PubMed Journals Articles About "Measurements Biotechnology" RSS

23:55 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Measurements Biotechnology PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Measurements Biotechnology articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Measurements Biotechnology" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,100+

Biotechnology in Europe: A Challenge for Central and East European Countries.

Risk Assessment of Processes and Products in Industrial Biotechnology.

Risk assessment has been used extensively as the main approach to prevent accidents in the chemical and process industry. Industrial biotechnology has many of the same hazards as chemical technology, but also encounters biological hazards related to biological agents. Employees in the biotechnology industry are susceptible to health risks because of different types of exposure to harmful agents. The external environment may also be affected by these agents in cases of accidental release. This chapter first ...

Asian Congress on Biotechnology 2017.

Editorial overview: Recent progress in analytical technologies for design-build-test-learn cycle in biotechnology.

The global role of biotechnology for non communicable disorders.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has tagged non-communicable diseases (NCDs) as one of the twenty-first century's major development challenges. NCDs account for over 15 million deaths annually and over 80 per cent of those deaths occur in developing countries and among the poorest populations. Biotechnology presents unique opportunities to improve the early diagnosis and the treatment of NCDs. This review describes the major applications of biotechnology for a better clinical management of NCDs, i.e. the...

Erratum: Nature Biotechnology's academic spinouts of 2017.

Novel insights and innovations in biotechnology towards improved quality of life.

Resolution of old problems with new tools seems to be a new way of challenging and finding the keys to innovation. A holistic view of different branches of science and industry, including services for society, is critically important for the development of modern science. The International Congress Eurobiotech 2017 was a special opportunity for such a universal view. In this paper, we discuss the application of different small RNAs, stem cells, epigenetics and sequencing, as well as art and bioeconomy. Our ...

Overview of Biotechnology-Derived Herbicide Tolerance and Insect Resistance Traits in Plant Agriculture.

Biotechnology has been central for the acceleration of crop improvement over the last two decades. Since 1994, when the first commercial biotechnology-derived tomato crop was commercialized, the cultivated area for genetically modified crops has reached 185.1 million hactares worldwide. Both the number of crops and the number of traits developed using biotechnology have accounted for this increase. Among the most impactful biotechnology-derived traits are insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, which hav...

The Colors of Biotechnology: general overview and developments of White, Green and Blue areas.

Biotechnology is responsible for the manipulation of living organisms or their components for the production of products that are of benefit to human kind. Due to the wide range of applications, colors have been used to differentiate the main areas of research, such as white (industrial), green (agricultural), and blue (marine and fresh-water), among others. Thus, this review outlines the impacts of these areas of biotechnology, emphasizing their impact and potential to replace carbon-based technologies wit...

Nanopore Decoding of Oligonucleotides in DNA Computing.

In conventional DNA-computation methods involving logic gate operations, the output molecules are detected and decoded by gel electrophoresis or fluorescence measurements mainly. To employ rapid and label-free decoding, nanopore technology, an emerging methodology for single-molecule detection or DNA sequencing, is proposed as a candidate for electrical and simple decoding of DNA computations. This review describes recent approaches to decoding DNA computation using label-free and electrical nanopore measur...

Misconceptions and persistence: resources for targeting student alternative conceptions in biotechnology.

Conceptual understanding and reasoning of nonscience major students enrolled in a course on biotechnology were evaluated before and after instruction. The instrument for analysis of student understanding was the Biotechnology Instrument for Knowledge Elicitation (BIKE). The BIKE targets 11 key concepts, as determined by experts in the field. A statistically significant score improvement was observed in each of the 11 concept areas after completion of the course, Biotechnology in Society (N = 117). Student r...

Recent developments of microfluidics as a tool for biotechnology and microbiology.

Academic microfluidics has decisively shifted in recent years from the research on phenomenology and proof-of-concept fluidic functionalities to the developments oriented at applications with biology, medicine and biotechnology in prime focus. Significant efforts are made to demonstrate that microfluidics can be used in unspecialized laboratories to perform previously mundane tasks faster and easier, or to venture into new research areas that were unavailable or unattractive when only classical means of mic...

Correction: Influence of Parental Body Measurements on Birth Weight of Eutrophic Term Newborns with Special Consideration of Paternal Body Measurements.

Opportunities in biotechnology.

Strategies for biotechnology must take account of opportunities for research, innovation and business growth. At a regional level, public-private collaborations provide potential for such growth and the creation of centres of excellence. By considering recent progress in areas such as genomics, healthcare diagnostics, synthetic biology, gene editing and bio-digital technologies, opportunities for smart, strategic and specialised investment are discussed. These opportunities often involve convergent or disru...

The quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno effects with non-selective projective measurements.

