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Showing "Measuring treatment outcome patients with anxiety disorders comparison" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

Measuring treatment outcome in patients with anxiety disorders: A comparison of the responsiveness of generic and disorder-specific instruments.

For routine outcome monitoring, generic (i.e., broad-based) and disorder-specific instruments are used to monitor patient progress. While disorder-specific instruments may be more sensitive to therapeutic change, generic measures can be applied more broadly and allow for an assessment of therapeutic change, irrespective of a specific anxiety disorder. Our goal was to investigate whether disorder-specific instruments for anxiety disorders are a valuable (or even necessary) addition to generic instruments for...

The effectiveness of art therapy for anxiety in adults: A systematic review of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials.

Anxiety disorders are one of the most diagnosed mental health disorders. Common treatment consists of cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy. In clinical practice, also art therapy is additionally provided to patients with anxiety (disorders), among others because treatment as usual is not sufficiently effective for a large group of patients. There is no clarity on the effectiveness of art therapy (AT) on the reduction of anxiety symptoms in adults and there is no overview of the intervention char...

Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of depression with comorbid anxiety disorders.

The presence of comorbid anxiety is generally associated with poorer treatment outcomes in people with depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to be effective for treatment resistant depression, but there has been little research examining rTMS in depressed patients with comorbid anxiety disorders. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of rTMS in patients with treatment resistant Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and comorbid anxiety disorders.

Prediction of prolonged treatment course for depressive and anxiety disorders in an outpatient setting: The Leiden routine outcome monitoring study.

The aim of this study was to improve clinical identification of patients with a prolonged treatment course for depressive and anxiety disorders early in treatment.

On a continuum to anxiety disorders: Adolescents at parental risk for anxiety show smaller rostral anterior cingulate cortex and insula thickness.

Having a parent with an anxiety disorder increases the risk of anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders during the lifespan. Moreover, childhood and adolescence anxiety disorders and symptoms have been linked to a range of brain structure abnormalities. However, to date, no study has investigated brain anatomy in adolescents at high risk based on parental anxiety disorders and in adolescents with an anxiety disorder but without any treatment or therapy.

Cognitive behavioral therapy for childhood anxiety disorders: What happens to comorbid mood and behavioral disorders? A systematic review.

High rates of comorbidity among children and adolescents with anxiety disorders are widely documented. To date the question of what happens to comorbid disorders upon treatment of the primary anxiety disorder has received little attention and the optimal treatment strategy for cases with comorbidity remains to be determined.

Genetics of Anxiety Disorders.

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders with a lifetime prevalence of over 20%. Clinically, anxiety is not thought of as a homogenous disorder, but is subclassified in generalized, panic, and phobic anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are moderately heritable. This review will explore recent genetic and epigenetic approaches to anxiety disorders explaining differential susceptibility risk.

Anxiety disorders in epilepsy.

This review is devoted to the place of anxiety disorders in the spectrum of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with epilepsy. The authors present general characteristics of anxiety manifestations and current views on the classification and qualification of anxiety disorders in such patients. Recent data show the relationship of anxiety with different forms of epilepsy, demographic and gender characteristics, localization of epileptic focus. The problem of bidirectional relationship of anxiety and epilepsy ...

Description of the Treatment Course by Pregabalin for Anxiety in Patients With a Major Neurocognitive Disorder.

Anxiety symptoms frequently experienced by patients with a major neurocognitive disorder (NCD) are often treated with long-term benzodiazepines despite known adverse effects. Pregabalin has shown efficacy in generalized anxiety disorders but has not been studied in patients with a major NCD. The objective of this study was to describe the use of pregabalin for anxiety in patient with a major NCD and the impact of its use on the pharmacological treatment change.

The psychometrics of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale supports a shorter -12 item- version.

The diagnosis of patients suffering from both anxiety and depression is complex due to mixed effects of the two disorders. This complexity has hardened the task to find an adapted treatment for these patients. Consequently, several instruments, known as depression anxiety scales, have been developed and are now used internationally by physicians to determine the diagnosis of anxiety and depression and treat the patients accordingly. This study aims at testing the consistency and reliability of one of the ma...

The 5-Year Course of Medication Treatment in Childhood Anxiety Disorders.

For pediatric psychiatric disorders, given the marked increase in use of medications without an understanding of the typical treatment course, the primary goal of the current study was to examine the course of pharmacotherapy over 5 years in children with newly diagnosed anxiety disorders.

Imagery-based treatment for test anxiety: A multiple-baseline open trial.

Many students are affected by test anxiety (TA), which involves considerable distress and can lead to reduced performance. Despite its prevalence, TA has been under-studied; specifically, few effective and brief interventions have been identified to date. In our work, we explore the adaptation of imagery, an emotion-focused treatment technique used widely in the treatment of other anxiety disorders, for addressing TA.

Psychometric properties and diagnostic utility of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory in epilepsy with and without comorbid anxiety disorder.

