances of eight well-trained long-distance male runners were assessed on a treadmill after 2 types of intervention for 5 min after running on the treadmill at a velocity equivalent to 70% maximal oxygen uptake (V̇Omax) in each athlete for 15 min. The interventions were GWU and GWU + DS....

Voluntary wheel running during adolescence distinctly alters running output in adulthood in male and female rats.

Adult female rats show greater running output compared with age-matched male rats, and the midbrain dopaminergic system may account for behavioral differences in running output. However, it is unknown if the lower running output in adult males can be regulated by wheel running experience during adolescence, and whether wheel running experience during adolescence will diminish the sex differences in running output during adulthood. We therefore determined and compared the exercise output in adult male and fe...

Reliability of the fluctuations within the stride time series measured in runners during treadmill running to exhaustion.

The fluctuations within stride time series (i.e., stride time variability and complexity) during running exhibit long-range correlation. Detecting the breakdown of the long-range correlation was proposed for monitoring the occurrence of running-related injuries during running. However, the stride time fluctuations were only measured from the unilateral side. In addition, the reliability of the stride time fluctuations of within-subject repeated measures remains largely unknown, particularly during exhaustiv...

Dynamic angular stiffness about the metatarsophalangeal joint increases with running speed.

Altering the longitudinal bending stiffness of footwear has the potential to affect mechanics of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Recent efforts have been put forth to identify an optimal bending stiffness of footwear to improve running performance. However, little is known about how this optimal bending stiffness may change with running speed. The purpose of this study was to investigate how dynamic angular stiffness about the MTP joint changes across running speeds. Eighteen participants ran at five s...

Step Frequency Training Improves Running Economy in Well-Trained Female Runners.

Quinn, TJ, Dempsey, SL, LaRoche, DP, Mackenzie, AM, and Cook, SB. Step frequency training improves running economy in well-trained female runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose was to determine whether a short training program (15 minutes for 10 days) to increase step frequency to 180 steps per min would elicit improvements in running economy (RE). Experimental (n = 11) and control (n = 11) female subjects reported to the laboratory for 12 consecutive days and completed 2 RE tests at ...

Lactate Equivalent for Maximal Lactate Steady State Determination in Soccer.

: The association between an overlooked classical Lactate Threshold (LT), named "Minimum Lactate Equivalent" (LE), with Maximal Lactate Steady State (MLSS) has been recently described with good MLSS prediction results in endurance-trained runners. This study aimed to determine the applicability of LE to predict MLSS in lower aerobic-conditioned individuals compared to well-established blood lactate-related thresholds (BLTs). : Fifteen soccer players [velocity at MLSS (MLSS) 13.2 ± 1.0 km·h; coefficient ...

Adaptation of Running Biomechanics to Repeated Barefoot Running: Response.

Effects of Massage and Cold Water Immersion After an Exhaustive Run on Running Economy and Biomechanics: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Duñabeitia, I, Arrieta, H, Rodriguez-Larrad, A, Gil, J, Esain, I, Gil, SM, Irazusta, J, and Bidaurrazaga-Letona, I. Effects of massage and cold water immersion after an exhaustive run on running economy and biomechanics: A randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study compares the effects of 2 common recovery interventions performed shortly after an exhausting interval running session on running economy (RE) and biomechanics. Forty-eight well-trained male runners performe...

Fatigue-Related Changes in Running Gait Patterns Persist in the Days Following a Marathon Race.

The risk of experiencing an overuse running-related injury can increase with atypical running biomechanics associated with neuromuscular fatigue and/or training errors. While it is important to understand the changes in running biomechanics within a fatigue-inducing run, it may be more clinically relevant to assess gait patterns in the days following a marathon to better evaluate the effects of inadequate recovery on injury.

Adaptation of Running Biomechanics to Repeated Barefoot Running: Letter to the Editor.

Effect of linear running velocity on the increase on foot pronation.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the behavior of foot pronation at different percentages of peak velocity in 23 physically active men. An ergospirometric test was carried out with an initial velocity of 9kmh and increments of 1kmh until exhaustion. 2D kinematic analysis was performed in the posterior frontal plane at all velocities to identify the maximal angle of pronation (MAP) of the right leg. The analyses were performed between the initial periods (0%), 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% (peak of velo...

Biomechanical alterations in individuals with Achilles tendinopathy during running and hopping: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Biomechanical alterations during running and hopping in people with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) may provide treatment and prevention targets. This review identifies and synthesises research evaluating biomechanical alterations among people with AT during running, jumping and hopping.

Correlation of Eccentric Strength, Reactive Strength, and Leg Stiffness With Running Economy in Well-Trained Distance Runners.

Li, F, Newton, RU, Shi, Y, Sutton, D, and Ding, H. Correlation of eccentric strength, reactive strength, and leg stiffness with running economy in well-trained distance runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Neuromuscular characteristics play a critical role in distance running performance; however, their relationship with running economy (RE) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlations between 1 repetition maximum (1RM) strength, eccentric strength, reactive stren...

Simultaneous ice and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation decrease anterior knee pain during running but do not affect running kinematics or associated muscle inhibition.

Runners often experience anterior knee pain and this pain is associated with altered running neuromechanics. The purpose of this study was to examine potential therapeutic benefits (reduced pain and restored running neuromechanics) of simultaneously applied ice and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on experimentally-induced anterior knee pain.

Reducing Core Stability Influences Lower Extremity Biomechanics in Novice Runners.

The role of core stability in running and its influence on injury risk in runners is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of core stability (and core fatigue) on running mechanics. We hypothesized that decreasing core stability in novice runners would result in altered running mechanics previously associated with increased risk for common lower extremity running injuries.

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