In studies of the quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno effects, it is usual to consider rapid projective measurements with equal time intervals being performed on the system to check whether or not the system is in the initial state. These projective measurements are selective measurements in the sense that the measurement results are read out and only the case where all the measurement results correspond to the initial state is considered in the analysis of the effect of the measurements. In this paper, we extend su...

Sustained low efficiency dialysis should not be interrupted for performing transpulmonary thermodilution measurements.

Treatment of multiple organ failure frequently requires enhanced hemodynamic monitoring. When renal replacement is indicated, it remains unclear whether transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) measurements are influenced by renal replacement therapy (RRT) and whether RRT should be paused for TPTD measurements. Our aim was therefore to investigate the effect of pausing RRT on TPTD results in two dialysis catheter locations.

NCRP Program Area Committee 6: Radiation Dosimetry and Measurements.

Program Area Committee (PAC) 6 of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) provides guidance in the areas of radiation measurements and dosimetry-together forming one of the most fundamental scientific areas of the Council's expertise. This report outlines recent and current activities of PAC 6 to support the mission of the NCRP to provide guidance to the United States on needs in radiation protection and how to address them. PAC 6 continues to respond to this demand by documenti...

Components of day-to-day variability of cerebral perfusion measurements - Analysis of phase contrast mapping magnetic resonance imaging measurements in healthy volunteers.

The aim of the study was to investigate the components of day-to-day variability of repeated phase contrast mapping (PCM) magnetic resonance imaging measurements of global cerebral blood flow (gCBF).

Terrestrial LiDAR: a 3D revolution in how we look at trees.

Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is providing new, very detailed 3D measurements of forest canopy structure. The information that TLS measurements can provide in describing detailed, accurate 3D canopy architecture, offer fascinating new insights into the variety of tree form, environmental drivers and constraints, and the relationship between form and function, particularly for tall, hard-to-measure trees. TLS measurements are helping test fundamental ecological theories and enabling new and better exploit...

The application of gene marker-assisted selection and proteomics for the best meat quality criteria and body measurements in Qinchuan cattle breed.

In the past few decades, enhancement of animal productivity has been gaining increasing attention among decisions-makers, politicians, mangers, and breeders, because of the increasing of world population and shortage of natural resources. The selection of high productivity animals is the main goal, through the application of genetic improvement programs. The use of molecular genetics has conferred significant breeding advantages over conventional breeding techniques. In this regard, many economic characteri...

Aortic root evaluation prior to transcatheter aortic valve implantation-Correlation of manual and semi-automatic measurements.

Pre-procedural TAVI planning requires highly sophisticated and time-consuming manual measurements performed by experienced readers. Semi-automatic software may assist with partial automation of assessment of multiple parameters. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences between manual and semi-automatic measurements in terms of agreement and time.

Effects of virtual tube current reduction and sparse sampling on MDCT-based femoral BMD measurements.

This study investigates the impact of tube current reduction and sparse sampling on femoral bone mineral density (BMD) measurements derived from multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). The application of sparse sampling led to robust and clinically acceptable BMD measurements. In contrast, BMD measurements derived from MDCT with virtually reduced tube currents showed a considerable increase when compared to original data.

Polar Kerr Effect from Time-Reversal Symmetry Breaking in the Heavy-Fermion Superconductor PrOs_{4}Sb_{12}.

We present polar Kerr effect measurements of the filled skutterudite superconductor PrOs_{4}Sb_{12}. Simultaneous ac susceptibility measurements allow us to observe the superconducting transition under the influence of heating from the optical beam. A nonzero Kerr angle θ_{K} develops below the superconducting transition, saturating at ∼300  nrad at low temperatures. This result is repeated across several measurements of multiple samples. By extrapolating the measured θ_{K}(T) to zero optical power,...

Body composition measurements and risk of hematological malignancies: A population-based cohort study during 20 years of follow-up.

High body mass index (BMI) is associated with development of hematological malignancies (HMs). However, although BMI is a well-established measurement of excess weight, it does not fully reflect body composition and can sometimes misclassify individuals. This study aimed at investigating what body composition measurements had highest association with development of HM. Body composition measurements on 27,557 individuals recorded by healthcare professionals as part of the Malmö Diet and Cancer study conduct...

Fate of degraded pollutants in waste gas biofiltration: An overview of carbon end-points.

The fate of the carbon from degraded pollutants in biofiltration is not well understood. The issue of missing carbon needs to be addressed quantitatively to better understand and model biofilter performance. Elucidating the various carbon end-points in various phases should contribute to the fundamental understanding of the degradation kinetics and metabolic pathways as a function of various environmental parameters. This article reviews the implications of key environmental parameters on the carbon end-poi...

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