Anxiety disorders are frequent comorbid disorder in patients with epilepsy (PWEs). The availability of validated screening instruments to detect anxiety disorders in PWEs is limited. The aim of the present study was to validate State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) in adult PWEs for the detection of anxiety disorders.

Anxiety disorders - clinical and neurobiological aspects.

Anxiety disorders are considered among the most common psychiatric disorders in general population. They may be characterized by prominent subjective suffering, frequent chronic courses of illness, increased rates of comorbid other psychiatric disorders and somatic diseases, a distressing amount of psychosocial disabilities, in all, a challenging high burden of disease. Anxiety disorders have principally to be conceptualized within a multifactorial biopsychosocial model. Various psychological and psychosoci...

The Effect of the Treatment at a Pain Clinic on the Patients' Assessment of Their Pain Intensity and the Incidence of Mental Disorders in the form of Anxiety, Depression, and Aggression.

The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of the treatment given to patients in a pain clinic on their assessment of pain intensity and the incidence of emotional disturbances in the form of anxiety, depression, and aggression. The study was conducted from January 2014 to April 2018 among patients under the care of two Warsaw pain clinics. The study tools were the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Modified Version (HADS-M) and the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). The project enrolled 325 patients, wit...

Anxiety symptoms across twenty-years in schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder.

Anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders are common in both mood and psychotic disorders. However, limited comparative information exists regarding the long-term course of anxiety in schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. Prospective evaluation of the 20-year trajectory of self-reported anxiety and somatic-related anxiety in three major diagnostic groups, 43 schizoaffective patients, 47 bipolar patients, and 109 major depression patients was conducted. The patients were rec...

Psychometric properties and validation of the Spanish versions of the overall anxiety and depression severity and impairment scales.

Anxiety and depressive disorders are the most frequent disorders for which patients seek care in public health settings in Spain. This study aimed at validating the Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS) and the Overall Depression Severity and Impairment Scale (ODSIS), which are brief screening scales for anxiety and depression consisting of only five items each.

Evaluation of affective temperament and anxiety-depression levels in fibromyalgia patients: a pilot study.

Fibromyalgia (FM) patients have higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders than healthy controls. Affective temperament features are subclinical manifestations of mood disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the affective temperaments of FM patients and investigate their association with depression and anxiety levels and clinical findings.

Improving neuropsychiatric symptoms following stroke using virtual reality: A case report.

Post-stroke cognitive impairment occurs frequently in patients with stroke, with a 20% to 80% prevalence. Anxiety is common after stroke, and is associated with a poorer quality of life. The use of standard relaxation techniques in treating anxiety in patients undergoing post-stroke rehabilitation have shown some positive effects, whereas virtual reality seems to have a role in the treatment of anxiety disorders, especially when associated to neurological damage.

Recognizing, diagnosing, and treating pediatric generalized anxiety disorder.

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), characterized by excessive worry or apprehension, can lead to significant distress or impairment in patients' social or occupational function but commonly is overlooked by primary care providers. GAD and other anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health disorders affecting children. Without treatment, children with GAD are at higher risk for academic underperformance, substance abuse, other mental health disorders, and poor outcomes in adulthood. This articl...

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale (HADS-A) and The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) accuracy for anxiety disorders detection in drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients.

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) is the most prevalent type of surgically remediable epilepsy and highly associated with psychiatric comorbidities. This study aimed to evaluate Hospital anxiety and depression scale-anxiety subscale (HADS-A) and The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Trait subscale (STAI-T) accuracy for detection of anxiety disorders in patients with drug-resistant MTLE-HS.

Comorbid social phobia does not predict the outcome in alcohol use disorder outpatient treatment.

Social phobia (SP) is one of the most prevalent anxiety disorders among patients entering treatment for alcohol use disorders (AUD). However, few studies have examined the association between SP and alcohol-related treatment outcomes in naturalistic settings.

"Just keep pushing": parents' experiences of accessing child and adolescent mental health services for child anxiety problems.

Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood, however a high proportion of children with anxiety disorders do not access effective treatments. The aim of the present qualitative study was to understand families' experiences of seeking help and accessing specialist treatment for difficulties with childhood anxiety.

Social anxiety is associated with BNST response to unpredictability.

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and cause substantial suffering and impairment. Whereas the amygdala has well-established contributions to anxiety, evidence from rodent and nonhuman primate models suggests that the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) may play a critical, and possibly distinct, role in human anxiety disorders. The BNST mediates hypervigilance and anticipatory anxiety in response to an unpredictable or ambiguous threat, core symptoms of social anxiety, yet little is known about ...

Comparison and change of defense mechanisms over the course of psychotherapy in patients with depression or anxiety disorder: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial.

Defense mechanisms play an important role in the development and maintenance of both health and psychopathology. Research is still in the early stages of investigating the specific relationships among diagnostic groups and defense mechanisms along with their response to different treatment types.

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